New York Elections Law


CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 1 GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 1-100. Short title

This chapter shall be known as the "Election Law".

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 1-102. Applicability of chapter

This chapter shall govern the conduct of all elections at which voters of the state of New York may cast a ballot for the purpose of electing an individual to any party position or nominating or electing an individual to any federal, state, county, city, town or village office, or deciding any ballot question submitted to all the voters of the state or the voters of any county or city, or deciding any ballot question submitted to the voters of any town or village at the time of a general election. Where a specific provision of law exists in any other law which is inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter, such provision shall apply unless a provision of this chapter specifies that such provision of this chapter shall apply notwithstanding any other provision of law.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 1; L.1978, c. 374, Sec. 1; L.1991, c. 727, Sec. 2.)
Sec. 1-104. Definitions

The terms used in this chapter shall have the significance herein defined unless another meaning is clearly apparent in language or context.

1. The term "political unit" means the state or any political subdivision thereof or therein.

2. The term "unit of representation" means any political unit from which members of any committee or delegates to a party convention shall be elected as provided in this chapter.

3. The term "party" means any political organization which at the last preceding election for governor polled at least fifty thousand votes for its candidate for governor.

4. The term "party position" means membership on a party committee or the position of delegate or alternate to a party convention.

5. The term "party officer" means one who holds any party position or any party office whether by election, appointment or otherwise.

6. The term "committee" means any committee chosen, in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, to represent the members of a party in any political unit.

7. The term "designation" means any method in accordance with the provisions of this chapter by which candidates for party nomination for public office or for election to party position may be named for the purpose of any primary election.

8. The term "official ballot" refers to the paper ballot on which the voter casts his vote, or the face of a voting machine as prepared for the voter to cast his vote at any election held in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.

9. The terms "primary" or "primary election" mean only the mandated election at which enrolled members of a party may vote for the purpose of nominating party candidates and electing party officers.

10. The terms "uncontested office" and "uncontested position", used in connection with a primary election of a party, mean an office or position for which the number of candidates designated does not exceed the number to be nominated or elected thereto by the party, and for which no valid petition of enrolled members of the party requesting an opportunity to write in the name of an undesignated candidate has been filed.

11. The term "nomination" means the selection in accordance with the provisions of this chapter of a candidate for an office authorized to be filled at an election.

12. The term "independent body" means any organization or group of voters which nominates a candidate or candidates for office to be voted for at an election, and which is not a party as herein provided.

13. The term "independent nomination" means nomination by an independent body.

14. Words of masculine gender include the feminine except where the provision clearly applies to only one sex.

15. The term "veterans' hospital" means any sanitarium, hospital, soldiers' and sailors' home, United States Veterans' Administration Hospital, or other home or institution, which is used, operated and conducted exclusively for the care, maintenance and treatment of persons serving in or honorably discharged from the military or naval service or coast guard of the United States or the state of New York.

16. The term "county legislative body" shall mean the elected governing body of a county, and in the city of New York, the city council.

17. The term "ballot proposal" means any constitutional amendment, proposition, referendum or other question submitted to the voters at any election.

18. The word "ballot" when referring to voting machines or systems means that portion of the cardboard or paper or other material or electronic display within the ballot frame containing the name of the candidate and the emblem of the party organization by which he was nominated, of the form of submission of a proposed constitutional amendment, proposition referendum or question as provided in this chapter, with the word "yes" for voting for any question or the word "no" for voting against any question except that where the question or proposition is submitted only to the voters of a territory wholly within a county or city, such form shall be determined by the county board of elections. Such statement and the title shall be printed and/or displayed in the largest type or display which it is practicable to use in the space provided.

19. The term "ballot label" means the printed strips of cardboard or paper used on the voting machine containing the names of the candidates nominated, and the questions submitted.

20. The term "write-in ballot" means a vote cast for a person whose name does not appear on the ballot labels.

21. The term "protective counter" means a separate counter built into the voting machine that cannot be reset, and which records the total number of movements of the operating lever.

22. The term "residence" shall be deemed to mean that place where a person maintains a fixed, permanent and principal home and to which he, wherever temporarily located, always intends to return.

23. The term "voting machine custodian" shall mean a city, town or board of elections employee charged with the duty of repairing and maintaining voting machines.

24. The term "major political parties" means the two parties which polled for their respective candidates for the office of governor the highest and next highest number of votes at the last preceding election for such office.

25. The term "election officer" shall mean any person who, pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, performs any official duty or function in the electoral process.

26. The term "board of elections" shall mean the board of elections of any county in the state of New York and the board of elections of the city of New York and with respect to villages located in more than one county, shall mean the board of elections of that county containing more than fifty percent of the population of the village as shown by the last federal decennial or special census.

27. The term "personal application" means a signed writing which may be delivered by mailing or in person.

28. The term "caucus" shall mean an open meeting held in a political subdivision to nominate the candidates of a political party for public office to be elected in such subdivision at which all the enrolled voters of such party residing in such subdivision are eligible to vote.

29. The term "ballot label programming" means any computerized instructions which control the placement or the printing of candidates' names and ballot proposals on voting machines of a type approved after September first, nineteen hundred eighty-six.

30. The term "ballot label programming data" means the names and ballot positions of candidates and ballot proposals stored on any computerized device through the use of ballot label programming.

31. The term "resident vote tabulation programming" means the permanent computerized instructions which are built into any approved voting machine or equipment and which control the recordation, aggregation, tabulation, storage and printing of votes by any such machine or equipment.

32. "General village election" means the annual or biennial election for village officers.

33. "Special village election" means any election of village officers, other than the general village election.

34. "Village primary" means any election held by a political party for the purpose of nominating candidates for elective village offices.

35. The term "election" shall include a "general village election" or "special village election" except where a specific provision of this chapter may not be consistently applied to the village election procedure.

36. "Name stamp" means any device which, when applied with ink or other permanent dye, can be used to imprint a person's name to a write-in ballot permanently.

37. The term "inactive status" means a category of registered voters who have failed to respond to a residence confirmation notice provided for by section 5-712 of this chapter and whose registrations have neither been restored to the active registration rolls nor been cancelled pursuant to the provisions of this chapter.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 2; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 248, Sec. 1; L.1986, c. 262, Sec. 1; L.1989, c. 359, Sec.Sec. 1, 2; L.1994, c. 156, Sec. 1; L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 1; L.2005, c. 181, Sec. 2, eff. July 12, 2005.)
Sec. 1-106. Filing of papers; when received

1. All papers required to be filed pursuant to the provisions of this chapter shall, unless otherwise provided, be filed between the hours of nine A.M. and five P.M. If the last day for filing shall fall on a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, the next business day shall become the last day for filing. All papers sent by mail in an envelope postmarked prior to midnight of the last day of filing shall be deemed timely filed and accepted for filing when received, except that all certificates and petitions of designation or nomination, certificates of acceptance or declination of such designations and nominations, certificates of substitution for such designations or nominations and objections and specifications of objections to such certificates and petitions required to be filed with the board of elections of the city of New York must be actually received by such city board of elections on or before the last day to file any such petition, certificate or objection and such office shall be open for the receipt of such petitions, certificates and objections until midnight on the last day to file any such petition, certificate or objection. Failure of the post office or any other person or entity to deliver any such petition, certificate or objection to such city board of elections on or before such last day shall be a fatal defect.

2. The failure to file any petition or certificate relating to the designation or nomination of a candidate for party position or public office or to the acceptance or declination of such designation or nomination within the time prescribed by the provisions of this chapter shall be a fatal defect.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1977, c. 700, Sec. 1.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 2 PARTY ORGANIZATION

Sec. 2-100. Party committees; provision for

Party committees shall consist of a state committee, county committees, and such other committees as the rules of the party may allow.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 3.)
Sec. 2-102. State committee; creation

1. The members of the state committee of each party shall be elected from such units of representation as the state committee shall by rule provide. The number of members representing each unit may vary, but each member shall be entitled to an equal vote within his unit. Each member of the state committee shall be entitled to cast one vote unless the rules of the party shall provide otherwise.

2. Each member shall be, at the time of his election and continuously thereafter, an enrolled member of the party and a resident of the unit from which he is elected except as hereinafter provided.

3. To be eligible for election as a member of the state committee at the first election next ensuing after a readjustment or alteration of the units of representation becomes effective, a candidate must only have been a resident of the county in which the unit, or any part thereof, is contained for the twelve months immediately preceding the election.

4. The state committee may provide by rule for equal representation of the sexes on said committee. When any such rule provides for equal representation of the sexes, the designating petitions and primary ballots shall list candidates for such party positions separately by sexes.

5. The state committee may provide for the holding of a state convention and the election of delegates and alternate delegates thereto in any year and may empower such convention to adopt party platforms and policies and to transact such other business as it may prescribe.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 14.)
Sec. 2-104. County committee; creation

1. The county committee of each party shall be constituted by the election in each election district within such county of at least two members and of such additional members, not in excess of two, as the rules of the county committee of the party within the county or the statement filed pursuant hereto may provide for such district, proportional to the party vote in the district for governor at the last preceding gubernatorial election, or in case the boundaries of such district have been changed or a new district has been created since the last preceding gubernatorial election, proportional to the party vote cast for member of assembly or in the event there was no election for member of assembly, then proportional to the number of enrolled voters of such party in such district on the list of enrolled voters last published by the board of elections, excluding voters in inactive status. In a county in which no additional members are provided for by the rules of the county committee or the statement filed pursuant hereto the voting power of each member shall be in proportion to such party vote or, if the election district which such member represents was created or changed since the last election for member of assembly, proportional to such party enrollment. In a county in which additional members are so provided for, on the basis of the party vote or enrollment in election districts within such county, each member shall have one vote. Each member of a county committee shall be an enrolled voter of the party residing in the county and the assembly district from which or in the assembly district containing the election district in which such member is elected except that a member of a county committee who, as a result of an alteration of assembly district lines, no longer resides within such assembly district may continue to serve for the balance of the term to which he was elected.

2. If, pursuant to section one of article thirteen of the constitution, such committee or a state convention of the party shall provide by rule for equal representation of the sexes on such committee, the rules of such committee relative to additional members, either from election districts or at large, shall be formulated and applied in such manner that the whole membership shall consist of an even number, equally divided between the sexes. When any such rule provides for equal representation of the sexes, the designating petitions and primary ballots shall list candidates for such party positions separately by sexes.

3. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision one of this section, a county committee of a party shall be legally constituted if twenty-five per centum of the committeemen required to be elected in such county, as provided in subdivision one of this section, have been elected.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 4; L.1982, c. 449, Sec. 4; L.1985, c. 732, Sec. 1; L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 2.)
Sec. 2-106. State and county committees; election of members

1. Members of the state and county committees shall be elected at the primary election as herein provided.

2. Members of the state committee shall be elected biennially.

3. Members of county committees shall be elected biennially, except that to effect a transition from either odd to even or even to odd number year elections, a county committee may provide by an amendment to its rules filed with the board of elections at least four months before the date of the primary election at which the two year term of such committee is expiring, that the committee elected at such election shall be elected for a single, interim one-year term for members of such committee. No committee may effect such a change in the year of election more than once every ten years.

4. Members shall hold office until the next election at which members of the committee are elected.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 6; L.1979, c. 156, Sec. 1; L.1981, c. 63, Sec. 1; L.1983, c. 1000, Sec. 6.)
Sec. 2-108. State and county committees; new party

The state committee and county committees of a new political party, which meet prior to the first primary for which members of such party shall have become enrolled, shall be formed as provided by the rules of such party.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 2-110. Committees other than state and county; creation

1. All committees other than state and county committees shall be formed in the manner provided for by the rules of the party.

2. In the city of New York there shall be the party positions of assembly district leaders or, if the rules of the county committee shall so provide, one assembly district leader and one associate assembly district leader. Outside the city of New York there shall be such positions when the rules of the county committee shall so provide. Such leaders shall be elected at primary elections as herein provided, within every county in such city for each assembly district, or for each part of an assembly district within such county as may be designated for the purpose in the rules of the county committee, and in every county of the state outside of such city where the rules so provide, for such assembly district or part thereof within such county as may be designated in such rules for the purpose. Such assembly district leaders or such assembly district leader and associate assembly district leader shall be of opposite sexes, if the rules of the county committee shall so provide, and shall be enrolled voters of the party residing within the assembly district and, if the rules of the county committee shall so provide, within the part of the assembly district for which they are to be elected, and shall be elected at the same primary election and for the same term as members of the county committee. When any such rule provides for equal representation of sexes, the designating petitions and primary ballots shall list candidates for such party positions separately by sexes. Each shall perform such duties, powers and functions as the rules of the county committee may prescribe. Vacancies in such positions shall be filled by the members of the county committee within the assembly district or part thereof, as the case may be, until the first primary election following the creation of such vacancy or vacancies for which the period for circulating designating petitions ends at least seven days after the creation of such vacancy or vacancies, at which time the successor or successors shall be directly elected as herein provided. Assembly district leaders and associate assembly district leaders shall automatically be members and shall have the right to participate and vote in meetings of the county committee or any subcommittee thereof. The county committee may provide by its rules that the members of the state committee, elected in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, shall possess the duties, powers and functions of an assembly district leader or an associate assembly district leader. In such event the provisions of this section shall not apply to the members of the state committee but upon his election as a member of the state committee, such person shall be deemed to have also been elected as an assembly district leader or an associate assembly district leader.

3. To be eligible for election as assembly district leader or associate assembly district leader at the first election next ensuing after a readjustment or alteration of the units of representation becomes effective, a candidate must only have been a resident of the county in which the unit, or any part thereof, is contained for the twelve months immediately preceding the election.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 15.)
Sec. 2-112. Committees; organization

1. Every state committee shall within fifteen days after its election, every county committee shall within twenty days after its election, and all other committees shall within the time specified by party rules, meet and organize by electing a chairman, a secretary, a treasurer and such other officers as they may by their rules provide. Within three days after their meetings all state and county committees shall file in the office of the state board of elections a certificate stating the names and post office addresses of such officers. County committees and any other committee contained therein shall file a copy of such statement with their county board of elections.

2. Such officers shall be enrolled members of the party, but need not be members of such committees.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 5; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 7.)
Sec. 2-114. Committees; rules of

1. Each committee may prepare rules for governing the party within its political unit. Within ten days after the adoption of any rule or amendment thereto a certified copy thereof shall be filed by the state committee in the office of the state board of elections, and by the county committee in the office of the state board of elections, and in the office of the board of elections of the county. If a section or portion of such rules relate to the nomination of candidates for village office, such section or portion of such rules shall be filed in the office of the village clerk of all villages in which elections are conducted by the village and in which the party makes any nominations for village office. No rule or amendment thereof shall be effective until the filing thereof in the office of the state board of elections. Such rules shall continue to be the rules for the committee until they are amended or new rules adopted.

2. Rules may be amended or new rules adopted from time to time by a majority vote of the members of the committee present at a meeting at which there is a quorum, provided a copy of the proposed amendment shall be sent with the notice of the meeting at which such amendment is to be proposed, such notice to be mailed not less than five days before such meeting to the post office address of each member of the committee.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 8; L.1978, c. 375, Sec. 1; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 3.)
Sec. 2-116. Committee; removal of member

A member or officer of a party committee may be removed by such committee for disloyalty to the party or corruption in office after notice is given and a hearing upon written charges has been had. The hearing shall be held by the committee, or a subcommittee thereof appointed for that purpose, which subcommittee shall report its findings to the full committee.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 16.)
Sec. 2-118. Committees; vacancies, how filled and effect of change of boundaries

1. In the case of the death, declination, enrollment in another party, removal from the unit or removal from office of a member of a committee, or the failure to nominate or elect a member, the vacancy created thereby shall be filled by the remaining members of the committee by the selection of an enrolled voter of the party qualified for election from the unit of representation in which such vacancy shall have occurred. When a state committee fills a vacancy pursuant to this subdivision, the chairman or secretary of such committee shall, within ten days after such vacancy is filled, file a certificate with the state board of elections setting forth the name, address, and unit of representation of the person so selected.

2. If the boundaries of any unit of representation be changed after the election of members of a state committee or assembly district leaders or associate assembly district leaders, the terms of members, assembly district leaders or associate assembly district leaders elected in such units of representation and the units of representation which such members, assembly district leaders or associate assembly district leaders represent shall continue until the next regularly scheduled election for such party positions and until their successors are elected.

3. The county committee, upon its organization after the election of its members, or at any time thereafter, may determine that a vacancy or vacancies in such committee exists by reason of an increase in the number of election districts within the county occasioned by a change of the boundaries of one or more election districts, taking effect after such election, and may determine the districts that the elected members shall represent until the next election at which members of such committee are elected. A vacancy so determined to exist shall be filled as provided in subdivision one.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 1; L.1978, c. 9, Sec.Sec. 9, 10; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 17; L.1988, c. 14, Sec. 1; L.1992, c. 79, Sec. 2.)
Sec. 2-120. Party positions; to be filled at primary election, time for filing statement as to

1. The chairman of the county committee of each party or such person as may be designated by the rules of the county committee shall file with the board of elections not later than two weeks before the first day on which designating petitions for a primary election may be signed, a statement of the party positions to be filled by such party at such primary election, and the number of persons to be elected to each position; provided, however, that failure to file such statement shall not be construed as a prerequisite to filing designating petitions for such position.

2. If the party positions to be filled are elected from a district which includes parts of two or more counties, the chairman of the state committee of each party or such person as may be designated by the rules of the state committee shall file such statement with the state board of elections and the board of elections for each county within such district.

3. In each county within the city of New York, and in each county outside of such city where the rules of the county committee of a party provide for the election of assembly district leaders, or one assembly district leader and one associate assembly district leader from parts of an assembly district, the statement filed by such committee shall also set forth the election districts contained within each such part of such assembly district.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 11; L.1984, c. 434, Sec. 1; L.1988, c. 16, Sec. 1; L.1992, c. 79, Sec. 3.)
Sec. 2-122. National party conventions; delegates, election

Delegates and alternates to a national convention of a party shall be elected from congressional districts, or partly from the state at large and partly from congressional districts, as the rules of the state committee may provide. Such delegates and alternates from the state at large shall be elected by the state committee or by a state convention of the party, as the rules of the state committee shall prescribe. If the rules of a national party provide for equal representation of the sexes among delegates elected from districts, such district delegates shall be elected separately by sex. District delegates and alternates to national party conventions and delegates, and alternates, if any, to such a state convention shall be elected at a primary. All delegates and alternates to a national party convention shall be enrolled members of such party. When any such rule provides for equal representation of the sexes, the designating petitions and primary ballots shall list candidates for such party positions separately by sex.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 177, Sec. 1.)
Sec.Sec. 2-122-a, 2-122-b. Expired and deemed repealed Dec. 31, 2012, pursuant to L.2011, c. 147, Sec. 11

Sec. 2-124. Party names and emblems; provision for

1. The state committee of a party shall select a name and emblem to distinguish the candidates of the party for public office in all districts of the state, and shall file in the office of the state board of elections, a certificate executed by its chairman and secretary, setting forth the name and showing the emblem so selected.

2. The name of a party shall be in the English language and shall not include the words "American", "United States", "National", "New York State", "Empire State", or any abbreviation thereof, nor the name or part of the name, or an abbreviation of the name, of an existing party. The emblem chosen may be a star, an animal, an anchor, or any other proper symbol, but may not be the same as or similar to any emblem, insignia, symbol or flag used by any political or governmental body, agency or entity nor any religious emblem, insignia, symbol or flag, nor the portrait of any person, nor the representation of a coin or of the currency of the United States. The name and emblem chosen shall not be similar to or likely to create confusion with the name or emblem of any other existing party or independent body.

3. If the name of any party shall contain more than fifteen letters, the state committee shall similarly select and certify an abbreviated form thereof, containing not more than fifteen letters, to be used upon the ballot whenever the necessities of space so require.

4. Emblems and names which have been continuously used by any party or independent body for the nomination of candidates for governor may continue to be used by such party or independent body.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 12.)
Sec. 2-126. Party funds; restrictions on expenditures

No contributions of money, or the equivalent thereof, made, directly or indirectly, to any party, or to any party committee or to any person representing or acting on behalf of a party or party committee, or any moneys in the treasury of any party, or party committee, shall be expended in aid of the designation or nomination of any person to be voted for at a primary election either as a candidate for nomination for public office, or for any party position.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 18.)
[ Sec. 2-128. Repealed. L.1979, c. 110, Sec. 1, eff. May 22, 1979]

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 3 ELECTION OFFICIALS

TITLE I STATEWIDE PROVISIONS

Sec. 3-100. New York state board of elections; membership; organization

1. There is hereby created within the executive department a New York state board of elections, hereafter referred to as the "state board of elections", composed of four commissioners appointed by the governor: two commissioners, one each from among not fewer than two persons recommended by the chairman of the state committee of each of the major political parties; and two other commissioners, one upon the joint recommendation of the legislative leaders, of one major political party, in each house of the legislature and one upon the joint recommendation of the legislative leaders, of the other major political party, in each house of the legislature. The commissioners shall be appointed for terms of two years each and in the same manner as their respective predecessors. A commissioner appointed to the board to fill a vacancy caused other than by expiration of a term, shall serve for the balance of the unexpired term. In the event that there is a vacancy in the office of the commissioner appointed on the recommendation of such legislative leaders caused by expiration of term or otherwise, such legislative leaders responsible for making the joint recommendation to fill such vacancy shall jointly recommend an individual to fill such vacancy and the governor shall make the appointment from such joint recommendation within thirty days of receiving such joint recommendation. In the event the governor does not act on such joint recommendation within thirty days or objects to such joint recommendation, then the legislative leaders making such joint recommendation shall have the option of: (a) appointing the individual so jointly recommended as a commissioner, or (b) jointly recommending another individual for appointment by the governor according to the procedure outlined in this subdivision.

2. The two commissioners of the board appointed upon the recommendation of the legislative leaders shall be co-chairs of the state board of elections.

3. The commissioners of the state board of elections shall have no other public employment. The commissioners shall receive an annual salary of twenty-five thousand dollars, within the amounts made available therefor by appropriation. The board shall, for the purposes of sections seventy-three and seventy-four of the public officers law, be a "state agency", and such commissioners shall be "officers" of the state board of elections for the purposes of such sections. Within the amounts made available by appropriation therefor, the state board of elections shall appoint two co-executive directors, counsel and such other staff members as are necessary in the exercise of its functions, and may fix their compensation. Anytime after the effective date of the chapter of the laws of two thousand five which amended this subdivision, the commissioners or, in the case of a vacancy on the board, the commissioner of each of the major political parties shall appoint one co-executive director. Each co-executive director shall serve a term of four years. Any vacancy in the office of co-executive director shall be filled by the commissioners or, in the case of a vacancy on the board, the commissioner of the same major political party as the vacating incumbent for the remaining period of the term of such vacating incumbent.

4. For the purposes of meetings, three commissioners shall constitute a quorum. The affirmative vote of three commissioners shall be required for any official action of the state board of elections.

5. The principal office of the state board of elections shall be in the county of Albany.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 6; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 13; L.2005, c. 220, Sec. 2, eff. July 12, 2005.)
Sec. 3-102. State board of elections; general powers and duties

In addition to the enforcement powers and any other powers and duties specified by law, the state board of elections shall have the power and duty to:

1. issue instructions and promulgate rules and regulations relating to the administration of the election process, election campaign practices and campaign financing practices consistent with the provisions of law;

2. visit boards of elections, examine their procedures and records and direct that any such procedures be modified in any manner consistent with the provisions of this chapter;

3. conduct any investigation necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter;

4. conduct private or public hearings;

5. administer oaths or affirmations, subpoena witnesses, compel their attendance, examine them under oath or affirmation and require the production of any books, records, documents or other evidence it may deem relevant or material;

6. confer immunity in accordance with the provisions of section 50.20 of the criminal procedure law, in any investigation relating to any crime or offense with respect to which, by express provisions of statute, a competent authority is authorized to confer immunity; provided, however, that such immunity shall be conferred only after the attorney general and appropriate district attorney are afforded the opportunity to be heard respecting any objections which either may have to the conferring thereof; and provided, further, that if either the attorney general or any such appropriate district attorney shall object to the conferring of immunity, immunity may be conferred only by unanimous vote of all four commissioners of the state board;

7. institute, or direct a board of elections to institute such judicial proceedings as may be necessary to enforce compliance with any provision of article fourteen of this chapter or any regulation promulgated thereunder including, but not limited to, application, on notice served upon the respondent in the manner directed by the court at least six hours prior to the time of return thereon, to a justice of the supreme court within the judicial district in which an alleged violation of any such provision or regulation occurred or is threatened, for an order prohibiting the continued or threatened violation thereof or for such other or further relief as the court may deem just and proper;

8. Prepare uniform forms for the statements required by article fourteen of this chapter and uniform forms for use by local election officials in the conduct of registration and voting; design, prepare and make available to county boards of election and to such other institutions and groups as such board in its discretion shall determine uniform application forms for registration and enrollment, transfer of registration and/or enrollment and special enrollment upon application filed by mail pursuant to the provisions of section 5-210 of this chapter;

9. study and examine the administration of elections within the state including campaign financing, campaign financing reporting, and campaign practices;

9-A. (a) develop an electronic reporting system to process the statements of campaign receipts, contributions, transfers and expenditures required to be filed with any board of elections pursuant to the provisions of sections 14-102 and 14-104 of this chapter;

(b) prescribe the information required in the form for each statement to be filed;

(c) establish a training program on the electronic reporting process and make it available to any such candidate or committee;

(d) make the electronic reporting process available to any such candidate or committee which is required to file or which agrees to file such statements by such electronic reporting process;

(e) cause all information contained in such a statement filed with the state board of elections which is not on such electronic reporting system to be entered into such system as soon as practicable but in no event later than ten business days after its receipt by the state board of elections; and

(f) make all data from electronic reporting process available at all times on the internet.

10. establish rules allowing the admission of news media representatives to the area of the polling place where the canvass of ballots cast can be directly observed;

11. recommend such legislation or administrative measures as it finds appropriate to promote fair, honest and efficiently administered elections, including, but not limited to, legislation to adjust the contribution limitations set forth in article fourteen of this chapter;

12. monitor the adequacy and effectiveness of the election laws and report thereon at least annually to the governor and the legislature;

13. compile the information required with respect to the operation of the National Voter Registration Act1 and report such information annually to the governor, the legislature and the Federal Election Commission together with an assessment of the operation of such act and any recommendations for changes and improvements.

14. take all appropriate steps to encourage the broadest possible voter participation in elections including the administration of a program of registration form distribution by participating state agencies as prescribed by section 5-211 of this chapter;

15. receive from the secretary of the senate and the clerk of the assembly a list of the mailing addresses of senators and members of the assembly. When members of the public, government officials, or agencies request the mailing addresses of senators and members of the assembly, the mailing addresses submitted to the board by the secretary of the senate and the clerk of the assembly shall be provided;

16. administer the administrative complaint procedure as provided for in section 3-105 of this article;

16-a. provide the department of corrections and community supervision with a sufficient number of voter registration forms to allow the department of corrections and community supervision to comply with the duty to provide such voter registration forms to persons upon the expiration of their maximum sentence of imprisonment. Such voter registration forms shall be addressed to the state board of elections.

17. perform such other acts as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter.

142 USCA § 1973gg, nt.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 2; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 14; L.1983, c. 169, Sec. 2; L.1985, c. 695, Sec. 1; L.1992, c. 79, Sec. 4; L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 3; L.1997, c. 430, Sec. 25, eff. Aug. 20, 1997; L.2003, c. 249, Sec. 1, eff. July 29, 2003; L.2005, c. 23, Sec. 1, eff. May 3, 2005; L.2005, c. 406, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 2006; L.2010, c. 56, pt. OO, Sec. 10, eff. July 22, 2010; L.2011, c. 62, pt. C, subpt. B, Sec. 91, eff. March 31, 2011.)
Sec. 3-103. Computerized record keeping; sharing information in database

1. The state board of elections shall promulgate rules and regulations setting minimum standards for computerized record keeping systems maintained by county boards of elections. Such standards shall include, but not be limited to system access and security, the format and content of the data to be recorded and stored on such systems, and the minimum technical specifications for computer programming. Such standards shall be for the purpose of facilitating compatibility between the systems used by the several boards of elections.

2. The state board of elections, in accordance with subdivision four of section 3-100 of this title, shall enter into an agreement with the commissioner of motor vehicles whereby the department of motor vehicles will provide the state board of elections information to assist local boards of elections to verify a voter's identity pursuant to the federal Help America Vote Act of 2002.

3. The commissioner of motor vehicles shall enter into an agreement with the federal commissioner of social security whereby the social security administration will provide the commissioner of motor vehicles information to allow local boards of elections to verify a voter's identity pursuant to the federal Help America Vote Act of 2002.

4. In addition, the state board of elections, in accordance with subdivision four of section 3-100 of this title, shall enter into an agreement with other agencies within the state that have information relevant to the verification of a voter's identity whereby such agencies will provide the state board of elections information to assist local boards of elections to verify a voter's identity pursuant to the federal Help America Vote Act of 2002.

5. The information transmitted between the statewide voter registration list and other databases, as provided for in this section, shall be limited to the information which is contained in a voter registration application and is necessary to verify a voter's identity. The information contained in the statewide voter registration list shall not be used for non-election purposes.

(Added L.1986, c. 353, Sec. 1. Amended L.2005, c. 179, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 2006.)
Sec. 3-104. State board of elections; enforcement powers

1. The state board of elections shall have jurisdiction of, and be responsible for, the execution and enforcement of the provisions of article fourteen of this chapter and other statutes governing campaigns, elections and related procedures.

2. Whenever the state board of elections or other board of elections shall determine, on its own initiative or upon complaint, or otherwise, that there is substantial reason to believe a violation of this chapter or any code or regulation promulgated thereunder has occurred, it shall expeditiously make an investigation which shall also include investigation of reports and statements made or failed to be made by the complainant and any political committee supporting his candidacy if the complainant is a candidate or, if the complaint was made by an officer or member of a political committee, of reports and statements made or failed to be made by such political committee and any candidates supported by it. The state board of elections, in lieu of making such an investigation, may direct the appropriate board of elections to make an investigation. The state board of elections may request, and shall receive, the assistance of the state police in any investigation it shall conduct.

3. If, after an investigation, the state or other board of elections finds reasonable cause to believe that a violation warranting criminal prosecution has taken place, it shall forthwith refer the matter to the district attorney of the appropriate county and shall make available to such district attorney all relevant papers, documents, testimony and findings relevant to its investigation.

4. The state or other board of elections may, where appropriate, commence a judicial proceeding with respect to the filing or failure to file any statement of receipts, expenditures, or contributions, under the provisions of this chapter, and the state board of elections may direct the appropriate other board of elections to commence such proceeding.

5. The state board of elections may promulgate rules and regulations consistent with law to effectuate the provisions of this section.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 15.)
Sec. 3-105. Administrative complaint procedure

1. The state board of elections shall establish and maintain a uniform, nondiscriminatory administrative complaint procedure pursuant to which any person who believes that there is a violation (including a violation which has occurred or is occurring or is about to occur) of any provision of title three of the federal Help America Vote Act of 2002 (HAVA),1 may file a complaint.

2. Initially, any such complaint may be made orally, in person or by telephone, or in writing. Such complaints may be made to the state board of elections or with any local board of elections. A toll-free number shall be made available therefor for telephone calls to the state board of elections. Complaints shall be addressed by election officials expediently and informally whenever possible.

3. All formal complaints shall be filed with the state board of elections. All formal complaints shall be written, signed and sworn by the complainant. The complainant shall use a complaint form promulgated by the state board of elections. The state board of elections or a local board of elections shall assist any person with a disability who requests assistance to file a complaint. Complaints raising similar questions of law and/or fact may be consolidated by the state board of elections.

4. Upon the written request of the complainant, there shall be a hearing on the record, unless prior to the hearing, the state board of elections, in accordance with subdivision four of section 3-100 of this article, sustains the formal complaint as being uncontested. Any party to the hearing may purchase a transcript of such hearing.

5. The evidentiary standard applied to all formal complaints shall be a preponderance of the evidence.

6. Hearings shall be conducted by a panel of two commissioners of the state board of elections of opposite parties or senior staff members of opposite parties as selected by the commissioners of that party. If the panel does not agree to sustain the complaint, the formal complaint shall be deemed dismissed and shall constitute the determination of the panel.

7. The determination of the hearing panel will be final unless changed by the state board of elections pursuant to subdivision four of section 3-100 of this article, within ninety days of the filing of the formal complaint. A final determination shall be filed and published by the state board of elections within ninety days after the filing of the formal complaint, unless the complainant agrees to a longer period of time. When a violation has been found, the final determination shall include an appropriate remedy for any violation of Title III of the Help America Vote Act of 2002 (HAVA)2 found by the state board of elections. A final determination dismissing a formal complaint may be filed by any one member of the hearing panel.

8. Whenever a final determination of a formal complaint is not made within ninety days, or any other longer agreed upon time period, the state board of elections shall refer the formal complaint to an independent, alternative dispute resolution agency. Such hearings and determinations shall be conducted by the alternative dispute resolution agency pursuant to regulations promulgated by the state board of elections pursuant to subdivision four of section 3-100 of this article. Such agency shall have sixty days, from the expiration of the original ninety day time period, or any other longer agreed upon time period, to make a final determination. The state board of elections shall contract, pursuant to subdivision four of section 3-100 of this article with one or more such alternative dispute resolution entities for this specific purpose.

9. No provision of this section shall be construed to impair or supersede the right of an aggrieved party to seek a judicial remedy including a judicial remedy concerning any final determination made pursuant to subdivision eight of this section. The state board of elections shall provide notice to all complainants of the provisions of this subdivision.

142 USCA § 15301 et seq.

242 USCA § 15481 et seq.

(Added L.2005, c. 23, Sec. 2, eff. May 3, 2005.)
Sec. 3-106. Fair campaign code

1. In addition to the powers and duties elsewhere enumerated in this article, the state board of elections, after public hearings, shall adopt a "fair campaign code" setting forth ethical standards of conduct for persons, political parties and committees engaged in election campaigns including, but not limited to, specific prohibitions against practices of political espionage and other political practices involving subversion of the political parties and process.

2. Copies of such code shall be sent to each candidate, political party or political committee, upon request, by the board of elections with which such candidate, party or committee is required to file statements of campaign financial disclosure pursuant to article fourteen of this chapter.

3. The state board of elections, on its own initiative, or upon complaint or otherwise, may investigate any alleged violation of the fair campaign code and, in appropriate cases, may apply for an order, as provided in this article.

4. In addition to any other civil or criminal penalty which may be provided for by law, the state board may impose a civil penalty, not to exceed one thousand dollars, upon any person found by the board, after a hearing, to have violated any of the provisions of such code.

5. Any such finding by the board may only be had after a hearing conducted by it upon reasonable written notice, as the board may determine, to such person and affording such person a reasonable opportunity to be heard and present and examine witnesses thereat.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 3; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 16; L.1993, c. 60, Sec. 4.)
Sec. 3-107. Powers and duties of the state board of elections respecting elections and crimes against the elective franchise

Authority is hereby conferred upon the state board of elections to appoint a special investigator to take charge of the investigation of cases arising under the election law, and to appoint such additional special investigators and employees as it may deem necessary, and fix their compensation, within the limits of appropriation available therefor, and assign them to any election district or districts for the purpose of enforcing the provisions of the election law. Moneys appropriated for carrying out the provisions of this section shall be paid out of the state treasury on the audit and warrant of the comptroller upon the certificate of the state board.

Such special investigators shall, when directed by the state board of elections, investigate qualifications of persons to register or vote and violations of the election law. Any such special investigator may:

1. Visit and inspect any house, dwelling, building, inn, lodginghouse,1 boarding-house, rooming-house, or hotel and interrogate any inmate, house-dweller, keeper, caretaker, owner, proprietor or landlord thereof or therein, as to any person or persons residing or claiming to reside therein or thereat.

2. Inspect and copy any books, records, papers or documents relating to or affecting the election or the registration of voters, or require the board or officer in charge thereof to furnish a copy of any such record, paper or document without charge.

3. Require any lodging-house, boarding-house or rooming-house keeper, landlord or proprietor to exhibit his register of the lodgers therein at any time to such special investigator.

4. Procure warrants of arrest and cause to be taken into custody the person or persons named in such process.

5. Go within the guard-rail at any polling place at any election.

Any such special investigator also shall have all of the powers of a peace officer as set forth in section 2.20 of the criminal procedure law, for the purpose of enforcing the provisions of this chapter.

Any person who neglects or refuses to furnish any information required by the election law or authorized herein, or to exhibit records, papers or documents herein authorized to be inspected or which are required to be exhibited, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

The state board or any of its special investigators shall have power to issue subpoenas or subpoenas duces tecum, administer oaths and examine witnesses under oath, for the purpose of investigating any matter within the jurisdiction herein prescribed for the purpose of aiding the state board in enforcing the provisions of the election law. Such subpoenas shall be issued in the name of the state board of elections. Such subpoenas may be served by any special investigator or by any police officer or peace officer who is acting pursuant to his special duties.

Any person who shall omit, neglect or refuse to obey a subpoena attested in the name of the state board of elections or who shall refuse to testify under or in pursuance thereof shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

Any such special investigator may call upon any member of the police, sheriff, deputy sheriff, constable or other public officer, or any person, to assist him in carrying out the provisions of this section. Any such officer or person who shall fail to render the assistance so demanded or who shall wilfully hinder or delay such special investigator in the exercise of any power or the performance of any duty shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

1So in original.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1980, c. 843, Sec.Sec. 57, 58.)
Sec. 3-108. Disaster; additional day for voting

1. A county board of elections, or the state board of elections with respect to an election conducted in a district in the jurisdiction of more than one county board of elections, may determine that, as the direct consequence of a fire, earthquake, tornado, explosion, power failure, act of sabotage, enemy attack or other disaster, less than twenty-five per centum of the registered voters of any city, town or village, or if the city of New York, or any county therein, actually voted in any general election. Such a determination by a county board of elections shall be subject to approval by the state board of elections. If the state board of elections makes such a determination, it shall notify the board of elections having jurisdiction in that county that an additional day of election shall be held, which notice shall show: the nature of the disaster; the county, city, town or village affected thereby; the number of persons duly registered to vote therein at such general election; and the number of persons who voted therein at such general election.

2. The county board of elections shall thereafter set a date for an additional day for voting in the county, city, town or village affected by the statement, which shall not be more than twenty days after the original date of the general election and shall determine the hours during which the polls shall remain open on such additional day for voting; provided, however, that in any event the polls shall remain open for not less than eleven hours. The county board of elections shall publish notice thereof not less than twice in each week preceding the date for the additional day for voting, in newspapers as designated in this chapter, and shall notify all registered voters by mail. Such notice shall also direct attention to any change of polling places and shall contain such other and additional information as in the judgment of the board of elections shall be necessary and proper.

3. Official ballots shall be provided at public expense at each polling place for such additional day of election. In any election district in which voting machines were used upon the original day of voting, they shall be used for the additional day for voting. The original seal on such machines shall not be removed nor shall the machines be unlocked until the opening of the polls on the additional day for voting and the board of elections shall provide an additional seal to be used as soon as the polls are closed on such day.

4. Only those persons duly registered to vote upon the original date of the general election who did not vote on such date shall be entitled to vote on the additional day for voting. Voting on the additional day provided for in this section shall be accomplished solely by physically appearing at the polling place and nothing contained in this section shall be construed to extend the time set by law for casting or canvassing a military, absentee or special presidential ballot; provided, however, that nothing contained herein shall be deemed to invalidate any absentee, military or special presidential ballot duly received on the original date of the general election.

5. A county board of elections, or the state board of elections with respect to an election conducted in a political subdivision in the jurisdiction of more than one county board of elections, may determine that, as the direct consequence of a fire, earthquake, tornado, explosion, power failure, act of sabotage, enemy attack or other disaster, the ability to make a filing with respect to any provision of this chapter was substantially impaired. Upon making such a finding, a county board of elections, or the state board of elections shall extend for a reasonable time the period for making such filing. An extension pursuant to this subdivision granted by a county board of elections shall be subject to the approval of the state board of elections if such extension is longer than one business day.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.2008, c. 394, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 5, 2008.)
Sec. 3-110. Time allowed employees to vote

1. If a registered voter does not have sufficient time outside of his working hours, within which to vote at any election, he may, without loss of pay for up to two hours, take off so much working time as will, when added to his voting time outside his working hours, enable him to vote.

2. If an employee has four consecutive hours either between the opening of the polls and the beginning of his working shift, or between the end of his working shift and the closing of the polls, he shall be deemed to have sufficient time outside his working hours within which to vote. If he has less than four consecutive hours he may take off so much working time as will when added to his voting time outside his working hours enable him to vote, but not more than two hours of which shall be without loss of pay, provided that he shall be allowed time off for voting only at the beginning or end of his working shift, as the employer may designate, unless otherwise mutually agreed.

3. If the employee requires working time off to vote he shall notify his employer not more than ten nor less than two working days before the day of the election that he requires time off to vote in accordance with the provisions of this section.

4. Not less than ten working days before every election, every employer shall post conspicuously in the place of work where it can be seen as employees come or go to their place of work, a notice setting forth the provisions of this section. Such notice shall be kept posted until the close of the polls on election day.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1, formerly Sec. 3-114. Renumbered Sec. 3-110, L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 7.)
[ Sec.Sec. 3-112, 3-114. Renumbered Election Law Sec. 7-202 and Election Law Sec. 3-110]

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 3 ELECTION OFFICIALS

TITLE II BOARD OF ELECTIONS

Sec. 3-200. Boards of elections; creation, qualifications of commissioners, removal

1. There shall be a board of elections in each county of the state and in the city of New York for the five counties thereof.

2. Each board shall consist of two election commissioners, except that the county legislative body of a county having a population of more than one hundred and twenty thousand may, by local law, increase the number of commissioners to four, to be appointed as provided in this title. Each of the major political parties shall be eligible to recommend appointment of an equal number of commissioners.

3. In the city New York the board shall consist of ten commissioners of election who shall be registered voters in the county for which they are appointed and they shall be appointed by the city council of the city of New York. Not more than two commissioners shall be registered voters of the same county.

4. No person shall be appointed as election commissioner or continue to hold office who is not a registered voter in the county and not an enrolled member of the party recommending his appointment, or who holds any other public office, except that of commissioner of deeds, notary public, village officer, city or town justice, member of a community board within the city of New York or trustee or officer of a school district outside of a city.

5. Repealed.

6. An election commissioner shall not be a candidate for any elective office which he would not be entitled to hold under the provisions of this article, unless he has ceased by resignation or otherwise, to be commissioner prior to his nomination or designation therefor. Otherwise such nomination or designation shall be null and void.

7. An election commissioner may be removed from office by the governor for cause in the same manner as a sheriff. Any vacancy so resulting shall be filled in a manner prescribed by this article for filling vacancies.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 8; L.1984, c. 296, Sec. 9; L.2003, c. 195, Sec. 1, eff. July 29, 2003.)
Sec. 3-202. Election commissioners; term of office

1. The term of office of an election commissioner shall be two years beginning January first of each odd numbered year except that in the city of New York and the county of Schenectady the term shall be four years beginning on January first of each alternate odd numbered year. The county legislative body of any other county may determine that the commissioners of elections thereafter appointed shall serve for a term of four years. Such determination may be rescinded by a subsequent action of the county legislative body which shall take effect at the expiration of the terms of the commissioners then in office.

2. The local legislative body may, at any time, determine that the terms of office for commissioners shall be staggered and may make subsequent appointments so as to provide for staggered terms of office thereafter.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 3-204. Election commissioners; appointment

1. At least thirty days before the first day of January of any year in which a commissioner of elections is to be appointed, the chairman or secretary of the appropriate party county committee shall file a certificate of party recommendation with the clerk of the appropriate local legislative body.

2. Party recommendations for election commissioner shall be made by the county committee or by such other committee as the rules of the party may provide, by a majority of the votes cast at a meeting of the members of such committee at which a quorum is present. If at any time a vacancy occurs in the office of any election commissioner other than by expiration of term of office, party recommendations to fill such vacancy shall be made by the county committee or by such other committee as the rules of the party may provide, by a majority of the votes cast at a meeting of the members of such committee at which a quorum is present.

3. The certificate filed shall be in such form and contain such information as shall be prescribed by the state board of elections.

4. Commissioners of election shall be appointed by the county legislative body, or in the city of New York, by the city council. Provided, however, that if a legislative body shall fail to appoint any person recommended by a party for appointment as a commissioner pursuant to this section, within thirty days after the filing of a certificate of recommendation with such legislative body, then the members of such legislative body who are members of the political party which filed such certificate may appoint such person. And further provided, if there are no members of the legislative body who are members of the political party which filed such certificate, the appointment shall take effect upon the expiration of thirty days from the date that the certificate was filed. If none of the persons named in any of the certificates filed by a party are so appointed within sixty days after the filing of any such certificate, then such party may file another certificate within thirty days after the expiration of any such sixty day period recommending a different person for such appointment. If a party fails to file a certificate within the time prescribed by this section, the members of the legislative body who are members of such party may appoint any eligible person to such office.

5. If at any time a vacancy occurs in the office of any election commissioner other than by expiration of term of office, such vacancy shall be filled as herein provided for the regular appointment of a commissioner except that a person who fills a vacancy shall hold such office during the remainder of the term of the commissioner in whose place he shall serve. Certificates of party recommendation to fill such vacancy shall be filed not later than forty-five days after the creation of the vacancy.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 9; L.1984, c. 455, Sec. 1; L.1997, c. 453, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 26, 1997; L.2010, c. 116, Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2010.)
Sec. 3-208. Election commissioners; salaries

Each election commissioner in the same county shall receive an equal salary. The salary shall be an annual salary to be fixed by the county legislative body except that each commissioner of elections in the city of New York shall receive the sum of three hundred dollars for each day's attendance at meetings of the board or any of its committees, not to exceed thirty thousand dollars a year.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1980, c. 147, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 479 Sec. 1; L.1985, c. 394, Sec. 1; L.1993, c. 679, Sec. 1; L.2007, c. 590, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 14, 2007.)
Sec. 3-210. Election commissioners; certificate of appointment, filing of

The certificate of appointment of an election commissioner shall be filed in the office of the clerk of the county where the commissioner resides and the clerk shall immediately notify the state board of elections of the appointment.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 3-212. Boards of elections; organization, proceedings, reports and records

1. The election commissioners, at their first meeting after the first day of January of each year, shall organize as a board, electing one of their number as president, and one as secretary, and if there is a deadlock, the members shall draw lots for such places. The president and secretary shall not belong to the same party.

2. All actions of the board shall require a majority vote of the commissioners prescribed by law for such board.

3. The records of the board, and all papers and books filed in its office are public records. Minutes of all meetings shall show how each commissioner voted upon any resolution or motion. The board shall keep a record of its proceedings, of the number of voters registered and enrolled with each party for that year in each political subdivision or part thereof, data relating to the expenses connected with registration, enrollments and elections within the county or city and such other information relating to elections as this chapter or the state board of elections may prescribe.

4. (a) Each board of elections shall make an annual report of its affairs and proceedings to its local legislative body once every twelve months and no later than the last day of January in any year. A copy of said annual report shall be filed with the state board of elections.

(b) Said annual report, as required by paragraph (a) of this subdivision, shall include a detailed description of existing programs designed to enhance voter registration. Such report shall include a voter registration action plan which details the various activities and programs of each board, including a description of those steps which shall be taken in the future to increase registration opportunities, especially for those identifiable groups of persons historically underrepresented on the rolls of registered voters; and coordinate voter education programs with school districts, colleges and universities within the board's jurisdiction including voter registration of qualified applicants and instructional or extracurricular activities promoting participation in the electoral process.

(1) Each voter registration action plan shall provide for the designation by the board of a registration activities coordinator. Such designee shall be responsible for initiating contact with each school district, college and university within the area served by the board to request that such school district, college and university designate an administrative liaison who, together with the registration activities coordinator, shall plan, prepare and implement voter education and registration programs to enhance electoral participation. The state board of elections shall promulgate rules and regulations providing guidelines for county board of election assistance to school districts, colleges and universities in the establishment of electoral participation programs.

(2) Each voter registration action plan shall set forth existing activities and planned programs designed to insure compliance with the requirements of subdivision two of section 5-210 of this chapter regarding the distribution of registration application forms.

(3) The state board of elections shall review the voter registration action plan submitted by each board of elections and assist in the development and implementation of local registration outreach services and activities.

5. The board of elections of the city of New York, upon the affirmative vote of six commissioners, may adopt rules authorizing a number of commissioners less than the total membership of the board to act on behalf of the board on matters required to be performed by boards of election pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, provided that such number shall be comprised of commissioners representing equally the two political parties entitled to representation on the board.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 12; L.1992, c. 79, Sec. 5.)
Sec. 3-214. Board of elections; general office and branches, hours

1. The board of elections in the city of New York shall maintain an office in the borough of Manhattan, which shall be the headquarters of such board, and an office in each borough of the city. Elsewhere, in each county, the county legislative body shall provide the board of elections for such county with proper and suitable offices.

2. Any board of elections may establish as many fixed branch offices as it deems necessary.

3. Each office shall be open at least every business day during usual business hours, except that each central board office shall be open for the receipt of papers at least between the hours of nine A.M. and five P.M. on the last day on which a paper may be filed with it and on such other days and hours as may be required herein. In each of the two calendar weeks before each general election, each office shall remain open on at least two business days until at least seven P.M. and on Saturdays from not later than nine A.M. until at least noon. In the city of New York, each office shall also remain open on the Sunday before the general election from not later than ten A.M. until at least one P.M.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1986, c. 625, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 3-216. Boards of elections; assistance to, records to be furnished it

1. Any law enforcement agency whenever called upon by a board of elections, shall assist in the investigation of registrations and render all other practicable assistance in the enforcement of this chapter. The officer in charge shall detail to the service of the board of elections, upon its written request, such members or employees of the agency as may be necessary.

2. Every public officer shall be required to furnish to the board of elections, without charge, such copies of the official records in his custody, certified by him, as the board may require and as are appropriate and necessary for the performance of its duties.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 3-218. Subpoenas; power to issue by boards of elections

1. The board of elections and any of the commissioners thereof may require any person to appear and attend before the board or a commissioner at an office of the board and be examined by the board or a commissioner as to any matter in relation to which the board is charged with a duty under this chapter, or in relation to violations of the elective franchise, and subpoenas may issue therefor.

2. When an oath is required or permitted by this chapter, any commissioner, or an employee of the board designated in writing by it, may administer such oath.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 3-220. Records and photostats; preservation and sale

1. All registration records, certificates, lists, and inventories referred to in, or required by, this chapter shall be public records and open to public inspection under the immediate supervision of the board of elections or its employees and subject to such reasonable regulations as such board may impose, provided, however, that a voter's driver's license number, department of motor vehicle non-driver photo ID number, social security number and facsimile number shall not be released for public inspection. No such records shall be handled at any time by any person other than a member of a registration board or board of inspectors of elections or board of elections except as provided by rules imposed by the board of elections.

2. The central file registration records shall be kept in locked filing cabinets in the office of the board of elections or, in the appropriate branch offices of the board of elections. Such records shall be taken from such file and handled only where necessary to make entries thereon or take other action in connection therewith as required by this article. The board of elections may cause to be made, photostatic copy or copies of the registration poll records of registered voters in any election district and shall cause such photostatic copies to be placed in one or more ledgers in the same manner and in the same order as the original registration poll records appear in the ledger or ledgers containing the registration poll records for such election district. Such photostatic records shall be open to public inspection, in lieu of the original registration records.

3. Registration records which have been mutilated or voided or which, following the refusal of a board taking registrations to permit an applicant to register, have been marked "Refused" shall be retained by the board of elections for at least two years. Upon destruction of any such records the board shall keep a file of the serial numbers of the records so destroyed. Reports of deaths shall be retained by the board of elections for two years. In January of each year, the board of elections may remove from its files and may destroy the check cards of persons whose registrations were cancelled more than two years previously.

4. Subsequent to the expiration of ten years after the receipt thereof or, in the case of registration records, subsequent to the expiration of two years after cancellation of the registration to which they relate, the board of elections, in lieu of preserving any of the records as hereinbefore provided, may preserve photostatic, microphotographic or photographic film copies thereof, and may destroy the original records and is authorized to do so in accordance with the provisions of article thirteen of the state finance law. If the board of elections maintains a computer readable registration record for each registered voter, which includes a copy of the entire registration poll record or application for registration of each such voter, the original poll record or application for registration may, with the permission of the state board of elections, be so destroyed subsequent to the expiration of two years after such copy is entered in the computer readable record. If such copies in the computer readable record do not include the backs of those registration poll records which have been used at one or more elections, then all such poll records which have been used at one or more elections may, with the permission of the state board of elections, be so destroyed subsequent to the expiration of two years after such copy is entered in the computer readable record, or subsequent to the expiration of four years after the last election at which such poll record was used, whichever is later.

5. Any such photostatic, microphotographic or photographic film copy made pursuant to this section or any such computer readable record shall be deemed to be an original record for all purposes and, when satisfactorily identified, may be introduced in evidence in any judicial or administrative proceeding. An enlargement, facsimile or certified copy thereof shall, for all purposes, be deemed to be an enlargement, facsimile or certified copy of the original record and may likewise be introduced in evidence if the film copy or the computer readable record is in existence and available for inspection under direction of the court or administrative agency. The introduction in evidence of a film copy or a copy of a computer readable record, or an enlargement, facsimile or certified copy thereof, shall not preclude introduction of the original record.

6. All petitions, certificates, objections or papers filed or deposited with a board or officer before an election or primary and relating to designations or nominations, and all registers, books, statements, returns or papers so filed or deposited after registration, enrollment, election or primary at which they were used or to which they relate, not including, however, the voted, unused, protested, void or wholly blank ballots, shall be preserved by such board or officer for at least two years after the receipt thereof and until the determination of any action or proceeding touching the same or in which they are ordered to be preserved pending the action or proceeding and at the expiration of such time they may be either destroyed or sold. Lists of registered voters with computer generated facsimile signatures used in lieu of registration poll records at any election shall be preserved until the end of the fourth calendar year after the year of such election. In all jurisdictions, the original statements of results made by the state board of canvassers or a county or city board of canvassers and any original record specifying the name of a person declared to have been elected to a public office shall not be destroyed or sold but shall be preserved, as part of the records of such board or officer, until otherwise provided by law.

6-a. During the period prescribed by subdivision six of this section, no petition shall be removed from the office of the board of elections for copying or any other purpose except while in the custody, or under the supervision of a member or employee of such board or pursuant to court order.

7. Upon the sale of any property authorized by this section to be destroyed or sold, the proceeds shall be paid over as follows: If sold by the board of elections, the proceeds shall be paid into the county treasury, or, in the city of New York, into the city treasury. If sold by the clerk of a city, town or village, the proceeds shall be paid to its fiscal officer for its benefit. Proceeds of the sale of any such property in the office of the state board of elections shall be paid over as provided by law with respect to other state moneys in the hands of a state officer.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1977, c. 324, Sec. 1; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 20; L.1986, c. 425, Sec. 1; L.1992, c. 389, Sec. 1; L.1994, c. 163, Sec. 1; L.2005, c. 179, Sec. 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2006; L.2010, c. 104, Sec. 1, eff. June 2, 2010.)
Sec. 3-222. Preservation of ballots and records of voting machines

1. Except as hereinafter provided, removable memory cards or other similar electronic media shall remain sealed against reuse until such time as the information stored on such media has been preserved in a manner consistent with procedures developed and distributed by the state board of elections. Provided, however, that the information stored on such electronic media and all the data and figures therein may be examined upon the order of any court or judge of competent jurisdiction or may be examined at the direction of a committee of the senate or assembly to investigate and report upon contested elections of members of the legislature voted for by the use of voting machines utilizing such electronic media and such data and such figures examined by such committee in the presence of the officer having the custody of voting machines and electronic media.

2. Voted ballots shall be preserved for two years after such election and the packages thereof may be opened and the contents examined only upon order of a court or judge of competent jurisdiction, or by direction of such committee of the senate and assembly if the ballots relate to the election under investigation by such committee, and at the expiration of such time, such ballots may be disposed of at the discretion of the officer or board having charge of them.

3. Except as hereinafter provided, packages of protested, void and wholly blank ballots, open packages of unused ballots and all absentee and military, special federal, special presidential and emergency ballots and ballot envelopes, if any, opened or unopened, shall be preserved for two years after the election. Sealed packages of unused ballots shall be retained for four months, and may then be destroyed, provided a certificate articulating the election district identifying data and numbers of such ballots is filed with the balance of ballots described in this section, for the balance of the two year retention period. Except as hereinafter provided, boxes containing voted paper ballots, if any shall be preserved inviolate for four months after the election, or until one month before the next election occurring within five months after a preceding election if such boxes are needed for use at such next election and if the officer or board in charge of such voted paper ballots is required by law to furnish ballot boxes therefor. Provided, however, that such ballot boxes and such packages may be opened, and their contents and the absentee and military, special federal, special presidential and emergency ballots and ballot envelopes may be examined, upon the order of any court or justice of competent jurisdiction. Boxes and envelopes containing absentee, military and emergency ballots voted at a general or special election, for the office of member of the senate or assembly, packages of void, protested and wholly blank ballots, unopened absentee and military ballot envelopes and the packages of unused ballots, in connection with such election, also may be opened, and their contents and such envelopes also may be examined, by direction of a committee of the senate or assembly to investigate and report on contested elections of members of the legislature. Unless otherwise ordered or directed by such a court, justice or committee, such boxes shall be opened and their contents and such packages and the envelopes containing voted ballots and ballot envelopes shall be destroyed, at the expiration of the period during which they are required by the provisions of this section to be preserved, except that instead of being destroyed, they may be sold and the proceeds paid over in the manner provided with respect to the sale of books, records and papers pertaining to an election.

4. All records and documents pertaining to ballot label programming and ballot label programming data for any election for any voting machine of a type approved after September first, nineteen hundred eighty-six and all records pertaining to the periodic maintenance testing of any such programming and programming data or the testing of any such machine in connection with any such election shall be preserved for two years after such election.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 17; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 21; L.1986, c. 262, Sec. 2; L.1994, c. 163, Sec. 2; L.2007, c. 49, Sec. 3, eff. May 29, 2007; L.2011, c. 169, Sec. 1, eff. July 20, 2011; L.2011, c. 282, Sec.Sec. 1, 2, eff. Aug. 3, 2011.)
Sec. 3-224. Voting machines; use of by other than the board of elections

The board of elections may permit towns, villages, school districts, fire, ambulance, water, sanitation, police and other special districts within the county to use voting machines and other equipment owned by it and used for the conduct of elections or for educational and instructional purposes, upon such rental and other terms and conditions as shall be fixed by it. Such board may similarly permit the use of such machines by associations and organizations for the conduct of elections where it judges the use of such machines for elections conducted by such associations and organizations will be in the public interest.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1988, c. 24, Sec. 7; L.2005, c. 180, Sec. 2, eff. Nov. 15, 2005.)
Sec. 3-226. Boards of elections; ownership, care, custody and control of voting machines

1. Boards of elections shall direct the purchase, acquisition or lease of voting machines, of a kind authorized by law, which shall be selected by such board provided, however, nothing in this section shall preclude the state board of elections from distributing voting machines to boards of elections without charge. All voting machines, and appliances and equipment relating to or used in the conduct of elections shall be in the care, custody and control of the board of elections. Such board shall cause all necessary repairs and maintenance to be made and employ such help as may be necessary in making such repairs and in moving, setting up and caring for all election materials, equipment and appliances, including voting machines. All supplies, equipment or election appliances to be used or furnished by such board shall be purchased by such board. All expenses of such board of elections shall be certified, audited and paid as are other claims against the county, or in the case of the city of New York, by such city, and all expenses connected with elections and matters preliminary relating thereto, including compensation of inspectors and clerks of election, shall be a county charge, except, at the option of the county, all or any part of the type of expenses connected with elections and matters preliminary or relating thereto that were previously incurred by towns and cities, may be apportioned pursuant to this chapter to a city or town.

2. The board of elections shall publish or post, as the case may be, all notices, lists and other materials relating to elections to which this section applies, and which are required by law to be published or posted in the county, or a political subdivision therein, except publications made by the state board of elections and village clerks.

3. Lists of persons recommended to serve as inspectors of election and poll clerks shall be filed by the chairperson of the county committees of the political parties entitled to representation on the board of elections.

(Added L.2005, c. 180, Sec. 3, eff. Nov. 15, 2005.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 3 ELECTION OFFICIALS

TITLE III ELECTION PERSONNEL

Sec. 3-300. Board employees; appointment

Every board of elections shall appoint, and at its pleasure remove, clerks, voting machine technicians, custodians and other employees, fix their number, prescribe their duties, fix their titles and rank and establish their salaries within the amounts appropriated therefor by the local legislative body and shall secure in the appointment of employees of the board of elections equal representation of the major political parties. Every commissioner in each board of elections except for commissioners of the board of elections of the city of New York, may approve and at pleasure remove a deputy, establish his title and prescribe his duties. In the city of New York, the board of elections shall appoint an executive director and a deputy executive director whose duties it shall be to supervise the operations of the board of elections under the supervision of such board.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 3-302. Voting machine technicians and custodians; appointment, duties

1. The board of elections shall appoint as many voting machine technicians and voting machine custodians as shall be necessary for the proper preparation and repair of voting machines. Voting machine technicians may be full time employees of the board of elections and may also serve as voting machine custodians as hereinafter provided. No person shall be appointed as a voting machine technician or voting machine custodian who is a candidate for any public office to be voted for by the voters of the district in which he is to serve.

2. The voting machine technicians shall, under the direction of the board of elections supervise the preparation of the voting machines. They shall inspect voting machines to insure that they are in proper repair and working order and shall notify the board of elections and the appropriate town or city clerk of the repairs found to be needed on any machine. They shall have the authority to recommend the rejection of a machine to the board of elections as not in suitable mechanical condition for use in an election. They shall perform all other duties as required by the board of elections.

3. The board of elections shall, before the fifteenth day of January of each year, appoint as many custodians of voting machines as may be necessary for the proper preparation of the machines. The custodian shall, under the direction of the board of elections, have charge of and represent the board of elections during the preparation of the voting machines and serve at the pleasure of the board of elections.

4. The board of elections shall as often as necessary provide a course of training and education on the preparation, use, maintenance and repair of the voting machine. Attendance at such course shall be required of all voting machine technicians who have not previously completed such a course satisfactorily.

5. Any person who fails to satisfactorily complete such a course shall not be permitted to serve as a voting machine technician.

6. Voting machine custodians shall be paid for their services an amount fixed by the board of elections, which amount shall, however, be approved by the legislative body of the county and shall be payable by the county, or in the case of the city of New York, payable by such city.

7. Salaries of voting machine technicians shall be fixed by the board of elections as provided herein and provided further that the salaries for each technician may vary dependent on the number of machines to be serviced, other duties assigned and such other factors as the board may consider relevant.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1995, c. 340, Sec. 1; L.2005, c. 180, Sec. 4, eff. Nov. 15, 2005.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 3 ELECTION OFFICIALS

TITLE IV ELECTION INSPECTORS AND POLL CLERKS

Sec. 3-400. Election inspectors and poll clerks; provision for

1. There shall be for each election district of the state four election inspectors.

2. At every general election in each election district where two voting machines are used, there shall be two clerks in addition to the four inspectors of election, except that in an election district located in a town, where one voting machine is used, the town board may direct the board of elections to appoint not more than two clerks in such district if in the discretion of such board the service of such clerk or clerks is reasonably necessary for the proper conduct of the election. In each election district where paper ballots, in addition to one voting machine, are used at a general election, there shall be two clerks in addition to the four inspectors of election. In each election district where paper ballots, in addition to more than one voting machine are used at a general election there shall be four clerks in addition to the four inspectors. The duties of such clerks shall be such as shall be prescribed by the board of elections and they shall serve at the general election only. When deemed necessary in any election or primary, the board of election may require additional poll clerks to be designated in any election district.

3. Appointments to the offices of election inspector or poll clerk in each election district, shall be equally divided between the major political parties.

4. Before entering on their duties, the election inspectors of each election district outside the city of New York shall appoint one of their number chairman, to serve as such during his term of office. If a majority shall not agree upon such an appointment, they shall draw lots for that position.

5. In the city of New York in each odd numbered election district a chairman shall be designated who shall be an inspector named by the political party which polled the highest number of votes for governor at the last preceding election for such officer and in each even numbered election district a chairman shall be designated who shall be an inspector named by the political party which polled the second highest number of votes for governor at the last preceding election for such officer.

6. No person shall be certified or act as an election inspector or poll clerk who is not a registered voter (unless such person is duly qualified under subdivision eight of this section) and a resident of the county in which he or she serves, or within the city of New York, of such city, who holds any elective public office, or who is a candidate for any public office to be voted for by the voters of the district in which he or she is to serve, or the spouse, parent, or child of such a candidate, or who is not able to speak and read the English language and write it legibly.

7. The board of elections may employ election inspectors to work half-day shifts with adjusted compensation, provided, however, that at least one inspector from each of the two major political parties is present at the poll site for the entire time that the polls are open. Each county board of elections shall prescribe the necessary rules and procedures to ensure proper poll site operation.

8. A person seventeen years of age who is enrolled in a school district and fulfilling the requirements of section thirty-two hundred seven-a of the education law shall be eligible to be appointed as, and to perform the duties of, an election inspector or poll clerk as provided in this chapter.

(L.1976, 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 18; L.1985, c. 242, Sec. 1; L.1995, c. 340, Sec. 2; L.2010, c. 5, Sec. 1, eff. March 16, 2010; L.2010, c. 76, Sec. 1, eff. May 12, 2010; L.2011, c. 133, Sec.Sec. 1, 2, eff. July 15, 2011.)
Sec. 3-401. Election coordinators; provision for

1. The board of elections of each county and in the city of New York, the board of elections of the city of New York, may, in its discretion, appoint persons to perform election day duties including directing voters to their proper polling place, assist election inspectors and poll clerks in the performance of their duties, and such other duties as may be assigned to them by the board of elections. Such persons shall be designated as election coordinators.

2. All election coordinators shall be trained in the manner prescribed by this article for election inspectors and poll clerks. Election coordinators shall be appointed by the board of elections. The appointment of election coordinators shall be equally divided between the two major political parties.

3. The board of elections of each county appointing election coordinators and in the city of New York, the board of elections of the city of New York, may, in its discretion, prescribe training in addition to that required by this article.

4. Any county board of elections appointing election coordinators and in the city of New York, the board of elections of the city of New York, shall prepare a report detailing assignments and duties to be delegated to election coordinators. Said report shall be filed with the state board of elections no later than one month prior to the election at which election coordinators are to be assigned.

5. No person shall be certified or act as an election coordinator who is not a registered voter and a resident of the county in which he serves, or within the city of New York, of such city, who holds any elective public office, or who is a candidate for any public office to be voted for by the voters of the district in which he is to serve, or which is not able to speak and read the English language and write it legibly.

(Added L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 3. Amended L.1996, c. 175, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 3-402. Election inspectors and poll clerks; authority

1. Election inspectors, in performing their duties, shall act as a board and a majority vote thereof shall be required to decide all questions. If, however, any inspector or inspectors shall be temporarily absent for a portion of the meeting, the inspectors present shall have and may exercise any power or perform any duty conferred or imposed upon a board of inspectors, provided that they are not all members of the same political party.

2. Wherever an oath is provided for at any meeting of the board of inspectors, any inspector may administer it.

3. The board of inspectors, and each member thereof, shall preserve good order within and around the polling place or place of registration, and shall keep access thereto unobstructed. The board of inspectors, or any member thereof, by order in writing may direct the arrest of any person who refuses to obey the lawful commands of the inspectors or who is guilty of disorderly conduct disturbing their proceedings or violating or attempting to violate any of the provisions of this chapter. Any peace officer, acting pursuant to his special duties, or police officer shall, when requested by the board or a member thereof, execute such order forthwith.

4. All election inspectors shall perform their duties as required by the election law, and in accordance with the directions and instructions given them by the board of elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1980, c. 843, Sec. 59.)
Sec. 3-404. Election inspectors and poll clerks; designation

1. The board of elections of each county shall on or before the fifteenth day of July of each year select and appoint election inspectors and poll clerks for each election district therein, and such number of election coordinators as it determines to be necessary, and may thereafter select and designate election inspectors, poll clerks and election coordinators to fill any vacancy for an unexpired term. The term of such designation shall be for a term ending on the fourteenth day of July of the following year. If the election districts for a general or special village election conducted by the board of elections are coterminous with the election districts established for general elections, such election inspectors and poll clerks shall also serve at such village elections. If the election districts for such a village election are not so coterminous, the board of elections shall select the inspectors and poll clerks to serve in each such village election district from among the inspectors and poll clerks appointed, pursuant to the provisions of this section, for any election district wholly or partly in such village.

2. Each political party entitled to representation on any board of elections may, not later than the first day of May in each year, file with the appropriate board of elections, an original list of persons recommended to serve. Supplemental lists may be filed at the same time and at any time before the designation is made and certified or when a vacancy exists. All designations shall be made first from those named in the original list filed if those designated are found qualified.

3. Such lists shall be authenticated and filed by the chairman, or, under his direction by the secretary, of the county committee of the party, except that in cities other than the city of New York, if there is a general city committee of such party, such list shall be filed by the chairman or secretary of such city committee.

4. Appointment of election inspectors, poll clerks and election coordinators shall be made by boards of elections.

5. If a political party shall fail to submit a list or the list shall be exhausted, the board of elections shall request from the appropriate political party an original or supplemental list. If after ten days no list is filed by that party, the board of elections may appoint qualified persons, enrolled members of the political party in default, to act as election inspectors, poll clerks or election coordinators.

6. If election districts are altered or new districts created, the board of elections shall have the power to transfer election inspectors and poll clerks in such districts; and if vacancies exist as a result of such action, those vacancies shall be filled in the manner provided by this section.

7. Election officers shall be appointed from the lists submitted, by those members of the board who represent the political party which submitted such lists. If such list is not furnished, the members of the board who represent the political party in default, shall designate the persons to be appointed as election officers.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 10; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 4; L.1991, c. 263, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 3-406. Election inspectors and poll clerks; additional

1. Each board of elections shall establish a list of persons duly qualified to serve as election inspectors, which list shall be known as the "Additional Inspector List", in such number of persons as the board shall determine. Such a list shall be equally divided between the major political parties. Appointments under this section shall be made in the manner provided for the appointment of regular election inspectors and for a like term.

2. Any person serving as an additional inspector of elections may, at the direction of the board of elections, be assigned to any election district or transferred from one election district to another after he has entered upon the performance of his duties on a day of registration or election.

3. Any person designated to the additional inspectors list shall meet the requirements for regular election inspectors and may be removed in the same manner as any election inspector.

4. If the board of elections shall determine that a vacancy exists upon any board of inspectors or that any election inspector or poll clerk is absent, and that no qualified voter has been appointed pursuant to this chapter to act in place of such election inspector or poll clerk, or to relieve any qualified voter who has been so appointed, it shall forthwith direct a person appointed pursuant to this section to act in place of the absent election inspector or poll clerk or qualified voter so appointed until such absent election inspector or his appointed successor shall appear; provided, however, that the additional election inspector so appointed shall be a designee of the same political party as the election inspector in whose place he shall act. The board of elections shall provide suitable identification for every additional election inspector to present to the chairman of the board before entering upon the duties of such office.

5. Additional inspectors shall be paid by the county in which they serve in an amount fixed by the board of elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 22.)
Sec. 3-408. Election inspectors and clerks; additional clerks to count absentee ballots

Two additional clerks, to be appointed in the same manner as the inspectors of election, may be appointed in any election district where absentee and military ballots have been mailed to twenty-five or more of its registrants. Such clerks shall be present at least one hour before the polls close and at the close of the polls shall canvass the absentee and military ballots. The clerks shall be divided between the major political parties. Such clerks shall be paid, by the town or city containing the election district for which they are appointed to serve, in an amount fixed by the town or city legislative body.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 11.)
Sec. 3-410. Election inspectors and poll clerks; certification

1. Before a person designated as an election officer may enter upon his duties, he must be certified by the board of elections as provided herein.

2. If an election officer fails to meet the requirements for certification, the office shall be treated as vacant.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 3-412. Election inspectors and poll clerks; training

1. Each board of elections shall, at least once every year, conduct a mandatory school for the instruction of election inspectors, poll clerks and election coordinators. They shall be given written notice stating the time and place at which such school or schools shall be held.

1-a. The state board of elections shall establish a mandatory core curriculum for poll worker training which includes the requirements in subdivision two of this section, as amended by a chapter of the laws of 2005, and the rights of voters at the polls and obligation of election workers to protect those rights while maintaining the integrity of the franchise, including assisting voters with disabilities or with limited or no proficiency in the English language, handling, processing and entitlement to ballots, including affidavit and emergency ballots, proper identification requirements, procedures to be followed with respect to voters whose names are not on the list of registered voters or whose identities have not been verified, electioneering and other violations of the elective franchise as defined in this chapter, solicitation by individuals and groups at the polling place and procedures to be followed after the polls close. Each board of elections shall augment the core curriculum with local procedures not inconsistent with the core curriculum adopted by the state board of elections and which includes procedures relating to proper operation of, and remedying problems with, the voting machine or system in use in that jurisdiction.

2. Election inspectors, poll clerks and election coordinators shall be instructed concerning the election law, the taking of registrations, the use of voting machines, disability etiquette and their duties in connection therewith as soon as possible after their designation.

3. Election inspectors, poll clerks and election coordinators as required by this section shall, upon their original designation, and every year thereafter, complete a course of instruction, and, before certification, pass an examination thereon. The state board of elections shall supply each board of elections with instructional material to be used in the preparation for such examinations and shall give each such board of elections uniform directions for the conduct of such examinations, which, it shall be the duty of the board to follow. Every such board may utilize additional materials selected by it in the course of instruction. No person taking such examination shall be permitted to know the questions or answers in advance or be given access to the answers during the examination. If such inspectors or clerks pass such examination, the board of elections shall certify the designated election inspector or poll clerk.

4. The county board of elections shall within two weeks notify those who have passed the examination, that they are certified to serve.

5. Each board of elections shall reproduce a booklet of instructions for inspectors prepared by the state board of elections. A copy of such booklet shall be given to each inspector at the time such inspector attends the course of instruction. At least one copy of such booklet shall be included with the supplies sent to each election district for each election and day of local registration.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1985, c. 510, Sec.Sec. 1 to 3; L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 4; L.2005, c. 180, Sec. 5, eff. Nov. 15, 2005; L.2005, c. 181, Sec. 17, eff. July 12, 2005.)
Sec. 3-414. Election inspectors and poll clerks; oath of office, certificate of appointment

1. Every person designated and certified as an election inspector shall, within ten days after notice of certification, take and subscribe the constitutional and statutory oath of office, which shall be administered by a commissioner of elections, or by any employee of the board of elections who shall be designated in writing to administer such oaths, or by the clerk of the city or town in which the election district for which such person is certified is located. Oaths of office shall be filed in the office of the board of elections.

2. Every person so sworn shall receive a certificate of appointment in such form as may be approved by the board under which he serves, and such form shall specify the capacity and the election district or districts, in which he is to serve and the date of the expiration of the term of office.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 3-416. Election inspectors, poll clerks and election coordinators; removal

1. Any election officer appointed pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, may be removed for cause by the board making the appointment. Unless such removal is for improper conduct, while such officer is actually on duty on the day of registration or election, it shall occur only after notice in writing to the officer to be removed. Such notice shall set forth clearly the reasons for his removal. Neglect to attend to the duties of the office shall be a cause for the removal of any such officer.

2. It shall be the duty of the board making the appointment of an election officer, to remove forthwith such officer without preferring any charges and without notice to such officer, upon the written request of the official of the political party who certified the name of such election officer, or his successor. All such vacancies so created shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment was made. Any election officer who shall at any time be appointed to fill a vacancy, shall have that fact stated in his certificate of appointment and shall hold office only during the unexpired term of his predecessor.

3. Any election inspector, poll clerk or election coordinator who is removed from office for cause shall forfeit the compensation earned up to the time of such removal.

4. An election inspector, poll clerk or election coordinator who is removed for cause shall be ineligible to again serve in such capacity; provided, however, that the board of elections may rehear the charges against such person at any time and it may determine that such person shall again be eligible for appointment if otherwise qualified.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 5.)
Sec. 3-418. Election inspectors and poll clerks; emergency provisions for filling vacancies or absences

1. If, at the time of a meeting of the inspectors, there shall be a vacancy, or if any inspector shall be absent, the inspector present who is the designee of the same party as the absent inspector shall appoint a qualified voter of the same city or town to act in place of the absent inspector. If, however, any inspectors shall be temporarily absent for a portion of the meeting, the inspectors present, provided that they are not all members of the same political party, shall have and may exercise any power or perform any duty conferred or imposed upon a board of inspectors.

2. If at the time of any such meeting two inspectors who are members of the same party shall be absent, or their places shall be vacant, the poll clerk or poll clerks present, if any, of the same party shall act as inspectors and shall appoint qualified voters of the same city or town who are members of the same party as the absent inspectors, to act in place of such clerks.

3. If at the time of any such meeting two inspectors and the poll clerk or clerks, if any, who are members of the same party shall be absent, or their places shall be vacant, the inspector or inspectors present, or in their absence the poll clerk or clerks present, if any, shall appoint qualified voters of the same city or town, who are members of the same party as such absent inspectors, to act as such inspectors and clerks, until the inspectors or clerks duly appointed by the original appointing authority, shall appear.

4. If at the time of any such meeting, there shall be a vacancy in the office of poll clerk, or if a poll clerk shall be absent, the inspectors who are designees of the same party, or in their absence, any poll clerk of the same party who is present, shall appoint a qualified voter of the same city or town who is a member of the same party, to act in place of the absent poll clerk.

5. Every person so appointed or named shall take the oath of office, which shall be administered by any person authorized to administer oaths or by one of the inspectors.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 24.)
Sec. 3-420. Election inspectors, poll clerks and election coordinators; compensation

1. Election inspectors, poll clerks, election coordinators and qualified voters appointed to act in place of an absent inspector, clerk or coordinator shall be paid for their services on the days of registration and election, by the county containing the election district in which they serve, in an amount fixed by the county legislative body, subject to such limitations as shall be prescribed or authorized by statute, except that in the city of New York the amount of such compensation shall be payable by such city and shall be fixed by the mayor at a daily rate which, in the case of election inspectors shall not be less than one hundred thirty dollars and in the case of election coordinators not less than two hundred dollars. Such inspectors, poll clerks, election coordinators and qualified voters at a general or special village election conducted by the board of elections shall be paid by such village in an amount fixed by the village board of trustees subject to any such limitations.

2. An election inspector or poll clerk who attends a required training session shall be paid not less than twenty-five dollars for each meeting plus, at the option of the county, transportation expenses not to exceed the mileage allowance approved by the county legislative body for their permanent employees, payable by the county or in the case of the city of New York, by such city. For administrative purposes, each county may establish one or more categories for the mileage allowance, based on the range of distance traveled, and pay the mileage allowance for that category.

3. The chairman of the board of inspectors of each election district shall, within twenty-four hours of any election or day of local registration, furnish to the board appointing such officers, if required by such board to do so, a certificate stating the days and hours of actual service of each member of such board, the names of the persons, if any, who served as clerks on an election day, the hours of their service, and the days on which the store, building or room hired for registration and election purposes was actually used for such purposes.

4. If a person recommended and examined for appointment as election officer in a city, or examined therefor without recommendation in the absence of a party list, be found disqualified and be not appointed, as therein provided, and such person shall serve in the same calendar year as inspector at a registration or election or as clerk at an election, under a vacancy appointment, he shall receive no compensation for such services.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 25; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 5; L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 6; L.1997, c. 545, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 8, 1997; L.2005, c. 180, Sec. 6, eff. Nov. 15, 2005.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 3 ELECTION OFFICIALS

TITLE V ALTERNATE PROVISIONS

[ Sec. 3-500. Repealed by L.2005, c. 180, Sec. 7, eff. Nov. 15, 2005]

Sec. 3-502. Nassau county; board of elections, special provisions

1. All the provisions of this article, when not inconsistent with this section, shall apply to the county of Nassau.

2. At least thirty days before the first day of January of any year in which a commissioner of elections is to be appointed, or within thirty days after a vacancy occurs in the office of commissioner of elections, the chairman of the appropriate party county committee shall file with the clerk of the county legislative body a certificate naming the person whom he is recommending for appointment as such commissioner of elections. The certificate shall be in the form and contain the information prescribed by the state board of elections.

3. All petitions and certificates of nomination or designation, or of declination thereof, for an election to which this section applies, and all statements of receipts and expenditures relating to such an election, required to be filed with any officer of Nassau county, or political subdivision therein shall be filed with the board of elections.

4. Inspectors of election shall be appointed for a term of two years, except that an inspector appointed to fill a vacancy, shall hold office only for the unexpired term of his predecessor.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1988, c. 24, Sec. 9; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 7; L.2005, c. 180, Sec. 8, eff. Nov. 15, 2005.)
Sec. 3-504. Suffolk county; board of elections, special provisions

1. All the provisions of this article, when not inconsistent with this section, shall apply to the county of Suffolk.

2. At least thirty days before the first day of January of any year in which a commissioner of elections is to be appointed or within thirty days after a vacancy occurs in the office of commissioner of elections, the chairman of the appropriate party county committee shall file with the clerk of the county legislative body a certificate naming the person whom he is recommending for appointment as such commissioner of elections. The certificate shall be in the form and contain the information prescribed by the state board of elections.

3. All petitions and certificates of nomination or designation, or of declination thereof, for an election to which this section applies, and all statements of receipts and expenditures required to be filed with any officer of Suffolk county, or political subdivision therein shall be filed with the board of elections.

4. Inspectors of election shall be appointed in odd-numbered years for a term of two years, except that an inspector appointed to fill a vacancy, shall hold office for the unexpired term of his predecessor.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 8; L.2005, c. 180, Sec. 9, eff. Nov. 15, 2005.)
Sec. 3-506. Boards of elections; voting materials in Russian

A board of elections in a city of over one million shall provide the same information in Russian that it provides in languages other than English on its website. It shall also produce and disseminate citywide a booklet that includes: (a) a voter registration form in English with instructions in Russian; (b) instructions in Russian regarding the criteria and application process for obtaining an absentee ballot; and (c) a section with general voter information in Russian including frequently asked questions. Such board may include other languages on its website and in such booklet.

(Added L.2009, c. 244, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 2010.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 3 ELECTION OFFICIALS

TITLE VI DIVISION FOR SERVICEMEN'S VOTING [REPEALED]

[ Sec. 3-600. Repealed. L.1991, c. 290, Sec. 1, eff. July 15, 1991]

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 4 PROCEEDINGS PRELIMINARY TO REGISTRATION, ENROLLMENT AND ELECTIONS

Sec. 4-100. Election districts; creation and alteration

1. The State of New York shall be divided into election districts which shall be the basic political subdivision for purposes of registration and voting as provided in this chapter.

2. The creation, consolidation, division or alteration of election districts shall be done by the board of elections.

3. a. Each election district shall be in compact form and may not be partly within and partly without a ward, town, city, a village which has five thousand or more inhabitants and is wholly within one town, or a county legislative, assembly, senatorial or congressional district. Except as provided in paragraph b of this subdivision, election district boundaries, other than those boundaries which are coterminous with the boundaries of those political subdivisions mentioned in this paragraph, must be streets, rivers, railroad lines or other permanent characteristics of the landscape which are clearly visible to any person without the need to use any technical or mechanical device. An election district shall contain not more than nine hundred fifty registrants (excluding registrants in inactive status) or, with the approval of the county board of elections, not more than eleven hundred fifty registrants (excluding registrants in inactive status), but any election district may be divided for the convenience of the voters.

b. An election district in a city or town may divide a block, provided that the board of elections prepares an alphabetical list of all the streets in such city or town with the election district for each such street. If any such street is divided between two or more election districts, then such list must contain the lowest and highest street numbers in each such district and if the odd and even numbers on a street are in different districts, such list must contain separate listings for such odd and even numbers and if there are both odd and even numbers in such different election districts, such list must contain separate listings for such numbers. Copies of such lists shall be filed and kept open to public inspection in the offices of such board. One copy of each such list shall be delivered, upon request, to the state board of elections and to a person or officer designated jointly by the speaker of the assembly and the temporary president of the senate. Surplus copies shall be sold at cost.

4. Any election district must be realigned when the total number of registrants, excluding registrants in inactive status, at the time of the preceding general election, exceeds the maximum number permitted by this section by at least fifty registered voters.

5. Any creation, consolidation, division or alteration of election districts in any calendar year shall be made on or before February fifteenth, and shall take effect on April first, except that when required by the creation or alteration of a political subdivision, other than an election district, in which candidates are to be voted for at the next election, such creation, consolidation, division or alteration shall be made and shall take effect immediately upon creation or alteration of such political subdivision. No such creation, consolidation, division or alteration shall be made between February twentieth of a calendar year ending in seven and December first of a calendar year ending in zero unless required by the creation or alteration of a political subdivision.

6. Repealed by L.2010, c. 512, Sec. 4, eff. Sept. 17, 2010.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1982, c. 151, Sec. 1; L.1982, c. 693, Sec. 1; L.1983, c. 30, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 63, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 467, Sec.Sec. 1, 2; L.1985, c. 161, Sec. 1; L.1986, c. 102, Sec.Sec. 1, 2; L.1989, c. 680, Sec. 1; L.1994, c. 154, Sec. 1; L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 4; L.2005, c. 180, Sec. 11, eff. Nov. 15, 2005; L.2006, c. 222, Sec. 1, eff. July 26, 2006; L.2010, c. 512, Sec.Sec. 1, 4, eff. Sept. 17, 2010.)
Sec. 4-102. Maps; congressional, senatorial, assembly and election districts

1. The state board of elections, at the expense of the state, shall publish maps showing the county or counties contained in each of the congressional districts, senatorial districts and assembly districts of the state.

2. Where a portion of a county is contained in any congressional, senatorial or assembly district, the state board shall publish a map showing the portion of such county contained in each such respective district. Such map or maps shall show the extreme boundaries of the portion of the county so contained, as described by the street boundary and shall have printed thereon the names of the streets or public ways bounding the district; provided however, that where the extreme boundary consists of the boundary line of any city, town or village, it shall be sufficient to so indicate, without showing or naming individual streets or public ways.

3. The state board shall also publish three individual maps of each borough of the city of New York, which shall show all of the congressional districts or parts thereof, all of the senatorial districts or parts thereof, and all of the assembly districts or parts thereof contained in such borough. Each such map shall show the extreme boundaries of the districts to which it refers, as described in the street boundary and shall have printed thereon the names of the streets or public ways bounding the district.

4. All such maps shall be to scale. Pertinent copies of such maps shall be filed and kept open to public inspection as follows: one in the office of the town or city clerk, except in the city of New York; one in the office of every board of elections, and each branch office, if any. Surplus copies if any, may be sold at cost and the proceeds remitted to the state board of elections. Whenever the boundaries of any congressional, senatorial, or assembly district are altered, the state board of elections shall publish revised copies of those maps affected by such boundary alteration and make the distribution required in this subdivision.

5. a. A map or separate maps of uniform scale of election districts within a town or ward, or, in the city of New York and the county of Nassau, within an assembly district, wholly within such city or county or within that portion of any assembly district within such city or county, shall be made by the board or body creating or altering the districts so that the map or maps on file at any time will show the existing election districts in such town, ward, assembly district, or the appropriate portion of such assembly district.

b. In a city, street corner numbers of the block or blocks defining the extreme boundaries of each election district shall be printed on the map or maps, within or outside the block line or lines, so as to show plainly the highest and lowest street numbers within the election district of every street bounding the district.

c. Copies of such maps or descriptions shall be filed and kept open to public inspection as follows: one in the office of the town or city clerk, except in the city of New York; one in the office and each branch office, if any, of the board of elections.

d. One copy of each map shall be delivered, upon request, to the state board of elections and to a person or officer designated jointly by the speaker of the assembly and the temporary president of the senate. Each time an election district boundary is changed a copy of the new map shall be sent to each such board, person or officer who has requested such maps. Surplus copies of maps of election districts in a city or town may be sold at cost and the proceeds paid to the county, city or town which incurred the expense of preparing the maps.

6. In a town, after the creation or alteration of any election district therein, the board of elections shall furnish to the inspectors of election in each election district, on the first day of registration or election occurring after such change, a map or dsecription1showing such election district.

1So in law.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 20; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 28; L.1984, c. 467, Sec. 3.)
Sec. 4-104. Registration and polling places; designation of

1. Every board of elections shall, in consultation with each city, town and village, designate the polling places in each election district in which the meetings for the registration of voters, and for any election may be held. The board of trustees of each village in which general and special village elections conducted by the board of elections are held at a time other than the time of a general election shall submit such a list of polling places for such village elections to the board of elections. A polling place may be located in a building owned by a religious organization or used by it as a place of worship. If such a building is designated as a polling place, it shall not be required to be open for voter registration on any Saturday if this is contrary to the religious beliefs of the religious organization. In such a situation, the board of elections shall designate an alternate location to be used for voter registration. Such polling places must be designated by May first, of each year, and shall be effective for one year thereafter. Such a list required to be submitted by a village board of trustees must be submitted at least four months before each general village election and shall be effective until four months before the subsequent general village election. No place in which a business licensed to sell alcoholic beverages for on premises consumption is conducted on any day of local registration or of voting shall be so designated. If, within the discretion of the board of elections a particular polling place so designated is subsequently found to be unsuitable or unsafe or should circumstances arise that make a designated polling place unsuitable or unsafe, then the board of elections is empowered to select an alternative meeting place. In the city of New York, the board of elections shall designate such polling places and alternate registration places if the polling place cannot be used for voter registration on Saturdays.

1-a. Each polling place shall be accessible to citizens with disabilities and comply with the accessibility guidelines of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. The state board of elections shall publish and distribute to each board of elections with the power to designate poll sites, a concise, non-technical guide describing standards for poll site accessibility, including a polling site access survey instrument, in accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act accessibility guidelines (ADAAG) and methods to comply with such standards. Such guide and procedures shall be developed in consultation with persons, groups or entities with knowledge about public access as the state board of elections shall determine appropriate.

1-b. The county board of elections shall cause an access survey to be conducted for every polling site to verify substantial compliance with the accessibility standards cited in this section. Completed surveys shall be submitted to the state board of elections and kept on file as a public record by each county. Each polling site shall be evaluated prior to its designation or upon changes to the facility. A site designated as a polling place prior to the effective date of this subdivision shall be evaluated within two years of the effective date of this subdivision by an individual qualified to determine whether or not such site meets the existing state and federal accessibility standards. Any polling place deemed not to meet the existing accessibility standards must make necessary changes and/or modifications, or be moved to a verified accessible polling place within six months.

1-c. The state board of elections shall promulgate any rules and regulations necessary to implement the provisions of this section.

2. If the board of elections, after designating a polling place, and after sending written notice of such polling place to each registered voter, designates an alternative polling place, it must, at least five days before the next election or day for registration, send by mail a written notice to each registered voter notifying him of the changed location of such polling place. If such notice is not possible the board of elections must provide for an alternative form of notice to be given to voters at the location of the previous polling place.

3. A building exempt from taxation shall be used whenever possible as a polling place if it is situated in the same or a contiguous election district, and may contain as many distinctly separate polling places as public convenience may require. The expense, if any, incidental to its use, shall be paid like the expense of other places of registration and voting. If a board or body empowered to designate polling places chooses a public school building for such purpose, the board or agency which controls such building must make available a room or rooms in such building which are suitable for registration and voting and which are as close as possible to a convenient entrance to such building and must make available any such room or rooms which the board or body designating such building determines are accessible to physically disabled voters as provided in subdivision one-a. Notwithstanding the provisions of any general, special or local law, if a board or body empowered to designate polling places chooses a publicly owned or leased building, other than a public school building, for such purposes the board or body which controls such building must make available a room or rooms in such building which are suitable for registration and voting and which are as close as possible to a convenient entrance to such building, and must make available any such room or rooms which the board or body designating such building determines are accessible to physically disabled voters unless, not later than thirty days after notice of its designation as a polling place, the board or body controlling such building, files a written request for a cancellation of such designation with the board or body empowered to designate polling places on such form as shall be provided by the board or body making such designation. The board or body empowered to so designate shall, within twenty days after such request is filed, determine whether the use of such building as a polling place would unreasonably interfere with the usual activities conducted in such building and upon such determination, may cancel such designation.

3-a. Any person or entity which controls a building for which a tax exemption, tax abatement, subsidy, grant or loan for construction, renovation, rehabilitation or operation has been provided by any agency of the state or any political subdivision thereof on or after the effective date of this subdivision shall agree to make available for registration and voting purposes the room or rooms in such building which the board or body empowered to designate polling places determines are suitable for registration and voting, are accessible to physically disabled voters and are as close as possible to a convenient entrance to such building. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any agency of the state or any political subdivision thereof may deny a tax exemption, tax abatement, subsidy, grant or loan for construction, renovation, rehabilitation or operation to a building which is otherwise eligible for such exemption, abatement, subsidy, grant or loan if the person or entity which controls such building refuses to agree to make available for registration and voting purposes the room or rooms in such building which the board or body empowered to designate polling places determines are suitable for registration and voting, are accessible to physically disabled voters and are as close as possible to a convenient entrance to such building. The provisions of this subdivision shall not apply to buildings used solely for residential purposes which contain twenty-five dwelling units or less.

3-b. Any person or entity conducting any program, activity or service for which a loan, grant, contract, subsidy or reimbursement has been provided by any agency of the state or a political subdivision thereof on or after the effective date of this subdivision shall make available for registration and voting purposes the room or rooms under the control of such person or entity in a building in which such program, activity or service is conducted which the board or body empowered to designate polling places determines are suitable for registration and voting, are accessible to physically disabled voters and are as close as possible to a convenient entrance to such building. Any such person, organization or entity shall agree to facilitate the use of such room or rooms, to the maximum extent possible, by making efforts to obtain the permission and cooperation of any person or entity which controls the building in which such room or rooms are located. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any agency of the state or any political subdivision thereof may deny a loan, grant, contract, subsidy or reimbursement to any such person or entity otherwise eligible for such loan, grant, contract, subsidy or reimbursement unless such person or entity agrees to make available for registration and voting purposes the room or rooms in such building which the board or body empowered to designate polling places determines are suitable for registration and voting, are accessible to physically disabled voters as provided in subdivision one-a of this section and are as close as possible to a convenient entrance to such building and agrees to facilitate the use of such room or rooms, to the maximum extent possible, by making efforts to obtain the permission and cooperation of any person or entity which controls the building in which such room or rooms are located.

3-c. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivisions three-a and three-b of this section, no person, board, agency, body or entity shall be required to make available for registration or voting by persons other than the residents of such building, any room or rooms in a building, other than a publicly owned building, which contains correctional, health, mental hygiene, day care, drug or addiction treatment, or emergency services or other services for the public safety, or in a building used for religious services.

3-d. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of section 3-506 or section 4-134 of this chapter, and in the absence of a specific written agreement to the contrary, if the board or body empowered to designate polling places has authorized the use of a portable ramp, or ramp and platform, at a polling site for purposes of compliance with subdivision one-a of this section, the person or entity in control of a building or portion thereof in which such polling site is designated shall install, remove, store, and safeguard each such ramp, or ramp and platform, at such times and dates as may be required by the board or body empowered to designate polling places.

4. Where an election district is so situated or the only facilities available therein are such that public convenience would be served by establishing a polling place outside such district, the board or body empowered by this chapter to establish election districts may designate a polling place in a contiguous district.

4-a. Notwithstanding any conflicting provisions of this section, the common council of the city of Little Falls may adopt a resolution determining that there is no building within an election district within such city available and suitable for the meetings for the registration of voters or for any election, or that for reasons of efficiency or economy it is desirable to consolidate the polling places for two or more, or all districts, in such city, in one place, regardless of whether or not such district adjoins the district to which such meeting or polling place is moved, and there may be as many distinctly separate election districts lawfully located in the same building as public convenience may require. Such a resolution shall be subject to the approval of the county board of elections. Every such building chosen shall meet all other requirements of this section and all federal requirements for accessibility for the elderly and the disabled.

5. (a) Whenever the number of voters eligible to vote in an election in any election district is less than one hundred, the polling place designated for such district may be the polling place of any other district which could properly be designated as the polling place of the first mentioned district pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, except that the polling place designated for any such district may be the polling place of any other district in such city or town provided that the distance from such first mentioned district to the polling place for such other district is not unreasonable pursuant to rules or regulations prescribed by the state board of elections and provided that the total number of persons eligible to vote in such other district in such election, including the persons eligible to vote in such first mentioned districts, is not more than five hundred. The inspectors of election and poll clerks, if any, of such other election district shall also act in all respects as the election officers for such first mentioned districts and no other inspectors shall be appointed to serve in or for such first mentioned districts. A separate poll ledger or computer generated registration list, separate voting machine or ballots and separate canvass of results shall be provided for such first mentioned districts, except that if the candidates and ballot proposals to be voted on by the voters of such districts are the same, the election districts shall be combined and shall constitute a single election district for that election. If the polling place for any election district is moved for any election, pursuant to the provisions of this subdivision, the board of elections shall, not later than ten nor more than fifteen days before such election, mail, by first class mail, to each voter eligible to vote in such election district at such election, a notice setting forth the location of the polling place for such election and specifying that such location is for such election only.

(b) Whenever the total number of voters eligible to vote in any primary or special election, in any two election districts whose polling places are regularly located in the same building, is less than four hundred, the board of elections may assign the inspectors of election of the election district which contains the greater number of such voters, to act also, in all respects, as the election officers of the other such election district and no other election officers shall be appointed to serve in or for such other election district at such primary or special election. A separate poll ledger or computer generated registration list, separate voting machine or ballots and separate canvass of results shall be provided for each such election district.

(c) Whenever all the candidates to be voted upon at a primary election, except a primary election in the city of New York, or all the candidates and ballot proposals to be voted upon at a special election, or at a school board election conducted by the board of elections, or at a general election in the city of New York in a year in which there is no election for electors of president and vice-president of the United States or governor of the state or mayor of such city, by the voters of any two or more election districts whose polling places are regularly located in the same building are identical, the board of elections may combine such election districts for that election, provided that the total number of voters eligible to vote in any such combined election district does not exceed one thousand two hundred in a primary election or does not exceed two thousand in a special election or a general election in the city of New York.

(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, polling places designated for any one such election district that will be utilizing any voting machine or system certified for use in New York state pursuant to chapter one hundred eighty-one of the laws of two thousand five, may be the polling place of any other contiguous district or districts, provided the voting system used in such polling place produces separate and distinct vote totals for each election district voting in such polling place on such voting machine or system.

6. Each polling place designated, whenever practicable, shall be situated on the main or ground floor of the premises selected. It shall be of sufficient area to admit and comfortably accommodate voters in numbers consistent with the deployment of voting systems and privacy booths, pursuant to 9 NYCRR 6210.19. Such deployment of voting systems, election workers and election resources shall be in a sufficient number to accommodate the numbers of voters eligible to vote in such polling place.

6-a. Each polling place designated, whenever practicable, shall be situated directly on a public transportation route.

7. No polling place shall be located on premises owned or leased by a person holding public office or who is a candidate for public office at a primary or general election.

8. The amount paid to lease a polling place which meets the requirements of subdivision one-a of this section may be greater than the amount paid to lease a polling place which does not meet such requirements.

9. Whenever the board of elections shall determine that there is no building within an election district available and suitable for the meetings for the registration of voters or for any election, or that for reasons of efficiency or economy it is desirable to consolidate such meetings of one or more districts in one place, such board may designate a building for such purpose in an adjoining district in the same village, city or town and there may be as many distinctly separate meetings or polling places lawfully located in the same building as public convenience may require. Wherever possible, public schools, fire houses, municipal buildings or other buildings exempt from taxation shall be designated for such meetings and polling places. Such a determination shall be made only after notice to the chairpersons of the county committees of all political parties and reasonable opportunity for them to be heard.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec.Sec. 4, 5; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 21; L.1980, c. 580, Sec. 2; L.1981, c. 246, Sec. 1; L.1982, c. 37, Sec. 1; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 2; L.1982, c. 737, Sec. 1; L.1982, c. 682, Sec. 1; L.1983, c. 246, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 213, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 526, Sec. 2; L.1986, c. 86, Sec. 1; L.1986, c. 251, Sec. 1; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 10; L.1989, c. 694, Sec.Sec. 1, 2; L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 1; L.1991, c. 263, Sec. 2; L.1994, c. 193, Sec. 1; L.1994, c. 453, Sec. 1; L.1995, c. 95, Sec. 1; L.1995, c. 580, Sec. 1; L.2005, c. 180, Sec. 12, eff. Nov. 15, 2005; L.2010, c. 323, Sec. 1, eff. Dec. 1, 2010; L.2010, c. 432, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 30, 2010; L.2010, c. 505, Sec. 1, eff. Dec. 15, 2010; L.2010, c. 512, Sec.Sec. 2, 3, eff. Sept. 17, 2010.)
Sec. 4-106. Certification of offices to be filled at general or special elections; state board of elections, county, city, village and town clerks

1. The state board of elections shall, at least eight months before each general election, make and transmit to the board of elections of each county, a certificate stating each office, except county, city, village and town offices to be voted for at such election in such county.

2. Each county, city, village and town clerk, at least eight months before each general election, shall make and transmit to the board of elections a certificate stating each county, city, village or town office, respectively to be voted for at each such election. Each village clerk, at least five months before each general village election conducted by the board of elections, shall make, and transmit to such board, a certificate stating each village office to be filled at such election.

3. If any such office is for an unexpired term, the certificate shall so state. The state board of elections shall forthwith, upon the filing of a governor's proclamation ordering a special election, transmit to the board of elections in each county in which the special election is to be held, a notice of such proclamation and a certificate of the offices to be voted for at such special election.

4. Within three days after the occurrence of any vacancy in an office required to be filled at the next general election or a general or special village election or other special election conducted by the board of elections, the state board of elections or the county, city, town or village clerk as is appropriate, shall file with the county board of elections, a certificate indicating the occurrence of the vacancy and the position which is to be filled.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 13; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 29; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 11; L.1990, c. 67, Sec. 1; L.1990, c. 635, Sec. 1; L.1995, c. 88, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 4-108. Certification of proposed constitutional amendments and questions

1. a. Whenever any proposed amendment to the constitution or other question provided by law to be submitted to a statewide vote shall be submitted to the people for their approval, the state board of elections at least three months prior to the general election at which such amendment, proposition or question is to be submitted, shall transmit to each county board of elections a certified copy of the text of each amendment, proposition or question and a statement of the form in which it is to be submitted.

b. Whenever any proposal, proposition or referendum as provided by law is to be submitted to a vote of the people of a county, city, town, village or special district, at an election conducted by the board of elections, the clerk of such political subdivision, at least thirty-six days prior to the election at which such proposal, proposition or referendum is to be submitted, shall transmit to each board of elections a certified copy of the text of such proposal, proposition or referendum and a statement of the form in which it is to be submitted. If a special election is to be held, such transmittal shall also give the date of such election.

c. Such certified copy shall set out all new matter in italics and enclose in brackets, [ ], all matter to be eliminated from existing law, and at the bottom of each page shall be appended the words:

Explanation: Matter in italics is new, to be added; matter in brackets [ ] is old law, to be omitted.

d. In addition to the text, such transmittal shall contain an abstract of such proposed amendment, proposition or question, prepared by the state board of elections concisely stating the purpose and effect thereof in a clear and coherent manner using words with common and everyday meanings.

2. The form in which the proposed amendment, proposition or question is to be submitted shall consist of only an abbreviated title indicating generally and briefly, and in a clear and coherent manner using words with common and every-day meanings, the subject matter of the amendment, proposition or question. If more than one such amendment, proposition or question is to be voted upon at such election, each such amendment, proposition or question respectively shall be separately and consecutively numbered.

3. The attorney general shall advise in the preparation of such abstract and such form of submission.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 14; L.1978, c. 136, Sec. 1; L.1979, c. 254, Sec. 1; L.1985, c. 117, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 4-110. Certification of primary election candidates; state board of elections

The state board of elections not later than thirty-six days before a primary election, shall certify to each county board of elections: The name and residence of each candidate to be voted for within the political subdivision of such board for whom a designation has been filed with the state board; the title of the office or position for which the candidate is designated; the name of the party upon whose primary ballot his name is to be placed; and the order in which the names of the candidates are to be printed as determined by the state board. Where an office or position is uncontested, such certification shall state such fact.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 14-a; L.1984, c. 434, Sec. 2; L.2011, c. 147, Sec. 6, eff. July 18, 2011, deemed eff. July 1, 2011.)
Sec. 4-112. Certification of nominations; state board of elections

1. The state board of elections not later than thirty-six days before a general election, or fifty-three days before a special election, shall certify to each county board of elections the name and residence of each candidate nominated in any valid certificate filed with it or by the returns canvassed by it, the title of the office for which nominated; the name of the party or body specified of which he is a candidate; the emblem chosen to distinguish the candidates of the party or body; and a notation as to whether or not any litigation is pending concerning the candidacy. Upon the completion of any such litigation, the state board of elections shall forthwith notify the appropriate county boards of elections of the results of such litigation.

2. The state board of elections, not later than seven days before the general election, shall certify to each county board of elections the name and residence of each write-in candidate for president and vice president of the United States who has filed a valid certificate of candidacy with it.

3. If a certificate of a nomination to fill a vacancy caused by death or disqualification is filed with the state board of elections, or a court order shall change a nomination, after the state board has made its certifications to the county boards of elections, the state board shall transmit forthwith a statement of such nomination to the appropriate boards of elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 30; L.1982, c. 434, Sec. 3; L.1988, c. 175, Sec. 1; L.2011, c. 4, Sec. 2, eff. March 9, 2011.)
Sec. 4-114. Determination of candidates and questions; county board of elections

The county board of elections, not later than the thirty-fifth day before the day of a primary or general election, or the fifty-third day before a special election, shall determine the candidates duly nominated for public office and the questions that shall appear on the ballot within the jurisdiction of that board of elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1984, c. 434, Sec. 4; L.2011, c. 4, Sec. 3, eff. March 9, 2011; L.2011, c. 147, Sec. 7, eff. July 18, 2011, deemed eff. July 1, 2011.)
Sec. 4-116. Constitutional amendments and questions; publication of by state board of elections and secretary of state

1. The secretary of state shall cause each concurrent resolution of the two houses of the legislature agreeing to a proposed amendment to the constitution that has been referred to the legislature to be chosen at the next general election to be published at least once in each of the three months next preceding such election. Such publication shall include the information that such amendment has been so referred.

2. The state board of elections shall publish once in the week preceding any election at which proposed constitutional amendments or other propositions or questions are to be submitted to the voters of the state an abstract of such amendment or question, a brief statement of the law or proceedings authorizing such submission, a statement that such submission will be made and the form in which it is to be submitted.

3. Publication required by subdivision two of this section shall be in one newspaper of general circulation in each county.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 15; L.1993, c. 60, Sec. 5; L.1994, c. 169, Sec. 115; L.1995, c. 341, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 4-117. Check of registrants and information notice by mail

1. The board of elections, between August first and August fifth of each year, shall send by first class mail on which is endorsed "ADDRESS CORRECTION REQUESTED" and which contains a request that any such mail received for persons not residing at the address be dropped back in the mail, a communication, in a form approved by the state board of elections, to every registered voter who has been registered without a change of address since the beginning of such year, except that the board of elections shall not be required to send such communications to voters in inactive status. The communication shall notify the voter of the days and hours of the ensuing primary and general elections, the place where he appears by his registration records to be entitled to vote, the fact that voters who have moved or will have moved from the address where they were last registered must re-register or, that if such move was to another address in the same county or city, that such voter may either notify the board of elections of his new address or vote by paper ballot at the polling place for his new address even if such voter has not re-registered, or otherwise notified the board of elections of the change of address. If the location of the polling place for the voter's election district has been moved, the communication shall contain the following legend in bold type: "YOUR POLLING PLACE HAS BEEN CHANGED. YOU NOW VOTE AT ______ ". The communication shall also indicate whether the polling place is accessible to physically disabled voters, that a voter who will be out of the city or county on the day of the primary or general election or a voter who is ill or physically disabled may obtain an absentee ballot, that a physically disabled voter whose polling place is not accessible may request that his registration record be moved to an election district which has a polling place which is accessible, the phone number to call for applications to move a registration record or for absentee ballot applications, the phone number to call for the location of registration and polling places, the phone number to call to indicate that the voter is willing to serve on election day as an election inspector, poll clerk, interpreter or in other capacities, the phone number to call to obtain an application for registration by mail, and such other information concerning the elections or registration as the board may include. In lieu of sending such communication to every registered voter, the board of elections may send a single communication to a household containing more than one registered voter, provided that the names of all such voters appear as part of the address on such communication.

2. Whenever a ballot proposal is to be submitted to the people for approval at any election, the board of elections may send to every registered voter, by the same mail containing the communication required by this section, a copy of the abstract of such ballot proposal.

3. Each year, in the month of December, the commissioners of every local board of elections shall file with the state board of elections, on a form provided therefor by such state board, a statement setting forth the approximate number of communications mailed pursuant to the requirements of this section and the approximate number of such communications returned by the post office. Such statement shall be sworn or subscribed to and bear a form notice that false statements made therein are punishable as a class A misdemeanor pursuant to section 210.45 of the penal law. The failure of a local board of elections to file such a certificate in any year, within the time prescribed, shall create a presumption that such board of elections did not mail such communications in such year. Not later than January thirty-first of each year, the state board of elections shall publish a chart listing, by county, the numbers contained in the certificates required to be filed by each local board of elections in December of the previous year pursuant to the provisions of this subdivision.

(Formerly Sec. 5-712, L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 5; L.1982, c. 682, Sec. 5; L.1982, c. 824, Sec. 1; L.1983, c. 528, Sec. 1; L.1985, c. 170, Sec. 1; L.1985, c. 244, Sec. 1; L.1987, c. 146, Sec. 2; L.1988, c. 117, Sec. 2; L.1988, c. 604, Sec. 2; L.1988, c. 733, Sec. 2; L.1991, c. 85, Sec. 1; L.1991, c. 263, Sec. 7; L.1991, c. 396, Sec. 1. Renumbered Sec. 4-117 and amended L.1994, c. 659, Sec.Sec. 39, 40. Amended L.2009, c. 288, Sec. 1, eff. July 28, 2009.)
Sec. 4-118. Notice of primary election; publication of by board of elections

1. Each county board of elections shall publish in the week ending on the Saturday preceding a primary election a notice specifying the day of such primary election, the hours during which it will be held and the public offices for which nominations are to be made and the party positions which are to be filled at such primary elections. Such publication shall be in two newspapers published within the county. If the county contains a city or cities, at least one of such newspapers shall be published in the city, or the largest city, if there be more than one.

2. The board of elections of every county containing a city, other than the board of elections of the city of New York, shall publish on the day of each primary election, in two newspapers within each city in such county, representing the major political parties, a list of the polling places designated within such city, referring to the election districts by their numbers and wards or assembly districts. Such list shall identify those polling places which do not provide access to handicapped voters. If the newspaper is an evening newspaper, such notice shall be published on the day prior to such primary election. If in an election district the primary of a party is uncontested, such notice shall include, in a place where they clearly refer to the proper district and polling place, the words " ______ (insert name of party) primary uncontested." If in an election district the primaries of all parties are uncontested, such notice shall include, in lieu of the address of the polling place, the words "Polls not open. All primaries uncontested." Such publication in such newspapers by the board of elections of the city of New York shall be at least one-half page in size and in lieu of the information otherwise required by this subdivision, shall set forth both in English and such other languages as such board deems appropriate the date of the election, the hours the polls are open and the phone number to call for information about location of polling places, their accessibility to the handicapped and any other subjects which such board deems appropriate.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1982, c. 682, Sec. 2; L.1984, c. 992, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 4-119. Publication of list of places for registration

1. The board or body authorized to designate places for registration in any city, other than the city of New York, shall publish on each day of registration a list of the places for registration designated within such city in two newspapers published in such city. The lists shall refer to the election districts by their numbers and wards or assembly districts. Such lists shall identify those polling places which do not provide access to handicapped voters. The board of elections of the city of New York shall publish in at least two newspapers in such city, a notice, at least one-half page in size, in English and such other languages as such board deems appropriate which shall set forth the dates and hours of registration and the phone number to call for information about location of polling places, their accessibility to the handicapped, applications for absentee ballots and any other subjects which such board deems appropriate. So far as is consistent with the provisions of this section, one of such newspapers in each such city or, in each county of the city of New York, shall represent each of the major political parties and shall have a large circulation affording wide publicity. If the newspaper is an evening newspaper the notice shall be published on the last day, other than a Sunday, prior to any such day of registration.

2. The board or body authorized to designate places for registration in any town may publish within one week next preceding the first day of registration in a newspaper or newspapers designated by such board or body, a list of places of registration within such town, a statement of the days and hours of registration and a brief description of the boundaries of each election district in the town. Such lists shall identify those polling places which do not provide access to handicapped voters. The amount to be paid for any of such publications shall be at the rate prescribed by section seventy-a of the public officers law. In no publication, however, shall any type smaller than agate be used. The amount to be paid for all such publications shall be a town charge.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 31; L.1982, c. 682, Sec. 3; L.1984, c. 992, Sec. 2.)
Sec. 4-120. Notices of general, village and special elections; publication of

1. The board of elections shall publish once in each of the two weeks preceding a general election, or a special or village election conducted by the board of elections, a notice specifying the day of the election, and the public officers to be voted for within such county, or any part thereof at such election. If constitutional amendments, or questions are to be submitted to the voters of the state, the notice shall state that fact and that a copy of each such amendment or question may be obtained at the board of elections, by any voter. Such publication shall be in two newspapers published within the county. If the county contains a city or cities, at least one of such newspapers shall be published in the city, or the largest city, if there be more than one.

In the case of a village election, such publication shall be made in a newspaper of general circulation in such village and shall include an abstract of any proposition to be voted upon at such election.

2. The board or body authorized to designate places for voting in any town or in any city, except the city of New York, may publish on the publication day immediately preceding election day, in a newspaper or newspapers designated by such board or body, a notice of the election, and the village clerk shall publish at least ten days prior to any village election conducted by the board of elections in a newspaper of general circulation in such village a list of the polling places, the date and hours of election and, at the discretion of such board or clerk, a brief description of the boundaries of each election district. Such list shall identify those polling places which do not provide access to handicapped voters. The amount to be paid for any of such publications shall be at the rate prescribed by section seventy-a of the public officers law. In no publication, however, shall any type smaller than agate be used. The amount to be paid for all such publications shall be a town, city or village charge.

3. The board of elections of the city of New York shall publish on the eighth day before and the day before each general election, in at least two newspapers in such city, a notice, at least one-half page in size, in English and such other languages as such board deems appropriate, which sets forth the dates and hours of the election and the phone number to call for information about the location of polling places, their accessibility to the handicapped, applications for absentee ballots and any other subjects which such board deems appropriate.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 32; L.1982, c. 682, Sec. 4; L.1985, c. 631, Sec.Sec. 1, 2; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 12.)
Sec. 4-122. Lists of nomination; publication of by board of elections

1. The county board of elections shall publish, at least six days before an election, a list containing the name and residence of every candidate for public office to be voted for within its jurisdiction at such election.

2. The candidates for the office of presidential electors shall, in the list in subdivision one of this section, only be described as a specific number of such electors, nominated to support the party candidates, naming them, for the office of president and vice-president.

3. The list described in subdivision one of this section shall be published at least once in not less than two nor more than four newspapers in the county. In a county containing a city, at least one such publication shall be in a daily newspaper published in a city therein, if there be such a newspaper. In the case of a village election held at a time other than the time of a general election, such publication shall be in a newspaper having general circulation in such village. So far as is consistent with this section, one such newspaper shall represent each of the major political parties. Should the board of elections find it impossible to make such publication six days before election it shall make it at the earliest possible day thereafter before the election.

[4. Repealed.]

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 33; L.1989, c. 359, Sec.Sec. 13, 14.)
Sec. 4-124. City of New York; publications within made necessary by this law

In the city of New York any publication made necessary by any section of this law shall be made in two newspapers published in each county or published in the city of New York and having an edition for any of the respective counties of such city.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 4-126. Delivery of election laws to clerks, boards and election officers

1. The state board of elections, within ten days after the enactment of any amendment to the election law, shall transmit a copy of such amendment to each board of elections.

2. The state board of elections shall, prior to each general election, prepare, and cause to be printed in such formats as the board shall determine, compilations of the election law. A copy of the full text of such law shall be transmitted to each board of elections at least once each year. Additional copies of such text, or portions thereof, shall be made available to the public upon request.

[3. Repealed. ]

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 22; L.1985, c. 159, Sec. 1; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 15; L.1993, c. 60, Sec. 30.)
Sec. 4-128. Supplies; furnished by board of elections or city, town or village clerk

1. The board of elections of each county shall provide the requisite number of official and facsimile ballots, two cards of instruction to voters in the form prescribed by the state board of elections, at least one copy of the instruction booklet for inspectors, a sufficient number of maps, street finders or other descriptions of all of the polling places and election districts within the political subdivision in which the polling place is located to enable the election inspectors and poll clerks to determine the correct election district and polling place for each street address within the political subdivision in which the polling place is located, distance markers, tally sheets and return blanks, pens, black ink, or ball point pens with black ink, pencils having black lead, envelopes for the ballots of voters whose registration poll records are not in the ledger or whose names are not on the computer generated registration list, envelopes for returns, identification buttons, badges or emblems for the inspectors and clerks in the form prescribed by the state board of elections and such other articles of stationery as may be necessary for the proper conduct of elections, except that when a town, city or village holds an election not conducted by the board of elections, the clerk of such town, city or village, shall provide such official and facsimile ballots and the necessary blanks, supplies and stationery for such election.

2. If the official ballots required to be furnished by any board or officer shall not be delivered to such board or officer at the time required, or if after delivery shall be lost, destroyed or stolen, such board or officer shall cause other ballots to be prepared as nearly in the form of the official ballots as practicable, and delivered to the inspectors of election. Such ballots shall be known as unofficial ballots. Sample ballots of each kind shall be printed on paper of a different color from any of the official ballots and without numbers on the stubs, but in all other respects precisely similar to the official ballots.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 23; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 34; L.1985, c. 510, Sec. 4; L.1990, c. 635, Sec. 2; L.1992, c. 91, Sec. 1; L.2009, c. 489, Sec. 1, eff. Oct. 28, 2009; L.2011, c. 125, Sec. 1, eff. July 15, 2011.)
Sec. 4-130. Supplies for registration; manner and time of delivery

1. Before it is sent from the office or branch office of the board of elections, each ledger or binder of blank registration records shall be locked in a distinctively numbered carrying case. Such board shall place the key for such carrying case in a sealed envelope on which shall be written or printed the number of the carrying case. No such case or key shall be delivered to any person who is not designated in this chapter as a person entitled to receive it. Any person to whom any such case or key shall be delivered shall give a receipt therefor to the person delivering it. Such receipt shall recite the official title or capacity of the person receiving it and, in each instance, the distinctive number identifying it. After leaving the board of elections no such case shall be unlocked except at the time and in the manner provided in this chapter.

2. a. Except in the cities of New York, Buffalo, and Rochester, the board of elections shall deliver at its office to each town or city clerk in its county not more than five days before the beginning of local registration, the registration record forms, supplies and equipment required for local registration and such clerks shall deliver the same to the several boards of inspectors within such town or city approximately one-half hour before the hour fixed for beginning such registration.

b. In the cities of New York, Buffalo, and Rochester the board of elections shall deliver such material to the boards of inspectors at least one-half hour before the hour fixed for beginning local registration.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 35.)
Sec. 4-132. Polling places; equipment for

The board of elections or the town, city or village clerk, when a town, city or village holds an election not conducted by the board of elections, shall provide in each polling place, as required, the following articles:

a. Material to define the voting area.

b. Separate boxes for the purposes of receiving ballots. Such boxes shall have an opening on the top, large enough to allow a single ballot to be passed easily through the opening, but no larger, and shall be supplied with a protective lock or seal.

c. A booth or device in each election district for the use of voters marking ballots. Such booth or device shall be so constructed as to permit the voter to mark his ballot in secrecy and shall be furnished at all times with a pencil having black lead only.

d. A sufficient number of maps, street finders or other descriptions of all of the polling places and election districts within the political subdivision in which the polling place is located to enable the election inspectors and poll clerks to determine the correct election district and polling place for each street address within the political subdivision in which the polling place is located.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1985, c. 164, Sec. 1; L.2009, c. 489, Sec. 2, eff. Oct. 28, 2009; L.2011, c. 125, Sec. 2, eff. July 15, 2011.)
Sec. 4-134. Preparation and delivery of ballots, supplies and equipment for use at elections

1. The board of elections shall deliver, at its office, to the clerk of each town or city in the county, except the cities of New York, Buffalo and Rochester and to the clerk of each village in the county in which elections are conducted by the board of elections, by the Saturday before the primary, general, village or other election for which they are required: the official and sample ballots; ledgers prepared for delivery in the manner provided in subdivision two of this section and containing the registration poll records of all persons entitled to vote at such election in such town, city or village, or computer generated registration lists containing the names of all persons entitled to vote at such election in such town, city or village; challenge reports prepared as directed by this chapter; sufficient applications for registration by mail; sufficient ledger seals and other supplies and equipment required by this article to be provided by the board of elections for each polling place in such town, city or village. The town, city or village clerk shall call at the office of such board of elections at such time and receive such ballots, supplies and equipment. In the cities of New York, Buffalo and Rochester the board of elections shall cause such ballots, supplies and equipment to be delivered to the board of inspectors of each election district approximately one-half hour before the opening of the polls for voting, and shall take receipts therefor.

2. The board of elections shall provide for each election district a ledger or ledgers containing the registration poll records or printed lists with computer generated facsimile signatures, of all persons entitled to vote in such election district at such election. Such ledgers shall be labelled, sealed, locked and transported in locked carrying cases. After leaving the board of elections no such carrying case shall be unlocked except at the time and in the manner provided in this chapter.

3. Any envelope containing absentee voters' ballots on which the blanks have not been properly filled in shall be stamped to indicate the defect and shall be preserved by the board for at least one year after the receipt thereof.

4. Each kind of official ballot shall be arranged in a package in the consecutive order of the numbers printed on the stubs thereof beginning with number one. All official and sample ballots for each election district shall be in separate sealed packages, clearly marked on the outside thereof, with the number and kind of ballots contained therein and indorsed with the designation of the election district for which they were prepared. The other supplies provided for each election district also shall be inclosed in a sealed package, or packages, with a label on the outside thereof showing the contents of each package.

5. Each town, city and village clerk receiving such packages shall cause all such packages so received and marked for any election district to be delivered unopened and with the seals thereof unbroken to the inspectors of election of such election districts at least one-half hour before the opening of the polls of such election therein, and shall take a receipt therefor specifying the number and kind of packages delivered. At the same time each such clerk shall cause to be delivered to such inspectors the equipment described in subdivision two of this section and shall cause a receipt to be taken therefor.

6. Town, city and village clerks required to provide official and sample ballots, registration records, seals, supplies and equipment, as described in this section, for town, city and village elections not conducted by the board of elections, shall in like manner, deliver them to the inspectors or presiding officers of the election at each polling place at which such meetings and elections are held, respectively, in like sealed packages marked on the outside in like manner, and shall take receipts therefor in like manner.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 36; L.1984, c. 251, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 648, Sec. 1; L.1986, c. 425, Sec. 2; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 16; L.1990, c. 635, Sec. 3; L.1992, c. 91, Sec. 2; L.2010, c. 163, Sec. 1, eff. July 7, 2010.)
Sec. 4-136. Election expenses; payment of

1. Except as provided for in subdivision two of this section, the expenses of providing polling places, voting booths, supplies therefor, ballot boxes and other furniture for the polling place for any election, including the storage, transportation and maintenance of voting machines, appliances and equipment or ballot counting devices, and the compensation of the election officers in each election district, shall be a charge upon the county in which such election district is situated, except in the city of New York where such expenses shall be a charge upon the city of New York.

2. All expenses incurred under this chapter by the board of elections of a county outside of the city of New York shall be a charge against the county and in the city of New York the expenses of the board of elections shall be a charge against such city. The expenses incurred by the board of elections of a county outside the city of New York may, pursuant to section 3-226 of this chapter, be apportioned among the cities and towns therein, or in the case of a village election held other than at the time of the fall primary or general election, apportioned to such villages therein.

3. In the city of New York all leased or purchased equipment, supplies, ballots, printing and publications, except newspaper notices and advertisements, to be used or furnished by such board, may be procured for it by the purchasing department or agency of such city as if such board were an agency of such city. Such board shall comply with the rules and regulations of the New York city procurement policy board and applicable state law.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 16; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 37; L.1979, c. 254, Sec. 2; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 17; L.2005, c. 180, Sec. 13, eff. Nov. 15, 2005; L.2010, c. 155, Sec. 1, eff. July 7, 2010.)
Sec. 4-138. Expenses of boards of elections outside New York City; apportionment of

The board of elections in each county, outside of the city of New York, on or before the fifteenth day of December and not earlier than the first day of October, in each year, shall certify to the clerk of the legislative body of the county, the total amount of the expenses of such board of elections, including salaries for the preceding year, and, if the legislative body of any county shall so direct, shall certify to such clerk the portions of such expenses which under provisions of law are to be borne by any city or cities in said county and the portion thereof which is to be borne by the rest of such county. Whenever any additional expenses either for salaries or supplies in addition to the regular county-wide primary and election expenses are incurred by a board of elections incidental to any election in any city, town or village, such board of elections shall certify to the county legislative body a detailed statement of such expenses.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 17; L.1979, c. 254, Sec. 3.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 5 REGISTRATION AND ENROLLMENT OF VOTERS

TITLE I GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 5-100. Registration; required

A person shall not be entitled to vote in any election held pursuant to this chapter unless he shall be registered, and if required, enrolled pursuant to the provisions of this article unless he shall present a court order directing that he be permitted to vote at such election. Where a specific provision of law relating to the registration of voters exists in any other statute, which is inconsistent with the provisions of this article, such provision shall apply and the provisions of this article not inconsistent therewith shall apply.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 38.)
Sec. 5-102. Qualifications of voters; age and residence

1. No person shall be qualified to register for and vote at any election unless he is a citizen of the United States and is or will be, on the day of such election, eighteen years of age or over, and a resident of this state and of the county, city or village for a minimum of thirty days next preceding such election.

2. The provisions herein with respect to a durational residency requirement for purposes of qualifying to vote shall not prohibit United States citizens otherwise qualified, from voting for president and vice president of the United States.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 25; L.1988, c. 175, Sec. 2.)
Sec. 5-104. Qualifications of voters; residence, gaining or losing

1. For the purpose of registering and voting no person shall be deemed to have gained or lost a residence by reason of his presence or absence while employed in the service of the United States, nor while engaged in the navigation of the waters of this state, or of the United States, or of the high seas; nor while a student of any institution of learning; nor while kept at any welfare institution, asylum or other institution wholly or partly supported at public expense or by charity; nor while confined in any public prison.

2. In determining a voter's qualification to register and vote, the board to which such application is made shall consider, in addition to the applicant's expressed intent, his conduct and all attendant surrounding circumstances relating thereto. The board taking such registration may consider the applicant's financial independence, business pursuits, employment, income sources, residence for income tax purposes, age, marital status, residence of parents, spouse and children, if any, leaseholds, sites of personal and real property owned by the applicant, motor vehicle and other personal property registration, and other such factors that it may reasonably deem necessary to determine the qualification of an applicant to vote in an election district within its jurisdiction. The decision of a board to which such application is made shall be presumptive evidence of a person's residence for voting purposes.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 18; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 26.)
Sec. 5-106. Qualifications of voters; reasons for exclusion

1. No person who shall receive, accept, or offer to receive, or pay, offer or promise to pay, contribute, offer or promise to contribute to another, to be paid or used, any money or any other valuable thing as a compensation or reward for the giving or withholding a vote at an election, or for registering or refraining from registering as a voter, or who shall make any promise to influence the giving or withholding of any such vote or registration, or who shall make or become directly or indirectly interested in any bet or wager depending upon the result of an election, shall vote at such election.

2. No person who has been convicted of a felony pursuant to the laws of this state, shall have the right to register for or vote at any election unless he shall have been pardoned or restored to the rights of citizenship by the governor, or his maximum sentence of imprisonment has expired, or he has been discharged from parole. The governor, however, may attach as a condition to any such pardon a provision that any such person shall not have the right of suffrage until it shall have been separately restored to him.

3. No person who has been convicted in a federal court, of a felony, or a crime or offense which would constitute a felony under the laws of this state, shall have the right to register for or vote at any election unless he shall have been pardoned or restored to the rights of citizenship by the president of the United States, or his maximum sentence of imprisonment has expired, or he has been discharged from parole.

4. No person who has been convicted in another state for a crime or offense which would constitute a felony under the laws of this state shall have the right to register for or vote at any election in this state unless he shall have been pardoned or restored to the rights of citizenship by the governor or other appropriate authority of such other state, or his maximum sentence has expired, or he has been discharged from parole.

5. The provisions of subdivisions two, three and four of this section shall not apply if the person so convicted is not sentenced to either death or imprisonment, or if the execution of a sentence of imprisonment is suspended.

6. No person who has been adjudged incompetent by order of a court of competent judicial authority shall have the right to register for or vote at any election in this state unless thereafter he shall have been adjudged competent pursuant to law.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 19; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 39; L.1982, c. 82, Sec. 1.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 5 REGISTRATION AND ENROLLMENT OF VOTERS

TITLE II REGISTRATION AND ENROLLMENT

[ Sec. 5-200. Repealed. L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 15, eff. Dec. 1, 1991]

Sec. 5-202. Local registration; provision for

1. The board of inspectors for every election district shall meet for the purpose of taking the registration of voters not earlier than the sixth Saturday or later than the fourth Saturday before each general election. During such period, in the city of New York and in counties having a population of three hundred thousand or more, the board shall hold two meetings each year, including at least one on a Saturday. During such period, in all other counties, the board shall hold one meeting each year, on a Saturday, except that in years in which a president of the United States is to be elected, the board shall hold two such meetings, including at least one on a Saturday. If the polling place of an election district is located in a building owned by a religious organization or used by it as a place of worship, the building will not be required to be open for voter registration on any Saturday if this is contrary to the religious beliefs of the religious organization. The dates of such meetings and any additional meetings that the board of elections may, in its discretion, direct to be held shall be determined by the board of elections except that no such meeting shall be held on the religious holidays of Yom Kippur, Rosh Hashana, Simchas Torah, Shmini Atzereth or Succoth. The board of elections shall also determine the hours for conducting all such meetings, provided, however, that there shall be not less than seven consecutive hours for registration on a Saturday and not less than three and one-half consecutive hours on any other meeting day. The days and hours of registration shall be uniform throughout the county and in the city of New York throughout the city, and meetings shall begin not earlier than six o'clock in the morning and continue not later than half-past ten o'clock in the evening and no Saturday meeting shall end before nine o'clock in the evening.

2. Local registration shall always be received by two members of the local board of inspectors, representing respectively the two political parties as provided herein for the appointment of inspectors.

3. The last day of local registration shall be uniform throughout the state and such registration day shall be designated by the state board of elections not later than the first day of June preceding the general election in each year. Such statewide registration day shall be one of the registration days hereinabove provided in this section, provided, however, that in any year in which presidential and vice-presidential electors are to be elected such day shall not be more than thirty days before the general election. If the polling place of an election district is located in a building owned by a religious organization or used by it as a place of worship, the building will not be required to be open for voter registration on a Saturday if this is contrary to the religious beliefs of the religious organization.

4. Each board of elections shall make and file in its office and with the state board of elections a determination as to the dates and hours for local registration not later than the tenth day of July next preceding the general election in each year, and shall publish such dates and hours at least once in the two week period preceding the first day of such registration. Such publication shall be in two newspapers published within the county. If the county contains a city or cities, at least one of such newspapers shall be published in the city, or the largest city, if there be more than one.

5. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of this chapter, in any year the board of elections may provide that a single place and a single board of inspectors shall be used for taking the local registration of two or more election districts provided that such board shall find that more than one-half the anticipated registrants in such districts are already registered permanently. In cities, notice of such action shall be published with the list of registration places as provided in this chapter. In towns, the board of elections shall cause notice of such action with the location of the registration place designated for such election district to be posted in five conspicuous public places within each affected election district or to be published in the manner provided by this chapter for the optional publication of places of registration. In all cases where notice is given by publication, the board of elections shall cause notice of such action, with the location of the registration place designated for such election district to be posted, on the days of registration, at the entrance to the regular polling place for each affected election district.

6. Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, any board of elections, and in the city of New York, the board of elections of the city of New York, may, by resolution adopted not later than the first day of July in any year, except a year in which presidential and vice presidential electors are to be elected, provide that no meeting for local registration shall be held in the county or the city of New York. If a board of elections or the board of elections of the city of New York adopts a resolution eliminating meetings for local registration, such resolution shall remain in effect for such year and each succeeding year, except years in which presidential and vice presidential electors are to be elected, unless it is thereafter repealed by a resolution adopted at least sixty days prior to the first day for holding local registrations as provided for under the provisions of this article.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 20; L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 6; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 27; L.1979, c. 669, Sec. 1; L.1982, c. 37, Sec. 2; L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 7.)
Sec. 5-204. Local registration; general provisions for the conduct of

1. At the opening of each place of registration on each day of local registration the board of inspectors shall:

a. See that the American flag is displayed.

b. Cause the election district map or maps, or certified description thereof, to be posted conspicuously in the registration place.

c. Check to see that all necessary supplies are available in order to properly conduct registration.

d. Affix or attach to their clothing the proper identification, buttons, badges or emblems issued by the board of elections pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. They shall wear no other buttons, badges or emblems which are similar in design.

2. Repealed. L.1985, c. 164, Sec. 2, eff. Dec. 1, 1985

3. a. The inspectors of election in receiving registrations shall, by printing in ink, fill out the registration poll record and the central file registration record.

b. If the applicant's name does not appear on the list of registered voters and if the applicant is not challenged, and he is found by the inspectors of election to be otherwise qualified, they shall complete his registration as provided herein.

c. If the person's name appears on the list of registered voters and he is residing at the same address as set forth therein, his registration shall be refused as unnecessary.

d. If the applicant's name appears on the list of cancelled registrations, the inspectors of election shall ascertain from such list the reason for cancellation, and if satisfied that the reason for cancellation no longer exists shall register the applicant.

e. If the inspectors of election shall refuse to receive a registration for any reason, they need not complete the registration records. They, however, shall enter the applicant's name and address on the applicant's records, shall mark the word "Refused", and insert the reason for such refusal in the remarks section on each of such registration records. In any such case, they shall inform the applicant of such reason, and advise the applicant of his right to appeal to the board of elections for review of its decision.

f. If an applicant is challenged after the inspectors of election have commenced to take his registration and if such applicant refuses to take the challenge oath as prescribed by this article, or to answer a question appearing on the challenge affidavit, they shall not complete his registration and shall insert in the remarks section of his registration records the words "Challenge Oath Refused" or "Challenge Question Not Answered".

g. After completing the registration forms the inspectors of election shall require the applicant to sign the two registration records in the spaces provided for his signature at the time of registration.

h. After securing the voter's signatures, the two inspectors by whom the registration is taken shall sign the records in the spaces provided.i, j. Repealed. L.1981, c. 74, Sec. 1, eff. April 21, 1981

k. If an applicant has removed from his residence but is still eligible to vote from that address for a reason enumerated in this chapter, the inspectors shall require him to execute a statement of temporary absence.

l. If an applicant for registration presents a court order directing that he be registered, the board shall register him, enter the words "Court Order" in the remarks space on the face of each of his registration records, write his new registration serial number on the top of the first page of such order and return such order to the board of election with the executed certificates and forms.

4. The inspectors shall distribute to the voters applying for registration copies of the ballot proposals to be submitted to the voters at the ensuing election.

5. An inspector shall not remove or permit to be removed any registration record or blank from the locked ledger in which it is filed or to insert or permit to be inserted any such record or blank in such ledger. If a registration record blank is mutilated or voided or for any reason cannot be used, the board shall mark "Void" across the face of such blank and the blank of the same number in the other ledger of the same set.

6. The map or maps furnished in cities shall be posted in the polling place on the days of local registration.

7. There shall be no smoking in any place of registration in a church or school.

8. The inspectors shall act as a board and a majority of them shall decide questions.

9. While the polls are open no person shall do any electioneering within the polling place, or within a one hundred foot radial measured from the entrances, designated by the inspectors of election, to a building where the registration is being conducted. No political banner, poster or placard shall be allowed in or upon the place of registration during any day of registration. Where an oath is required or permitted by this article at any meeting for registration, any inspector may administer it. The inspectors, and each of them, shall preserve good order within and around the place of registration and keep access thereto unobstructed. The board or any member thereof by order in writing may direct the arrest of any person refusing to obey the lawful commands of the inspectors, or guilty of disorderly conduct disturbing their proceedings, or violating, or attempting to violate, any of the provisions of this chapter. Any police officer or peace officer, who is acting pursuant to his special duties, or any person designated by the board shall execute the order.

10. Persons entitled to register who are on line, or in the polling place, at or before the time fixed by law for closing of registration, shall be allowed to register.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1980, c. 843, Sec. 60; L.1981, c. 74, Sec. 1; L.1981, c. 141, Sec. 1; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 3; L.1985, c. 164, Sec. 2.)
Sec. 5-206. Watchers

1. Each political party or independent body duly nominating or entitled to nominate candidates for offices to be filled at the election may, by a writing signed by the duly authorized chairman or secretary of the county, city, town or village committee of such political party or independent body, and delivered to and filed with one of the inspectors of election, appoint not more than two watchers to attend any meeting or meetings of the inspectors for an election district held for the registration of voters thereof.

2. Each watcher must be a qualified voter of the city or county in which he is to serve. Such watchers may be present at such place of registration from at least fifteen minutes before the commencement of such meeting until after the completion of the duties of the board of inspectors for that day of registration. Any watcher may examine any challenge list furnished by the board of elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 21; L.1991, c. 263, Sec. 3.)
Sec. 5-208. Transfer of registration and enrollment

1. The board of elections shall transfer the registration and enrollment of any voter for whom it receives a notice of change of address to another address in the same county or city, or for any voter who casts a ballot in an affidavit ballot envelope which sets forth such a new address. Such notices shall include, but not be limited to, notices received from any state agency which conducts a voter registration program pursuant to the provisions of sections 5-211 and 5-212 of this title, that the voter has notified such agency of a change of address in the same city or county unless the voter has indicated that such change of address is not for voter registration purposes, notices of change of address from the United States Postal Service through the National Change of Address System, any notices of a forwarding address on mail sent to a voter by the board of elections and returned by the postal service, national or state voter registration forms, confirmation mailing response cards, United States Postal Service notices to correspondents of change of address, applications for registration from persons already registered in such county or city, or any other notices to correspondents sent to the board of elections by such voters.

2. Upon receipt of such a notice, the board shall compare the signature (if any) and other information with the signature and other information on the registration record on file. If such signature and other information appears to be correct, the board shall change the address of the voter in all the records of such board.

3. If such a notice is received at least twenty days before a primary, special or general election, such change of address must be completed before such election.

4. If such application for registration from a voter already registered in such county or city also reflects a change of enrollment, the board of elections shall treat such application as an application for change of enrollment pursuant to section 5-304 of this article.

5. As soon as practicable, after it transfers a voter's registration, the board of elections shall send the voter, by forwardable first class or return postage guaranteed mail, a notice advising him of the transfer in a form which is similar to the notice sent to new registrants pursuant to the provisions of section 5-210 of this title and which has been approved by the state board of elections. If the notice of change of address did not contain the voter's signature, such notice shall include a postage paid return card, in a form prescribed by the state board of elections, on which the voter may notify the board of elections of any correction of address, together with a statement on such notice and on the return card that the voter should return such card only if the address to which the notice was sent is not the voter's current address.

6. If a notice sent pursuant to subdivision five of this section is returned by the postal service as undeliverable and without a forwarding address, the board of elections shall return the registration of such voter to the original address, send such voter a confirmation notice pursuant to the provisions of subdivision one of section 5-712 of this title and place such voter in inactive status.

7. The board of elections shall preserve such notices of change of address for as long as registration records are otherwise required to be preserved or, if the computer readable records maintained by the board of elections include a complete copy of such notice, the board shall preserve the original notice for a period of at least two years or such longer period as the state board of elections may require.

8. If the board of elections receives notice of a change of address within such city or county from, or with respect to, a person who it determines is not registered in such county or city, it shall forthwith send such person a notice to that effect in a form approved by the state board of elections at the new address set forth in such notice of change of address, together with a voter registration form.

(Added L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 5. Amended L.1996, c. 200, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 5-210. Registration and enrollment and change of enrollment upon application

1. In addition to local registration and veterans' absentee registration as provided in this chapter, any qualified person may apply personally for registration and enrollment, change of enrollment by mail or by appearing at the board of elections on any day, except a day of election, during the hours that such board of elections is open for business.

2. (a) Application forms for use pursuant to this section shall be furnished by a county board of elections to any person requesting such form. Application forms sent outside of the United States to a country other than Canada or Mexico, shall be sent airmail. Each county board of elections shall also cause such application forms to be as widely and freely distributed as possible.

(b) The board of elections shall mail an application for registration by mail and information on how the person may re-register to each person for whom it receives notice pursuant to the provisions of subdivision four of section 5-402 of this article that such person has moved into such city or county unless such person is already registered from the address listed in such notice.

3. Completed application forms, when received by any county board of elections and, with respect to application forms promulgated by the federal election commission, when received by the state board of elections, or showing a dated cancellation mark of the United States Postal Service or contained in an envelope showing such a dated cancellation mark which is not later than the twenty-fifth day before the next ensuing primary, general or special election, and received no later than the twentieth day before such election, or delivered in person to such county board of elections not later than the tenth day before a special election, shall entitle the applicant to vote in such election, if he or she is otherwise qualified, provided, however, such applicant shall not vote on a voting machine until his or her identity is verified. Any county board of elections receiving an application form from a person who does not reside in its jurisdiction but who does reside elsewhere in the state of New York, shall forthwith forward such application form to the proper county board of elections. Each board of elections shall make an entry on each such form of the date it is received by such board.

4. Any qualified person who has been honorably discharged from the military after the twenty-fifth day before a general election or who has become a naturalized citizen after the twenty-fifth day before a general election may personally register at the board of elections in the county of his or her residence and vote in the general election held at least ten days after such registration.

5. Statewide application forms shall be designed by the state board of elections, which shall conform to the requirements for the national voter registration form in the rules and regulations promulgated by the federal election commission and the federal Help America Vote Act,1 and shall elicit the information required for the registration poll record. The form shall include such other information as the state board of elections may reasonably require to enable the board of elections to assess the eligibility of the applicant and to administer voter registration and other parts of the election process and shall also include the following information:

(a) Notice that those voters currently registered do not need to reregister unless they have moved outside of the city or county in which they were registered.

(b) Instructions on how to fill out and submit the form and that the form must be received by any county board of elections at least twenty-five days prior to the election at which the applicant may vote.

(c) Notice that registration and enrollment is not complete until the form is received by the appropriate county board of elections.

(d) Notice of a voter's right to register locally.

(e) A warning that it is a crime to procure a false registration or to furnish false information to the board of elections.

(f) Notice that political party enrollment is optional but that, in order to vote in a primary election of a political party, a voter must enroll in that political party, unless state party rules allow otherwise.

(g) Notice that the applicant must be a citizen of the United States, is or will be at least eighteen years old not later than December thirty-first of the calendar year in which he or she registers and a resident of the county or city to which application is made.

(h) Notice that a voter notification form will be mailed to each applicant whose completed form is received.

(i) The telephone number of the county board of elections and a toll free number at the state board of elections that can be called for answers to registration questions.

(j) A space for the applicant to indicate whether or not the voter is willing to serve on election day for a board of elections as an election inspector, poll clerk, interpreter or in other capacities.

(k) The form shall also include space for the following information, which must be contained on the inside of the form after it is folded for mailing:

(i) A space for the applicant to indicate whether or not he or she has ever voted or registered to vote before and, if so, the approximate year in which such applicant last voted or registered and his or her name and address at the time.

(ii) The name and residence address of the applicant including the zip code and apartment number, if any.

(iii) The date of birth of the applicant.

(iv) A space for the applicant to indicate his or her driver's license or department of motor vehicles non-driver photo ID number or the last four digits of his or her social security number or, if the applicant does not have either such number, a space for the applicant to indicate he or she does not have either.

(v) A space for the applicant to indicate whether or not he or she is a citizen of the United States and the statement "If you checked "no" in response to this question, do not complete this form."

(vi) A space for the applicant to answer the question "Will you be 18 years of age on or before election day?" and the statement "If you checked "no" in response to this question, do not complete this form unless you will be 18 by the end of the year."

(vii) A statement informing the applicant that if the form is submitted by mail and the applicant is registering for the first time, certain information or documents must be submitted with the mail-in registration form in order to avoid additional identification requirements upon voting for the first time. Such information and documents are:

(A) a driver's license or department of motor vehicles non-driver photo ID number; or

(B) the last four digits of the individual's social security number; or

(C) a copy of a current and valid photo identification; or

(D) a copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck or other government document that shows the name and address of the voter.

(viii) The gender of the applicant (optional).

(ix) A space for the applicant to indicate his or her choice of party enrollment, with a clear alternative provided for the applicant to decline to affiliate with any party.

(x) The telephone number of the applicant (optional).

(xi) A place for the applicant to execute the form on a line which is clearly labeled "signature of applicant" preceded by the following specific form of affirmation:

AFFIDAVIT: I swear or affirm that:

* I am a citizen of the United States.

* I will have lived in the county, city, or village for at least 30 days before the election.

* I meet all the requirements to register to vote in New York State.

* This is my signature or mark on the line below.

* All the information contained on this application is true. I understand that if it is not true I can be convicted and fined up to $5,000 and/or jailed for up to four years.

which form of affirmation shall be followed by a space for the date and the aforementioned line for the applicant's signature.

(xii) A space for the applicant to register in the New York state donate life registry for organ and tissue donations established pursuant to section forty-three hundred ten of the public health law.

(l) The mail voter registration application form developed by the federal election commission pursuant to the provisions of section nine of the National Voter Registration Act of 1993 42 USC 1973gg-7 shall be deemed to meet the requirements of this section. Any application for registration received on such an application form shall be accepted if the applicant is otherwise eligible to register to vote pursuant to the provisions of this article.

(m) The form of affidavit prescribed by the state board of elections for requests for affidavit ballot pursuant to subdivision three of section 8-302 of this chapter shall be deemed to meet the requirements of this section. Any application for registration received on the form of affidavit shall be accepted if the applicant is otherwise eligible to register to vote pursuant to the provisions of this article, however the failure to complete the voter registration application appearing on such affidavit envelope shall not otherwise invalidate the affidavit ballot.

6. A person who willfully makes a material false statement in any application for registration and enrollment and/or transfer of registration and enrollment or special enrollment by mail, or who knowingly makes a false affirmation, or who offers or attempts to offer any application for registration and enrollment or transfer of registration and enrollment or special enrollment knowing that the applicant is not qualified to register or enroll, or transfer his or her registration and enrollment or to specially enroll, shall be guilty of a class E felony.

6-a. Repealed. L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 12, eff. Jan. 1, 1995

7. Each county board of elections shall deliver a sufficient number of such uniform statewide application forms to each local post office within its county and keep such post office so supplied, with the request that the postmaster thereof make them available to the public for its use in participating in the electoral process.

8. Upon its receipt by the county board of elections, each application form shall be reviewed and examined by such board. If the application shall contain substantially all the required information indicating that the applicant is legally qualified to register and/or enroll as stated in his or her application, the county board of elections shall transfer all information on such application to the appropriate registration records. If requested by any member of the board, the application form of any voter, or group of voters, must be reviewed and examined by two such board members or two employees of the board representing different political parties. Such members or employees shall place their initials or other identifying information on the registration poll record of such voter or on a computer generated list of such registrations. Such lists shall be preserved in the same manner, and for the same time, as such registration poll records. If the application indicates that the voter does not have a driver's license or department of motor vehicles non-driver photo ID number or a social security number, the state board of elections shall, upon the transmission of voter information to the statewide voter registration list as required by section 5-614 of this article, assign such voter a unique identifier.

9. The county board of elections shall, promptly and in any event, not later than twenty-one days after receipt by it of the application, verify the identity of the applicant. In order to do so, the county board of elections shall utilize the information provided in the application and shall attempt to verify such information with the information provided by the department of motor vehicles, social security administration and any other lawful available information source. If the county board of elections is unable to verify the identity of the applicant within twenty-one days of the receipt of the application, it shall immediately take steps to confirm that the information provided by the applicant was accurately utilized by such county board of elections, was accurately verified with other information sources and that no data entry error, or other similar type of error, occurred. Following completion of the preceding steps, the county board of elections shall mail (a) a notice of its approval, (b) a notice of its approval which includes an indication that such board has not yet been able to verify the identity of the applicant and a request for more information so that such verification may be completed, or (c) a notice of its rejection of the application to the applicant in a form approved by the state board of elections. Notices of approval, notices of approval with requests for more information or notices of rejection shall be sent by nonforwardable first class or return postage guaranteed mail on which is endorsed "ADDRESS CORRECTION REQUESTED" and which contains a request that any such mail received for persons not residing at the address be dropped back in the mail. The voter's registration and enrollment shall be complete upon receipt of the application by the appropriate county board of elections. The failure of a county board of elections to verify an applicant's identity shall not be the basis for the rejection of a voter's application, provided, however, that such verification failure shall be the basis for requiring county board of elections to take the additional verification steps provided by this chapter. The notice shall also advise the registrant of the date when his registration and enrollment is effective, of the date and the hours of the next regularly scheduled primary or general election in which he will be eligible to vote, of the location of the polling place of the election district in which he is or will be a qualified voter, whether such polling place is accessible to physically handicapped voters, an indication that physically handicapped voters or voters who are ill or voters who will be out of the city or county on the day of the primary or general election, may obtain an absentee ballot and the phone number to call for absentee ballot applications, the phone numbers to call for location of polling places, to obtain registration forms and the phone number to call to indicate that the voter is willing to serve on election day as an inspector, poll clerk or interpreter. The notice of approval, notice of approval with request for more information or notice of rejection shall also advise the applicant to notify the board of elections if there is any inaccuracy. The form of such mail notification shall be prescribed by the state board of elections and shall contain such other information and instructions as it may reasonably require to carry out the purposes of this section. The request for more information shall inform the voter that "THE FAILURE TO CONTACT THE BOARD OF ELECTIONS AND CORRECT ANY INACCURACIES IN THE APPLICATION OR PROVIDE REQUESTED ADDITIONAL INFORMATION MAY RESULT IN A REQUEST FOR IDENTIFICATION AT THE POLLS IN ORDER TO CAST A VOTE ON A VOTING MACHINE." If such notice is returned undelivered without a new address, the board shall forthwith send such applicant a confirmation notice pursuant to the provisions of section 5-712 of this article and place such applicant in inactive status. The state board of elections shall prepare uniform notices by this section as provided for in subdivision eight of section 3-102 of this chapter.

10. If the board of elections has been unable to verify the identity of the applicant within forty-five days of the application, the board shall mail a second request for more information to the applicant. This notice shall inform the voter that "THE FAILURE TO CONTACT THE BOARD OF ELECTIONS AND CORRECT ANY INACCURACIES IN THE APPLICATION OR PROVIDE REQUESTED ADDITIONAL INFORMATION MAY RESULT IN A REQUEST FOR IDENTIFICATION AT THE POLLS IN ORDER TO CAST A VOTE ON A VOTING MACHINE." If the board of elections remains unable to verify the identity of the voter it shall so indicate with a notation next to the voter's name in the registration list. Such a voter may provide information to assist the county board to verify his or her identity at any time and such notation shall be removed by the board of elections upon such verification.

11. If the county board of elections suspects or believes that for any reason the applicant is not entitled to registration and enrollment, it shall make inquiry in reference thereto. If the board of elections shall find that the applicant is not qualified to register and enroll, the application shall be rejected and the applicant notified of such rejection and the reason therefor, no later than ten days before the day of the first primary or general election occurring at least twenty-five days after the filing of the application.

12. Whenever the county board of elections is not satisfied from an examination of an application for registration and enrollment, or after its initial inquiry, that the applicant is entitled to such registration or enrollment, it may order an investigation through any officer or employee of the state or county board of elections, police officer, sheriff or deputy sheriff.

13. An affidavit or a signed statement by any officer or employee of the state or county board of elections or any police officer, sheriff or deputy sheriff, that such person visited the premises claimed by the applicant as his or her residence and interrogated an inmate, house-dweller, keeper, caretaker, owner, proprietor or landlord thereof or therein as to such applicant's residence therein or thereat, and that he or she was informed by one or more such persons, naming them, that they knew the persons residing upon such premises and that the applicant did not reside upon such premises as set forth in his or her application, shall be sufficient authority for a determination by the board that the applicant is not entitled to registration or enrollment; but this provision shall not preclude the board from making such other determination, as the result of other inquiry, as it may deem appropriate.

14. Notwithstanding the entry by the county board of elections on the registration poll record of the information contained on an application form prescribed by this section, such entry shall not preclude the county board of elections from subsequently rejecting the application if it is not satisfied that the applicant is entitled to register and enroll as provided by this section, provided that the applicant is notified of such rejection and reasons therefor no later than ten days before the day of the first primary or general election occurring at least twenty-five days after the filing of such application form.

15. a. The county board of elections shall keep a record of applications for registration as they are received and at least once each month, shall, upon request of the chairman of a political party in the county, give such chairman a complete list of the persons whose applications were approved together with their addresses and telephone numbers, and their election and assembly districts or wards, if any.

b. Not more than four times a year, on dates determined by the state board of elections, the county board of elections shall send to the chairman of each political party in the county a complete list of the persons whose applications were approved together with their addresses, their election and assembly districts or wards, if any, their party enrollments and an indication of whether such persons are eligible to vote in the primary elections to be held in that calendar year. Not more than twice a year, in even numbered years, on dates determined by the state board of elections, the county board of elections shall send a copy of such list to the state board of elections. In counties of over one hundred thousand population, each such list shall be, and in other counties each such list may be, cumulative and include the names of all such persons whose names do not appear in the annual enrollment lists last published by such board of elections, together with an indication of which such names did not appear on the previous list. Such lists may also include the names of those persons whose names do appear in the annual enrollment lists. Such lists shall be arranged in the same manner as the annual enrollment lists. Additional copies of such lists shall be available to the public at a charge not exceeding the cost of publication or reproduction.

142 USCA § 15301 et seq.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 23; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 30; L.1978, c. 373, Sec.Sec. 40, 41, 42; L.1979, c. 522, Sec. 1; L.1981, c. 37, Sec. 1; L.1981, c. 685, Sec. 1; L.1983, c. 365, Sec. 1; L.1984 c. 407, Sec. 1; 1985, c. 164, Sec. 4; L.1985, c. 695, Sec. 2; L.1985, c. 786, Sec. 1; L.1988, c. 733, Sec. 1; L.1990, c. 392, Sec. 1; L.1991, c. 90, Sec.Sec. 16 to 19; L.1991, c. 263, Sec. 4; L.1992, c. 79, Sec.Sec. 6, 7; L.1992, c. 473, Sec. 1; L.1993, c. 27, Sec. 1; L.1993, c. 60, Sec. 31; L.1993, c. 682, Sec. 1; L.1994, c. 85, Sec. 1; L.1994, c. 659, Sec.Sec. 6 to 13; L.1996, c. 116, Sec. 1; L.1996, c. 200, Sec.Sec. 2 to 6; L.2005, c. 179, Sec. 3, eff. Jan. 1, 2006; L.2008, c. 362, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 2009; L.2010, c. 62, Sec. 1, eff. April 28, 2010.)
Sec. 5-211. Agency assisted registration

Each agency designated as a participating agency under the provisions of this section shall implement and administer a program of distribution of voter registration forms pursuant to the provisions of this section. The following offices which provide public assistance and/or provide state funded programs primarily engaged in providing services to persons with disabilities are hereby designated as voter registration agencies: designated as the state agencies which provide public assistance are the department of social services and the department of health. Also designated as public assistance agencies are all agencies of local government that provide such assistance. Designated as state agencies that provide programs primarily engaged in providing services to people with disabilities are the department of labor, office for the aging, division of veterans' affairs, office of mental health, office of vocational and educational services for individuals with disabilities, commission on quality of care for the mentally disabled, office of mental retardation and developmental disabilities, commission for the blind and visually handicapped, office of alcoholism and substance abuse services, the office of the advocate for the disabled and all offices which administer programs established or funded by such agencies. Additional state agencies designated as voter registration offices are the department of state and the division of workers' compensation. Such agencies shall be required to offer voter registration forms to persons upon initial application for services, renewal or recertification for services and change of address relating to such services. Such agencies shall also be responsible for providing assistance to applicants in completing voter registration forms, receiving and transmitting the completed application form from all applicants who wish to have such form transmitted to the appropriate board of elections. The state board of elections shall, together with representatives of the department of defense, develop and implement procedures for including recruitment offices of the armed forces of the United States as voter registration offices when such offices are so designated by federal law. The state board shall also make request of the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service to include applications for registration by mail with any materials which are given to new citizens. All institutions of the state university of New York and the city university of New York, shall, at the beginning of the school year, and again in January of a year in which the president of the United States is to be elected, provide an application for registration to each student in each such institution. The state board of elections may, by regulation, grant a waiver from any or all of the requirements of this section to any office or program of an agency, if it determines that it is not feasible for such office or program to administer such requirement.

1. The state board of elections shall adopt such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the requirements of this section and shall prepare and distribute to participating agencies written instructions as to the implementation of the program and shall be responsible for establishing training programs for employees of participating agencies involved in such program. The state board of elections shall provide a toll free telephone to answer registration questions.

2. Strict neutrality with respect to a person's party enrollment shall be maintained and all persons seeking voter registration forms and information shall be advised that government services are not conditioned on being registered to vote. No statement shall be made nor any action taken to discourage the applicant from registering to vote.

3. If a participating agency provides services to a person with a disability at the person's place of residence, the agency shall offer the opportunity to complete a voter registration form at such place of residence.

4. Each participating agency shall provide to each applicant who does not decline to register to vote the same degree of assistance with regard to the completion of the registration application form as is provided by the agency with regard to the completion of its own form unless the applicant refuses such assistance.

5. Employees of a voter registration agency who provide voter registration assistance shall not:

(a) seek to influence an applicant's political preference or party designation;

(b) display any political preference or party allegiance;

(c) make any statement to an applicant or take any action the purpose or effect of which is to discourage the applicant from registering to vote; or

(d) make any statement to an applicant or take any action the purpose or effect of which is to lead the applicant to believe that a decision to register or not to register has any bearing on the availability of services or benefits.

6. The state board of elections shall coordinate and monitor the distribution of voter registration forms by those state agencies, departments, divisions and offices selected to participate in the program to maximize the efficient and non partisan distribution of voter registration information and forms. The board shall also adopt such rules and regulations as may be necessary to require county boards and participating agencies to provide the state board with such information and data as the board deems necessary to assess compliance with this section and to compile such statistics as may be required by the federal elections commission.

7. Each participating agency, department, division and office that makes available voter registration forms shall prominently display promotional materials designed and approved by the state board of elections, informing the public of the existence of voter registration services.

8. Each participating agency, department, division or office that makes available voter registration forms pursuant to this section shall offer with each application for the services or assistance of such agency, department, division or office and with each recertification, renewal or change of address form relating to such service or assistance, a registration form together with instructions relating to eligibility to register and for completing the form except that forms used by the department of social services for the initial application for services, renewal or recertification for services and change of address relating to such services shall physically incorporate a voter registration application in a fashion that permits the voter registration portion of the agency form to be detached therefrom. Such voter registration application shall be designed so as to ensure the confidentiality of the source of the application. Included on each participating agency's application for services or assistance or on a separate form shall be:

(a) the question, "If you are not registered to vote where you live now, would you like to apply to register here today?"

(b) The1 statement, "applying to register or declining to register to vote will not affect the amount of assistance that you will be provided by this agency."

(c) boxes for the applicant to check to indicate whether the applicant would like to register or decline to register to vote.

(d) the statement in prominent type, "IF YOU DO NOT CHECK EITHER BOX, YOU WILL BE CONSIDERED TO HAVE DECIDED NOT TO REGISTER TO VOTE AT THIS TIME."

(e) the statement, "If you would like help in filling out the voter registration application form, we will help you. The decision whether to seek or accept help is yours. You may fill out the application form in private."

(f) the statement, "If you believe that someone has interfered with your right to register or decline to register to vote, your right to privacy in deciding whether to register or in applying to register to vote, or your right to choose your own political party or other political preference, you may file a complaint with the state board of elections (address and toll free telephone number)."

(g) a toll free number at the state board of elections that can be called for answers to registration questions.

9. Disclosure of voter registration information, including a declination to register, by a participating agency, its agents or employees, for other than voter registration purposes, shall be deemed an unwarranted invasion of personal privacy pursuant to the provisions of subdivision two of section eighty-nine of the public officers law and shall constitute a violation of this chapter.

10. The form containing the declination to register to vote shall be retained by the recipient agency for the same period of time as such agency retains the accompanying application for services or for such shorter period of time as may be approved by the state board of elections.

11. The participating agency shall transmit the completed applications for registration and change of address forms to the appropriate board of elections not later than ten days after receipt except that all such completed applications and forms received by the agency between the thirtieth and twenty-fifth day before an election shall be transmitted in such manner and at such time as to assure their receipt by such board of elections not later than the twentieth day before such election.

12. Completed application forms, when received by a participating agency not later than the twenty-fifth day before the next ensuing primary, general or special election and transmitted by such agency to the appropriate board of elections so that they are received by such board not later than the twentieth day before such election shall entitle the applicant to vote in such election provided the board determines that the applicant is otherwise qualified.

13. The state board of elections shall provide application forms for use pursuant to this section except that any agency which uses a form other than such registration form shall be responsible for providing such form. Forms which vary in design and or content from the form approved by the state board of elections may only be used with the approval of such board.

14. Applications shall be processed by the board of elections in the manner prescribed by section 5-210 of this title or, if the applicant is already registered to vote from another address in the county or city, in the manner prescribed by section 5-208 of this title. The board shall send the appropriate notice of approval or rejection as required by either subdivision nine of such section 5-210 or subdivision five of such section 5-208.

15. The head of each participating agency shall take all actions which are necessary and proper for the implementation of this section. Each agency head shall designate one person within the agency as the agency voter registration coordinator who will, under the direction of the state board of elections, be responsible for the voter registration program in such agency.

16. The state board shall develop and distribute public information and promotional materials relating to the purposes and implementation of this program.

17. Each agency designated as a participating agency under this section shall conduct a study and prepare a report to determine the feasibility, practicality and cost-effectiveness of designing their agency intake forms to serve also as voter registration forms that comply with state and federal law. Such study and report shall be completed by December 1, 1996. Copies of such reports shall be provided to the governor, the temporary president of the senate, the speaker of the assembly and the state board of elections. After submission of the report, participating agencies that determine that it is feasible, practical and cost-effective to have such forms also serve as voter registration forms shall do so upon the approval of the state board of elections. For each agency that determines it is feasible, practical and cost effective to use agency intake forms that serve also as voter registration forms, the state board of elections shall approve or disapprove such use within six months of the submission of the report by the agency.

1So in original. (“The” should be “the”.)

(Added L.1992, c. 79, Sec. 8. Amended L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 14; L.1996, c. 200, Sec.Sec. 7 to 9.)
Sec. 5-212. Motor vehicle registration

1. In addition to any other method of voter registration provided for in this article, any qualified person may apply for registration and enrollment by application made simultaneously and integrated with an application for a motor vehicle driver's license, a driver's license renewal or an identification card if such a card is issued by the department of motor vehicles in its normal course of business.

2. The department of motor vehicles, with the approval of the state board of elections, shall design a form or forms which shall, in addition to eliciting such information as may be required by the department of motor vehicles for a driver's license, a driver's license renewal, a change of address notification or an identification card, serve as an application for registration and enrollment, or a registration necessitated by a change of residence. The cost of such forms shall be borne by the department of motor vehicles.

3. The voter registration portion of such forms:

(a) shall not require any information that duplicates the information required on the application for the driver license portion and shall require only such additional information, including the applicant's signature, as will enable election officials to assess the applicant's eligibility to register to vote, prevent duplicate registration and to administer voter registration and other parts of the election process.

(b) shall include a statement of the eligibility requirements for voter registration and shall require the applicant to attest by his signature that he meets those requirements under penalty of perjury.

(c) shall inform the applicant, in print identical to that used in the attestation section of the following:

(i) voter eligibility requirements;

(ii) penalties for submission of false registration application;

(iii) that the office where applicant registers shall remain confidential and the information be used only for voter registration purposes;

(iv) if the applicant declines to register, his declination shall remain confidential and be used only for voter registration purposes;

4. Included on the form or on a separate form shall be:

(a) the question, "If you are not registered to vote where you live now, would you like to apply to register here today?"

(b) boxes for the applicant to check to indicate whether the applicant would like to register or decline to register to vote.

(c) the statement in prominent type, "IF YOU DO NOT CHECK EITHER BOX, YOU WILL BE CONSIDERED TO HAVE DECIDED NOT TO REGISTER TO VOTE AT THIS TIME."

(d) the statement, "If you would like help in filling out the voter registration application form, we will help you. The decision whether to seek or accept help is yours. You may fill out the application form in private."

(e) the statement, "If you believe that someone has interfered with your right to register or decline to register to vote, your right to privacy in deciding whether to register or in applying to register to vote, or your right to choose your own political party or other political preference, you may file a complaint with the state board of elections (address and toll free telephone number)."

(f) a toll free number at the state board of elections that can be called for answers to registration questions.

5. The form containing the declination to register to vote shall be retained by the department of motor vehicles for the same period of time as such department retains the accompanying application for services or for such shorter period of time as may be approved by the state board of elections.

6. The department of motor vehicles shall transmit that portion of the form which constitutes the completed application for registration or change of address form to the appropriate board of elections not later than ten days after receipt except that all such completed applications and forms received by the department between the thirtieth and twenty-fifth day before an election shall be transmitted in such manner and at such time as to assure their receipt by such board of elections not later than the twentieth day before such election. All transmittals shall include original signatures.

7. Completed application forms received by the department of motor vehicles not later than the twenty-fifth day before the next ensuing primary, general or special election and transmitted by such department to the appropriate board of elections so that they are received not later than the twentieth day before such election shall entitle the applicant to vote in such election provided the board determines that the applicant is otherwise qualified.

8. Disclosure of voter registration information, including a declination to register, by the department of motor vehicles, its agents or employees, for other than voter registration purposes, shall be deemed an unwarranted invasion of personal privacy pursuant to the provisions of subdivision two of section eighty-nine of the public officers law and shall constitute a violation of this chapter.

9. Application forms shall be processed by the board of elections in the manner prescribed by section 5-210 of this title or, if the applicant is already registered to vote from another address in such county or city, in the manner prescribed by section 5-208 of this title. The board shall send the appropriate notice of approval or rejection as required by either subdivision nine of such section 5-210 or subdivision five of such section 5-208.

10. Strict neutrality with respect to a person's party enrollment shall be maintained and all persons seeking voter registration forms and information shall be advised that government services are not conditioned on being registered to vote.

11. No statement shall be made nor any action taken to discourage the applicant from registering to vote.

12. The department of motor vehicles shall provide to each person who chooses to register to vote the same level of assistance provided to persons in connection with the completion of the agency's own forms, unless such person refuses such assistance.

13. The state board shall adopt such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the requirements of this section. The board shall also adopt such rules and regulations as may be necessary to require county boards and the department of motor vehicles to provide the state board with such information and data as the board deems necessary to assess compliance with this section and to compile such statistics as may be required by the federal elections commission.

14. The state board shall develop and distribute public information and promotional materials relating to the purposes and implementation of this program.

15. The state board shall prepare and distribute to the department of motor vehicles written instructions as to the implementation of the program and shall be responsible for establishing training programs for employees of the department of motor vehicles involved in such program.

16. The commissioner of motor vehicles shall take all actions which are necessary and proper for the implementation of this section. The commissioner of motor vehicles shall designate one person within the agency as the agency voter registration coordinator who will, under the direction of the state board of elections, be responsible for the voter registration program in such agency.

(Added L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 15. Amended L.1996, c. 200, Sec.Sec. 10, 11.)
Sec. 5-213. Inactive status

1. When a voter is sent a confirmation notice pursuant to the provisions of this article, the voter's name shall be placed in inactive status.

2. The registration poll records of all such voters shall be removed from the poll ledgers and maintained at the offices of the board of elections in a file arranged alphabetically by election district. If such board uses computer generated registration lists, the names of such voters shall not be placed on such lists at subsequent elections other than lists prepared pursuant to the provisions of section 5-612 of this article but shall be kept as a computer record at the offices of such board.

3. The board of elections shall restore the registration of any such voter to active status if such voter notifies the board of elections that he resides at the address from which he is registered, or the board finds that such voter has validly signed a designating or nominating petition which states that he resides at such address, or if such voter casts a ballot in an affidavit envelope which states that he resides at such address, or if the board receives notice that such voter has voted in an election conducted with registration lists prepared pursuant to the provisions of section 5-612 of this article. If any such notification or information is received twenty days or more before a primary, special or general election, the voter's name must be restored to active status for such election.

4. As soon as practicable, after it restores a voter's registration to active status, the board of elections shall send the voter, by first class forwardable mail, a notice advising him of the restoration in a form which is similar to the notice sent to new registrants pursuant to the provisions of section 5-210 of this title and which has been approved by the state board of elections.

5. If the board of elections receives notice, which complies with the requirements of this article, that a voter in inactive status is residing at another address within the jurisdiction of such board, it shall transfer the registration and enrollment of such voter to such other address pursuant to the provisions of section 5-208 of this title.

(Added L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 16. Amended L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 17; L.1996, c. 200, Sec. 12.)
Sec. 5-214. Registration cards for identification

A board of elections may provide identification cards for use in any city or town in such county in which the board deems it necessary to facilitate voting. However, the failure of a voter to present such card shall not deprive such voter of the right to exercise the franchise, or any other right provided under this chapter.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 31.)
Sec. 5-215. Veterans' absentee registration

1. The board of elections in the county in which a veterans' hospital is located shall appoint a board of registration which shall attend each veterans' hospital between the hours of nine o'clock in the morning and five o'clock in the evening on the seventh Thursday before each general election and, in the event that it be necessary for the completion of its duties, on the seventh Friday before such election except that if any of the religious holidays of Yom Kippur, Rosh Hashanah, Simchas Torah, Shmini Atzereth or Succoth shall fall on such days, such registration shall be held on the next regular business day which does not fall on any of such religious holidays, and shall receive from inmates or patients therein, or their spouses, parents and children, the applications of such of them as desire and are qualified to be registered by absentee registration.

2. After the applicant completes and signs the application, or has it signed for him, it shall be deposited by or for him in an envelope and sealed. Before receiving the next application the board shall address the envelope to the board of elections in the county where the applicant resides and note upon a form provided for such purpose the date of the application, the name and residence address of the applicant and the name of the hospital at which the application was received.

3. At the end of each day each member of such board shall sign the form containing the list of applicants with their names and addresses and they shall, no later than the next day, return the list and the sealed envelopes to the board of elections in the county where such hospital is located.

4. The board of elections upon receipt of such applications shall immediately mail those applications that are addressed to another board of elections and shall process those applications addressed to it.

5. If a Veterans' Administration Hospital in which any veteran entitled to vote in this state is an inmate or patient, is located outside the State of New York, an application for an absentee ballot signed by such veteran or his spouse, parent or child accompanying or being with him, if a qualified voter and a resident of the same election district, shall constitute permanent personal registration.

6. All applications made and received pursuant to this section shall be processed in the manner provided herein for personal registration by mail.

7. The cost incurred by the county in which such veterans' hospital is located, for the registration of voters as herein provided, may be apportioned to the counties in which such voters reside in proportion to the number of applicants for such registration residing in such counties.

8. The board of elections shall not be required to send a board of central registration to each veterans' hospital in such county, pursuant to the provisions of this section, if, in lieu thereof, it shall provide such hospital with mail registration application forms in sufficient quantity so that each inmate or patient of such hospital who wishes to register will be able to do so. A complete application received from an inmate or patient whose residence is in a county other than the county in which the hospital is located shall be immediately transmitted to the appropriate board of elections.

(Formerly Sec. 5-212, L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1982, c. 347, Sec. 1; L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 20. Renumbered Sec. 5-215, L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 15.)
Sec. 5-216. Registration; assistance to applicant

1. If any person entitled to be registered shall declare to the board of inspectors that he is unable to read or write by reason of illiteracy or disability, the board shall provide assistance in registering. Such person shall, if unable to write, be excused from signing and the board shall enter the words "unable to sign" in each space reserved for his signature. The board shall also enter in the remarks space on the face of the registration records the reason for his inability to write his name.

2. If the applicant be a person who does not speak the English language, he may be assisted by a relative who can interpret for him. If the applicant registers with this assistance the board shall put in the remarks space of the registration forms the name and address, and the relationship, of the person so doing the interpreting and the interpreter shall sign his name in the remarks space.

3. If the registrant needs assistance with registration, he may also have the same assistance in order to mark the enrollment blank.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 43.)
Sec. 5-218. Registration; challenges

1. Any person who applies for registration may be challenged by any qualified voter, watcher, or inspector of election if such person has reason to suspect that the applicant is not qualified to be registered to vote.

2. When an applicant is challenged the person making the challenge must first state the reason for the challenge and complete the challenger's part of the challenge form. The board shall then administer to such applicant the following oath: "You do solemnly swear (or affirm) that you will give true answers to the questions which may be put to you to establish your qualifications to register and vote". A member of such board shall then read to the challenged person the questions printed upon the form of the challenge affidavit which relate to the reason given for the challenge, and such other questions on the form as in its discretion it may deem appropriate, and shall enter in ink, opposite each question, the answer thereto given by such applicant. After answering, the applicant shall sign his name to such challenge affidavit. The inspector or member of such board who writes the answers shall enter in the place provided on the challenge affidavit, information identifying the person challenged and the name and address of the person challenging, and shall sign the certificate at the end thereof. The other inspectors present shall also sign such certificate at the end thereof.

3. The applicant shall be registered by the board if a majority of such board shall be satisfied with the answers of the registrant. If not satisfied, they shall notify him of the qualifications which they believe he lacks as a voter, and shall furnish him a duplicate of the challenge affidavit as completed. They shall also advise him of his right to apply to the board of elections for registration.

4. When a person who has been challenged is registered, the board shall enter in the remarks column the word "Challenged".

5. The state board of elections shall prescribe forms for challenge affidavits for use pursuant hereto, which forms shall elicit such information from the applicant as it deems appropriate.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 5-220. Registration; challenge after registered

1. Any person may challenge the registration of a voter by executing and delivering to the board of elections or a board taking registrations, his affidavit that he had reason to believe that such voter's registration should be cancelled. Such affidavit shall contain the affiant's full name, residence, and business address, the name of his employer, the registration serial number of the person challenged and a recital of the reasons and the facts supporting affiant's belief that the person challenged lacks the qualifications for voting prescribed in this chapter and specified in such affidavit. The affidavit shall state if the reasons for challenge are based upon the affiant's personal knowledge, or upon information received from another person. If the affiant's belief is based upon information furnished by another, the affidavit shall recite the name of the person furnishing the information and the basis for his information. After the affiant has signed such affidavit a member of such board shall read to him and request him to sign the following oath, which shall be subscribed by such affiant: "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that the foregoing statement made by me on (insert day, month and year) is a truthful disclosure of the reasons for my belief that the registered voter therein named is not qualified to continue to be registered in the election district in which he is now registered." If the affiant shall take and sign such oath, the members of the board shall sign their names as witnesses below the affiant's subscription to such oath. Each such affidavit shall be directed toward the challenge of only one registrant. The board shall give full assistance to any person desiring to execute such an affidavit. The board of elections shall furnish the necessary forms. Upon receipt of such affidavit the board of elections forthwith shall conduct an investigation of the voter's qualifications to remain registered in the same manner as provided for applications for personal registration by mail. Any person whose registration is so challenged shall be notified thereof by the board of elections by registered or certified mail within five days after the affidavit is received by it.

2. If the board of elections cannot complete its investigation, or cannot make a determination before the next election at which the registrant could vote, it shall place his name on a challenge list as a person to be challenged when voting.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 44.)
Sec. 5-222. Statement of temporary absence

1. A voter who has removed from his residence but who is still eligible to vote from that address for any of the reasons enumerated in this chapter shall, at the time of his registration, or at the time of his removal, or upon request of the board of elections, file with such board, in person or by mail, a statement of temporary absence.

2. Such statement shall set forth where the voter actually resides, where he claims to be legally domiciled, the nature of his occupation or employment, the name and address of his employer, or the school he attends, or the institution at which he is resident, the class to which he claims to belong and such other information as the board shall deem appropriate.

3. When such a statement is filed, the board of elections shall enter the words "Statement of temporary absence filed" in the "remarks" space on the face of such voter's registration poll record. The registration serial number of the voter shall be placed on such statement and it shall be preserved with the other records of the board of elections.

4. The state board of elections may prescribe a form of statement of temporary absence.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 5-224. Registration of voters unlawfully denied the right to register

1. If any voter applies personally for registration and is unlawfully denied the right to register, the county board of elections may, upon the application of the voter in person or by mail to such board within two weeks after the last day of registration, or within five days after the date of the voter's receipt of notice of the rejection of his application, upon proper proof, and upon such notice to the chairman of the county committees of the several parties as the board shall prescribe, direct that he be registered in the election district in which he is a qualified voter. The directions of the county board of elections shall be carried out by the board itself, by its clerks, or by the proper inspectors of elections, as the board may prescribe. The county board of elections shall make a final determination of such application not later than one week after the application is made by the voter.

2. If the board of elections has reason to believe that any applicant has been wrongfully denied the right to register, it shall notify him by mail and such person, upon application in person or by mail to the board of elections, within two weeks of the date of such notice, may be registered by the board of elections.

3. The board of elections shall make a final determination on such application not later than one week after it is made.

4. If any applicant is registered pursuant to the provisions of this section, such registration shall be deemed effective as of the date of the wrongful denial of the right to register.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 32; L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 21.)
Sec. 5-226. Registration; voter registered in wrong district

1. If any voter has been registered in a wrong election district, the board of elections shall, if he is a qualified voter in any election district within the jurisdiction of such board, change his registration to the correct election district. The board of elections shall thereupon give immediate notice by mail to such voter that his registration has been corrected, and also the location of the polling place of the election district in which he is a qualified voter.

2. If such voter does not reside in any election district within the jurisdiction of the board, his registration shall be cancelled and he shall be notified of the cancellation and the reason therefor.

3. The board shall maintain a list of all such corrections and cancellations as a public record in its office and shall deliver a copy of such list to the chairman of each political party seven days before each election.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 5-228. Registration; certificates of local registration

1. At the close of local registration, each board of inspectors shall mail, or, if the board of elections directs, shall deliver to the board of elections a certificate, signed by the members of such board, stating the name, present residence address of each registrant and such other information as the board of elections shall require and a certificate stating the name and address of each person whom the board refused to register for any reason other than that he was already registered, and, in each instance, the reason for such refusal. The names and addresses shall be entered on such certificates during the day of registration as the voters concerned are registered or refused registration.

2. At the end of each period of local registration, the board of inspectors shall sign a certificate containing a tabulation of the following information:

a. The total number of voters registered on each day of local registration;

b. The total number of voters registered during such period of registration;

c. Such other information as shall be deemed appropriate by the county board of elections and the state board of elections.

Such certificate shall be mailed or delivered to the board of elections as it may direct, by the board taking registrations. In any city having therein an office of the board of elections, the board of elections may direct that such certificate shall be delivered to the police at the place of registration or the nearest police stationhouse. In such event, the police shall forthwith deliver the certificate to the board of elections at its nearest office.

3. The state board of elections shall prescribe the form of the certificates required by this section.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 24.)
Sec. 5-230. Local registration; disposition of records and supplies

1. At the end of each day of registration, the chairman of each board of inspectors shall deliver the ledgers locked in the carrying case, if any, the flag and all other supplies to the police at the place of registration, or, if directed, to the officer charged by this chapter with the duty of delivering such articles to the board. The police or such other officer shall return all such articles on the next day of registration to the chairman of such board at the place of registration immediately prior to the opening hour for registration.

2. If allowed by the board of elections, at the end of each day of registration, the chairman may, after locking and sealing the same, leave the registration poll records in the custody of a member of the board of one political party and the corresponding central file registration records with a member of the board of the opposite political party and himself retain custody of all other articles, or securely store such other articles in the place of registration if the same be a public building.

3. If allowed by the board of elections, at the end of each day of registration, the registration poll records and all other articles may be securely stored in the place of registration if the same be a public building.

4. At the close of the last day on which any board of inspectors is authorized to take registrations such board shall seal the ledgers and lock them in the carrying case; enclose all keys in a sealed package and enclose all executed forms in a sealed package. The chairman of such board shall deliver the sealed material, unused forms and all equipment and material furnished by the board of elections to a person designated by the board of elections to take custody of these items. The person designated shall deliver all such articles to the board of elections within twenty-four hours after the polls close.

5. The members of each board taking registrations shall sign all seals and shall affix their signatures to each in such a manner that the article sealed cannot be opened without breaking their signatures.

6. Any person receiving such supplies from the board of inspectors shall give to the person delivering such supplies a receipt therefor, which, if a ledger carrying case is included, shall certify that such case was locked at the time he received it.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 45; L.1985, c. 164, Sec. 5.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 5 REGISTRATION AND ENROLLMENT OF VOTERS

TITLE III ENROLLMENT

Sec. 5-300. Enrollment; generally

At the time a voter is registered or completes an application for registration he may mark his party enrollment within the circle or box underneath or next to the party of his election on the application form.

(Added L.1985, c. 164, Sec. 6.)
Sec. 5-302. Enrollment; completion

1. Before placing the registration poll record in the poll ledger, the board shall enter in the space provided therefor on the back of such registration poll record the name of the party designated by the voter on his application form, provided such party continues to be a party as defined in this law. If such party ceases to be a party at any time, either before or after such enrollment is so entered, the enrollment of such voter shall be deemed to be blank and shall be entered as such until such voter files an application for change of enrollment pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. In the city of New York the board shall also affix a gummed sticker of a different color for each party in a place on such registration poll record immediately adjacent to such entry. The board shall enter the date of such entry and affix initials thereto in the space provided.

2. If the application form is for a voter who has changed his enrollment or a voter who has previously registered and not enrolled, then the board of elections shall compare the information and the signature appearing on each application form received with that on the registration poll record of the applicant and if found to correspond in all particulars shall, not earlier than the Tuesday following the next general election and not later than the thirtieth day preceding the last day for publishing enrollment lists, proceed in the manner specified in subdivision one hereof to enter such enrollment on such voter's registration poll card.

3. If marks are found in more than one of the boxes or circles or if no marks are found in any of the boxes or circles of any application form, the voter who used the application form shall be deemed not to be enrolled, and the words blank or void shall be entered in the space reserved on his registration poll record for the name of a political party or in the computer files from which the computer generated registration lists are prepared. However if such application form sets forth the address of prior registration and such prior registration had not been previously cancelled, the party enrollment, if any, which is part of such prior registration shall be entered in such space on such registration poll record or in such computer files.

4. Registration poll records of voters whose registrations are not rejected by the board of elections shall forthwith be placed in the poll ledger or such voters' names shall forthwith be entered in the computer files from which the computer generated registration lists are prepared, except that the registration poll record of an otherwise qualified voter who registers after the twenty-fifth day before a primary election shall not be placed in such poll ledger or such voters' names shall not appear on such a computer generated registration list until after such primary and except further that the registration poll record of a voter whose previous registration was cancelled pursuant to the provisions of this chapter after the previous general election and who registers pursuant to the provisions of this chapter after such cancellation shall not be placed in such poll ledger or such voters' names shall not appear on such a computer generated registration list until after the fall primary election, unless such voter has enrolled with the same party as the enrollment on the registration which was so cancelled.

The registration poll record of a voter who is not eligible to vote in a primary election but who is eligible to vote in a special election held before such primary election shall be placed in its regular place in the poll ledger or in a special section of such poll ledger for such special election as the board of elections, in its discretion, shall provide, or such name shall appear in its regular place on the computer generated registration list prepared for use in such special election. Such poll record shall be removed from such poll ledger or computer generated registration list immediately after such special election.

5. During the period preceding the ensuing primary election, the board of elections shall maintain as a public record a list of all enrollments entered, transferred or corrected, and not contained in the last published enrollment list. Such supplemental enrollment list shall contain the same information and shall be distributed in the same manner as the original enrollment list not later than the fifteenth day before the primary election.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 35; L.1985, c. 164, Sec. 7; L.1985, c. 164, Sec. 7; L.1985, c. 558, Sec. 1; L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 13; L.1992, c. 91, Sec. 3; L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 18.)
Sec. 5-304. Enrollment; change of enrollment or new enrollment by previously registered voters

1. A registered voter may change his enrollment in the manner prescribed by this section.

2. The term "change of enrollment" shall apply to applications by a registered voter already enrolled in one party to enroll in a different party, or to delete his enrollment in any party, or an application by a registered voter not enrolled in any party to enroll in a particular party.

3. A change of enrollment received by the board of elections not later than the twenty-fifth day before the general election shall be deposited in a sealed enrollment box, which shall not be opened until the first Tuesday following such general election. Such change of enrollment shall be then removed and entered as provided in this article.

4. Registered voters may apply for change of enrollment personally by mail to or by appearing before a county board of elections or by appearing before a board of inspectors. If the applicant has appeared in person and if the board finds that he or she is properly registered, it shall provide the applicant with an application form for voter registration by mail which shall be treated as an application for change of enrollment filed pursuant to this section. If the voter has applied personally by mail, the county board of elections shall mail him or her an application form for voter registration by mail as provided by this chapter. If a registered voter submits an application form for registration or enrollment as provided by this chapter, from the residence address from which he or she is then registered, and such form reflects a change of enrollment, the county board of elections shall treat such form as an application for change of enrollment filed pursuant to this section. If such application form also sets forth a new address within the same city or county, the board of elections shall also treat such form as an application for transfer of registration pursuant to section 5-208 of this article. If a voter has cast a ballot in an affidavit ballot envelope on which such voter claims a party enrollment different from the enrollment in the records of the board of elections, such affidavit shall be treated as an application for change of enrollment.

5. Repealed by L.1985, c. 164 Sec. 9, eff. Dec. 1, 1985

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 46; L.1982, c. 147, Sec.Sec. 1, 2; L.1985, c. 164, Sec.Sec. 8, 9; L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 14; L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 19; L.2010, c. 62, Sec. 2, eff. April 28, 2010.)
Sec. 5-306. Enrollment; correction of

1. If, after being regularly registered in an election district, a voter discovers he has made a mistake when enrolling, he may within one year from the date of his last registration apply to the board of elections of the county or city in which he resides for a correction of the mistake made by him when marking his enrollment blank, by filing his affidavit setting forth substantially as follows: how he is enrolled, and the town or city, election district, and when required, the ward or assembly district, in which he is registered, the street address, if any, from which he was registered, a statement, in substance, that his current enrollment blank was not marked correctly and that he did not intend to be so enrolled; the name of the party with which he did intend to enroll and which he desires to be entered on the registration records; a statement that he has been duly and regularly enrolled with the party whose name he desires entered on his registration records for at least five years immediately preceding the registration at which such mistake occurred or that he was not registered for all or part of such five year period; the county or counties and the addresses at which he resided when he was so enrolled; that he is in general sympathy with the principles of the party with which he requests to be enrolled and intends to support generally its nominees at the next general election, and a statement that he has not enrolled in any party or participated in any primary election or convention of any party during the past five years, other than the one with which he requests to be enrolled.

2. If the applicant's certificate or, the registration records in the office of such board show the applicant to have been registered during such five year period elsewhere in the state of New York the board shall require the applicant to produce a certified transcript of his enrollment, if any, in such other jurisdiction within the state accompanied with proof, by affidavit, showing his identity with the person whose name appears in such transcript. If the records of any board of elections within the state show the applicant to have been enrolled during such five year period in any party other than the one with which he requests to be enrolled, or to have been registered but not enrolled, the application for correction of enrollment shall be denied.

3. A voter may correct his enrollment pursuant hereto on any of the days the board is open for registration. A correction made during the twenty-five-day period preceding a primary election shall not be effective for such election.

4. Where such application for correction of enrollment is approved, the board of elections shall enter the date of filing of the voter's affidavit along with the new party of enrollment in the spaces provided for entering enrollments on the back of his registration poll record or in the computer file from which the computer generated registration lists are prepared and the words "Enrollment Corrected" shall be entered in the remarks space therein. If requested by any member of the board, the correction of enrollment of any voter, or group of voters, must be approved by two such board members or two employees of the board representing different political parties. Such members or employees shall place their initials or other identifying information on the registration poll record of such voter, or on a computer generated list of such corrections of enrollment. Such lists shall be preserved in the same manner, and for the same time, as such registration poll records. The board shall file such affidavit in a file specially maintained for that purpose.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 47; L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 22; L.1996, c. 116, Sec. 2.)
[ Sec. 5-308. Repealed. L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 15, eff. Dec. 1, 1991]

Sec. 5-310. Enrollment; forms of affidavits, mailing requirements

1. The board shall prepare forms for the various applications and affidavits required under this title and, upon application, shall furnish a copy of the appropriate form to or for any voter desiring to use the same, and an additional copy if required. Copies also may be sold by the board, at cost, to any qualified voter.

2. Except when a voter is expressly required to file a paper in person, such paper may be filed either in person, by agent or sent by mail. Mailing within the state and within the times prescribed for filing shall be sufficient if the affidavit be received by the board. The postmark shall be sufficient proof of the date of mailing. If mailed outside of the state or if the postmark is omitted or illegible the affidavit must be received by the board within the times so prescribed for filing.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 5 REGISTRATION AND ENROLLMENT OF VOTERS

TITLE IV CANCELLATION OF REGISTRATION

Sec. 5-400. Cancellation of registration; generally

1. A voter's registration, including the registration of a voter in inactive status, shall be cancelled if, since the time of his last registration, he:

(a) Moved his residence outside the city or county in which he is registered.

(b) Was convicted of a felony disqualifying him from voting pursuant to the provisions of section 5-106 of this article.

(c) Has been adjudicated an incompetent.

(d) Refused to take a challenge oath.

(e) Has died.

(f) Did not vote in any election conducted by the board of elections during the period ending with the second general election at which candidates for federal office are on the ballot after his name was placed in inactive status and for whom the board of elections did not, during such period, in any other way, receive any information that such voter still resides in the same county or city.

(g) Personally requested to have his name removed from the list of registered voters.

(h) For any other reason, is no longer qualified to vote as provided in this chapter.

2. For the purposes of this section a personal request to be removed from the list of registered voters shall include the following:

(a) A statement signed by the registrant which makes such a request.

(b) A notice that the registrant has moved to an address outside the city or county which is signed by the registrant and sent to the board of elections.

(c) A notice signed by the registrant which states that such registrant has moved to an address outside the city or county and that such change of address is for voter registration purposes.

(d) A notice from a board of elections or other voter registration officer or agency that such person has registered to vote from an address outside such city or county.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 37; L.1979, c. 522, Sec. 2; L.1981, c. 37, Sec. 2; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 18; L.1991, c. 263, Sec. 5; L.1994, c. 659, Sec.Sec. 20 to 22.)
Sec. 5-402. Cancellation of registration; generally, notice to voter

1. The board of elections shall cancel the registration of a voter when he is no longer qualified to vote or as required herein.

2. Whenever the board has reason to believe that a registered voter is no longer qualified to vote, it shall, before cancelling his registration, notify him, in a form approved by the state board of elections, by first class forwardable mail to the address from which he was last registered that he may appear before the board or answer in writing by mail, stating the reasons why his registration should not be cancelled. Such notice shall also state that if the voter does not appear or answer in writing within fourteen days after such notice is mailed, his registration will be cancelled. Such notice shall also advise the voter of his right to reregister pursuant to the provisions of this chapter and shall contain the phone number to call for the days and hours of local registration and the location of local registration places, the deadline for personal registration by mail for the next general election and the phone number to call to obtain additional applications for personal registration by mail. No such notice shall be required in order to cancel the registration of a voter who has made a personal request to be removed from the list of registered voters as defined by subdivision two of section 5-400 of this title or the registration of a voter whose name has been in inactive status for at least the period required by paragraph (f) of subdivision one of section 5-400 of this title or to cancel the registration of a voter who has died. Together with such notice of cancellation, the board shall mail to such voter a postage paid return card in a form approved by the state board of elections. Such card shall provide a place for the voter to set forth the reasons for his continued eligibility to vote in such county or city and to indicate his current address in the county or city and a statement that failure to return the card will result in cancellation of registration. The card shall also inform the voter of how to reregister if the voter has moved out of the county or city. If such registered voter shall fail to appear or answer in writing within such time or if, after he so appears or writes, the board is not satisfied that he is qualified to remain registered, the board shall cancel his registration.

3. The board of elections shall notify immediately every person whose registration is cancelled after such person has responded, in person or by mail, to a notice sent pursuant to subdivision two of this section, of the action taken and the reason therefor, by written notice to the address from which he was last registered. Such notice shall advise such persons either of their right to reregister or their right to apply to a court of law for reinstatement, whichever is appropriate.

4. Each board of elections shall, at least once a month, transmit to the appropriate board of elections, a list of the names, old addresses and new addresses of every voter whose registration was cancelled pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (a) of subdivision one of section 5-400 of this title because the voter moved to an address in the jurisdiction of the board to which the list is sent, unless the board of elections sending the list has received notice that the voter has already registered to vote from the new address.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 38; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 49; L.1987, c. 146, Sec. 1; L.1994, c. 659, Sec.Sec. 23, 24; L.1996, c. 200, Sec. 13; L.1997, c. 94, Sec. 1, eff. June 11, 1997.)
Sec. 5-403. Rejection of ballot of unqualified voter; notice of action by board

If the ballot of any person, voted in an affidavit envelope in the manner prescribed by this chapter, is rejected under the provisions of this chapter on the grounds that such person is not a qualified voter of the election district wherein he or she sought to vote, or is not duly enrolled in the party in whose primary he or she sought to vote and if such person has completed the application for registration and enrollment or change of enrollment on such affidavit envelope, the board of elections shall process such an application in the same manner as other applications for registration and enrollment or change of enrollment. The board of elections shall immediately notify such person by first class mail directed to the address given in his or her affidavit, of the rejection of his or her ballot, together with the reason therefor and, if such person has not completed the application for registration by mail, the appropriate information on the times and places where he or she may register, re-register, enroll, or change or correct his or her enrollment. Where appropriate, a form of application for personal registration by mail shall be included with such notice.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.2010, c. 62, Sec. 3, eff. April 28, 2010.)
Sec. 5-404. Cancellation of registration; cancellation of record

1. The board of elections shall cancel a registration by marking the word "Cancelled" on the face of each of the voter's registration poll records, without obliterating any of the entries thereon, and shall enter the reasons for such cancellation on the face of such registration record or, if the board uses computer generated registration lists, entering such reasons in the computer records. If requested by any member of the board, the cancellation of registration of any voter, or group of voters, must be approved by two such board members or two employees of the board representing different political parties. Such members or employees shall place their initials or other identifying information on the registration poll record of such voter, or on a computer generated list of such cancellations. Such lists shall be preserved in the same manner, and for the same time, as such registration poll records.

2. The board shall supply a list of registration cancellations and reinstatements to the county chairman of any political party requesting same.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1996, c. 116, Sec. 3.)
[ Sec. 5-406. Repealed. L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 25, eff. Jan. 1, 1995]

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 5 REGISTRATION AND ENROLLMENT OF VOTERS

TITLE V REGISTRATION RECORDS

Sec. 5-500. Registration records; form and content

1. There shall be two records of the registration of each voter. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, one record shall be sent, at the time of every election, to the polling place where the voter is entitled to vote, and shall be known as the "registration poll record". Between elections it shall be kept in the main office or a branch office of the board of elections. The other record shall be kept constantly in such main office or branch office and shall be known as the "central file registration record". The two types of records shall be prepared in different colors.

2. The face of each registration record, at or before its use, shall have entered at the top the name of the county in which it is to be used and a registration serial number, which shall be different for each voter but the same for the two records of each voter.

3. The central file registration records shall be printed on one side only, and shall be identical in substance, printing and arrangement with the face of the registration poll records.

4. The central file registration records and the face of the registration poll records shall contain a space for the voter's signature, preceded by the words, "The foregoing statements are true", and followed by the signature of the two members of the board of inspectors or central registration board by whom the voter is registered. In addition, there shall be spaces for the following entries, all of which shall precede the space for the voter's signature:

a. Serial number assigned to voter and county of registration;

b. The voter's surname, given name and initials of other names;

c. The date of registration;

d. The residence address at which the voter claims to reside and post office address, if not the same; and the number or designation of the room, apartment or floor occupied by the voter if he does not claim the entire building as his residence;

e. The assembly district or ward and the election district in which such residence address is located;

f. The length of the voter's residence in the county or city calculated to the time of the next general election;

g. Whether the voter has previously voted or registered to vote and, if so, the approximate year in which he last voted or registered and his name and address at the time;

h. His date of birth;

i. A space for the applicant to indicate whether or not he is a citizen of the United States;

j. The gender of the voter (optional);

k. The telephone number of the applicant (optional);l. Whether the voter was challenged;

m. A space for the applicant to indicate his choice of party enrollment, with a clear alternative provided for the applicant to decline to affiliate with any party.1

n. On the face of each registration record there also shall be spaces appropriately entitled, for entering information about the cancellation of registration, the date of such cancellation and the reason therefor, and the signature of the two members or employees of the board, representing different political parties by whom the cancellation was recorded;o. A space for "remarks" regarding other facts required by this chapter to be recorded or appropriate to identify the voter.

5. On each registration poll record shall be spaces appropriately entitled and arranged for the voting record and signature of each voter. Each line above the last shall be reserved for the entries for each election at which the voter casts his vote. Such arrangement shall allow for the entry of the following information with reference to each election at which the registrant shall vote; the year, month and day of the election; the voter's number recorded on the public-counter, and the designation of the particular machine used if there be more than one in the district, if voting machines are used; the number on the ballot delivered and voted by the voter, if paper ballots are used; the signature of the voter; and the signatures or initials of the election inspectors by whom the voter is admitted to vote. On the last line at the bottom shall be a space for the voter's signature to be made at the time of registration.

6. On a different part of the registration poll record shall be spaces for recording the enrollment of the voter, changes in such enrollment, including, in each case, the number of the enrollment blank used, the date, the name of the party, appropriate remarks; and the initials of the board members who make any entry: 2

7. The state board of elections shall prescribe the form of the record required by this section which may include any additional information it shall deem necessary. The state board may provide that the form of application for registration by mail may be used in lieu of the form prescribed by this section.

1Punctuation as in original.

2Punctuation as in original.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 11; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 39; L.1978, c. 373, Sec.Sec. 50, 51; L.1985, c. 164, Sec.Sec. 10, 11; L.1985, c. 786, Sec. 2; L.1988, c. 320, Sec. 1; L.1993, c. 27, Sec. 2; L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 26.)
Sec. 5-502. Registration records; supplies and equipment

1. The board of elections shall furnish in time for use by the boards of inspectors of election, the registration records, an American flag, a map or certified description of the election district, and the adjoining election districts, challenge affidavits, absentee voting applications, a list of voters who are currently registered in the election district, a list of those voters who have been cancelled in the last year with the reason for such cancellations, forms for statements of temporary absence, a sufficient number of copies of the ballot proposals to be submitted to the voters at the ensuing election, at least one copy of the instruction booklet for inspectors and all other forms and supplies required for the administration of the registration system as provided by this article.

2. The board of elections shall also maintain in its custody and control:

a. At the headquarters of the board, filing cabinets and ledgers sufficient in number and form to accommodate the records required by this article to be kept at such headquarters or office.

b. Carrying cases sufficient to carry to and from the registration places the ledgers, if any, and forms required by this chapter to be available for use at such places.

3. Each ledger and cabinet shall be equipped with a lock of such a nature that when the ledger or cabinet is locked it shall not be possible to remove any record or form which has been filed therein, or to file in it any other record or form. Each carrying case shall be equipped with a lock. Each carrying case lock and its key shall bear an identical distinctive identifying number.

4. Subject to the requirements of this article, the state board of elections shall prescribe the number of and the form, content, color and specifications of such registration records, lists, and check cards. It may require such other forms, supplies and equipment as it deems necessary to be furnished by the boards of elections and any other officer charged with equipping the places for taking registrations.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 40; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 52; L.1981, c. 74, Sec. 2; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 4; L.1985, c. 164, Sec. 12; L.1985, c. 510, Sec. 5.)
Sec. 5-504. Optional discontinuation of central file registration records

1. Notwithstanding the provisions of this article to the contrary, a board of elections may apply to the state board of elections for permission to discontinue preparation, use and maintenance of central file registration records.

2. The state board of elections shall adopt regulations establishing the requirements which must be met by a board of election seeking such permission.

3. Such requirements shall include, but not be limited to the following:

a. The board of elections maintains a complete, current computer record of all registered voters.

b. At least one copy of such record is kept in a building other than the one in which the offices of the board of elections are located.

c. The board of elections maintains, as a public record, at the appropriate office of the board, a complete and current alphabetized list of all registered voters, including voters in inactive status, which contains next to each voter's name at least the following information: address, town or city, assembly district where appropriate, election district, registration serial number, party enrollment, date of registration, sex, date of birth and, if the voter is in inactive status, an indication of that fact.

d. A board of elections which has discontinued use of registration poll ledgers shall not be required to maintain such an alphabetized list of all registered voters if it has available for public use, a sufficient number of computer terminals from which such information can be obtained. Such terminals must have the capacity to display a series of names arranged in such alphabetical order without an inquiry for each such name having to be entered into the computer separately.

4. After such inquiry as it deems appropriate, the state board of elections shall approve the applications of those boards of elections whose systems meet the requirements established by this section and the regulations of the state board. Such boards may then discontinue preparation, use and maintenance of central file registration records.

5. If the state board of elections amends its regulations, a board of elections whose system was previously approved by the state board shall have a reasonable time to conform to the new regulation.

6. If the state board of elections determines on its own initiative, or upon investigation of a complaint, that the system being used by a board of elections is not in compliance with the requirements of this section and the regulations of the state board, it shall order such board of elections to comply forthwith.

7. If such a board of elections does not comply with the provisions of subdivision six of this section, the state board shall issue an order withdrawing permission to discontinue use of central file registration records and such board of elections shall be required to reinstitute use of such records on the first day of December following issuance of such an order.

(Added L.1981, c. 934, Sec. 1. Amended L.1994, c. 659, Sec.Sec. 27, 28.)
Sec. 5-506. Optional use of computer registration lists

1. Notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter to the contrary, a board of elections may apply to the state board of elections for permission to discontinue preparation, use and maintenance of registration poll records.

2. The state board of elections shall adopt regulations establishing the requirements which must be met by a board of elections seeking such permission.

3. Such requirements shall include, but not be limited to the following:

a. The board of elections maintains a complete, current, computer readable record for each registered voter which includes a reproducible signature, except that the record of the elections in which such voter has voted shall not be required to be maintained in such record for longer than the five previous calendar years. Such record may also include a copy of the entire registration poll record or application for registration of each such voter.

b. The board of elections maintains at least two copies of such computer readable records, which it stores in two different buildings.

c. The computer generated registration list prepared for each election in each election district shall be printed by a printer which meets or exceeds standards for clarity and speed of reproduction established by the state board of elections, shall be in a form approved by such board, shall include the names of all voters eligible to vote in such election and shall be in alphabetical order, except that, at a primary election, the names of the voters enrolled in each political party may be placed in a separate part of the list or in a separate list, as the board of elections in its discretion, may determine. Such list shall contain, adjacent to each voter's name, at least the following: street address, date of birth, party enrollment, year of registration, a computer reproduced facsimile of the voter's signature or an indication that the voter is unable to sign his name, a place for the voter to sign his name at such election and a place for the inspectors to mark the voting machine number, the public counter number and the number of any paper ballots given the voter.

d. The board of elections preserves, for as long as registration records are otherwise required to be preserved, the original application for registration or registration poll record of every registered voter filed in a manner which makes such records available for examination or, if the computer readable record for each registered voter maintained by the board of elections includes a copy of the entire registration poll record or application for registration of each such voter, the board of elections preserves the original of each such poll record or application in such a manner for a period of at least two years, or such longer period as the state board of elections may require, after such copy is entered in the computer readable record or if such computer readable records do not include the backs of those registration poll records which have been used at one or more elections, the board preserves the original of each such poll record for a period of at least two years after such copy is entered in such computer readable record or four years after the last election at which such poll record was used, whichever is later, or such longer period as the state board of elections may require.

4. After such inquiry as it deems appropriate, the state board of elections shall approve the applications of those boards of elections whose systems meet the requirements established by this section and the regulations of the state board. Such boards may then discontinue preparation, use and maintenance of registration poll records.

5. If the state board of elections amends its regulations, a board of elections whose system was previously approved by the state board shall have a reasonable time to conform to the new regulation.

6. If the state board of elections determines on its own initiative, or upon investigation of a complaint, that the system being used by a board of elections is not in compliance with the requirements of this section and the regulations of the state board, it shall order such board of elections to comply forthwith.

7. If such a board of elections does not comply with the provisions of subdivision six of this section, the state board shall issue an order withdrawing permission to discontinue use of registration poll records and such board of elections shall be required to reinstitute use of such records on the first day of December following issuance of such an order.

8. No computer tape, computer disc or other record which can be used to reproduce such computer generated facsimile signatures shall be sold or otherwise distributed other than for use by a board of elections or upon the order of a court of competent jurisdiction. However all other data contained on any such tape, disc or record shall be sold or otherwise distributed in the same manner as other records of the board of elections.

(Added L.1986, c. 425, Sec. 3. Amended L.1988, c. 43, Sec. 1; L.1992, c. 91, Sec. 4; L.1992, c. 389, Sec. 2; L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 29.)
Sec. 5-508. Confidentiality of registration records in certain cases

1. For purposes of this section:

(a) "Victim of domestic violence" means any person who is a victim of a violent felony, as defined in section 70.02 of the penal law, or disorderly conduct, harassment in the first degree, harassment in the second degree, aggravated harassment in the second degree, aggravated harassment in the third degree, stalking in the fourth degree, criminal mischief, menacing in the second degree, menacing in the third degree, reckless endangerment, assault in the third degree or an attempted assault; and

(i) such act or acts have resulted in actual physical or emotional injury or have created a substantial risk of physical or emotional harm to such person or such person's child; and

(ii) such act or acts are or are alleged to have been committed by a family or household member.

(b) "Family or household members" mean the following individuals:

(i) persons related by consanguinity or affinity;

(ii) persons legally married to one another;

(iii) persons formerly married to one another regardless of whether they still reside in the same household;

(iv) persons who have a child in common regardless of whether such persons are married or have lived together at any time;

(v) persons who are not related by consanguinity or affinity and who are or have been in an intimate relationship regardless of whether such persons have lived together at any time. Factors the court may consider in determining whether a relationship is an "intimate relationship" include but are not limited to: the nature or type of relationship, regardless of whether the relationship is sexual in nature; the frequency of interaction between the persons; and the duration of the relationship. Neither a casual acquaintance nor ordinary fraternization between two individuals in business or social contexts shall be deemed to constitute an "intimate relationship".

2. Upon application made to the supreme court, in the county wherein a victim of domestic violence is registered pursuant to this article, the court may issue an order requiring that any registration record kept or maintained in accordance with this article with respect to such an individual be kept separate and apart from other registration records and not be made available for inspection or copying by the public or any other person, except election officials acting within the course and scope of their official duties and only as pertinent and necessary in connection therewith.

(Added L.2010, c. 73, Sec. 1, eff. May 5, 2010.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 5 REGISTRATION AND ENROLLMENT OF VOTERS

TITLE VI FILING AND CUSTODY OF REGISTRATION RECORDS

Sec. 5-600. Registration records; filing of

1. The board of elections shall keep all registration records, when not in use at the polls for an election, at its main office, or a branch office designated by it. Such records shall be kept in locked ledgers or locked filing cabinets and shall not be removed from the office or branch office of the board of elections, except that the registration poll records of all voters entitled to vote at an election shall be delivered as provided in this chapter to the appropriate election district polling places for use at such election.

2. The central file registration records shall be filed for the entire county using a system permitting location by name. Cancelled registration records shall be filed separately and shall be arranged in the same manner as current registration records.

3. The registration poll records shall be classified by election districts, the records for each election district being filed according to street, by number, and alphabetically within any address or in the discretion of the board of elections they may be filed alphabetically by name of voter.

4. Any registration record not completed because of the refusal of a board of inspectors to register an applicant shall be filed by the board of elections with the cancelled registration records as if the person affected had registered and his registration had been cancelled.

5. After receipt thereof from a board of inspectors at the close of a period of local registration, the board of elections, before removing any records or blank forms from any ledger containing registration records of voters registered during such period, shall compare such records and blanks with the certificate filed by such board of inspectors. It shall investigate any discrepancy between such returned material and the information contained on such certificate and if such discrepancy is not satisfactorily resolved, it shall, at the request of any commissioner, make a written report thereof in triplicate and send one copy of such report to the district attorney and one to the state board of elections and keep the third copy on file at its office as a public record. The board of elections shall then remove the records and blanks from the ledgers and shall file them as provided herein.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 5-601. Registration records; physically disabled voters

1. A physically disabled voter whose polling place is located in a building that is not accessible shall be entitled to vote in any other election district whose polling place is located in a building which is accessible, provided that the candidates and ballot proposals on the ballot in such other election district are the same as those on the ballot in the election district in which such voter resides.

2. A written application by a disabled voter to have his registration record transferred to an election district which has an accessible polling place shall be valid for an election occurring more than fourteen days after it is received by the board of elections and, if the voter is permanently disabled, for all subsequent elections. Such application may specify the election district to which the voter wishes his registration records transferred.

3. The board of elections shall keep all such applications from permanently disabled voters on file at its office. Not later than twelve days before each election, the board shall transfer the records of each voter for whom it has such an application and who continues to be registered from the address on such application to an election district in the polling place specified in such application. If the application does not specify such an election district, or if the election district so specified is not one to which such records properly may be transferred for such election, the board of elections shall transfer such record to the election district among those to which it may properly be transferred for such election, which is located in the accessible polling place closest to the residence of the applicant.

4. If such registration records are in the form of registration poll records, the board of elections, before transferring any such registration record, shall make a photocopy thereof. Such photocopies shall be kept on file in the offices of such board in case such registration poll record is lost.

5. Upon removing such a registration poll record from a poll ledger, the board of elections shall insert in such poll ledger, at the place where such registration poll record was filed, a form giving the name and address of the voter, stating that the registration poll record was moved pursuant to the provisions of this section and giving the number of the election district to which such registration poll record was moved and the location of the polling place for such election district.

6. If such registration records are kept in the form of computer generated registration lists, the board of elections at the time such registration record is transferred, shall cause to be entered on the computer generated registration at the place where such registration record would have appeared, the name and address of the voter but without the computer reproduced facsimile of the voter's signature and either a notation that such record was moved pursuant to the provisions of this section together with the number of the election district to which such record was moved and the location of the polling place for such election district or a notation stating where, in such computer generated registration list, such information is provided.

7. Not later than ten days before each election, the board of elections shall mail to each voter who has made application pursuant to the provisions of this section, by first class mail, information specifying the number and location of the election district to which his records have been transferred or that there is no election district to which such records may properly be transferred which is located in an accessible polling place.

8. If the board determines that there is no election district in an accessible polling place to which such voter's record may properly be transferred for a particular election, it shall treat the application of such voter as an application for an absentee ballot for such election and forthwith mail such absentee ballot to such voter at his residence address together with the notice required by subdivision seven of this section.

9. The board of elections shall compile a list, arranged by election districts of residence, of the names and addresses of all voters whose registration records have been moved pursuant to the provisions of this section and the number of the election district to which such registration record was moved. Not later than six days before election day, the board of elections shall send a copy of such list to the county chairman of each party. Such list shall be a public record at the office of such board of elections.

10. The state board of elections shall prescribe a standard form of application for use under this section and all forms necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

(Added L.1988, c. 117, Sec. 1. Amended L.1988, c. 604, Sec. 1; L.1991, c. 599, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 5-602. Lists of registered voters; publication of

1. After the last day of local registration and before the sixth day before the next ensuing general election in each year, the board of elections shall cause to be published a complete list of names and residence addresses of the registered voters for each election district over which the board has jurisdiction. The names for each election district may be arranged according to street and number or alphabetically. Each list shall be prepared in such a manner as to indicate the registrants whose names did not appear on the list of registered voters last published pursuant to the provisions of this section and the registrants who are in inactive status. The board of elections, in its discretion, may publish the names of the registrants in inactive status as a separate list. In lieu of publishing such a registration list, such board of elections may publish a complete list of the names and residence addresses of all registered voters whose names do not appear in the annual enrollment lists published in such year by such board, in the same form as such enrollment lists, and a list of the registered voters whose names appear in such annual enrollment lists but who have been placed in inactive status or whose registrations have been cancelled since the publication of such annual enrollment lists. Lists for all election districts in a ward or assembly district may be bound together in one volume.

2. The board of elections shall cause a list to be published for each election district over which it has jurisdiction.

3. The board of elections shall prepare such number of copies of such lists as it determines will be sufficient to meet the demand for such lists and shall send at least one copy of each such list to the state board of elections, and shall keep at least five copies for public inspection at each main office or branch of the board. Other copies shall be sold at a charge not exceeding the cost of publication.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1994, c. 85, Sec. 2; L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 30; L.1996, c. 176, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 5-604. Enrollment lists; publication of

1. The board of elections shall also cause to be published for each election district a complete list of the registered voters of each election district. Such list shall, in addition to the information required for registration lists, include the party enrollment of each voter. At least as many copies of such list shall be prepared as the required minimum number of registration lists.

Lists for all the election districts in a ward or assembly district may be bound together in one volume. The board of elections shall also cause to be published a complete list of names and residence addresses of the registered voters, including the party enrollment of each voter, for each town and city over which the board has jurisdiction. The names for each town and city may be arranged according to street and number or alphabetically. Such lists shall be published before the first day of April. The board shall keep at least five copies for public inspection at each main office or branch office of the board. Surplus copies of the lists shall be sold at a charge not exceeding the cost of publication.

2. Immediately after the publication of such lists the board shall send at least one true copy, duly certified, of each such list to the state board of elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1996, c. 176, Sec. 2; L.1996, c. 709, Sec. 1; L.2010, c. 28, Sec. 1, eff. March 30, 2010.)
Sec. 5-606. Lists; certification of

1. The board of elections shall certify to the correctness of any transcript of original registration or enrollment entries, or of any part thereof, on the payment of one cent for every twenty names contained in the transcript.

2. The board of elections shall on request give to any enrolled voter a certificate of enrollment which shall specify the name of the party with which he is enrolled, the date of enrollment and the election district in which such voter is enrolled.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 5-608. Replacement of registration and enrollment records; damaged, unusable or lost

1. If the registration or enrollment records of any voter shall be lost, mutilated, defaced or destroyed, the board of elections shall, except as provided in subdivision two hereof, require him to reregister or reenroll. Such reregistration or reenrollment shall be deemed to have taken effect as of the date of the original registration or enrollment.

2. If one or both of the registration records of the voter are still in the possession of the board of elections and it is possible therefrom to duplicate the lost or damaged record, the board of elections shall prepare a new record containing all the information required, using the original serial number, and shall paste photostatic copies of the voter's signature in each space on the new record where his signature was placed on the original record.

3. When the spaces for signature or for other entries, on a registration poll record are filled so as to render a record no longer usable, the board of elections shall prepare a second poll record. All pertinent information shall be copied from the original poll record on to the second poll record. The registration signature on the original poll record shall be photostated and pasted on the back in the space for the registration signature on the second poll record. Within the space reserved for remarks shall be imprinted "Record Continued-2nd Poll Record", or "3rd Poll Record", as appropriate.

4. The active but unusable poll record shall be kept in a special file for active continued registrations until such time as the next poll record may be cancelled, at which time the poll records are stamped "cancelled" and fastened together when placed in the cancellation file.

5. All mutilated or defaced registration records which are replaced by new records under the provisions of this section shall be stamped across the face with the words "Record Replaced", without obliterating any of the entries thereon and shall be kept on file by the board of elections.

6. If the records of an entire election district or a large segment thereof are lost, mutilated, defaced or destroyed, or are determined by the board of elections to be so inaccurate or incomplete as to be unusable, such board may, upon due notice, require re-registration of all qualified voters resident within such district. In such event, the board shall fix and determine additional days of local registration for such re-registration.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 5-610. Registration records; new election district

When an election district is created, abolished or altered in any way, the board of elections shall do all things necessary to transfer the affected registration records to conform to the new plan of election districts and shall make all necessary changes in the designation of the election district and political subdivision on the registration record of each voter affected. At least twenty days before the next election, after such new plan of election districts has been effected, the board of elections shall mail a written notice to each affected registered voter notifying him of the designation of the new political subdivision, if any, and the number of the election district to which his registration record has been transferred, and if available, the address of his polling place.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 5-612. Registration records; use by town or village clerks and for school district, improvement district and fire district elections

1. The board of elections shall, not later than the twentieth day before a special town election and not later than the seventh day before a village election conducted by the village clerk, provide a list of registered voters or shall place registration poll records in properly locked ledgers in the temporary custody of the town or village clerk for the purpose of permitting him to copy such records or to deliver such records for village election purposes to the board of inspectors of the several polling places in the election districts as provided by this chapter. The board of elections shall indicate on such list, or on a separate accompanying list, the names of those voters whose registration records have been marked "permanently disabled". The names of voters in inactive status shall appear on a separate accompanying list. Voters listed in inactive status who appear at the polls to vote shall be challenged in the manner provided by section 8-504 of this chapter.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of sections nineteen hundred six, twenty hundred fourteen and twenty-six hundred six of the education law with respect to registration of voters, any person, otherwise qualified to vote who is registered under the provisions of this article shall be entitled to vote at all school district meetings or elections without further registration.

3. Whenever a school district meeting or election is scheduled, the board of elections for the appropriate county or counties shall deliver the registration lists, indicating on such list, or on a separate accompanying list, the names of those voters whose registration record has been marked "permanently disabled", and, on a separate accompanying list, the names of voters in inactive status who shall be challenged if they appear at the polls to vote, for the appropriate election districts or those portions of the election districts encompassing the school district to the appropriate officials of such school district as soon as possible upon request of the appropriate officials, but no later than the thirty days immediately prior to the regularly scheduled school district election, provided further, that such board of elections shall deliver no later than ten days prior to each such special or regular school district election supplemental registration lists containing the names of those voters who have registered after delivery of the first registration lists and who are eligible to vote in such elections, indicating on such list or on a separate accompanying list the names of those voters whose registration record has been marked "permanently disabled".

4. Within five days of the adoption by a board of education of a resolution in accordance with subdivisions one and three of section two thousand fourteen of the education law, such board of education shall notify the appropriate board of elections of such adoption.

5. The board of education of a school district which has adopted such a resolution shall, not less than forty-five days before each regularly scheduled school district meeting or election and fourteen days before any such special meeting or election notify the board of elections of the date of such meeting or election.

6. The board of elections, upon the request of the board of commissioners of an improvement district which elects commissioners or a fire district shall, not later than the twenty-first day before each election in such district, deliver to the secretary of such district a list of persons registered to vote as of the twenty-third day before such election in the election districts contained in such district, indicating on such list the names of the voters in inactive status, or shall place the registration poll records for such election districts in properly locked ledgers in the temporary custody of such district secretary for the purpose of permitting him to copy such records. Any voter listed in inactive status who appears at the polls to vote, shall be challenged.

7. The appropriate official of each town, village, school district, improvement district or fire district which obtains a list of registered voters from the board of elections pursuant to the provisions of this section shall deliver the list containing the names of the voters in inactive status or, at the discretion of such official, a photocopy of such list to the board of elections not later than one week after the election at which the list was used with an indication of which voters listed in inactive status on such list voted at the election for which the list was prepared. If such official delivered the original list, the board of elections shall return such list to the official from whom it was received within three weeks thereafter.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 12; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 41; L.1981, c. 117, Sec. 2; L.1982, c. 702, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 58, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 202, Sec.Sec. 3, 4; L.1985, c. 400, Sec.Sec. 5, 6; L.1988, c. 396, Sec. 1; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 14; L.1990, c. 67, Sec. 2; L.1992, c. 217, Sec. 1; L.1996, c. 200, Sec.Sec. 14, 15.)
Sec. 5-614. Statewide voter registration list

1. There shall be one official record of the registration of each voter. Such record shall be maintained in an interactive, statewide, computerized, voter registration list. Such statewide voter registration list shall constitute the official list of voters for the state of New York. Such list shall be in the custody of the state board of elections and administered and maintained by the state board of elections, subject to rules and regulations promulgated by the state board of elections in accordance with subdivision four of section 3-100 of this chapter. Local boards of elections shall comply with all the rules and regulations promulgated by the state board of elections pursuant to this section.

2. The official statewide voter registration list shall be created by combining the existing voter registration list maintained by each local board of elections into a single integrated list. The state board of elections, pursuant to subdivision four of section 3-100 of this chapter, shall promulgate rules and regulations, which shall be binding upon each local board of elections, concerning the combining of each existing voter registration list into a single integrated list. Such rules and regulations shall be designed, to the maximum extent practicable, to allow each local board of elections to continue to use its existing computer infrastructure, computer software and database applications to access data from and transmit data to the statewide voter registration list. To create such list, each local board of elections shall transmit to the state board of elections a certified copy of the voter registration records of such board in an electronic format prescribed by the state board of elections. The state board of elections shall on an ongoing basis compile such records from the local boards of elections into a statewide voter registration list. The computer infrastructure of such list shall be maintained and administered by the state board of elections and such board shall, in accordance with subdivision four of section 3-100 of this chapter, promulgate uniform rules and regulations for the maintenance of voter registration records not inconsistent with this chapter. The state board of elections shall make accessible to each local board of elections the statewide voter registration list. Such list shall be maintained in a computerized form which permits different user interfaces.

3. The statewide voter registration list shall:

a. serve as the single system for storing and managing the official list of registered voters throughout the state which local boards of elections shall use for creating the computer generated registration list prepared for each election for each election district as provided by this chapter;

b. contain the name and registration information of every legally registered voter in the state, as provided by section 5-500 of this article and such other information as may be deemed necessary by the state board of elections in accordance with subdivision four of section 3-100 of this chapter;

c. contain a unique identifier for each legally registered voter in the state;

d. be coordinated and referenced with other state and federal identification records;

e. provide timely electronic access to the information contained therein to election officials;

f. provide that all voter registration information obtained by a local board of elections shall be electronically entered into such list on an expedited basis at the time the information is provided to such board;

g. ensure that the state board of elections provides such support as may be required so that local boards of elections are able to enter the information described in paragraph f of this subdivision;

h. serve as the official voter registration list for the conduct of all elections in the state which are administered by local boards of elections; and

i. allow local boards of elections, using their own systems, to perform essential election functions including but not limited to processing of absentee voters, administration of poll workers and polling places, assignment of election jurisdictions based on residence and address and other functions necessary for the conduct of elections using voter registration information from the official statewide voter registration list.

4. Adding, changing, canceling or removing voter registration records shall be conducted only by local boards of elections as provided by this chapter.

5. For purposes of removing names of ineligible voters from the list of eligible voters, the state board of elections shall obtain and transmit to local boards of elections (a) the list of persons who have died maintained by the New York city department of health and the state department of health, and (b) the list of persons subject to forfeiture of the right to vote pursuant to section 5-106 of this article maintained by the office of court administration or by a court having made such determination.

6. Each local board of elections shall, within twenty-five days after receiving such list of decedents or list of persons subject to forfeiture of the right to vote pursuant to section 5-106 of this article, use such lists to identify and remove decedents and persons subject to forfeiture of the right to vote pursuant to section 5-106 of this article from the list of eligible voters.

7. The local board of elections shall electronically file with the state board of elections a cancellation and removal report indicating all cancellations and removal actions taken by the local board of elections from the list of eligible voters. Such report shall be filed in a format and at such intervals as directed by the state board of elections.

8. If the information received by the board of elections through the statewide voter registration list indicates that a voter is currently registered to vote more than once, the local board of elections containing the registration record of the earlier dated registration record shall send such voter the confirmation notice prescribed by section 5-712 of this article and place such voter in inactive status pursuant to section 5-213 of this article.

9. The state board of elections shall, in accordance with subdivision four of section 3-100 of this chapter, promulgate rules and regulations to ensure compliance with the adding, changing, canceling or removing of voters from the single, official, statewide voter registration list.

10. Any person may bring a challenge pursuant to this chapter against any board of elections to compel the removal of an ineligible voter from the list of eligible voters or to compel the correction of a registration record in the case of a voter wrongfully canceled or removed from the statewide, single, official voter registration list.

11. The state board of elections shall establish a statewide voter hotline using information available through the statewide voter registration list for voters to obtain information regarding their voter registration.

12. a. The state board of elections, in consultation with local boards of elections and in accordance with subdivision four of section 3-100 of this chapter, shall establish minimum standards for statewide voter registration list maintenance activities and schedules for such activities by regulation.

b. The list maintenance performed pursuant to the minimum standards required by paragraph a of this subdivision shall be conducted in a manner consistent with this chapter to ensure that:

(1) the name of each registered voter appears in the statewide voter registration list;

(2) only names of persons who are not registered or who are not eligible to vote are removed from such list; and

(3) the prior registrations of duplicate names are removed from such list.

13. The state board of elections shall provide adequate technological security measures to prevent the unauthorized access to or disruption of the statewide voter registration list established pursuant to this section and any voter registration records electronically transmitted between local boards of elections and the state board of elections as provided for in subdivision two of this section. A copy of such list shall be stored at least twenty-five miles away from the place where the original is housed.

14. The statewide voter registration list system shall ensure that voter registration records in the state are accurate and are updated regularly, including a system of file maintenance that makes a reasonable effort to remove registrants who are ineligible to vote from the official list of eligible voters, as provided for by this chapter.

(Added L.2005, c. 24, Sec. 1, eff. May 3, 2005.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 5 REGISTRATION AND ENROLLMENT OF VOTERS

TITLE VII CHECKS AGAINST FRAUDULENT PRACTICES

Sec. 5-700. Checks on registration

The board of elections shall permit only those persons to register or to remain registered who have the qualifications prescribed by this article.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 5-702. Voters' check cards; investigation

1. The board of elections shall cause a bipartisan team of regular or special employees of such board to conduct an investigation of the qualifications to register and vote, or cause a voter's check card to be prepared for each voter who was registered after being challenged or who was challenged after registration and, if requested by any member of the board, for any other voter. The board shall forthwith deliver each such voter's check card to the head of the police department in the city, town or village in which the voter resides, or, if there be no such police department, to the sheriff or head of the police department of the county. The board shall make and retain an inventory list of all cards so delivered.

2. The head of the police department or sheriff, forthwith shall cause an investigation to be made to determine, in each instance, whether the registrant resides, and how long he has resided, at the address at which he claims a residence, and to check the facts relating to why the voter was challenged. Such investigation shall be completed within five days after receipt of such check cards. Each check card shall be signed with the title or rank, badge number, if any, and signature of the police officer, sheriff or deputy making the investigation, who shall note above such signature whether he personally interviewed the registrant and, if not, the full name of at least one other person whom he personally interviewed at the registrant's claimed residence or place of employment; the place, date and hour of such interview; the family relationship, if any, between the registrant and the person interviewed; and any reason he may have to believe that the registrant does not reside at the address given or does not possess the qualifications prescribed by this chapter for eligibility for registration. If he is satisfied that the registrant resides at such address and does possess such qualifications he shall write the word "valid" above his signature. If the officer charged with or actually making such investigation knows of his personal knowledge that the registrant is a qualified voter in the election district in which such registrant claims a residence, he may, without further investigation, endorse on such check card, above his title or rank, badge number, if any, and signature, the words "Valid; Personal knowledge." Such endorsement shall be considered for all purposes as a statement under oath by such officer that the registrant is qualified to vote from the residence claimed.

3. No later than the sixth day after receipt of such check cards from the board of elections the head of the police department or sheriff shall return them, in sealed wrappers and in each instance endorsed as required by subdivision two of this section, to the board of elections. Each wrapper shall contain all of the check cards for a single election district, alphabetically arranged in two groups. The first group shall contain all the check cards marked "Valid" or "Valid: Personal knowledge." The second group shall contain the remainder of such check cards. On the face of the wrapper such forwarding officer shall cause to be noted his name and the title of his office, the city, town or village, assembly district or ward, if any, and the election district of the cards in the wrapper, the total number of check cards marked "Valid" and "Valid; Personal knowledge", the number of other check cards, and the total of all check cards contained in such wrapper. With each such wrapper the forwarding officer shall present to the board of elections a receipt, containing the information required to be stated on such wrapper. The original of such receipt shall be retained by the forwarding officer. The duplicate of such receipt shall be filed in the board of elections.

4. The board of elections forthwith shall compare such check cards for each election district with the inventory list prepared as directed by subdivision one of this section, the certificates executed by the registration board, the challenge affidavits executed in such district and returned to the board of elections and the registration cards of all applicants for whom check cards were executed and shall investigate any discrepancies.

5. The board of elections shall file all such check cards which are marked "Valid" or "Valid: Personal knowledge" in a separate file maintained by it for such purpose. Within such file, all cards shall be arranged by election districts and alphabetically within such districts.

6. The board of elections shall likewise file all such check cards which are not marked "Valid" or "Valid: Personal knowledge" in a separate file or ledgers maintained by it for such purpose.

6-a. Repealed.

7. If it appears from the check card that the registrant does not reside at the address from which he is registered, the board shall proceed in the manner prescribed by section 5-402 of this article.

8. Whenever it appears to the satisfaction of a board of elections that any voter or witness has made a false statement, whether or not under oath, affecting his qualifications to be registered or has given false testimony at any hearing affecting such registration, such board forthwith shall forward such statement or testimony to the district attorney and the district attorney forthwith shall present the matter to the grand jury.

9. Check cards. The state board of election shall prescribe a form of registration check card for use pursuant to this article.

10. Redesignated 9.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1981, c. 74, Sec. 3; L.1986, 339, Sec.Sec. 1, 2; L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 31.)
Sec. 5-704. Notification to jurisdiction of prior registration

1. Each board of elections shall, at least once a month, transmit to the appropriate boards of election, a list of all persons who have registered with such board of elections and stated that they were previously registered outside of the city or county of such board's jurisdiction. Such list shall include the name of the registrant, the name of the prior registration if different, the address of the prior registration including street address, city or town, county and state and the date of birth of the registrant. Such information with respect to those persons whose address of previous registration is outside the state, shall be sent to the state board of elections.

2. The state board shall arrange such list by state and transmit such list to the chief state election official of such state at such times and in such manner as it deems appropriate.

(Added L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 33.)
[ Sec. 5-706. Repealed. L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 32, eff. Jan. 1, 1996]

Sec. 5-708. Change of voter status; reports of

1. It shall be the duty of the state health department and the department of health of the city of New York to deliver to the state board of elections, at least monthly, records, in a format as mutually determined by both agencies, of the names of all persons of voting age for whom death certificates were issued. Such records shall be arranged by county of residence and shall include the name, residence address and birth date of each such person.

2. It shall be the duty of every court having jurisdiction over such matters, or the office of court administration, to transmit to the appropriate board of elections or, in the discretion of the office of court administration, to the state board of elections, at least quarterly, the names, residence addresses and birthdates of all persons for whom convictions or revocations of probation or conditional discharge result in loss of voting privileges pursuant to the provisions of section 5-106 of this article. Such transmittals shall be in a format as mutually determined by such agencies and the state board of elections.

3. It shall be the duty of every court having jurisdiction over such matters or the office of court administration to transmit to the appropriate board of elections or, in the discretion of the office of court administration, to the state board of elections, at least quarterly, of the name, residence address and birthdate of any person of voting age who has been adjudicated as incompetent.

4. a. If a board of elections receives any notices pursuant to the provisions of subdivisions two and three of this section which set forth a residence address outside of the city or county of such board's jurisdiction, it shall, at least once a month, transmit such notices to the appropriate board of elections, or, if such address is outside the state, to the state board of elections.

b. The state board shall arrange such notices and the names received pursuant to the other provisions of this section by county of residence and transmit such notices and any notices of conviction for a felony received from a United States attorney to the appropriate board of elections.

c. If any such notices, or names received pursuant to the other provisions of this section, set forth a residence address outside New York state, the state board shall transmit such notices to the chief state election official of such state at such times and in such manner as it deems appropriate.

5. a. At least once each year during the month of May, each board of elections shall obtain through the National Change of Address System, the forwarding address for every voter registered with such board of elections for whom the United States Postal Service has such a forwarding address together with the name of each such voter whom the Postal Service records indicate has moved from the address at which he is registered without leaving a forwarding address.

b. The state board of elections shall obtain such information for those boards of elections which request it do so. Such a request must be made not later than April first. Each board which makes such a request shall supply the list of voters registered with such board in a format prescribed by the state board. Each such board shall reimburse the state board for the fees it disburses to obtain such information if such fee exceeds two hundred fifty dollars.

c. If the information received through the National Change of Address System indicates that a voter has moved to an address outside such county or city, or has moved without leaving a forwarding address, the board of elections shall, not later than June first, send such voter the confirmation notice prescribed by section 5-712 of this title and place such voter in inactive status pursuant to section 5-213 of this article.

d. If the information received through the National Change of Address System indicates that a voter has moved to another address in such county or city, the board of elections shall transfer the registration of such voter to such new address pursuant to the provisions of section 5-208 of this article and send such voter the notice prescribed by such section 5-208.

6. It shall be the duty of the appropriate officers of a city, town or village to notify the appropriate board of elections of any action by such city, town or village which shall affect or change the name or street numbers of any street located within such city, town or village. Upon receipt of such information the board of elections shall make the necessary changes in the addresses of the voters registered from addresses wherein such change of street name or street numbers was effected.

7. The real property assessment bureau of the department of finance of the city of New York shall notify the board of elections in the city of New York of each residence which, because of abandonment, demolition or vacancy, no longer contains a potential voter.

8. Repealed. L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 36, eff. Jan. 1, 1995

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1984, c. 253, Sec. 1; L.1990, c. 416, Sec. 1; L.1991, c. 413, Sec.Sec. 73, 74; L.1994, c. 659, Sec.Sec. 35 to 38; L.1996, c. 200, Sec.Sec. 16, 17; L.2002, c. 476, Sec. 1, eff. Dec. 1, 2002.)
Sec. 5-710. Check of registrants; personal

1. A special door to door check of all the registered voters in any or all of the election districts including election districts previously checked shall be conducted in any year upon the written filed request of any one member of the board of elections. The board of elections shall employ a sufficient number of employees for the purpose of conducting such checks.

2. The board shall supply such employees with copies of the most recent registration list prepared for such election district under check as corrected by the board to reflect new registrations and cancellations occurring since the publication thereof. Such check shall be performed by two employees of the board representing the major political parties and they shall submit to the board of elections on or before a date fixed by the board, a report signed by each of them. Such signed report shall be accepted for all purposes as the equivalent of an affidavit, and if it contains any material false statement, shall subject the persons who sign the report to the same penalties as if each had been duly sworn and such provision shall be printed in bold type directly above the signature lines on such report. At the end of the ensuing period of local registration in such years, the board of elections shall forthwith prepare a supplementary list of all voters registered for the first time during such period of local registration in the election districts so canvassed and shall direct the conduct of a similar check of all such voters.

3. Whenever it appears from the report that a registered voter is no longer qualified the board shall proceed in the manner prescribed by section 5-402 of this article.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 34.)
Sec. 5-712. Confirmation notices

1. The board of elections shall send a confirmation notice by forwardable first class or return postage guaranteed mail to every registered voter or applicant for registration, at the address at which the voter is registered or the address on the application for registration, when any mail sent to such voter or applicant is returned as undeliverable by the postal service without any indication of a forwarding address and to any voter for whom notice that the voter has moved without leaving a forwarding address, is received from the United States Postal Service through the National Change of Address System.

2. (a) The board of elections shall also send a confirmation notice to every registered voter for whom it receives a notice of change of address to an address not in such city or county which is not signed by the voter. Such change of address notices shall include, but not be limited to, notices of change of address received pursuant to subdivision eleven of section 5-211 and subdivision six of section 5-212 of this article, notice of change of address from the United States Postal Service through the National Change of Address System or from any other agency of the federal government or any agency of any state or local government and notice of a forwarding address on mail sent to a voter by the board of elections and returned by the postal service. Such confirmation notices shall be sent to such new address.

(b) If a notice sent pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subdivision to the voter at the new address is returned as undeliverable, the board of elections shall send another such notice to the address at which the voter was originally registered.

3. Such notices shall be in a form prescribed by the state board of elections and shall include a postage-paid return card on which the voter may confirm the fact that he still resides at the address to which the notice was sent, or notify the board of any change of address. Such notices shall request all voters who receive the notice to reply with their current addresses. Such notices shall request all voters who receive the notice to reply with their current addresses and shall state that voters who have not moved or who have moved within the county or city and who do not respond may be required to vote by affidavit ballot and that if they do not vote in any election up to and including the second federal election after such notice, their registrations may be cancelled. Such notices sent to addresses in New York state shall also include a mail registration form and information on how voters who have moved to a different city or county may reregister.

4. No such confirmation notices shall be sent between June first in any year and the date of the general election in such year or in the ninety days before a spring primary election except that such notices shall be sent forthwith to persons for whom an acknowledgment of acceptance of registration sent pursuant to subdivision nine of section 5-210 of this article is returned to the board of elections as undeliverable and to every registered voter for whom the board of elections receives a notice of change of address described in paragraph a of subdivision two of this section to an address not in such city or county.

5. All voters or applicants to whom a confirmation notice is sent, pursuant to the provisions of this section, shall forthwith be placed in inactive status.

(Added L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 41. Amended L.1996, c. 200, Sec. 18.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 6 DESIGNATION AND NOMINATION OF CANDIDATES

Sec. 6-100. Nominations and designations; generally

Nomination and designation of candidates for election to public office or party position are governed by this article.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 6-102. Party nominations; electors, presidential

Party nominations of candidates for the office of elector of president and vice president of the United States, one for each congressional district and two at large, shall be made by the state committee.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 6-104. Party designation; statewide office

1. Party designation of a candidate for nomination for any office to be filled by the voters of the entire state shall be made by the state committee.

2. The state committee shall make a decision by majority vote. The person receiving the majority vote shall be the party's designated candidate for nomination, and all other persons who shall have received twenty-five percent or more of the vote cast on any ballot shall have the right to make written demand, duly acknowledged, to the state board of elections that their names appear on the primary ballot as candidates for such nomination. Such demand shall be made not later than seven days after such meeting and may be withdrawn in the same manner within fourteen days after such meeting.

3. In the absence of a party rule forming and designating the members of a committee to fill any vacancy in designations which may occur after the state committee has adjourned its meeting and before the primary election, the state committee shall also enact a resolution forming such a committee and selecting the members of same.

4. Upon the vote for such designation, each member of the state committee shall be entitled to cast a number of votes which shall be in accordance with the ratio which the number of votes cast for the party candidate for governor on the line or column of the party at the last preceding general state election in the unit of representation of such member bears to the total vote cast on such line or column at such election for such candidate in the entire state. The apportionment of such votes as so prescribed shall be determined by the rules of the party.

5. Enrolled members of the party may make other designations by petition for a member of the same party.

6. The meeting of the state committee for the purpose of designating candidates shall be held not earlier than twenty-one days before the first day to sign designating petitions and not later than the first day to sign designating petitions for the primary election.

7. Within four days after such meeting, the state committee shall file with the state board of elections.

(a) The names of persons who have received the designation of the state committee and the offices for which designated, and the name of each person who received twenty-five percent or more, of the vote on any ballot and the offices for which they received such vote.

(b) The names of the persons selected as the committee to fill vacancies or a certified copy of the party rule forming and empowering such a committee to fill vacancies.

8. No person may be designated by a state committee for more than one statewide office pursuant to the provisions of this section.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 13; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 42; L.1984, c. 434, Sec. 5; L.1988, c. 16, Sec. 2; L.1992, c. 79, Sec. 9.)
Sec. 6-106. Party nominations; justice of the supreme court

Party nominations for the office of justice of the supreme court shall be made by the judicial district convention.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 6-108. Party nominations; towns

1. In any town in a county having a population of over seven hundred fifty thousand inhabitants, as shown by the latest federal decennial or special population census, party nominations of candidates for town offices shall be made at the primary preceding the election. In any other town, nominations of candidates for town offices shall be made by caucus or primary election as the rules of the county committee shall provide, except that the members of the county committee from a town may adopt by a two-thirds vote, a rule providing that the party candidates for town offices shall be nominated at the primary election. If a rule adopted by the county committee of a political party or by the members of the county committee from a town, provides that party candidates for town offices, shall be nominated at a primary election, such rule shall not apply to nor affect a primary held less than four months after a certified copy of the rule shall have been filed with the board of elections. After the filing of such a rule, the rule shall continue in force until a certified copy of a rule revoking the same shall have been filed with such board at least four months before a subsequent primary. Such a caucus shall be held no earlier than the first day on which designating petitions for the fall primary election may be signed.

2. In the event that there is no town committee with a chairman, the chairman of the county committee or such other person or body as the rules of such committee may provide, shall designate an enrolled member of the party who is a qualified voter of such town as the town caucus chairman to convene such caucus and give notice thereof.

3. A notice of any party caucus held for making party nominations of candidates for town offices shall be given by proper party authorities by posting such notice in the public areas at the offices of the town clerk and the board of elections and filing a copy of such notice with such clerk and such board at least ten days preceding the day of the caucus and, either by newspaper publication thereof once within the town at least one week and not more than two weeks preceding the caucus, or by posting in ten public places in the town at least ten days preceding the day of the caucus. The notice shall specify the time and place or places, and the purpose of the caucus. There shall be a chairman and secretary, and there may be tellers, for each such caucus, and they shall take the constitutional oath of office before acting. No person shall participate in such a caucus for the nomination of candidates for town offices, unless he shall appear as an enrolled party voter on the transcript of enrollments from the registration poll ledger. Town caucuses described in this section shall be held at the expense of the party. Subject to the foregoing provisions, the county committee of the county containing a town may prescribe rules governing the conduct of party caucuses described in this section.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1982, c. 352, Sec.Sec. 1, 2; L.1984, c. 189, Sec. 1; L.1985, c. 114, Sec. 1; L.1996, c. 160, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 6-110. Party nominations; public office

All other party nominations of candidates for offices to be filled at a general election, except as provided for herein, shall be made at the primary election.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 43.)
[ Sec. 6-112. Repealed. L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 44, eff. Mar. 7, 1978]

Sec. 6-114. Party nominations; special election

Party nominations for an office to be filled at a special election shall be made in the manner prescribed by the rules of the party.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 6-116. Party nominations; election to fill a vacancy

A party nomination of a candidate for election to fill a vacancy in an elective office required to be filled at the next general election, occurring after seven days before the last day for circulating designating petitions or after the holding of the meeting or convention to nominate or designate candidates for such, shall be made, after the day of the primary election, by a majority vote of a quorum of the state committee if the vacancy occurs in an office to be filled by all voters of the state, and otherwise by a majority vote of a quorum of the members of a county committee or committees last elected in the political subdivision in which such vacancy is to be filled, or by a majority of such other committee as the rules of the party may provide. A certificate of nomination shall be filed as provided for herein.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 53.)
Sec. 6-118. Designation and nomination by petition

Except as otherwise provided by this article, the designation of a candidate for party nomination at a primary election and the nomination of a candidate for election to a party position to be elected at a primary election shall be by designating petition.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 45.)
Sec. 6-120. Designation and nomination; restrictions

1. A petition, except as otherwise herein provided, for the purpose of designating any person as a candidate for party nomination at a primary election shall be valid only if the person so designated is an enrolled member of the party referred to in said designating petition at the time of the filing of the petition.

2. Except as provided in subdivisions three and four of this section, no party designation or nomination shall be valid unless the person so designated or nominated shall be an enrolled member of the political party referred to in the certificate of designation or nomination at the time of filing of such certificate.

3. The members of the party committee representing the political subdivision of the office for which a designation or nomination is to be made, unless the rules of the party provide for another committee, in which case the members of such other committee, and except as hereinafter in this subdivision provided with respect to certain offices in the city of New York, may, by a majority vote of those present at such meeting provided a quorum is present, authorize the designation or nomination of a person as candidate for any office who is not enrolled as a member of such party as provided in this section. In the event that such designation or nomination is for an office to be filled by all the voters of the city of New York, such authorization must be by a majority vote of those present at a joint meeting of the executive committees of each of the county committees of the party within the city of New York, provided a quorum is present at such meeting. The certificate of authorization shall be filed not later than four days after the last day to file the designating petition, certificate of nomination or certificate of substitution to which such authorization relates. The certificate of authorization shall be signed and acknowledged by the presiding officer and the secretary of the meeting at which such authorization was given.

4. This section shall not apply to a political party designating or nominating candidates for the first time, to candidates nominated by party caucus, nor to candidates for judicial offices.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 26; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 54; L.1982, c. 226, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 6-122. Designation or nomination; eligibility, restrictions

A person shall not be designated or nominated for a public office or party position who (1) is not a citizen of the state of New York; (2) is ineligible to be elected to such office or position; or (3) who, if elected will not at the time of commencement of the term of such office or position, meet the constitutional or statutory qualifications thereof or, with respect to judicial office, who will not meet such qualifications within thirty days of the commencement of the term of such office.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 55; L.1993, c. 511, Sec. 9.)
Sec. 6-124. Conventions; judicial

A judicial district convention shall be constituted by the election at the preceding primary of delegates and alternate delegates, if any, from each assembly district or, if an assembly district shall contain all or part of two or more counties and if the rules of the party shall so provide, separately from the part of such assembly district contained within each such county. The number of delegates and alternates, if any, shall be determined by party rules, but the number of delegates shall be substantially in accordance with the ratio, which the number of votes cast for the party candidate for the office of governor, on the line or column of the party at the last preceding election for such office, in any unit of representation, bears to the total vote cast at such election for such candidate on such line or column in the entire state. The number of alternates from any district shall not exceed the number of delegates therefrom. The delegates certified to have been elected as such, in the manner provided in this chapter, shall be conclusively entitled to their seats, rights and votes as delegates to such convention. When a duly elected delegate does not attend the convention, his place shall be taken by one of the alternates, if any, to be substituted in his place, in the order of the vote received by each such alternate as such vote appears upon the certified list and if an equal number of votes were cast for two or more such alternates; the order in which such alternates shall be substituted shall be determined by lot forthwith upon the convening of the convention. If there shall have been no contested election for alternate, substitution shall be in the order in which the name of such alternate appears upon the certified list, and if no alternates shall have been elected or if no alternates appear at such convention, then the delegates present from the same district shall elect a person to fill the vacancy.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1977, c. 876, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 6-126. Conventions; rules for holding

1. The time and place of meeting of a convention shall be fixed, within the times prescribed herein, by a committee appointed pursuant to the rules of the state committee. The room designated for the meeting place of a convention shall have ample seating capacity for all delegates and alternates. Every convention shall be called to order by the chairman of the committee from which the call originates or by a person designated in writing for that purpose by such chairman, or, if he fails to make such designation, then, by a person designated in such manner as the rules of the party shall prescribe. Such chairman or person designated shall have the custody of the roll of the convention until it shall have been organized. No such convention shall proceed to the election of a temporary chairman or transact any business until the time fixed for the opening thereof nor until a majority of the delegates or respective alternates named in the official roll shall be present. The roll call upon the election of a temporary chairman shall not be delayed more than one hour after the time specified in the call for the opening of the convention, provided a majority of delegates, including alternates sufficient to make up such majority by substitution, are present. The person who calls the convention to order shall exercise no other function than that of calling the official roll of the delegates upon the vote for temporary chairman and declaring the result thereof.

2. The temporary chairman shall be chosen upon a call of the official roll. The committees of the convention shall be appointed by the convention, or by the temporary chairman, as the convention may order. Where only one candidate is placed in nomination for any office, the vote may be taken viva voce. When more than one candidate is placed in nomination for an office the roll of the delegates shall be called and each delegate when his name is called shall arise in his place and announce his choice, except that the chairman of a delegation from any unit of representation provided for by party rules, unless a member of such delegation objects, may announce the vote of such delegation. The convention may appoint a committee to nominate candidates to fill vacancies in nominations made by the convention and caused by the death, declination or disqualification of a candidate. The permanent officer shall keep the records of the convention.

3. Repealed.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1983, c. 29, Sec. 1; L.1986, c. 378, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 6-128. New party; first nominations by

1. When an independent body becomes a party at a general election by qualifying under the requirements set by law, nominations shall, prior to and including the first general election thereafter, be made as provided by the rules of such party. A certificate of such nominations shall contain:

(a) The name of the party filing the nominations.

(b) The title of the office for which the nomination is made and the name and residence address of the person so nominated.

(c) The names of the members of the committee, if any, appointed to fill vacancies in nominations.

(d) A description and representation of the party's emblem.

(e) The name of the committee making the nomination.

(f) A certified copy of the party rules describing the rule-making body and nomination process.

(g) An affidavit containing a statement by the presiding officer and secretary of the committee that they are such officers and the statements in the certificate are true.

2. The certificate of nomination, with all required information contained therein, shall be filed in the same places and manner as provided for designating petitions, not later than seven weeks preceding the general election, or as otherwise provided herein.

3. After examination, no board or officer shall receive for filing any such certificate of nomination unless the above requirements have been fulfilled.

4. If there is any question or conflict relating to the rules or the rule-making body, rules which a majority of the candidates of such party who were nominated by petition for offices voted for by all the voters of the state at the general election at which the independent body became a party certify were duly adopted by a properly authorized body shall be deemed to be the rules. The certificate of such candidates describing the rule-making body shall be controlling.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 6-130. Designating petition; signer information

The sheets of a designating petition must set forth in every instance the name of the signer, his or her residence address, town or city (except in the city of New York, the county), and the date when the signature is affixed.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 56; L.1996, c. 709, Sec. 1-a.)
Sec. 6-132. Designating petition; form

1. Each sheet of a designating petition shall be signed in ink and shall contain the following information and shall be in substantially the following form:

I, the undersigned, do hereby state that I am a duly enrolled voter of the ______ party and entitled to vote at the next primary election of such party, to be held on ______ , 20 ______ ; that my place of residence is truly stated opposite my signature hereto, and I do hereby designate the following named person (or persons) as a candidate (or candidates) for the nomination of such party for public office or for election to a party position of such party.

Names of Candidates Public Office or party position Place of Residence (also post office address, if not identical)
.......... .......... ..........
.......... .......... ..........

I do hereby appoint ______ (insert the names and addresses of at least three persons, all of whom shall be enrolled voters of said party) as a committee to fill vacancies in accordance with the provisions of the election law.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, the day and year placed opposite my signature.

DateName of SignerResidence
.......... .......... ..........
.......... .......... ..........
Town or city (except in the city of New York, the county)

2. There shall be appended at the bottom of each sheet a signed statement of a witness who is a duly qualified voter of the state and an enrolled voter of the same political party as the voters qualified to sign the petition, and who is also a resident of the political subdivision in which the office or position is to be voted for. However, in the case of a petition for election to the party position of member of the county committee, residence in the same county shall be sufficient. Such a statement shall be accepted for all purposes as the equivalent of an affidavit, and if it contains a material false statement, shall subject the person signing it to the same penalties as if he or she had been duly sworn. The form of such statement shall be substantially as follows:

STATEMENT OF WITNESS

I, ______ (name of witness) state: I am a duly qualified voter of the State of New York and am an enrolled voter of the ______ party. I now reside at ______ (residence address).

Each of the individuals whose names are subscribed to this petition sheet containing ______ (fill in number) signatures, subscribed the same in my presence on the dates above indicated and identified himself or herself to be the individual who signed this sheet.

I understand that this statement will be accepted for all purposes as the equivalent of an affidavit and, if it contains a material false statement, shall subject me to the same penalties as if I had been duly sworn.

Date: ............. .............
Signature of Witness

Witness identification information: The following information must be completed prior to filing with the board of elections in order for this petition sheet to be valid.

Town or City County
............. .............

3. In lieu of the signed statement of a witness who is a duly qualified voter of the state qualified to sign the petition, the following statement signed by a notary public or commissioner of deeds shall be accepted:

On the dates above indicated before me personally came each of the voters whose signatures appear on this petition sheet containing ............. (fill in number) signatures, who signed same in my presence and who, being by me duly sworn, each for himself or herself, said that the foregoing statement made and subscribed by him or her, was true.

Date: ............. .............
(Signature and official title of officer administering oath)

4. The state board of elections shall prepare a sample form of a designating petition which meets the requirements of this section and shall distribute or cause such forms to be distributed to each board of elections. Such forms shall be made available to the public, upon request, by the state board of elections and each such board. Any petition that is a copy of such a sample shall be deemed to meet the requirements of form imposed by this section.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 27; L.1977, c. 459, Sec. 1; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 46; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 57; L.1992, c. 79, Sec.Sec. 10, 11; L.1995, c. 476, Sec. 1; L.1996, c. 197, Sec. 1; L.1996, c. 709, Sec. 2; L.2000, c. 235, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 16, 2000; L.2006, c. 447, Sec. 1, eff. Dec. 1, 2006.)
Sec. 6-134. Designating petition; rules

1. A designating petition may designate candidates for nomination for one or more different public offices or for nomination for election to one or more party positions or both, but designations or nominations for which the petitions are required to be filed in different offices or petitions for the same public office or party position in different political subdivisions may not be combined in the same petition. If two or more offices having the same title are to be filled for different terms, the terms of office shall be included as part of the title of the office.

2. Sheets of a designating petition shall be delivered to the board of elections in the manner prescribed by regulations that shall be promulgated by the state board of elections, provided, however, that the sheets of any volume of a petition shall be numbered. Such regulations shall be no more restrictive than is reasonably necessary for the processing of such petitions by the board of elections. Such regulations shall be binding on the boards of election in each county and in the city of New York. When a determination is made that a designating petition does not comply with such regulations, the candidate shall have three business days from the date of such determination to cure the violation.

3. If a voter shall sign any petition or petitions designating a greater number of candidates for public office or party position than the number of persons to be elected thereto his signatures, if they bear the same date, shall not be counted upon any petition, and if they bear different dates shall be counted in the order of their priority of date, for only so many designees as there are persons to be elected.

4. A signature made earlier than thirty-seven days before the last day to file designating petitions for the primary election shall not be counted.

5. The use of titles, initials or customary abbreviations of given names by the signers of, or witnesses to, designating petitions or the use of customary abbreviations of addresses of such signers or witnesses, shall not invalidate such signatures or witness statement provided that the identity of the signer or witness as a registered voter can be established by reference to the signature on the petition and that of a person whose name appears in the registration poll ledgers.

6. An alteration or correction of information appearing on a signature line, other than the signature itself and the date, shall not invalidate such signature.

7. A signer need only place his signature upon the petition, and need not himself fill in the other required information.

8. Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the failure to list a committee to fill vacancies or the failure to list at least three eligible voters as a committee to fill vacancies shall not invalidate the petition unless a vacancy occurs which, under law, may be filled only by such a committee.

9. A person other than the subscribing witness may insert the information required by the subscribing witness statement, provided that all subscribing witness information required above the subscribing witness' signature is inserted either before such subscribing witness signs the statement or in the presence of such subscribing witness.

10. The provisions of this section shall be liberally construed, not inconsistent with substantial compliance thereto and the prevention of fraud.

11. If the number of signatures on any petition sheet is understated in the witness statement, such petition sheet shall not be invalid solely because of such understatement, but such petition sheet will be deemed to contain the number of signatures indicated on such witness statement and the signatures at the end of such petition sheet that are in excess of the number so indicated shall be deemed not to have been filed.

12. A signature on a petition sheet shall not be deemed invalid solely because the address provided is the post office address of the signer provided that proof that such address is the accepted address of such signer is provided to the board of elections no later than three days following the receipt of specific objections to such signature.

13. In addition to the requirement for the signature, the printed name of the signer may be added, provided that the failure to provide a place to print the name or failure to print a name if a space is provided shall not invalidate the signature or petition.

(Added L.1996, c. 709, Sec. 3. Amended L.2009, c. 71, Sec. 1, eff. June 24, 2009.)
Sec. 6-136. Designating petitions; number of signatures

1. Petitions for any office to be filled by the voters of the entire state must be signed by not less than fifteen thousand or five per centum, whichever is less, of the then enrolled voters of the party in the state (excluding voters in inactive status), of whom not less than one hundred or five per centum, whichever is less, of such enrolled voters shall reside in each of one-half of the congressional districts of the state.

2. All other petitions must be signed by not less than five per centum, as determined by the preceding enrollment, of the then enrolled voters of the party residing within the political unit in which the office or position is to be voted for (excluding voters in inactive status), provided, however, that for the following public offices the number of signatures need not exceed the following limits:

(a) For any office to be filled by all voters of the city of New York, seven thousand five hundred signatures;

(b) For any office to be filled by all the voters of any county or borough within the city of New York, four thousand signatures;

(c) For any office to be filled in the city of New York by all the voters of any municipal court district, one thousand five hundred signatures;

(c-1) For any office to be filled in the city of New York by all the voters of any city council district, nine hundred signatures;

(d) For any office to be filled by all the voters of cities or counties, except the city of New York and counties therein, containing more than two hundred fifty thousand inhabitants according to the last preceding federal enumeration, two thousand signatures;

(e) For any office to be filled by all the voters of cities or counties containing more than twenty-five thousand and not more than two hundred fifty thousand inhabitants, according to the last preceding federal enumeration, one thousand signatures;

(f) For any office to be filled by all the voters of any other city or county, or of a councilmanic district in any city other than the city of New York, five hundred signatures;

(g) For any office to be filled by all the voters of any congressional district, twelve hundred fifty signatures;

(h) For any office to be filled by all the voters of any state senatorial district, one thousand signatures;

(i) For any office to be filled by all voters of any assembly district, five hundred signatures;

(j) For any office to be filled by all the voters of any political subdivision, except as herein otherwise provided, contained within another political subdivision, not to exceed the number of signatures required for the larger subdivision;

(k) For any other office to be filled by the voters of a political subdivision containing more than one assembly district, county or other political subdivision, not to exceed the aggregate of the signatures required for the subdivisions or parts of subdivisions so contained; and

(l) For any county legislative district, five hundred signatures.

3. The number of signatures on a petition to designate a candidate or candidates for the position of delegate or alternate to a state or judicial district convention or member of the state committee or assembly district leader or associate assembly district leader need not exceed the number required for member of assembly, and to designate a candidate for the position of district delegate to a national party convention need not exceed the number required for a petition for representative in congress.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1977, c. 171, Sec. 1; L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 27; L.1992, c. 79, Sec. 15; L.1993, c. 418, Sec. 1; L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 42; L.1996, c. 200, Sec. 19.)
[ Sec. 6-137. Repealed. L.1999, c. 137, Sec. 6, eff. Dec. 31, 2000]

Sec. 6-138. Independent nominations; rules

1. Independent nominations for public office shall be made by a petition containing the signatures of registered voters of the political unit for which a nomination is made who are registered to vote. The name of a person signing such a petition for an election for which voters are required to be registered shall not be counted if the name of a person who has signed such a petition appears upon another valid and effective petition designating or nominating the same or a different person for the same office.

2. Except as otherwise provided herein, the form of, and the rules for a nominating petition shall conform to the rules and requirements for designating petitions contained in this article.

3. a. The name selected for the independent body making the nomination shall be in English characters and shall not include the name or part of the name or an abbreviation of the name or part of the name, nor shall the emblem or name be of such a configuration as to create the possibility of confusion with the emblem or name of a then existing party, or the emblem or name of an independent body selected by a previously filed independent nominating petition for the same office.

b. Notwithstanding the requirements of paragraph a of this subdivision, if the emblem or name selected for an independent body on any independent nominating petition is the same as that selected by any previously filed independent nominating petition for the same office, the board of elections with which such later petition was filed shall, not later than two days after the filing of such later filed petition, send notice of such duplicate selection of emblem or name by first-class mail, to the candidate for such office who was nominated by such later filed petition, and that the candidate to whom such notice is required to be sent may file with such board of elections, not later than seven days after such notice was mailed, a certificate selecting a different emblem or name.

c. A person who has been nominated or who expects to be nominated as the candidate of an independent body for the office of President of the United States at any election for such office may, not later than three days after the last day to file nominating petitions, file with the state board of elections, a special certificate which shall be irrevocable, stating that such person does not wish to permit candidates for any other office, except the office of Vice-President of the United States, to appear on the ballot with the same name and emblem as the independent body which has nominated or will nominate such candidate for the office of President.

d. Not later than seven days after the last day to file nominating petitions, the state board of elections shall notify each local board of elections of the name of each candidate for President of the United States who has filed such a special certificate, together with the name and emblem of the independent body selected on the petition which nominated such candidate.

e. If any candidate has been nominated for any other office by a petition which selected the same name or emblem for an independent body as the name or emblem selected on the petition which nominated a candidate for President of the United States who has filed a special certificate pursuant to paragraph c of this subdivision, the board of elections with which the petition nominating such candidate for such other office was filed shall, not later than ten days after the last day to file nominating petitions, send to each such candidate, by first class mail, notice that a special certificate pursuant to paragraph c of this subdivision has been filed and that the candidate to whom such notice is sent may file with such board of elections, not later than seven days after such notice was mailed, a certificate selecting a different name and emblem.

f. If such a petition shall not show an emblem, or if the petition shall fail to select a name for such independent body, or if pursuant to the provisions of paragraph b or paragraph e of this subdivision, a candidate shall fail to select another emblem or name for such independent body, the officer or board in whose office the petition is filed shall select an emblem or name or both to distinguish the candidates nominated thereby. The name and emblem shown upon such petition or selected by a candidate authorized to make such selection by paragraph b or paragraph e of this subdivision, or selected by an officer or board shall also conform to the requirements of this chapter with respect to names or emblems permitted to be selected by a party.

g. Nothing contained in this subdivision shall preclude a court of competent jurisdiction from rejecting an independent nominating petition if the court determines that fraud was involved in the selection of a name or emblem.

4. A signature made earlier than six weeks prior to the last day to file independent petitions shall not be counted. A signature on an independent petition for a special election made earlier than the date of the proclamation calling the special election shall not be counted.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 48; L.1992, c. 79, Sec. 16; L.1992, c. 305, Sec. 1; L.1992, c. 306, Sec. 1; L.1995, c. 88, Sec. 2; L.1996, c. 709, Sec. 4.)
Sec. 6-140. Independent nominations; form of petition

1. a. Each sheet of an independent nominating petition shall be signed in ink, shall contain the following information and shall be in substantially the following form:

I, the undersigned, do hereby state that I am a registered voter of the political unit for which a nomination for public office is hereby being made, that my present place of residence is truly stated opposite my signature hereto, and that I do hereby nominate the following named person (or persons) as a candidate (or as candidates) for election to public office (or public offices) to be voted for at the election to be held on the ______ day of ______ , 20 ______ , and that I select the name ______ (fill in name) as the name of the independent body making the nomination (or nominations) and ______ (fill in emblem) as the emblem of such body.

Name of Candidate Public Office Place of Residence (also post office address, if not identical)
.......... .......... ..........
.......... .......... ..........

I do hereby appoint ______ (here insert the names and addresses of at least three persons, all of whom shall be registered voters within such political unit), as a committee to fill vacancies in accordance with the provisions of the election law.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, the day and year placed opposite my signature.

Date Name of Signer Residence
.......... .......... ..........
.......... .......... ..........
Town or city (except in the city of New York, the county)
..........

b. There shall be appended at the bottom of each sheet a signed statement of a witness who is a duly qualified voter of the state. Such a statement shall be accepted for all purposes as the equivalent of an affidavit, and if it contains a material false statement, shall subject the person signing it to the same penalties as if he or she had been duly sworn. The form of such statement shall be substantially as follows:

STATEMENT OF WITNESS

I, ______ (name of witness) state: I am a duly qualified voter of the State of New York and now reside at ______ (residence address).

Each of the individuals whose names are subscribed to this petition sheet containing ______ (fill in number) signatures, subscribed the same in my presence on the dates above indicated and identified himself or herself to be the individual who signed this sheet.

I understand that this statement will be accepted for all purposes as the equivalent of an affidavit and, if it contains a material false statement, shall subject me to the same penalties as if I had been duly sworn.

Date: .......... ..........
Signature of Witness

Witness identification information:

The following information must be completed prior to filing with the board of elections in order for this petition sheet to be valid.

Town or City County
.......... ..........

2. In lieu of the signed statement of a witness who is a duly qualified voter of the state qualified to sign the petition, the following statement signed by a notary public or commissioner of deeds shall be accepted:

On the dates above indicated before me personally came each of the voters whose s ignatures appear on this petition sheet containing ........ (fill in number) signatures, who signed same in my presence and who, being by me duly sworn, each for himself or herself, said that the foregoing statement made and subscribed by him or h er, was true.

Date: .......... ..........
..........
(Signature and official title of officer administering oath)

3. The state board of elections shall prepare a sample form of an independent nominating petition which meets the requirements of this section and shall distribute or cause such forms to be distributed to each board of elections. Such forms shall be made available to the public upon request, by the state board of elections and each such board. Any petition that is a copy of such a sample shall be deemed to meet the requirements of form imposed by this section.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 29; L.1977, c. 459, Sec. 2; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 60; L.1992, c. 79, Sec.Sec. 17, 18; L.1995, c. 476, Sec. 2; L.1996, c. 197, Sec. 2; L.1996, c. 709, Sec. 5; L.2000, c. 235, Sec. 2, eff. Aug. 16, 2000; L.2006, c. 447, Sec.Sec. 2, 3, eff. Dec. 1, 2006; L.2009, c. 246, Sec. 1, eff. July 28, 2009.)
Sec. 6-142. Independent nominations; number of signatures

1. An independent nominating petition for candidates to be voted for by all the voters of the state must be signed by at least fifteen thousand voters, of whom at least one hundred shall reside in each of one-half of the congressional districts of the State.

2. An independent nominating petition for the nomination of candidates for an office to be filled by the voters of any other political unit must be signed by voters numbering five per centum of the total number of votes cast for governor at the last gubernatorial election in such unit, excluding blank and void votes, except that not more than three thousand five hundred signatures shall be required upon any such petition for any office to be filled in any political subdivision of the state wholly outside the city of New York, and not more than the following numbers of signatures shall be required upon any such petition for the following public offices respectively:

(a) for any office to be filled in any county or portion thereof outside the city of New York, one thousand five hundred;

(b) for any office to be filled by all the voters of the city of New York, seven thousand five hundred;

(b-1) for any office to be filled by all the voters of any two counties in such city, four thousand;

(c) for any office to be filled by all the voters of any county or borough in such city, four thousand;

(d) for any office to be filled by all the voters of any municipal court district, three thousand signatures;

(d-1) for any office to be filled in the city of New York by all the voters of any city council district, two thousand seven hundred;

(e) for any office to be filled by all the voters of any congressional district, three thousand five hundred;

(f) for any office to be filled by all the voters of any state senatorial district, three thousand;

(g) for any office to be filled by all the voters of an assembly district, one thousand five hundred;

(h) for the office of trustee of the Long Island Power Authority, five hundred;

(i) for any office to be filled by the voters of any political subdivision contained within another political subdivision except as herein otherwise provided, not to exceed the number of signatures required for the larger subdivision.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 14; L.1986, c. 517, Sec. 6; L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 28; L.1992, c. 79, Sec. 19; L.1993, c. 418, Sec. 2.)
Sec. 6-144. Nominating and designating petitions and certificates; place for filing

Petitions, certificates and minutes specified in this article shall be filed in the office of the Board of Elections of the county, except as follows: for an office or position to be voted for wholly within the city of New York, in the office of the Board of Elections of that city; for an office or position to be voted for in a district greater than one county, or portions of two or more counties, in the office of the state board of elections; for a village office to be filled in a village election not conducted by the board of elections, in the office of the village clerk. All such petitions and certificates shall at the time of filing thereof be endorsed by such officer or board with the day, hour and minute of such filing. Such officer or board shall keep a book, which shall be open to public inspection in which shall be entered the times of filing all such petitions and certificates; the names and residences of all candidates named therein; the names and residences of all candidates certified to such officer or board; the title of the office or party position; the name of the party or independent body to which the petition or certificate relates and a memorandum of any objections to such petition or certificate. Forthwith upon the filing of a petition or certificate designating or nominating a person or persons for public office, such officer or board shall mail notice thereof to each such person. Such notice shall also state the last day to decline such designation or nomination, and include a statement that the candidate's name shall appear on the ballot as it appears in such notice.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1986, c. 378, Sec. 3; L.1990, c. 635, Sec. 4; L.1996, c. 150, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 6-146. Nomination and designation; declination or acceptance

1. A person designated as a candidate for nomination or for party position, or nominated for an office, otherwise than at a primary election, may, in a certificate signed and acknowledged by him, and filed as provided in this article, decline the designation or nomination; provided, however, that, if designated or nominated for a public office other than a judicial office by a party of which he is not a duly enrolled member, or if designated or nominated for a public office other than a judicial office by more than one party or independent body or by an independent body alone, such person shall, in a certificate signed and acknowledged by him, and filed as provided in this article, accept the designation or nomination as a candidate of each such party or independent body other than that of the party of which he is an enrolled member, otherwise such designation or nomination shall be null and void.

2. If any designation or nomination is declined, the officer or board to whom or which notification thereof is given shall forthwith inform by mail or otherwise the committee authorized to fill the vacancy, that the designation or nomination has been declined, and if such declination is filed with the state board of elections after such board has given official notice, pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, to the several boards of elections that the name of the candidate filing such declination is to appear on a ballot, such board also shall give immediate notice by mail or otherwise that such designation or nomination has been declined, to the several boards of elections which prepare the official ballots for election districts affected by such declination.

3. When a person who was not designated for nomination at a primary election receives a nomination for public office at such primary election, the officer or board with whom or which a designating petition for such an office is required to be filed shall forthwith notify, by mail, such person of his nomination, and that he must decline or accept such nomination in writing as hereinafter provided.

4. A person nominated without designation for public office at a primary election may decline such nomination. A person so nominated for public office by a party of which he is not a duly enrolled member, must decline or accept such nomination, otherwise such nomination shall be null and void. Such declinations or acceptances must be filed not later than five days after the mailing of notification of such nomination by such officer or board. If the nomination is declined the vacancy may be filled not later than three days after such declination shall have been filed in the office of the officer or board.

5. A person who has been nominated for public office by a party or parties and who is thereafter nominated for another office by one or more of such parties, or who is thereafter nominated by the party to fill a vacancy caused by such nomination or nominations to fill a vacancy by the party, may decline such first nomination or nominations not later than the third day after the filing of the certificate of his nomination or nominations for such other office, but such a declination shall not be effective if such other nomination or nominations by the party is duly declined.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 30; L.1982, c. 224, Sec. 1; L.1994, c. 324, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 6-147. Multiple designations of a candidate for a party position

1. The name of a person designated on more than one petition as a candidate for a party position to be filled by two or more persons shall be printed on the ballot with the group of candidates designated by the petition first filed unless such person, in a certificate duly acknowledged by him and filed with the board of elections not later than the eighth Tuesday preceding the primary election or five days after the board of elections mails such person notice of his designation in more than one group, whichever is later, specifies another group in which his name shall be printed.

2. A person designated as a candidate for the position of member of the county committee in more than one election district shall be deemed to have been designated in the lowest numbered election district unless such person, in a certificate duly acknowledged by him, and filed with the board of elections not later than the eighth Tuesday preceding the primary election or five days after the board of elections mails such person notice of his designation in more than one election district whichever is later, specifies that he wishes to be deemed designated in a different election district.

3. The board of elections shall forthwith notify each person designated more than once for the same party position in one or more districts of the fact of such designations and of his right to file a certificate pursuant to the provisions of this section, specifying the group or district in which he wishes to be deemed a candidate.

(Added L.1984, c. 433, Sec. 2. Amended L.1984, c. 434, Sec. 7.)
Sec. 6-148. Nomination and designation; filling vacancies

1. A vacancy in a designation or nomination caused by declination, where a declination is permitted by this article, or by the death or disqualification of the candidate, or by a tie vote at a primary, may be filled by the making and filing of a certificate, setting forth the fact and cause of the vacancy, the title of the office, the name of the original candidate, if any, and the name and address of the candidate newly designated or nominated.

2. A vacancy in a designation or independent nomination, or in a party nomination made otherwise than at a primary, may be filled by a majority of the committee to fill vacancies shown upon the face of the petition or certificate of the designation or nomination in which the vacancy occurs.

3. A vacancy in a nomination made at a primary, or by a tie vote thereat, may be filled by a majority of the members, of the party committee or committees last elected in the political subdivision in which the vacancy occurs, present at a meeting at which there is a quorum, or by a majority of such other committee as the rules of the party may provide.

4. If the vacancy be filled by a committee named in a petition or certificate of nomination, the new certificate shall be signed by a majority of such committee; if filled by any other committee, it shall be signed by the presiding officer and secretary of the committee. Appended to the certificate shall be the affidavit of the persons signing the certificate that they were a majority of such committee, or such officers, as the case may be, and that the statements in such certificate are true.

5. The certificate designating a person to fill a vacancy in a designation or nomination shall have appended thereto his written consent to be so designated or nominated, duly acknowledged.

6. When a certificate of a new designation or nomination shall be filed with the state board of elections after such board has given official notice, pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, to the several boards of elections, of the names to appear on the ballot at the election to which such new designation or nomination applies, such board shall forthwith certify to the proper board of elections the name of the person designated or nominated by such certificate and such other facts as are required to be stated therein.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 31; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 49; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 61.)
Sec. 6-150. Nomination; vacancy caused by death or disqualification, unfilled at time of general or special election

If a vacancy shall occur in a nomination, caused by disqualification or death of the candidate subsequent to noon of the Tuesday before a general or special election and prior to the closing of the polls on such election day, such vacancy shall not be filled, and the votes cast for such deceased candidate shall be canvassed and counted, and if he shall receive a plurality of the votes cast, a vacancy shall exist in the office for which such nomination was made to be filled in the manner provided by law for vacancies in office occurring by reason of death after election.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 6-152. Vacancies caused by death or disqualification and unfilled at time of primary election

If a vacancy shall occur in a designation of a candidate for nomination or election at a primary election, caused by the death or disqualification of a candidate subsequent to noon of the seventh day before the primary election and prior to the closing of the polls, such vacancy shall not be filled and the votes cast for such deceased or disqualified candidate shall be canvassed and counted, and, if he shall receive a plurality of the votes cast, another candidate may thereafter be nominated or the vacancy filled as provided by law or the rules of the party.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 32.)
Sec. 6-153. Certificate of candidacy by write-in candidates for president and vice president

1. Any person who wishes to be a write-in candidate for president of the United States shall, not later than the third Tuesday before the general election, file a certificate of candidacy with the state board of elections.

2. Such certificate shall be signed by such candidate and shall contain the following:

(a) The name and address of the candidate for president.

(b) The name and address of a candidate for vice president of the United States, if any, and a certificate of acceptance signed by such candidate.

(c) The names and addresses of the candidates for electors pledged to such candidate for president, together with a certificate of acceptance and pledge of support signed by each such candidate for elector.

(Added L.1988, c. 13, Sec. 1. Amended L.1988, c. 175, Sec. 3.)
Sec. 6-154. Nominations and designations; objections to

1. Any petition filed with the officer or board charged with the duty of receiving it shall be presumptively valid if it is in proper form and appears to bear the requisite number of signatures, authenticated in a manner prescribed by this chapter.

2. Written objections to any certificate of designation or nomination or to a nominating or designating petition or a petition for opportunity to ballot for public office or to a certificate of acceptance, a certificate of authorization, a certificate of declination or a certificate of substitution relating thereto may be filed by any voter registered to vote for such public office and to a designating petition or a petition for opportunity to ballot for party position or a certificate of substitution, a certificate of acceptance or a certificate of declination relating thereto by any voter enrolled to vote for such party position. Such objections shall be filed with the officer or board with whom the original petition or certificate is filed within three days after the filing of the petition or certificate to which objection is made, or within three days after the last day to file such a certificate, if no such certificate is filed except that if any person nominated by an independent nominating petition, is nominated as a party candidate for the same office by a party certificate filed, or a party nomination made after the filing of such petition, the written objection to such petition may be filed within three days after the filing of such party certificate or the making of such party nomination. When such an objection is filed, specifications of the grounds of the objections shall be filed within six days thereafter with the same officer or board and if specifications are not timely filed, the objection shall be null and void. Each such officer or board is hereby empowered to make rules in reference to the filing and disposition of such petition, certificate, objections and specifications.

3. When a determination is made that a certificate or petition is insufficient, such officer or board shall give notice of the determination forthwith by mail to each candidate named in the petition or certificate, and, if the determination is made upon specified objections, the objector shall be notified.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 62; L.1981, c. 248, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 6-156. Party nominations; certification

Certificates of nominations, made otherwise than at a primary, shall contain the name of the political party making the nomination, the title of the office for which such person is nominated, the name and residence of the nominee, the committee, if any, appointed to fill vacancies in the nominations, and shall be signed by the presiding officer and a secretary of the body making the nomination. When a nomination is made by a committee other than one composed of members of a state committee or a county committee, a certified copy of the rule or resolution constituting such committee, shall, if a copy thereof shall not have been filed previously, be attached to the certificate.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1996, c. 160, Sec. 2.)
Sec. 6-158. Nominating and designating petitions and certificates, conventions; times for filing and holding

1. A designating petition shall be filed not earlier than the tenth Monday before, and not later than the ninth Thursday preceding the primary election.

1-a. Expires and deemed repealed Dec. 31, 2012, pursuant to L.2011, c. 147, Sec. 11.

2. A certificate of acceptance or declination of a designation shall be filed not later than the fourth day after the last day to file such designation.

3. A certificate to fill a vacancy in a designation caused by declination shall be filed not later than the fourth day after the last day to decline. A certificate to fill a vacancy in a designation caused by death or disqualification shall be filed not later than ten days after such death or disqualification or four days before the primary election, whichever is earlier.

4. A petition of enrolled members of a party requesting an opportunity to write in the name of an undesignated candidate for a public office or party position at a primary election shall be filed not later than the eighth Thursday preceding the primary election. However, where a designating petition has been filed and the person named therein has declined such designation and another person has been designated to fill the vacancy, then in that event, a petition for an opportunity to ballot in a primary election shall be filed not later than the seventh Thursday preceding such primary election.

5. A judicial district convention shall be held not earlier than the Tuesday following the third Monday in September preceding the general election and not later than the fourth Monday in September preceding such election.

6. A certificate of a party nomination made other than at the primary election for an office to be filled at the time of a general election shall be filed not later than seven days after the fall primary election, except that a certificate of nomination for an office which becomes vacant after the seventh day preceding such primary election shall be filed not later than fourteen days after the creation of such vacancy and except, further, that a certificate of party nomination of candidates for elector of president and vice-president of the United States shall be filed not later than fourteen days after the fall primary election, and except still further that a certificate of party nomination made at a judicial district convention shall be filed not later than the day after the last day to hold such convention and the minutes of such convention, duly certified by the chairman and secretary, shall be filed within seventy-two hours after adjournment of the convention. A certificate of party nomination for an office to be filled at a special election shall be filed not later than ten days following the issuance of a proclamation of such election.

7. A certificate of acceptance or declination of a party nomination made other than at a primary election for an office to be filled at the time of a general election shall be filed not later than the third day after the last day to file the certificate of such party nomination. A certificate of acceptance or declination of a party nomination for an office to be filled at a special election shall be filed not later than twelve days following the issuance of a proclamation of such election.

8. A certificate to fill a vacancy caused by a declination of a party nomination for an office to be filled at the time of a general election shall be filed not later than four days after the last day to file such declination, except that if such nomination was made at the primary election, such certificate shall be filed not later than ten days after the last day to file such declination. A certificate to fill a vacancy caused by a declination of a party nomination for an office to be filled at a special election shall be filed not later than fourteen days following the issuance of a proclamation of such election. A certificate to fill a vacancy in a nomination caused by death or disqualification shall be filed not later than ten days after such death or disqualification or four days before the election, whichever is earlier.

9. A petition for an independent nomination for an office to be filled at the time of a general election shall be filed not earlier than twelve weeks and not later than eleven weeks preceding such election. A petition for an independent nomination for an office to be filled at a special election shall be filed not later than twelve days following the issuance of a proclamation of such election. A petition for trustee of the Long Island Power Authority shall be filed not earlier than seven weeks and not later than six weeks preceding the day of the election of such trustees.

10. Notwithstanding any other provisions of law, where a vacancy occurs less than fourteen days before the last day for the filing of an independent petition for an office to be filled at the time of a general election, or after the last day to file an independent petition, such petition may be filed for the said office within fourteen days after the vacancy occurs. A certificate of acceptance or declination in such an event shall be filed within two days thereafter and a certificate to fill a vacancy caused by declination shall be filed within two days after such declination has been filed.

11. A certificate of acceptance or declination of an independent nomination for an office to be filled at the time of a general election shall be filed not later than the third day after the eleventh Tuesday preceding such election except that a candidate who files such a certificate of acceptance for an office for which there have been filed certificates or petitions designating more than one candidate for the nomination of any party, may thereafter file a certificate of declination not later than the third day after the primary election. A certificate of acceptance or declination of an independent nomination for an office to be filled at a special election shall be filed not later than fourteen days following the issuance of a proclamation of such election.

12. A certificate to fill a vacancy caused by a declination of an independent nomination for an office to be filled at the time of a general election shall be filed not later than the sixth day after the eleventh Tuesday preceding such election. A certificate to fill a vacancy caused by a declination of an independent nomination for an office to be filled at a special election shall be filed not later than sixteen days following the issuance of a proclamation of such election.

13. If a vacancy occurs too late to comply with the provisions of this section, the certificates of nomination, certificates of acceptance or declination, certificates to fill a vacancy in such nomination and certificates of authorization of a nomination shall be filed as soon as practicable.

14. A vacancy occurring before September twentieth of any year in any office authorized to be filled at a general election, except in the offices of governor, lieutenant-governor, or United States senator shall be filled at the general election held next thereafter, unless otherwise provided by the constitution, or unless previously filled at a special election.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 63; L.1982, c. 703, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 434, Sec. 8; L.1986, c. 378, Sec. 2; L.1986, c. 517, Sec. 5; L.1988, c. 16, Sec. 4; L.1992, c. 79, Sec. 20; L.2011, c. 147, Sec. 5, eff. July 18, 2011, deemed eff. July 1, 2011.)
Sec. 6-160. Primaries

1. If more candidates are designated for the nomination of a party for an office to be filled by the voters of the entire state than there are vacancies, the nomination or nominations of the party shall be made at the primary election at which other candidates for public office are nominated and the candidate or candidates receiving the most votes shall be the nominees of the party.

2. All persons designated for uncontested offices or positions at a primary election shall be deemed nominated or elected thereto, as the case may be, without balloting.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 64.)
Sec. 6-162. Primary; New York City, run-off

1. In the city of New York, when no candidate for the office of mayor, public advocate or comptroller receives forty percent or more of the votes cast by the members of a political party for such office in a city-wide primary election, the board of elections of such city shall conduct a run-off primary election between the two candidates receiving the greatest number of votes for the same office.

2. In any jurisdiction that authorizes a run-off election after a primary election, if one of the two candidates receiving the greatest number of votes for the same office files with the local board of elections a certificate of withdrawal within three days following such primary election, the board shall accept and certify the withdrawal and declare the remaining candidate the winner and no such run-off primary election shall be held. Such certificate of withdrawal shall be in affidavit or affirmation form as determined by the state board of elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 65; L.1993, c. 418, Sec. 3; L.2010, c. 424, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 29, 2010.)
Sec. 6-164. Primary, uncontested; opportunity to ballot

Enrolled members of a party entitled to vote in the nomination of a candidate for public office or the election of a candidate for party position in a primary election of such party, and equal in number to at least the number of signers required to designate a candidate for such office or position may file with the officer or board with whom or which are filed designating petitions for such office or position a petition requesting an opportunity to write in the name of a candidate or candidates, who need not be specified, for such office or position. Upon the receipt of such a petition, such office or position shall be deemed contested and the primary ballots of the party shall afford an opportunity to vote thereon. Requests for an opportunity to write in the names of candidates for two or more offices or positions may be included in the same petition. Such petitions shall be subject to objections and court determination thereof in the same manner as designating petitions so far as the provisions therefor are applicable. All required notices shall be served on the members of the committee named in the petition. A signature to a petition for an opportunity to ballot in primary elections made earlier than sixteen days before the last day to file designating petitions for the primary election shall not be counted.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1984, c. 434, Sec. 9; L.1988, c. 16, Sec. 5.)
Sec. 6-166. Primary; opportunity to ballot, form of petition

1. The form of a petition requesting an opportunity to write in the name of an undesignated candidate or undesignated candidates at a primary election shall conform to the requirements for a designating petition, except as otherwise provided herein.

2. Each sheet of such petition shall be signed in ink and shall be substantially in the following form:

I, the undersigned, do hereby state that I am a duly enrolled voter of the ______ party and entitled to vote at the next primary election of such party, that my place of residence is truly stated opposite my signature hereto, and I do hereby request an opportunity to write in the name of an undesignated candidate or candidates for nomination to the public office or offices or for election to the party position or positions, in the political unit or units of representation hereinafter set forth, of such party to be voted on the ______ day of ______ 20 ______ , as hereinafter specified.

Public Office or party position ............... Political unit or unit of representation ...............

The appointment of a committee to receive notices, the signatures on the petition with all required information and the signed statement of a witness or authentication by a notary public or commissioner of deeds, shall be in the form prescribed for a designating petition.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 50; L.2000, c. 235, Sec. 3, eff. Aug. 16, 2000.)
Sec. 6-168. Designating petitions; candidates for the office of judge of the civil court of the city of New York

1. The board of elections of the city of New York, not later than fourteen days before the first day to circulate designating petitions for a primary election, or the day after a vacancy occurs, whichever is later, shall promulgate and have available for public inspection at its main office, a list of all vacancies in the office of judge of the civil court of the city of New York for which nominations will be made at such primary election. Such list shall include the borough and district, if any, in which each such vacancy exists, the name of the judge who was last elected to such seat and a number assigned to each such vacancy by the board of elections.

2. A designating petition for any candidate for any such office shall include in the title of the office for which a designation is being made, the number assigned by the board of elections to the vacancy for which such candidate is designated.

3. If, at any primary election in which more than one nomination is to be made for the office of judge of the civil court of the city of New York in any borough of such city or in any civil court district within any such borough, only one candidate is designated for any such vacancy, such candidate shall be deemed nominated and his name shall not appear upon the primary ballot unless a petition for opportunity to ballot for such vacancy is filed pursuant to the provisions of this chapter.

4. If more than one person is designated for one or more such vacancies, all such persons shall be listed on the primary ballot as candidates for such office without reference to the seat for which they were designated and those persons, equal to the number of such vacancies, who receive the highest number of votes shall be nominated as candidates for such office.

(Added L.1979, c. 143, Sec. 1. Amended L.1988, c. 17, Sec. 1.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 6 DESIGNATION AND NOMINATION OF CANDIDATES

TITLE II VILLAGE ELECTIONS1

1 So in original. No Title I has been enacted.

Sec. 6-200. Application of title

1. This title applies to all general and special village elections for officers which are conducted by the board of elections on a date other than the date of the general election and all the provisions of this chapter, not inconsistent with this title, shall apply.

2. For the purposes of this title, a village shall be deemed to be located within a county if more than fifty percent of the population of the village as shown by the last federal decennial, or special census resides in that portion of the village located in that county.

(Added L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 19, eff. Nov. 15, 1989.)
Sec. 6-202. Party nominations; villages

1. Party nominations of candidates for village offices in any county shall be made at a party caucus or at a primary election, as the rules of the county committee, heretofore or hereafter adopted consistent with the provisions of this chapter shall provide. If the rules of the county committee of any political party provide that party nominations for village offices of that party in any or all villages in the county shall be made at a village primary election, such primary election shall be held forty-nine days prior to the date of the village election. In the event there is no village committee with a chairman, the chairman of the county committee, or such other person or body as the rules of such committee may provide, shall designate an enrolled member of the party who is a qualified voter of the village as the village election chairman. The chairman of the county committee of each party in which nominations in any village are made at a primary election shall file with the board of elections, at least one week before the first day to file designating petitions for such primary elections, a list of the name and address of the chairman of the village committee or the village election chairman in each such village. Such village chairman shall have general party responsibility for the conduct of the village caucus or primary election. Such nominations shall be made not more than fifty-six, nor less than forty-nine days prior to the date of the village election.

2. A notice of any village primary held for making party nominations of candidates for village offices to be filled at a village election shall be given by the proper party authorities by publication at least once in each of the two weeks preceding the primary in at least one newspaper of general circulation within the village.

3. A notice of any party caucus held for making party nominations for village offices for village elections shall be given by the proper party authorities by posting such notice in the public areas at the offices of the village clerk and the board of elections and by filing such notice with such clerk and such board at least ten days preceding the day of the caucus and, either by newspaper publication thereof once within the village at least one week and not more than two weeks preceding the caucus, or by posting such notice in six public places in the village at least ten days preceding the day of the caucus.

4. The notice shall specify the time and place or places, and the purpose of such caucus or primary, including the offices for which candidates will be nominated thereat. There shall be a chairman and a secretary and tellers for each such village primary or caucus, who shall be appointed by the appropriate party officials. No person shall participate in such primary or caucus who is not a resident of the village and an enrolled voter of the party conducting the primary or caucus. At any primary or caucus in which nominees are chosen by vote of the people in attendance, the person eligible and receiving the highest number of votes for an office shall be deemed nominated. Such village primary or caucus shall not be conducted at public expense. The board of elections shall furnish a list of enrolled voters to the chairman of the village caucus or primary.

5. Any party nomination made at any such caucus or village primary shall be evidenced by the filing of a certificate of nomination with the board of elections. There shall be filed, together with such certificate, or within five days after the board of elections sends the notice of failure to file prescribed by this subdivision, a list of enrolled members of the party who have participated in such caucus or primary. If such list is not filed with such certificate, the board of elections shall forthwith send notice of the failure to file such list to the persons who signed such certificate, by first class mail, together with a notice that such list must be filed within five days after such notice was mailed. Such list shall be certified by the presiding officer or secretary of such caucus or primary.

(Added L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 19. Amended L.1996, c. 160, Sec. 3.)
Sec. 6-204. Designating petition; form

1. Party designations for elective village offices shall be made on a designating petition containing the signatures in ink of residents of the village who are registered to vote with the appropriate county board of elections at the time of signing and who are enrolled in such political party. The sheets of such a petition shall be numbered. A signer need not himself or herself fill in the date or residence. Each sheet of such petition must be in substantially the following form and shall contain all the information required therein:

PARTY DESIGNATING PETITION

I, the undersigned do hereby state that I am a registered voter of the Village of............. and a duly enrolled voter of the............. party and entitled to vote at the next primary election of such party, that my place of residence is truly stated opposite my signature hereto, and I hereby designate the following named person (or persons) as a candidate or (candidates) for nomination of such party for the public office or (public offices) to be voted for at the primary election to be held on the...... day of............ 20.... as hereinafter specified.

Name of Candidate Public Office Term Residence
............ ............ ............ ............
............ ............ ............ ............

I do hereby appoint (insert names and addresses of at least three persons, all of whom shall be enrolled voters of said party) as a committee to fill vacancies in accordance with the provisions of the election law.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, the day and year placed opposite my signature.

Date Name Residence
............ ............ ............
............ ............ ............

STATEMENT OF WITNESS

I............... (name of witness) state: I am a duly qualified voter of the State of New York; and an enrolled voter of the......... party and now reside in the Village of......... County of......... State of New York at............ (residence address) therein. Each of the persons whose names are subscribed to this petition sheet containing......... signatures, subscribed his or her name in my presence.

I understand that this statement will be accepted for all purposes as the equivalent of an affidavit and, if it contains a material false statement, shall subject me to the same penalties as if I had been duly sworn.

............ ............
Date Signature of witness

In lieu of the signed statement of a witness who is a duly qualified voter of the state qualified to sign the petition, the following statement signed by a notary public shall be accepted:

On the dates above indicated before me personally came each of the voters whose signatures appear on this petition sheet containing ............. (fill in number) signatures, who signed same in my presence and who, being by me duly sworn, each for himself or herself, said that the foregoing statement made and subscribed by him or her, was true.

Date: ............ ............
(Signature and official title of officer administering oath)

Page No........

2. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the number of signatures required on a designating petition shall be five percent of the number of enrolled voters of the party residing in the village.

(Added L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 19. Amended L.1996, c. 197, Sec. 3; L.1996, c. 709, Sec. 6; L.2000, c. 235, Sec. 4, eff. Aug. 16, 2000; L.2006, c. 447, Sec. 4, eff. Dec. 1, 2006.)
Sec. 6-206. Independent nominations; petition, form

1. Independent nominations for elective village offices shall be made by a petition containing the signatures in ink of residents of the village who are registered with the appropriate county board of elections at the time of signing. The sheets of such a petition shall be numbered. A signer need not himself or herself fill in the date or residence. Each sheet of such petition must be in substantially the following form and shall contain all the information required therein:

VILLAGE INDEPENDENT NOMINATING PETITION

I, the undersigned, do hereby state that I am a registered voter of the Village of......., that my present place of residence is truly stated opposite my signature, and I do hereby nominate the following named person (or persons) as a candidate (or as candidates) for election to public office (or public offices) to be voted for at the election to be held on the.....day of.....,20....., and that I select the name...........(fill in name) as the name of the independent body making the nomination (or nominations) and.....(fill in emblem) as the emblem of such body.

Name of Candidate Public Office Term Residence
............ ............ ............ ............
............ ............ ............ ............

I do hereby appoint (insert names and addresses of at least three persons, all of whom shall be registered voters within such village) as a committee to fill vacancies in accordance with the provisions of the election law.

In witness whereof, I have signed this petition on the day and year stated before my signature.

Date Signature Residence
............ ............ ............
............ ............ ............

STATEMENT OF WITNESS

I,..................... state that I am a duly qualified voter and now reside at......................(residence address) in the Village of ................ in the State of New York in the County of .................. . Each of the voters whose names are subscribed to this petition sheet containing................ (fill in number) signatures, subscribed his or her name in my presence.

I understand that this statement will be accepted for all purposes as the equivalent of an affidavit and, if it contains a material false statement, shall subject me to the same penalties as if I had been duly sworn.

............ ............
Date Signature of witness

2. In lieu of the signed statement of a witness who is a duly qualified voter of the state qualified to sign the petition, the following statement signed by a notary public shall be accepted:

On the dates above indicated before me personally came each of the voters whose signatures appear on this petition sheet containing ............. (fill in number) signatures, who signed same in my presence and who, being by me duly sworn, each for himself or herself, said that the foregoing statement made and subscribed by him or her, was true.

Date: ............ ............
(Signature and official title of officer administering oath)

Page No........

3. The name selected for the independent body making the nomination shall be in the English language and shall not include the name or part of the name, or an abbreviation of the name or of part of the name, of a then existing party. The name and emblem shown upon such petition shall conform to the requirements of this chapter, relating to party names and party emblems. If such a petition shall not show an emblem, or the petition shall fail to select a name for such independent body, the board of elections shall select an emblem or name, or both to distinguish the candidates nominated thereby.

4. An independent nominating petition for a village office must be signed by at least one hundred voters in villages containing a population of five thousand or more; by at least seventy-five voters in villages containing a population of three thousand and less than five thousand; and by at least fifty voters in villages containing a population of one thousand and less than three thousand; and in villages containing a population of less than one thousand by voters numbering at least five per centum of the number of voters at the last regular village election. For the purposes of this section, the population of a village shall be determined by the last federal decennial or local special population census federally supervised pursuant to section twenty of the general municipal law.

(Added L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 19. Amended L.1996, c. 197, Sec. 4; L.1996, c. 709, Sec. 7; L.2000, c. 235, Sec. 5, eff. Aug. 16, 2000; L.2006, c. 447, Sec.Sec. 5, 6, eff. Dec. 1, 2006.)
Sec. 6-208. Petitions, qualifications of signers

Any village resident who is a registered voter of the village and, in the case of a designating petition, an enrolled member of the party filing the petition may sign an independent nominating petition or a designating petition providing that: (a) such signature was made not more than six weeks prior to the last day to file such petition; (b) he has not signed more than one petition designating or nominating a candidate for mayor or village justice. If he has signed more than one such petition, only the earliest signature for each such office shall be valid; (c) he has not signed more than one petition designating or nominating a candidate for each vacancy which exists for the office of village trustee or village justice if the village has provided for two such justices. If he has signed more than one such petition for each such vacancy, only the earlier signatures shall be valid; or (d) he does not vote at a primary election or party caucus where a candidate was nominated for the same office for each such vacancy.

(Added L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 19.)
Sec. 6-210. Petitions and certificates; place and times for filing

1. Petitions and certificates specified in this title shall be filed with the county board of elections.

2. a. A certificate of party nomination for an office to be filled at the time of a general or special village election for offices shall be filed not earlier than fifty-four days nor later than forty-seven days preceding the election.

b. A certificate of acceptance or declination of a party nomination for an office to be filled at the time of a general or special village election shall be filed not later than forty-four days prior to such election.

c. A certificate to fill a vacancy caused by declination of a party nomination for an office to be filled at the time of a general or special village election shall be filed not later than forty-one days prior to such election.

d. Party designating petitions for a village primary election shall be filed not earlier than twenty-two days nor later than fifteen days prior to the primary election. Upon such a filing, the board of elections shall immediately notify the village election chairman of such party and the person or persons designated in such petition of the fact of such filing and that such petition may be inspected in its office.

e. A written declination of a party designation must be filed within three days of the date of the filing of the designating petition. Upon the filing of such declination, the board of elections shall, within one day notify the committee to fill vacancies named in the petition. A certificate to fill the vacancy caused by a declination or any other reason must be filed within three days after the date of the notice to the committee to fill vacancies and shall have appended thereto the written consent of the person or persons designated.

3. a. An independent nominating petition for an office to be filled at the time of a general or special village election shall be filed not earlier than forty-two days nor later than thirty-five days preceding the election.

b. A certificate of acceptance or declination of an independent nomination for an office to be filled at the time of a general or special village election shall be filed not later than three days after the last day to file the petition which made such independent nomination.

c. A certificate to fill a vacancy caused by a declination of an independent nomination for an office to be filled at the time of a general or special village election for offices shall be filed not later than three days after the last day to file the certificate of declination, and shall have appended thereto the written consent of the person or persons nominated.

(Added L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 19. Amended L.1994, c. 157, Sec. 1; L.1995, c. 339, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 6-212. Designations and nominations, objections

Written objections to a nominating or designating petition or to a certificate of nomination, certificate of acceptance, certificate of authorization, certificate of declination or certificate of substitution with respect to an office to be filled at a general or special village election may be filed not later than the day after the last day to file such petition or certificate, or the day after such petition or certificate is received by the board of elections if such petition or certificate is mailed within the time permitted by law, whichever is later. Written specifications of the grounds for such objections shall be so filed within two days thereafter. A failure to file such written specifications shall render the original objection null and void. Upon receipt of written specifications, the county board of elections shall immediately notify each candidate named in such petition or certificate and take all steps necessary and consistent with this chapter to render a determination on the questions raised in such objections and specifications. When a determination has been made by the county board of elections that the petition is sufficient or insufficient, it shall immediately notify each candidate named in the petition or certificate, and, if such determination was made on objection, the objector.

(Added L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 19.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 7 ELECTION BALLOT

TITLE I FORM OF BALLOTS

Sec. 7-100. Ballots; provision for

Ballots shall be provided for every election at which public or party officers are to be nominated or elected.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 7-102. Ballot; placing names and ballot proposals thereon

1. The names of all candidates and the form of submission of all duly certified ballot proposals shall be printed upon the official ballot except that at a primary election, no ballot proposals or names of candidates for uncontested offices or party positions shall be printed upon the official ballot.

2. In the event that two or more persons with identical names are designated as candidates for the same office or position at any primary election, a different number shall be included with the name of every candidate for such office or position on such ballot. Such number shall be in arabic numerals and shall be placed at the beginning of each such candidate's name. The board of elections with which the certificates or petitions of designation for such candidates are filed shall determine such numbers by lot not later than ten days after the last day to file such certificates or petitions upon at least five days written notice by first class mail to each such candidate. Such notice shall also contain information concerning the provisions of subdivision four of this section and the deadlines for filing the information provided for in such subdivision four.

3. a. In the event that a candidate in a primary election believes that the name of another candidate for the same office or position at such election is sufficiently similar to his so as to cause confusion among the voters, such candidate may, not later than five days after the last day to file the certificates or petitions of designation, file with the board of elections with which such certificates or petitions of designation are filed, a request that such board determine that such a sufficient similarity exists.

b. The board of elections shall meet to hear arguments on, and make a determination with respect to such a request, not later than seven days after the last day to make such request, upon five days written notice by first class mail to every candidate for such office or position. Such notice shall also contain information concerning the provisions of subdivision four of this section and the deadlines for filing the information provided for in such subdivision four.

c. If such board makes a determination that such a similarity exists, it shall forthwith assign a different number, which it shall determine by lot, to be included with the name of every candidate for such office or position on such ballot. Such number shall be in arabic numerals and shall be placed at the beginning of each such candidate's name.

4. a. If such board assigns numbers to candidates' names pursuant to the provisions of subdivision two or three of this section it shall also prepare for distribution at such election, a leaflet which contains biographical information on each such candidate, on one side of a single sheet of paper in the order of the numbers it has assigned to such candidates. If such leaflet is published in a second language in addition to English, the two language versions shall appear on opposite sides of the same sheet of paper. Such biographical information may not exceed one hundred words and may only include such candidate's name, address, present and past public offices held, present and past occupations and employers, other public service experience, educational background and organizational affiliations.

b. Each candidate for an office or position for which such numbers are assigned may file with such board, not later than fourteen days after such determination, any or all of the information permitted by paragraph a of this subdivision in the form in which such candidate wishes such information to appear in such leaflet. If such board determines that such filing does not comply with the requirements of this subdivision, it shall notify such candidate forthwith by first class mail. Such candidate may file revised information with such board not later than ten days after such notice was mailed. If a candidate does not make a filing within the times prescribed by this paragraph, the words "no information supplied" shall appear next to his name on such leaflet.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 33; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 6; L.1990, c. 371, Sec. 1; L.1992, c. 219, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 7-104. Ballots; form of, voting machine

1. All ballots shall be printed and/or displayed in a format and arrangement, of such uniform size and style as will fit the ballot frame, and shall be in as plain and clear a type or display as the space will reasonably permit. Such type or display on the ballot shall satisfy all requirements and standards set forth pursuant to the federal Help America Vote Act.

2. The names of parties or independent bodies which contain more than fifteen letters may, whenever limitations of space so require, be printed on the ballot in an abbreviated form. In printing the names of candidates whose full names contain more than fifteen letters, only the surname must be printed in full. The officer or board charged with the duty of preparing the ballots shall request each such candidate to indicate, in writing, the shortened form in which, subject to this restriction, his name shall be printed. If no such indication is received from such candidate within the time specified in the request, such officer or board shall make the necessary determination.

3. (a) The party name or other designation, and a designating letter and number shall be affixed to the name of each candidate, or, in case of presidential electors, to the names of the candidates for president and vice-president of such party.

(b) The titles of offices may be arranged horizontally, with the names of candidates for an office and the slot or device for write-in ballots for such office arranged vertically under the title of the office, or the titles of offices may be arranged vertically, with the names of candidates for an office and the slot or device for write-in ballots for such office arranged horizontally opposite the title of the office.

(c) Each office shall occupy as many columns or rows on the machine as the number of candidates to be elected to that office.

4. (a) The names of all candidates nominated by any party or independent body for an office shall always appear in the row or column containing generally the names of candidates nominated by such party or independent body for other offices except as hereinafter provided.

(b) When the same person has been nominated for an office to be filled at the election by more than one party, the voting machine shall be so adjusted that his or her name shall appear in each row or column containing generally the names of candidates for other offices nominated by any such party.

(c) If such candidate has also been nominated by one or more independent bodies, his or her name shall appear only in each row or column containing generally the names of candidates for other offices nominated by any such party and the name of each such independent body shall appear in one such row or column to be designated by the candidate in a writing filed with the officer or board charged with the duty of providing ballots, or if such person shall fail to so designate, the names of such independent bodies shall appear in such row or column as such officer or board shall determine.

(d) If any person shall be nominated for any office by one party and two or more independent bodies his or her name shall appear on the voting machine twice; once in the row or column containing generally the names of candidates for other offices nominated by such party, and once in the row or column containing generally the names of candidates nominated by the independent body designated by such person in a writing filed with the officer or board charged with the duty of providing ballots and in connection with the name of such person in such row or column shall appear the name of each independent body nominating him or her or, if such person shall fail to so designate, the name of such candidate and the names of such independent bodies shall appear in such row or column as such officer or board shall determine.

(e) If any person is nominated for any office only by more than one independent bodies,1 his or her name shall appear but once upon the machine in one such row or column to be designated by the candidate in a writing filed with the officer or board charged with the duty of providing ballots, or if the candidate shall fail to so designate, in the place designated by the officer or board charged with the duty of providing ballots, and in connection with his or her name there shall appear the name of each independent body nominating him or her, but, where the capacity of the machine will permit, the name of such person shall not appear or be placed in a column or on a horizontal line with the names of persons nominated by a party for other offices.

5. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision four of this section, the name of a person who is nominated for the office of governor, or state senator, or member of assembly, shall appear on the ballot as many times as there are parties or independent bodies nominating him or her, and there shall be a separate voting and registering device at each place in which such name shall appear.

6. If any type of machine used in any county or city contains any feature, the use of which is neither required nor prohibited by the provisions of this chapter, the board of elections may, by resolution, require that one or more of such features shall be used in such county. Thereafter all machines of such type used in such county or city shall be operated in conformity with any such resolution. Any such resolution may thereafter be rescinded by such board and after being so rescinded may be re-adopted. Once re-adopted by any board of elections, such a resolution may not be rescinded again by such board.

7. The ballot shall have printed upon it in black ink for each party or independent row, at the head of the column or the beginning of the row containing the names of candidates, the image of a closed fist with index finger extended pointing to the party or independent row. In the same space, in black letters as large as the space will permit, shall be printed the name of the party or independent body and at the right of the fist and below the index finger shall be printed in black ink the emblem and the designating letters of the row or column.

8. With respect to candidates for the offices of governor and lieutenant governor of a party or independent body, ballots shall be printed so that the names of such candidates for both offices shall appear in the same row or column, with the name of the candidate for governor appearing first and the ballot shall be so adjusted that both offices are voted for jointly and have but one designating letter or number.

1So in original.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 51; L.1985, c. 654, Sec. 1; L.1986, c. 262, Sec.Sec. 3, 4; L.1992, c. 79, Sec. 21; L.2005, c. 181, Sec. 3, eff. July 12, 2005; L.2010, c. 165, Sec. 3, eff. July 7, 2010.)
Sec. 7-106. Election day paper ballots; form of

1. Paper ballots which are to be counted by a ballot scanner may consist of two or more sheets which are divided into perforated sections which can be separated at the time the ballot is scanned. Such ballots shall be printed on paper of a quality, size, color, and weight approved by the state board of elections.

2. All paper ballots of the same kind for the same polling place shall be identical. A different, but in each case uniform style and size of type, shall be used for printing the names of candidates, the titles of offices, political designations, and the reading form of all questions submitted. The names of candidates shall be printed in capital letters in black-faced type.

3. Each ballot shall be printed on the sheet with a stub which shall be separated therefrom by a line of perforations extending across the entire ballot. On the face of the stub shall be printed "No ______ " the blank to be filled with consecutive number of ballots beginning with "No. 1", and increasing in regular numerical order.

4. On such ballot shall be printed the following indorsement, the blanks properly filled in:

Official Ballot for (General, Primary or Special, as applicable)

Election County of ______

(Assembly or Legislative, as applicable) District ______

(Ward and City or town ______ , as applicable) ______

Election District ______

(Insert date of election.)

(Insert names of election commissioners providing the ballot.)

5. The following ballot instructions shall be printed in heavy black type :

INSTRUCTIONS

(1) Mark only with a writing instrument provided by the board of elections.

(2) To vote for a candidate whose name is printed on this ballot fill in the (insert oval or square, as applicable) above or next to the name of the candidate.

(3) To vote for a person whose name is not printed on this ballot write or stamp his or her name in the space labeled "write-in" that appears (insert at the bottom of the column, the end of the row or at the bottom of the candidate names, as applicable) for such office (and, if required by the voting system in use at such election, the instructions shall also include "and fill in the (insert oval or square, as applicable) corresponding with the write-in space in which you have written in a name").

(4) To vote yes or no on a proposal, if any, that appears on the (indicate where on the ballot the proposal may appear) fill in the (insert oval or square, as applicable) that corresponds to your vote.

(5) Any other mark or writing, or any erasure made on this ballot outside the voting squares or blank spaces provided for voting will void this entire ballot.

(6) Do not overvote. If you select a greater number of candidates than there are vacancies to be filled, your ballot will be void for that public office, party position or proposal.

(7) If you tear, or deface, or wrongly mark this ballot, return it and obtain another. Do not attempt to correct mistakes on the ballot by making erasures or cross outs. Erasures or cross outs may invalidate all or part of your ballot. Prior to submitting your ballot, if you make a mistake in completing the ballot or wish to change your ballot choices, you may obtain and complete a new ballot. You have a right to a replacement ballot upon return of the original ballot.

(8) After completing your ballot, insert it into the ballot scanner and wait for the notice that your ballot has been successfully scanned. If no such notice appears, seek the assistance of an election inspector.

6. The instructions in subdivision five of this section may be printed on the front or back of the ballot or on a separate sheet or card. If such instructions are not printed on the front of the ballot, there shall be printed on the ballot, in the largest size type for which there is room, the following legend: "See instructions on the other side" or "See enclosed instructions", whichever is appropriate.

7. Each such ballot shall be printed in sections in which the candidates' names and political designations, the ballot proposals and other requisite matter shall each be boxed in by heavy black perpendicular lines of equal width. In each such section shall be voting ovals or squares which voters may fill in. If applicable, ovals or squares shall be provided next to the blank spaces provided for a voter to write in a name.

8. The space for the title of an office shall be three-eighths of an inch, and the name of a candidate or for writing in a name, one-fourth of an inch, in depth. At the left of the name of each designated candidate shall be an enclosed voting space, three-eighths of an inch in width and approximately one-fourth of an inch in depth, bounded above, below and to the right by black lines, heavier than those which separate the spaces containing the names of candidates. To the left of voting spaces which do not adjoin a vertical line dividing two parts, there shall be a heavy black vertical line approximately one-eighth of an inch in width. No voting space shall be provided in the space for writing in names. In such case, the space corresponding to a voting space shall be all black.

9. Below the names of the candidates for each office or position there shall be printed as many blank spaces, for writing in names of persons for whom the voter desires to vote, as there are persons to be nominated or elected.

10. In case the sections shall be so numerous as to make the ballot unwieldy if they are printed in one column, they may be printed in as many columns as shall be necessary, and in that case, in order to produce a rectangular ballot, blank sections may be used.

11. The names of parties or independent bodies which contain more than fifteen letters may, whenever limitations of space so require, be printed on the ballot in an abbreviated form. In printing the names of candidates whose full names contain more than fifteen letters, only the surname must be printed in full. The officer or board charged with the duty of preparing the ballots shall request each such candidate to indicate, in writing, the shortened form in which, subject to this restriction, his name shall be printed. If no such indication is received from such candidate within the time specified in the request, such officer or board shall make the necessary determination. No emblem shall occupy a space longer in any direction than the voting square to which it relates.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 34; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 52; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 7; L.1985, c. 118, Sec. 1; L.1994, c. 156, Sec. 2; L.2003, c. 244, Sec. 1, eff. July 29, 2003; L.2010, c. 165, Sec. 1, eff. July 7, 2010.)
Sec. 7-108. Ballots; form for elections

1. Upon ballots for a general election, the offices shall be listed in the customary order.

2. If two or more candidates are nominated for the same office for different terms, the term for which each is nominated shall be printed as a part of the title of the office.

3. In every instance where multiple casting of votes is permitted for two or more candidates for the same office or position, the instruction on the ballot or machine shall read "Vote for any ______ ", (the blank space to be filled with the number of persons to be nominated for the office or elected to the position).

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 7-110. Ballots; form for ballot proposals

Ballot proposals shall appear on the voting machine or ballot in a separate section. At the left of, or below or above, each proposal shall appear two voting levers or two voting squares, each at least one-half inch square. Next to the first lever or square shall be printed the word "Yes," and next to the second lever or square shall be printed the word "No." The proposals shall be numbered consecutively on the voting machine or ballot. The number of each proposal shall appear in front of its designation as an amendment, proposition or question in the following form: "Proposal one, an amendment; proposal two, a proposition; proposal three, a question".

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 35; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 53; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 8.)
[ Sec. 7-112. Repealed. L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 34, eff. Dec. 1, 1977]

Sec. 7-114. Ballots; form for primary election

1. (a) The face of the official ballot for a primary election shall be divided into parts. Descriptive words to indicate the purpose of each part shall be printed at its head. Beginning at the left or top, the first part shall be entitled, and shall be for "Candidates for nomination for public office". The second part shall be entitled, and shall be for "Candidates for party positions." When necessary, a part may be divided into two or more columns or rows, but the names of all persons designated for the same office or party position shall be in the same column or row.

(b) In each part shall be printed the titles of the offices or party positions, as the case may be, for which the part is to be used, and under each such title shall be printed the names of the designated candidates for the office or position.

(c) Where a candidate for nomination for the same public office or for election to the same party position is designated by two or more petitions, his name shall be placed upon the ballot for the primary election but once as such a candidate.

(d) The ballot shall not contain a space for voting for candidates for uncontested offices and positions, and no ballot shall be printed for a party whose primary is uncontested unless a petition for opportunity to ballot has been filed.

2. (a) The paper ballot for a primary election shall conform to the form for paper ballots set forth in this article with respect to quality and weight of paper, perforated line, and number on the stub on the back of the ballot.

(b) On the back of the paper ballot, on the stub, immediately below the number, shall be the name of the party. On the back of the ballot and below the stub, and immediately to the left of the center of the ballot, and on the front of the ballot, below the perforated line, shall be printed, in addition to the other information required for paper ballots, the name and emblem of the party and the words "Official primary ballot."

(c) On the front of the stub, above the perforated line at the top of the paper ballot shall be printed the same instructions as on the general election ballot.

(d) The parts of the paper ballot below such heavy black horizontal line shall be separated by a heavy black vertical line or lines, one-fourth of an inch in width. Descriptive words to indicate the purpose of each part shall be printed at its head, below the heavy black horizontal line. Immediately below such captions shall be printed two light parallel horizontal lines approximately one-sixteenth of an inch apart, extending across each part.

(e) The names of candidates on paper ballots shall be numbered with arabic numerals printed in heavy faced type beginning with "one" for the first candidate named in the first part and continuing in numerical order to and including the last candidate named in the last part, except that where two or more candidates are to be elected to a party position, the names of candidates designated by each petition shall be grouped, and each group shall have but one number, which shall be printed opposite the approximate center of the group.

(f) The number of a candidate shall be printed on the paper ballot between the voting space and the name of the candidate. Each group shall have a bracket embracing the names in the group.

(g) Spaces containing names of candidates and for writing in names, and intervening spaces on the paper ballot, shall be separated by light horizontal lines. Names of candidates shall be printed in capital letters not less than one-eighth nor more than three-sixteenths of an inch in height.

(h) The paper ballots of no two parties shall be the same color, and the state board of elections shall select the color for each new party, and not later than twelve weeks before a primary election, shall transmit to each board of elections a certificate stating the colors so selected.

3. Expired and deemed repealed July 10, 2010, pursuant to L.2001, c. 92, Sec. 3.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 36; L.1977, c. 461, Sec. 1; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 54; L.1984, c. 433, Sec. 1; L.2001, c. 92, Sec. 1, eff. July 10, 2001.)
Sec. 7-116. Ballots; order of names on

1. In printing the names of candidates on the ballot, the candidate or candidates of the party which polled for its candidate for the office of governor at the last preceding election for such office the highest number of votes, shall be row or column A or one and the candidates of the other parties shall be placed on such ballot in descending order of such votes.

2. The officer or board who or which prepares the ballot shall determine the order in which shall appear, below the names of party candidates the nominations made only by independent bodies. Such officer or board also shall determine the order in which shall be printed, in a section of such ballot the names of two or more candidates nominated by one party or independent body, for an office to which two or more persons are to be elected; provided, however, that any such candidate may, by a writing filed with such board or officer not later than one week after the adjournment of the convention or one week after the primary election nominating him, or otherwise not later than two days after the filing of the petition or certificate nominating him, demand that such order be determined by lot, and in that case such order shall be so determined, upon two days notice by mail given by such board or officer to each candidate for such office. The state board of elections shall perform the duties required by this subdivision in all cases affecting nominations filed in its office.

3. The officer or board with whom or which are filed the designations for a public office or party position shall determine by lot, upon two days notice by mail given by such board or officer to each candidate for such office or position and to the committee, if any, named in the designating petition, the order in which shall be printed on the official primary ballot, under the title of the office or position, the names of candidates for public office, the names of candidates for a party position to which not more than one person is to be elected, and the groups of names of candidates for party position where two or more persons are to be elected thereto and any petition designates two or more persons therefor, provided, however, that whenever groups of names for more than one party position are designated by the same petition, the order in which they shall be printed on the official primary ballot shall be determined by a single lot. Candidates for delegate or delegates and alternate delegate or delegates to conventions designated by the same petition shall, for the purpose of this subdivision, be treated as one group. The names of candidates, if any, for a party position to which two or more persons are to be elected, who are designated by individual petitions and not in a group shall be printed below such group or groups, in such order between themselves, as such officer or board shall determine by lot upon the notice specified in this subdivision. The names within a group of candidates designated for party position by one petition shall be printed in the same order in which they appear in the petition, unless they appear in a different order on different pages of the petition, in which case their order within the group shall be determined by such officer or board by lot upon the notice specified in this subdivision. Candidates for members of a state committee designated by a single petition shall, for the purposes of this subdivision, be treated as one group. However, the notice to a committee of the drawing need not be mailed to more than five members, if there be that many, and as to offices or party positions for which designating petitions are filed with the board of elections of the city of New York the notice shall be given to the committees only.

3-a. The state board of elections shall prescribe the method, or two or more alternative methods, for making the determinations by lot required by subdivisions two and three of this section. Each county board of elections shall adopt one of such methods at least ninety days before any election to which such method shall apply.

4. If a vacancy in a designation or nomination be filled after the making, in the manner provided in this section, of a determination of the order in which the names of candidates for the office or position are to be printed, the name of the candidate designated or nominated to fill such vacancy shall be printed in the place so determined for the original candidate.

5. The titles of public offices shall appear on ballots for primary elections in the same consecutive order that they will appear on the general election ballot. The titles of the party positions shall appear in the following order: member of state committee, assembly district leader, associate assembly district leader, members of county committee in the city of New York, delegate or delegates to conventions, alternate delegate or delegates to conventions, and members of county committee in counties outside of the city of New York. Where, pursuant to the rules of the county committee, the party position involved is that of assembly district leader or associate assembly district leader for a part of an assembly district, such part shall be so indicated in the title on the ballot.

6. In the city of New York, the ballot on the voting machine for primary elections shall conform to the following additional provisions:

The names of the candidates designated for such public office or party position in the primary of a party shall be placed under the title of the office or position in the alphabetical order of their surnames, in the first or lowest numbered assembly district and election district of any political unit or subdivision within a county. If candidates' surnames are identical, their given or first name shall determine their order. Thereafter the names shall be rotated by election districts by transposing the first named candidate to the bottom of the order at each succeeding election district, so that each name shall appear first and in each other position in an equal number, as nearly as possible, of the election districts and except, further, that where two or more candidates are to be elected to the same party position, the names of candidates for such a position which appear on the same designating petition shall be grouped together on the ballot in the order in which their names appear on the designating petition and the group rotated alphabetically in relation to other groups or individual candidates according to the surname of the first person on the designating petition of such group. Groups of candidates for delegate and alternate delegate, and groups of candidates for male and female delegate and male and female alternate delegate to the same convention designated on the same petition shall be rotated together alphabetically in relation to other groups or individual candidates according to the surname of the first person listed on such designating petition in the group of candidates for whichever of such delegate or alternate delegate positions will appear first on the voting machine. If the rules of a party committee provide for equal representation of the sexes among the members of a state committee elected from each unit of representation, elections for male and female members of such a committee from a single unit of representation shall be conducted as elections for two different party positions. Notwithstanding the provisions of this paragraph, if the board of elections has assigned numbers to the candidates for an office or position because of identical or similar names among such candidates, the names of such candidates shall be placed under the title of such office or position in the order of such numbers in such first or lowest numbered district, and the names shall not be rotated by election district. Such names shall appear in the identical order on each ballot in each election district.

County committee candidates or groups of candidates shall be printed within the first election district of each assembly district or part thereof, according to the priority of filing of designating petitions and they shall then be rotated by election district by placing the candidate or group of candidates designated in the same petition as the candidate or group of candidates which was printed first in an election district at the bottom of the order in the next succeeding election district in which a candidate or group of candidates designated in such petition appears on the ballot.

In cases where a name is added to or removed from the ballot by court order too late to make a complete adjustment to these requirements feasible, the name may be added at the bottom of the list of candidates in all election districts, or removed from the ballot in all election districts without changing the previously arranged order of other names and without invalidating the election. Any inadvertent error in the order of names discovered too late to correct the order of the names on the ballots concerned shall not invalidate an election.

Except where a contest or candidate is removed from the ballot by court order too late to make complete compliance with this paragraph feasible, the title of each public office or party position and the names of the candidates for such office or position appearing on any voting machine used for primary elections in the city of New York shall appear on such machine immediately adjacent to one another, either horizontally or vertically; and no blank spaces shall separate the names of candidates actually running for an office or party position on such voting machine, and no blank spaces shall separate any two such offices or positions which appear on such voting machine in the same column or row.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 37; L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 15; L.1978, c. 9, Sec.Sec. 55, 56; L.1978, c. 177, Sec. 2; L.1982, c. 701, Sec. 1; L.1990, c. 371, Sec. 2; L.1992, c. 279, Sec. 1; L.1996, c. 143, Sec. 1; L.1997, c. 121, Sec. 1, eff. June 24, 1997.)
Sec. 7-118. Ballots; facsimile and sample

The board of elections shall provide facsimile and sample ballots which shall be arranged in the form of a diagram showing such part of the face of the voting machine as shall be in use at that election. Such facsimile and sample ballots shall be either in full or reduced size and shall contain suitable illustrated directions for voting on the voting machine. Such facsimile ballots shall be mounted and displayed for public inspection at each polling place during election day. Sample ballots may be mailed by the board of elections to each eligible voter at least three days before the election, or in lieu thereof, a copy of such sample ballot may be published at least once within one week preceding the election in newspapers representing the major political parties. One copy of such facsimile shall be sent to each school in the county, providing the ninth through the twelfth years of compulsory education, and in the city of New York to each such school in the city of New York, at least one week before each general election for posting at a convenient place in such school. The board of elections shall also send a facsimile ballot to any other school requesting such a ballot.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 66; L.1996, c. 157, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 7-120. Ballots; emergency use, to be furnished

1. If any voting machine for use in any election shall become out of order during an election it shall, if possible, be repaired or another machine substituted as promptly as possible. In case such repair or substitution cannot be made, emergency ballots, printed or written, and of any suitable form, may be used for the taking of votes.

2. If the official ballots for an election district shall not be delivered within the time necessary to open the polls, or shall be lost, destroyed or stolen, or if the supply of official ballots shall be exhausted before the polls are closed, the board of elections, or at its direction, the town or city clerk, or the election inspectors of such district, shall cause emergency ballots to be prepared, printed or written, as nearly in the form of the official ballots as practicable. The inspectors shall use the ballots so substituted in the same manner, as near as may be, as the official ballots.

3. It shall be the duty of each board of elections to cause a sufficient number of emergency ballots to be placed at each polling place in which voting machines are used to be employed in the event the voting machines break down. At any time during the hour succeeding a breakdown, the inspectors of election may use such emergency ballots, and if such breakdown lasts more than one hour, such emergency ballots must be used. The sample ballots may be used for this purpose in full or reduced size.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 38.)
Sec. 7-121. Ballots which are counted by machine

All ballots printed for use on a voting system approved by the state board of elections may be printed and arranged in a manner which would permit them to be counted by such machine.

(Added L.1986, c. 352, Sec. 1. Amended L.2009, c. 464, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 16, 2009.)
Sec. 7-122. Ballots; absentee voters

1. (a) Ballots for absentee voters shall be, as nearly as practicable, in the same form as those to be voted in the district on election day, if any, except that ballots for primary elections shall omit the party position of ward, town, city or county committee and except further that such ballots need not have a stub, and shall have the words "Absentee Ballot", endorsed thereon.

(b) The names of candidates upon the ballot shall be printed in appropriate sections, with titles of offices, section numbers, emblems, voting squares, names of parties and political organizations and blank spaces for writing in names of persons not printed on the ballot. Except as to the spacing, such ballot shall be printed wherever applicable substantially as follows:

TABULAR OR GRAPHIC MATERIAL SET FORTH AT THIS POINT IS NOT DISPLAYABLE

(c) The indorsement shall be printed and properly filled in:

Official Absentee Ballot for (General, Primary or Special, as applicable)

Election County of ______

(Assembly or Legislative, as applicable) District ______

(Ward and City or town, as applicable) ______

(Insert date of election)

(Insert names of election commissioners providing the ballot)

(d) On the front of the ballot prepared for counting by hand, shall be printed in heavy black type the following instructions:

INSTRUCTIONS

1. Mark in pen or pencil.

2. To vote for a candidate whose name is printed on this ballot, make a single cross X mark or a single check, V mark in the voting square above the name of the candidate.

3. To vote for a person whose name is not printed on this ballot write or stamp his or her name in the space that appears at the bottom of the column or the end of the row (indicate where on the ballot the write-in space appears) containing the title of the office.

4. To vote on a proposal make a cross X mark or a check V mark in one of the squares contained in the box setting forth such proposal.

5. Any other mark or writing, or any erasure made on this ballot outside the voting squares or blank spaces provided for voting will void this entire ballot.

6. Do not overvote. If you select a greater number of candidates than there are vacancies to be filled, your ballot will be void for that public office, party position or proposal.

7. If you tear, or deface, or wrongly mark this ballot, call the board of elections at (insert phone number here) for instructions on how to obtain a new ballot. Do not attempt to correct mistakes on the ballot by making erasures or cross outs. Erasures or cross outs may invalidate all or part of your ballot. Prior to submitting your ballot, if you make a mistake in completing the ballot or wish to change your ballot choices, you may obtain and complete a new ballot. You have a right to a replacement ballot upon return of the original ballot.

1-a. Redesignated 4. L.1986, c. 352, Sec. 3, eff. Nov. 14, 1986

2. The following provisions shall apply to all absentee ballots prepared for counting by a ballot scanner and all other provisions of this chapter not inconsistent with this subdivision shall be applicable to such ballots:

(a) The party emblem need not be printed next to the name of each candidate.

(b) The ballot proposals may be on the back of the ballot, or on a separate ballot.

(c) The printed instructions to the voter shall read as follows:

INSTRUCTIONS

1. Mark only with a pen or pencil.

2. To vote for a candidate whose name is printed on this ballot, fill in the (insert oval or square, as applicable) above or next to the name of the candidate.

3. To vote for a person whose name is not printed on this ballot, write or stamp his or her name in the space labeled "write-in" that appears (insert at the bottom of the column or the end of the row, as applicable) containing the title of the office and, if required by the voting system in use at such election, the instructions shall also include "and fill in the (insert oval or square, as applicable) corresponding with the write-in space in which the voter has written a name."

4. To vote yes or no on a proposal, if any, that appears on the (indicate where on the ballot the proposal may appear) fill in the (insert oval or square, as applicable) that corresponds to your vote.

5. Any other mark or writing, or any erasure made on this ballot outside the voting squares or blank spaces provided for voting will void this entire ballot.

6. Do not overvote. If you select a greater number of candidates than there are vacancies to be filled, your ballot will be void for that public office, party position or proposal.

7. If you tear, or deface, or wrongly mark this ballot, call the board of elections at (insert phone number here) for instructions on how to obtain a new ballot. Do not attempt to correct mistakes on the ballot by making erasures or cross outs. Erasures or cross outs may invalidate all or part of your ballot. Prior to submitting your ballot, if you make a mistake in completing the ballot or wish to change your ballot choices, you may obtain and complete a new ballot. You have a right to a replacement ballot upon return of the original ballot.

(d) Such instructions may be printed on the front or back of the ballot or on a separate sheet or card. If such instructions are not printed on the front of the ballot, there shall be printed on the ballot, in the largest size type for which there is room, the following legend: "See instructions on other side" or "See enclosed instructions", whichever is appropriate.

(e) Such ballots which are to be counted by a ballot scanner may consist of two or more sheets, which are divided into perforated sections which can be separated at the time of canvassing.

3. The determination of the appropriate county board of elections as to the candidates duly designated or nominated for public office or party position whose name shall appear on the absentee ballot and as to ballot proposals to be voted on shall be made no later than the day after the state board of elections issues its certification of those candidates to be voted for at the general, special or primary election. The determinations of the state board of elections and the respective county boards of elections shall be final and conclusive with respect to such offices for which petitions or certificates are required to be filed with such boards, as the case may be but nothing herein contained shall prevent a board of elections, or a court of competent jurisdiction from determining at a later date that any such certification, designation or nomination is invalid and, in the event of such later determination, no vote cast for any such nominee by any voter shall be counted at the election.

4. Renumbered subd. 3 by L.2010, c. 165, Sec. 4, eff. July 7, 2010.

5. The board of elections shall furnish with each absentee ballot an inner affirmation envelope. On one side of the envelope shall be printed:

OFFICIAL ABSENTEE BALLOT

for

GENERAL (OR PRIMARY OR SPECIAL) ELECTION, ______ , 20 ______

Name of voter ______

Residence (street and number if any) ______

City/or town of ______ (village, if any) ______

County of ______

Assembly district ______

Legislative District (as applicable) ______

Ward (as applicable) ______

Election District ______

Party Enrollment (in case of primary election) ______

6. The date of the election, name of the county, and name of a city, if there be a separate ballot for city voters, shall be printed, and the name of the voter, residence, number of the assembly district, if any, name of town, number of ward, if any, election district and party enrollment, if required, shall be either printed or written or stamped in by the board.

7. There shall also be a place for two inspectors of opposite political parties to indicate, by placing their initials thereon, that they have checked and marked the voter's poll record.

8. On the reverse side of such inner affirmation envelope shall be printed the following statement:

AFFIRMATION

I do declare that I am a citizen of the United States, that I am duly registered in the election district shown on the reverse side of this envelope and I am qualified to vote in such district; that I will be unable to appear personally on the day of the election for which this ballot is voted at the polling place of the election district in which I am a qualified voter because of the reason given on my application heretofore submitted; that I have not qualified nor do I intend to vote elsewhere, that I have not committed any act nor am I under any impediment which denies me the right to vote.

I hereby declare that the foregoing is a true statement to the best of my knowledge and belief, and I understand that if I make any material false statement in the foregoing statement of absentee voter, I shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.Date ______ 20 ______

Signature or mark of voter

Signature of Witness (required only if voter does not sign his own name)

Address of Witness

_

9. The inner affirmation envelope shall be gummed, ready for sealing, and shall have printed thereon, on the side opposite the statement, instructions as to the duties of the voter after the marking of the ballot, which instructions shall include a specific direction stating when such ballot must be postmarked and when such ballot must reach the office of the board of elections in order to be canvassed.

10. Each ballot envelope shall be enclosed in an outer envelope addressed to the appropriate board of elections and bearing on it a specific direction that if an original application for an absentee ballot is received with the ballot, such application must be completed by the voter and returned in the outer envelope together with the sealed inner affirmation envelope containing the absentee ballot within the time limits for receipt of the absentee ballot itself. Such inner affirmation envelope and outer envelope shall be enclosed in a third envelope addressed to the absentee voter. The outer and third envelopes shall have printed on the face thereof the words "Election Material-Please Expedite".

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 39; L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 16; L.1978, c. 9, Sec.Sec. 57, 58; L.1979, c. 381, Sec. 1; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 9; L.1983, c. 227, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 416, Sec. 1; L.1985, c. 118, Sec. 2; L.1986, c. 352, Sec.Sec. 2, 3; L.1988, c. 216, Sec. 1; L.1991, c. 259, Sec. 1; L.1994, c. 156, Sec. 3; L.2000, c. 235, Sec. 6, eff. Aug. 16, 2000; L.2003, c. 244, Sec.Sec. 2 to 4, eff. July 29, 2003; L.2010, c. 165, Sec.Sec. 2, 4, eff. July 7, 2010.)
Sec. 7-123. Ballots; military voters

1. The state board of elections, after conferring with federal authorities, if any, authorized to act, shall prescribe the form and cause to be printed by the appropriate boards of elections or otherwise sufficient ballots for military voters to be used at the election, subject to the following limitations:

2. The ballots for military voters shall be the same form as those to be voted by absentee voters in the election district of the military voter on election day. Any instructions that the state board of elections deems pertinent shall accompany such ballots but shall not be affixed thereto in any manner so as to leave any marks on such ballots not found on absentee ballots.

3. The board of elections shall furnish an inner affirmation envelope with each military ballot upon which envelope shall be printed:

BALLOT FOR MILITARY VOTER

AFFIRMATION

I swear or affirm that:

(a) I am a member of the uniformed services or merchant marine on active duty or an eligible spouse, parent, child or dependent of such a member, and

(b) I am a United States citizen, at least eighteen years of age (or will be by the day of the election), eligible to vote in the requested jurisdiction, and

(c) I have neither been convicted of a felony or other disqualifying offense nor been adjudicated mentally incompetent, or if so, my voting rights have been reinstated, and

(d) I am not registering, requesting a ballot, or voting in any other jurisdiction in the United States, and

(e) My signature and date below indicate when I completed this document, and

(f) The information on this form is true and complete to the best of my knowledge.

I understand that a material misstatement of fact in the completion of this document may constitute grounds for conviction of a crime.

Date ........ 20....
............
Signature or mark of voter
............
Signature of Witness (required only if voter does not sign his or her own name)
............
Address of Witness

4. On the reverse side of the inner affirmation envelope shall be printed:

TO BE FILLED IN BY THE BOARD OF ELECTIONS:

FOR ______ ELECTION ______ 20 ______

County of

Name of voter

Voting residence (street and number, if any)

City (or town) of ______ Ward

Assembly District ______ Election District

Party Enrollment (in case of primary election)

IMPORTANT TO MILITARY VOTER: YOU MUST SIGN THE AFFIRMATION ON THIS ENVELOPE.

5. The information in subdivision four of this section shall be filled in by the board of elections prior to the mailing of any military ballot and envelopes if the military voter's preferred method of transmission with the board of elections is by mail, or it may be filled in by the board of elections upon the receipt of the returned military ballot and envelope where the ballot and envelope have been transmitted to the military voter other than by mail or in person.

6. The inner affirmation envelope, if delivered by mail or in person, shall be gummed and ready for sealing. Such envelope, or any created by the military voter who has received his or her ballot by facsimile transmission or electronic mail in accordance with the provisions of subdivision seven of this section, shall have printed thereon, on the side opposite the affirmation, instructions as to the duties of the military voter after the marking of the ballot. Such instructions shall include specific directions stating that the ballot must be returned in person or mailed to the appropriate board of elections, when the outer envelope must be postmarked, if mailed, and when such envelope, whether returned in person or mailed, must reach such board of elections in order to be canvassed. Such inner affirmation envelope shall also include a direction that an application for a military ballot should not be enclosed in the inner affirmation envelope containing such ballot.

7. If a military voter has designated a preference to receive his or her ballot by facsimile transmission or electronic mail pursuant to section 10-107 of this chapter, the transmission of the military voter's ballot shall include, together with all information and instructional materials that accompany ballot materials sent by the board of elections to other absentee voters, appropriate instructions as to the folding of same so as to create an inner affirmation envelope containing all of the information set forth in subdivisions three, four and six of this section.

8. Such inner affirmation envelope containing the military ballot shall be enclosed in an outer envelope, addressed to the appropriate board of elections, and bearing on it the words "Official Election Ballot-Via Air Mail". The outer envelope shall include specific directions that if an original completed application for a military ballot has not already been returned in person or mailed to the military voter's board of elections, such application must be completed by the military voter and returned in the outer envelope with the sealed inner affirmation envelope containing the military ballot within the time limits for the receipt of the military ballot itself. Such envelope shall provide lines in the upper left corner for the military voter to write his or her name and complete military address.

9. The outer envelope addressed to the appropriate board of elections and the inner affirmation envelope which contains the ballot shall be mailed to the military voter in a third envelope on which is printed the words "Official Election Ballot-Via Air Mail".

10. At the side opposite the address on the outer envelope, below the gummed seal, for a ballot delivered by mail or in person, or below the flap for a ballot transmitted to the military voter by facsimile transmission or electronic mail, shall be printed:

This ballot was mailed on ............ which is not later than the
(date)
day before the election.
............ ............
Signed (Witness) Date

11. If the military voter's preferred method of transmission is facsimile transmission or electronic mail, the electronic transmittal of the military voter's ballot materials shall include appropriate instructions as to the folding of same so as to create an outer envelope containing all of the information set forth in subdivisions eight and ten of this section.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1; formerly Sec. 7-124. Renumbered Sec. 7-123 and amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 17; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 59; L.1978, c. 373, Sec.Sec. 67, 68, 69. Amended L.1983, c. 227, Sec. 2; L.1984, c. 247, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 416, Sec. 2; L.1991, c. 290, Sec. 2; L.2000, c. 235, Sec. 7, eff. Aug. 16, 2000; L.2001, c. 381, Sec. 4, eff. Dec. 1, 2001; L.2003, c. 256, Sec. 3, eff. July 29, 2003; L.2003, c. 262, Sec. 1, eff. Dec. 15, 2003; L.2005, c. 237, Sec. 3, eff. July 19, 2005; L.2010, c. 104, Sec. 2, eff. June 2, 2010.)
Sec. 7-124. Ballots; special federal voters

1. The ballots for special federal voters shall provide for voting for presidential and vice-presidential electors, United States senator, representative in congress, and delegates and alternate delegates to a national convention only and shall be in the form prescribed by this chapter for absentee ballots, except that on either the front or the back of the ballot shall be printed or stamped the words "Official Ballot-Special Federal Voter", provided, however, that at any election at which special federal voters may vote for all the offices and positions on the ballot, no such separate ballot shall be printed and the ballot for special federal voters shall be the same as the ballot provided to absentee voters in such election.

2. The board of elections shall furnish an inner affirmation envelope with each special federal ballot upon which envelope shall be printed:

I swear or affirm that:

(a) I am a United States citizen residing outside the United States, and

(b) I am at least eighteen years of age (or will be by the day of the election), eligible to vote in the requested jurisdiction, and

(c) I have neither been convicted of a felony or other disqualifying offense nor been adjudicated mentally incompetent, or if so, my voting rights have been reinstated, and

(d) I am not qualified to register, request a ballot, or vote in any other jurisdiction in the United States, and

(e) My signature and date below indicate when I completed this document, and

(f) The information on this form is true and complete to the best of my knowledge.

I understand that a material misstatement of fact in the completion of this document may constitute grounds for conviction of a crime.

Date ............ 20....
............
Signature or mark of voter
............
Signature of Witness (required only if voter does not sign his own name)
............ Address of Witness

3. On the reverse side of the inner affirmation envelope shall be printed:

TO BE FILLED IN BY THE BOARD OF ELECTIONS

FOR ______ ELECTION ______ 20 ______

Name of voter

Residence from which vote is being cast:

Street and number

City or town

County

Assembly District or Ward

Election District

Party Enrollment (in case of primary election)

IMPORTANT TO SPECIAL FEDERAL VOTER: YOU MUST SIGN THE AFFIRMATION ON THIS ENVELOPE.

4. The information in subdivision three of this section shall be filled in by the board of elections prior to the mailing of any special federal ballot and envelopes if the special federal voter's preferred method of transmission with the board of elections is by mail, or it may be filled in by the board of elections upon receipt of the returned special federal ballot and envelope when the ballot and envelope have been transmitted to the special federal voter other than by mail or in person.

5. The inner affirmation envelope, if delivered by mail or in person, shall be gummed and ready for sealing. Such envelope, or any created by the special federal voter whose ballot was delivered by facsimile transmission or electronic mail in accordance with subdivision six of this section, shall have printed thereon, on the side opposite the affirmation, instructions as to the duties of the voter after the marking of the ballot. Such instructions shall include specific directions stating that the ballot must be returned in person or mailed to the appropriate board of elections, when the outer envelope must be postmarked, if mailed, and when such envelope, whether returned in person or mailed, must reach such board of elections in order to be canvassed. Such inner affirmation envelope shall also include a direction that an application for a special federal ballot should not be enclosed in the inner affirmation envelope containing such ballot.

6. If a special federal voter has designated a preference to receive his or her ballot by facsimile transmission or electronic mail pursuant to section 11-203 of this chapter, the transmission of the special federal voter's ballot shall include, together with all information and instructional materials that accompany ballot materials sent by the board of elections to other absentee voters, appropriate instructions as to the folding of same so as to create an envelope containing all of the information set forth in subdivisions two, three and five of this section.

7. Such inner affirmation envelope containing the special federal ballot shall be enclosed in an outer envelope addressed to the appropriate board of elections, and bearing on it the words "Official Election Ballot-Via Air Mail". The outer envelope shall include specific directions that if an original completed application for a special federal ballot has not already been delivered or mailed to the special federal voter's board of elections, such application must be completed by the special federal voter and returned in the outer envelope with the sealed inner affirmation envelope containing the special federal ballot within the time limits for the receipt of the special federal ballot itself. Such envelope shall provide lines in the upper left corner for the special federal voter to write his or her name and complete special federal address.

8. The outer envelope addressed to the appropriate board of elections and the inner affirmation envelope which contains the ballot shall be mailed to the special federal voter in a third envelope on which is printed the words "Official Election Ballot-Via Air Mail".

9. If the special federal voter's preferred method of transmission is facsimile transmission or electronic mail, the electronic transmittal of the special federal voter's ballot materials shall include appropriate instructions as to the folding of same so as to create an outer envelope containing all of the information set forth in subdivision eight of this section.

(Added L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 18. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 60; L.1981, c. 163, Sec. 1; L.1983, c. 227, Sec. 3; L.1984, c. 26, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 247, Sec. 2; L.1984, c. 416, Sec. 3; L.1988, c. 216, Sec. 2; L.1989, c. 99, Sec. 1; L.1991, c. 259, Sec. 2; L.2000, c. 235, Sec. 8, eff. Aug. 16, 2000; L.2010, c. 104, Sec. 3, eff. June 2, 2010.)
Sec. 7-125. Ballots; special presidential voters

1. The ballots for special presidential voters shall provide for voting for presidential and vice presidential electors only and shall be in the form prescribed for absentee ballots, except that either on the front or the back they shall be endorsed with the words printed or stamped, "Official Ballot-Special Presidential Voter" and "Presidential Electors".

2. The board of elections shall furnish with each special presidential ballot an envelope. On one side of the envelope shall be printed:

OFFICIAL BALLOT, SPECIAL PRESIDENTIAL VOTERS, FOR GENERAL ELECTION, NOVEMBER ______ , 19 ______

Name of voter

Residence from which vote is being cast: ______ Street and number

______ City or town

______ County

______ Assembly District or Ward

______ Election District

The date of the election and name of the county shall be printed, and the name of the voter, residence, name of the city or town, number of ward or assembly district, if any, and election district shall be printed, written or stamped in by the board.

3. On the reverse side of such envelope shall be printed the following statement:

STATEMENT OF SPECIAL PRESIDENTIAL VOTER

I do declare I am a qualified special presidential voter of said district; that I am not qualified and am not able to qualify to vote elsewhere than as set forth on the reverse side of this envelope; that I am a citizen of the United States; that on the date of the election for which this ballot is voted, I will be at least eighteen years of age; and that I have not committed any act, nor am I under any impediment, which denies me the right to vote.

I hereby declare that the foregoing is a true statement to the best of my knowledge and belief, and I understand that if I make any material false statement in the foregoing statement, I shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

Date ............ 20....
............
Signature or mark of voter
............
Signature of Witness (required only if voter does not sign his own name)
............ Address of Witness

4. The envelope shall be gummed, ready for sealing, and shall have printed thereon, on the side opposite the statement, instructions as to the duties of the voter after the marking of the ballot, which instructions shall include a specific direction stating that the envelope must be delivered or mailed to the appropriate board of elections and a specific direction stating when such envelope must be delivered or postmarked and when such envelope, if so mailed, must reach such board of elections in order to be canvassed.

5. Each ballot envelope shall be enclosed in a second envelope addressed to the board of elections and bearing a specific direction that if an application for special presidential ballot is received with the ballot, such application must be completed by the voter and returned in such envelope together with the envelope containing the special presidential ballot. Such second envelope shall be enclosed in a third envelope addressed to the special presidential voter. The second and third envelopes shall have printed on the face thereof the words "Election Material-Please Expedite".

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 40; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 70; L.1983, c. 227, Sec. 4; L.1984, c. 416, Sec. 4; L.1989, c. 99, Sec.Sec. 2, 3; L.1991, c. 259, Sec. 3; L.2000, c. 235, Sec. 9, eff. Aug. 16, 2000.)
Sec. 7-126. Ballots; pasters, use of

1. If a certificate of designation or nomination to fill a vacancy shall lawfully be filed with the board or officer required to furnish official ballots, or the board of elections shall receive from the state board of elections a notification of a new designation or nomination to fill a vacancy, after the official ballots have been printed, and before the election, the board or officer providing the official ballots shall prepare and furnish to the inspectors of election in each election district affected, adhesive pasters containing the name of the new candidate designated or nominated, with directions for the proper use thereof.

2. Each paster shall be of plain paper of the same color as the official ballot to which it is being affixed, printed in plain black ink and in the same kind of type used in printing the names of the candidates upon the official ballots, and shall be of a size as large as and no larger than the space occupied upon the official ballot by the name of the candidate in whose place the candidate named upon the paster has been designated or nominated.

3. Whenever such pasters are provided, the board or officer furnishing them shall certify to the inspectors of election in the election districts affected by the vacancy the name of the person originally designated or nominated, the name of the person designated in the new certificate, the title of the office or party position for which the designation or nomination is made, the name of the political party to which the committee making the designation or nomination belongs, and shall state the number of pasters furnished, which number shall be equal to the number of official ballots furnished for each such district.

4. The inspectors or clerks shall affix one of such pasters, in the proper place and manner, upon each official ballot before the ballot is delivered to the voter.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 7-128. Ballots; inspection of

1. Each officer or board charged with the duty of providing official ballots for an election shall have sample ballots open to public inspection five days before the election for which they were prepared and the official ballots open to such inspection four days before such election except that the sample and official ballots for a village election held at a different time from a general election shall be open to public inspection at least two days before such election. During the times within which the ballots are open for inspection, such officer or board shall deliver to each voter applying therefor a sample of the ballot which he is entitled to vote.

2. Each officer or board charged with the duty of preparing ballots to be used on voting machines in any election shall give written notice, by first class mail, to all candidates, except candidates for member of the county committee, who are lawfully entitled to have their names appear thereon, of the time when, and the place where, they may inspect the voting machines to be used for such election. The candidates or their designated representatives may appear at the time and place specified in such notice to inspect such machines, provided, however, that the time so specified shall be not less than two days prior to the date of the election.

A candidate, whose name appears on the ballot for an election district or his designated representative, may, in the presence of the election officer attending the voting machine, inspect the face of the machine to see that his ballot label is in its proper place, but at no time during the inspection shall the booth be closed.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 7-130. Ballots; examination by voters and instruction in use of voting machines

One or more voting machines which shall contain the ballot labels, showing the party emblems and title of officers to be voted for, and which shall so far as practicable contain the names of the candidates to be voted for, shall be placed on public exhibition in some suitable place by the board of elections, in charge of competent instructors, for at least three days during the thirty days next preceding an election. No voting machine which is to be assigned for use in an election shall be used for such purpose after having been prepared and sealed for the election. During such public exhibition, the counting mechanism of the machine shall be concealed from view and the doors may be temporarily opened only when authorized by the board or official having charge and control of the election. Any voter shall be allowed to examine such machine, and upon request shall be instructed in its use.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 7 ELECTION BALLOT

TITLE II VOTING MACHINES

Sec. 7-200. Adoption and use of voting machine or system

1. The board of elections of the city of New York and other county boards of elections may adopt any kind of voting machine or system approved by the state board of elections, or the use of which has been specifically authorized by law; and thereupon such voting machine or system may be used at any or all elections and shall be used at all general or special elections held by such boards in such city, town or village and in every contested primary election in the city of New York and in every contested primary election outside the city of New York in which there are one thousand or more enrolled voters qualified to vote. No more than two types of voting machines or systems may be used by any local board of elections at a single election. Notwithstanding the other provisions of this subdivision, any local board of elections may borrow or lease for use on an experimental basis for a period of not more than one year each, voting machines or systems of any type approved by the state board of elections.

2. For five years after any voting machine or system of a type approved by the state board of elections pursuant to the election reform and modernization act of 2005 is first used in any election district, the local board of elections which owns such machine or system shall provide a model or diagram of such voting machine or system for each polling place in which any such election district is located. Such models or diagrams shall meet the standards set forth in regulations promulgated by the state board of elections.

3. Whenever there are more offices to be elected than can be accommodated on the voting machine or system or more candidates have been nominated for an office than can be accommodated on the voting machine or system, the local board of elections may provide for the use of separate paper ballots for such offices, when other offices are voted for on voting machines or systems by voters of the same election district.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1986, c. 262, Sec. 5; L.1986, c. 356, Sec. 1; L.2005, c. 181, Sec. 4, eff. July 12, 2005.)
Sec. 7-201. Voting machines and systems; examination of

1. Any person or corporation owning or being interested in any voting machine or system may apply to have the state board of elections examine such machine or system. Such applicant shall pay to the board before the examination a fee equal to the cost of such examination. The state board of elections shall cause the machine or system to be examined and a report of the examination to be made and filed in the office of the state board. Such examination shall include a determination as to whether the machine or system meets the requirements of section 7-202 of this title and a thorough review and testing of any electronic or computerized features of the machine or system. Such report shall state an opinion as to whether the kind of machine or system so examined can safely and properly be used by voters and local boards of elections at elections, under the conditions prescribed in this article and the requirements of the federal Help America Vote Act. If the report states that the machine or system can be so used, and the board after its own examination so determines, in accordance with subdivision four of section 3-100 of this chapter, the machine or system shall be deemed approved, and machines or systems of its kind may be adopted for use at elections as herein provided. The voting machine or system shall be examined by examiners or testing laboratories to be selected for such purpose by the state board. Each examiner or laboratory shall receive compensation and expenses for making an examination and report as to each voting machine or system examined by him or it. Neither any member of the state board of elections nor any examiner or owner or employee of any testing laboratory, shall have any pecuniary interest in any voting machine or system. Any form of voting machine or system not so approved, cannot be used at any election.

1-a. Expired and deemed repealed July 1, 2010, pursuant to L.2007, c. 397, Sec. 2.

2. When any change is made in the operation or material of any feature or component of any machine or system which has been approved pursuant to the provisions of this section, such machine or system must be submitted for such re-examination and reapproval pursuant to the provisions of subdivision one of this section as the state board of elections deems necessary.

3. If at any time after any machine or system has been approved pursuant to the provisions of subdivision one or two of this section, the state board of elections has any reason to believe that such machine or system does not meet all the requirements for voting machines or systems set forth in this article, it shall forthwith cause such machine or system to be examined again in the manner prescribed by subdivision one of this section. If the opinions in the report of such examinations do not state that such machine or system can safely and properly be used by voters at elections under the conditions prescribed by this article, the state board of elections shall forthwith rescind its approval of such machine or system. After the date on which the approval of any machine or system is rescinded, no machines or systems of such type may be purchased for use in this state. The state board of elections shall examine all machines or systems of such type which were previously purchased, to determine if they may continue to be used in elections in this state.

4. The state board of elections may authorize, for use on an experimental basis, one or more types of voting machine, system or equipment not previously approved by such board pursuant to the provisions of this section and may authorize a local board of elections to rent or borrow a limited number of one such type of machine, system or equipment for use in a primary, special, general or village election. Authorization for such use of such a machine, system or equipment may be given for all or part of any city, town or village for any such election.

5. The board shall deposit all fees collected pursuant to the provisions of subdivision one of this section to the credit of the voting machine and system examination fund established pursuant to section ninety-two-p of the state finance law.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1; formerly Sec. 3-110. Renumbered Sec. 7-201, L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 7. Amended L.1986, c. 262, Sec. 6; L.1986, c. 352, Sec.Sec. 4 to 6; L.1987, c. 400, Sec.Sec. 1, 2; L.2005, c. 181, Sec. 5, eff. July 12, 2005; L.2006, c. 26, Sec. 1, eff. April 18, 2006; L.2007, c. 397, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 1, 2007.)
Sec. 7-202. Voting machine or system; requirements of

1. A voting machine or system to be approved by the state board of elections shall:

a. be constructed so as to allow for voting for all candidates who may be nominated and on all ballot proposals which may be submitted and, except for elections at which the number of parties and independent bodies on the ballot exceeds the number of rows or columns available, so that the amount of space between the names of any two candidates of any party or independent body in any row or column of such machine or system at any election is no greater than the amount of space between the names of any other candidates of such party or independent body at such election;

b. permit a voter to vote for any person for any office, whether or not nominated as a candidate by any party or independent body without the ballot, or any part thereof, being removed from the machine at any time;

c. be constructed so that a voter cannot vote for a candidate or on a ballot proposal for whom or on which he or she is not lawfully entitled to vote;

d. if the voter selects votes for more than one candidate for a single office, except where a voter is lawfully entitled to vote for more than one person for that office, notify the voter that the voter has selected more than one candidate for a single office on the ballot, notify the voter before the ballot is cast and counted of the effect of casting multiple votes for the office, and provide the voter with the opportunity to correct the ballot before the ballot is cast and counted;

e. provide the voter an opportunity to privately and independently verify votes selected and the ability to privately and independently change such votes or correct any error before the ballot is cast and counted;

f. be provided with a "protective counter" which records the number of times the machine or system has been operated since it was built and a "public counter" which records the number of persons who have voted on the machine at each separate election;

g. be provided with a lock or locks, or other device or devices, the use of which, immediately after the polls are closed or the operation of the machine or system for such election is completed, will absolutely secure the voting or registering mechanism and prevent the recording of additional votes;

h. be provided with sufficient space to display the information required herein, provided, however, in the alternative, such information may be displayed within the official ballot;

i. be provided with a device for printing or photographing all counters or numbers recorded by the machine or system before the polls open and after the polls close which shall be a permanent record with a manual audit capacity available for canvassing the votes recorded by the machine or system; such paper record shall be preserved in accordance with the provisions of section 3-222 of this chapter;

j. retain all paper ballots cast or produce and retain a voter verified permanent paper record which shall be presented to the voter from behind a window or other device before the ballot is cast, in a manner intended and designed to protect the privacy of the voter; such ballots or record shall allow a manual audit and shall be preserved in accordance with the provisions of section 3-222 of this chapter;

k. provide sufficient illumination to enable the voter to see the ballot;l. be suitable for the use of election officers in examining the counters such that the protective counters and public counters on all such machines or systems must be located so that they will be visible to the inspectors and watchers at all times while the polls are open;

m. be provided with a screen and hood or curtain or privacy features with equivalent function which shall be so made and adjusted as to conceal the voter and his or her action while voting;

n. contain a device which enables all the election inspectors and poll watchers at such election district to determine when the voting machine or system has been activated for voting and when the voter has completed casting his or her vote;

o. permit the primaries of at least five parties to be held on such machine or system at a single election, and accommodate such number of multiple ballots at a single election as may be required by the state board of elections but in no case less than five;

p. be constructed to allow a voter in a wheelchair to cast his or her vote;

q. permit inspectors of elections to easily and safely place the voting machine or system in a wheelchair accessible position;

r. ensure the integrity and security of the voting machine or system by:

(i) being capable of conducting both pre-election and post-election testing of the logic and accuracy of the machine or system that demonstrates an accurate tally when a known quantity of votes is entered into each machine; and

(ii) providing a means by which a malfunctioning voting machine or system shall secure any votes already cast on such machine or system;

s. permit alternative language accessibility pursuant to the requirements of section 203 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 1973aa-1a) such that it must have the capacity to display the full ballot in the alternative languages required by the federal Voting Rights Act if such voting machine or system is to be used where such alternative languages are required or where the local board deems such feature necessary; and

t. not include any device or functionality potentially capable of externally transmitting or receiving data via the internet or via radio waves or via other wireless means.

2. The state board of elections shall approve, for use at each polling place at least one voting machine or system at such polling place which, in addition to meeting the requirements in subdivision one of this section, shall:

a. be equipped with a voting device with tactile discernible controls designed to meet the needs of voters with limited reach and limited hand dexterity;

b. be equipped with an audio voting feature that communicates the complete content of the ballot in a voice which permits a voter who is blind or visually impaired to cast a secret ballot using voice-only or tactile discernible controls; and

c. be capable of being equipped with a pneumatic switch voting attachment which can be operated orally by gentle pressure or the creation of a vacuum through the inhalation or exhalation of air by the voter including, but not limited to, a sip-and-puff switch voting attachment.

3. The state board of elections may, in accordance with subdivision four of section 3-100 of this chapter, establish by regulation additional standards for voting machines or systems not inconsistent with this chapter.

4. Local boards of elections which obtain voting machines pursuant to this chapter may determine to purchase direct recording electronic machines or optical scan machines in conformance with the requirements of this chapter.

(Added L.2005, c. 181, Sec. 6, eff. July 12, 2005.)
Sec. 7-203. Voting machines; requirement of use

1. The board of elections shall provide a sufficient number of voting machines to fully equip all election districts within its jurisdiction. Such voting machines shall be used at all general, special and primary elections conducted pursuant to this chapter.

2. Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, the state board of elections shall establish, in accordance with subdivision four of section 3-100 of this chapter, for each election, the minimum number of voting machines required in each polling place and the maximum number of voters that can vote on one voting machine. Such minimum number of voting machines shall be based on the voting machine in use, taking into account machine functionality and capability, including the ability to tabulate multiple official ballots and the need for efficient and orderly elections and, in the case of a general or special election, the number of registered voters, excluding voters in inactive status, in the election district or, in the case of a primary election, the number of enrolled voters, excluding voters in inactive status, therein.

3. In the event that the board of elections shall not agree upon, or the county shall not execute a contract or contracts for the purchase of, the necessary voting machines, such contract or contracts shall be awarded, made and executed by the state board of elections, in accordance with subdivision four of section 3-100 of this chapter, on approval of the attorney general as to form. The expense of making and entering into such contracts, including the preparation and printing of specifications, and also all payments for voting machines to be made thereunder, shall be chargeable to the county, except in the city of New York where such expense shall be chargeable to such city, and it shall be the duty of the comptroller or other chief fiscal officer of the county or city, as the case may be, to pay the same upon the certificate of the officer making such contract, or upon the certificate of the state board of elections in the event that such contract be made by it. No provision of any charter or other law or ordinance governing the purchase of patented articles shall be deemed to apply to the purchase of voting machines pursuant to the provisions of this section. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the state board of elections from distributing voting machines to boards of elections pursuant to other provisions of this chapter without charge.

4. The board of elections may purchase voting machines for use in demonstration and as extra machines within the county.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1; formerly Sec. 7-202. Renumbered Sec. 7-203, L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 41. Amended L.1985, c. 161, Sec. 2; L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 43; L.2005, c. 180, Sec. 14, eff. Nov. 15, 2005; L.2009, c. 462, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 16, 2009.)
Sec. 7-204. Contracts for purchase of voting machines or systems

1. All contracts for purchase of voting machines or systems of types approved by the state board of elections shall include, but not be limited to, requirements that the vendors provide assistance in training board of elections personnel in the operation of such machines or systems and any ancillary equipment, assistance in the conduct of all elections conducted during the first year in which each such machine or system is used and at least five years of service for all such machines or systems and ancillary equipment.

2. All such contracts shall also require the vendor to guarantee in writing to keep such machines and systems in good working order for at least five years without additional cost and to perform satisfactorily its training and service obligations under the contract and to give a sufficient bond conditioned to that effect.

3. The state board of elections, in consultation with the office of general services, shall issue regulations specifying the manner in which contracts must be drawn in order to comply with the provisions of this section.

4. Purchase contracts for purchase of voting machines or systems of types approved by the state board of elections may not become effective until a date at least ten days after copies of such contracts are received by the state board of elections unless, within such ten day period, such board of elections notifies the local board of elections which submitted such contract that such contract does not meet requirements of this chapter or the regulations of the state board of elections.

(Added L.1986, c. 262, Sec. 11. Amended L.2005, c. 181, Sec. 7, eff. eff. July 12, 2005.)
Sec. 7-205. Voting machines; use of at primaries

1. The board of elections of any county outside the city of New York may adopt, and shall adopt when required by local law in any city or by action of the county legislative body in any county, the use of voting machines for contested primary elections in any or all parts of such city or county for any office or position for which such board is not required to use such machines. Wherever voting machines are used for primary elections, the board of elections having jurisdiction over elections in the city, county or town concerned shall issue directions for such use for each primary election which shall be in conformity with the provisions of this section and of all other applicable provisions of this chapter and which shall be binding on all election officials in the area involved.

2. Additional voting machines may be acquired for this purpose. If the voting machines used are equipped with a mechanism by which a voter of one party may be permitted to vote for any candidate of his own party but prevented from voting for any candidates of other parties, the same machines may be used for the primaries of all parties or of more than one party. In the use of such a machine an inspector assigned for the purpose by the board of inspectors shall set the machine before each voter enters the voting booth so that it can be operated only for candidates of the party in which the voter is enrolled. If the face of a single machine will not hold the candidates of all parties, two or more machines may be used in a single election district, but all the candidates of any one party for whose primary contests voting machines are used must appear on the same machine except as provided in subdivision five of this section.

3. If the voting machines are not thus adapted to use for the primary contests of more than one party on the same machine, a separate voting machine shall be provided for the primary contests of each party for which such voting machines are used. Voting machines of both types may be used in the same primary election in different election districts or in the same election district for different parties.

4. Wherever voting machines are used for primary elections, they shall be used in accordance with the following provisions of this section for all primary contests so far as the available supply of voting machines will permit, except that the use of voting machines in all contested primary elections in the city of New York shall be mandatory except as provided in subdivision five. Outside the city of New York, if the available supply of voting machines is insufficient to contain all primary contests, paper ballots shall be used insofar as necessary. If there are not enough voting machines to cover all election districts for all parties therein, preference shall be given in the use of machines, first to contests for nomination for public office over contests for election to party position and, second to the contests which are held in the greatest numbers of election districts. If a voting machine used for a party in a particular election district will not accommodate all the candidates of the party therein, as many as possible of the contests of such party shall be carried on the voting machine subject to the following priorities: first to contests for nomination for public office, and second to offices voted for in such party in the most election districts. Subject to these requirements, the board of elections of any county outside the city of New York shall designate which election districts and which parties therein shall use voting machines for primary contests, and which contests shall appear on a voting machine when the machine will not accommodate all the contests of a party.

5. To provide an opportunity for voting for offices or party positions for which more candidates have been designated than can be accommodated on the voting machines, the board of elections may provide for the use of a separate paper ballot for such offices and positions when other offices and positions are voted for on voting machines by voters of the same party.

6. When voting machines are used for primary elections the provisions of the other sections of this article shall be observed so far as applicable, except that the provisions for party rows or columns and the use of party names and emblems for each individual candidate shall be disregarded. When primary candidates of more than one party appear on the same voting machine, the candidates of each party shall appear together on one part of the machine distinctly and prominently separated from the part or parts used for candidates of other parties and prominently labeled with the name of the party. When a voting machine is used for the primary candidates of one party only, the machine shall be prominently labeled with the name of that party.

7. The state board of elections shall have power to issue supplementary instructions for the use of voting machines in primary elections in accordance with the provisions of this section. Subject to such instructions and to the provisions of this section the board of elections shall have power to make all necessary or desirable provisions for such use.

(Formerly Sec. 7-204, L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 587, Sec. 1. Renumbered Sec. 7-205 and amended L.1986, c. 262, Sec.Sec. 8, 9.)
Sec. 7-206. Testing of voting and ballot counting machines

1. The state board of elections shall test every voting machine of a type approved after September first, nineteen hundred eighty-six and every ballot counting machine to insure that each such machine functions properly before such machines may be used in any election in this state.

2. Such testing shall include, but not be limited to, a verification of the authenticity and integrity of the resident vote tabulation programming in open, encrypted, compiled, assembled, or any other form, in each voting machine of such types, by comparison of such resident vote tabulation programming with the programming which was in the machine of such type which was approved for use in this state and the recording of at least eight hundred votes on each such voting machine and a sufficient number of votes on each such ballot counting machine, by a method which may be mechanical or electronic, to determine if such machine accurately records such votes.

3. At least annually, the board of elections of each county in which any such voting or ballot counting machines are in use shall test each such machine in a manner prescribed by the state board of elections under conditions supervised by such state board. Such tests shall include, but not be limited to the tests required by subdivision two of this section.

4. Upon the discovery of a discrepancy during the recanvass required by subdivision three of section 9-208 of this chapter, the ballot scanner shall be retested pursuant to 9 NYCRR 6210.2. No ballot scanner shall be returned to service until any such discrepancy has been resolved.

(Added L.1986, c. 262, Sec. 11. Amended L.1986, c. 352, Sec. 7; L.2010, c. 163, Sec. 1-a, eff. July 7, 2010.)
Sec. 7-207. Voting and ballot counting machines; preparation of, party representatives

1. It shall be the duty of the board of elections to cause the proper ballot labels to be prepared and placed on those voting machines which require ballot labels, to cause the machines and any removable electronic or computerized devices which operate such machines or record the vote thereon to be placed in proper order for voting, to examine all voting machines and all such electronic or computerized devices before they are sent out to the different polling places, to see that all the registering counters are set at zero, to cause a printed record of all the ballot label programming data, for each election, which is entered into each voting machine of a type approved after September first, nineteen hundred eighty-six, or which is entered into any removable electronic or computerized device which operates such machine or records the vote thereon, to be produced directly from the device on which such ballot label programming data was entered and to lock all voting machines so that the counting machinery can not be operated and to seal each one with a numbered seal.

2. (a) Before preparing or programming the voting and ballot counting machines and any removable electronic or computerized devices which operate such machines or record the vote thereon for any election, written notices shall be mailed to the chairman of the county committees of the major political parties, stating the times when and place or places where the machines and devices will be prepared or programmed; at which times and place or places, one representative of each of such political parties, certified by the respective chairmen of the county committees of such parties, shall be entitled to be present and see that the machines and devices are properly prepared and placed in proper condition and order for use at the election. The party representatives shall take the constitutional oath of office, which shall be filed in the office of the board of elections.

(b) It shall be the duty of such party representatives to be present at the preparation of the voting machines for election and see that the machines are properly prepared and that all registering counters are set at zero by examining such counters or by examining the printed or photographic record produced by such voting machine or by examining the printed record of the ballot label programming data on such machine. When the machines have been prepared for election, it shall be the duty of the custodian or custodians of voting machines and party representatives, to make a certificate in writing which shall be filed in the office of the board of elections, stating the number of machines, whether or not all the machines are set at zero, the number registered on the protective counter, and the number on the seal with which the machine is sealed.

3. No custodian or other employee of the board of elections shall in any way prevent free access to and examination of all voting machines that are to be used at the election, by the duly appointed party representatives. The board of elections and its employees shall afford the party representatives every facility for the examination of all voting machines and devices and the registering counters, the printed or photographic record of the counters or the printed record of the ballot label programming data on such machines, if any, the protective counters and the public counters of each and every voting machine. All such printed or photographic records shall be public records at the offices of the boards of elections.

4. It shall be the duty of the board of elections to cause such voting machine or machines, prepared as provided pursuant to this section to be delivered at each of the respective polling places in which they are to be used, at least one hour before the time set for the opening of the polls. After the machine has been delivered, it shall be set up in the proper manner for use at the election, and it shall be the duty of the local authorities to provide ample protection against tampering with the machines.

5. The party representatives shall be paid for their services an amount that shall be fixed by the board of elections, such amount shall, however, be approved by the governing body of the municipality wherein said machines are used and paid by such municipality.

(Formerly Sec. 7-206, L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Renumbered Sec. 7-207 and amended L.1986, c. 262, Sec.Sec. 8, 10. Amended L.1986, c. 352, Sec. 8; L.2005, c. 180, Sec. 15, eff. Nov. 15, 2005.)
Sec. 7-208. Escrow requirements

Prior to the use of any voting machine or system in any election in the state, on or after September first, two thousand six, the state board of elections and the local board of elections using such voting machine or system shall:

1. Require that the manufacturer and/or vendor of such voting machine, system or equipment shall place into escrow with the state board of elections a complete copy of all programming, source coding and software employed by the voting machine, system or equipment which shall be used exclusively for purposes authorized by this chapter and shall be otherwise confidential.

2. Require that the manufacturer and/or vendor of such voting machine, system or equipment file with the state board of elections and the appropriate local boards of elections a waiver, prepared by the state board of elections, which shall waive all rights of the vendor or manufacturer to assert intellectual property or trade secret rights in any court of competent jurisdiction hearing a challenge to the results of any election and requesting that programming source coding, firmware, and software as well as voting machines or systems be tested by independent experts under court supervision and at the conclusion of such proceeding shall be sealed.

3. Require that the manufacturer and/or vendor of such equipment file with the state board of elections and the appropriate local boards of elections a consent to having and cooperating in the testing of any programming, source coding, firmware, or software, pursuant to an order of any board of elections or court of competent jurisdiction. Any such board or agent thereof shall be required to maintain the confidentiality of any proprietary material.

(Added L.2005, c. 181, Sec. 8, eff. July 12, 2005.)
Sec. 7-209. Elimination of punch card ballots

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, on or after September first, two thousand six, no punch card ballot or punch card voting system shall be used in any manner in the conduct of any election.

(Added L.2005, c. 181, Sec. 9, eff. July 12, 2005.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 8 CONDUCT OF ELECTIONS

TITLE I POLLING PLACES

Sec. 8-100. Elections; dates of and hours for voting

1. (a) A primary election, to be known as the fall primary, shall be held on the first Tuesday after the second Monday in September before every general election unless otherwise changed by an act of the legislature. In each year in which electors of president and vice president of the United States are to be elected an additional primary election, to be known as the spring primary, shall be held on the first Tuesday in February unless otherwise changed by an act of the legislature, for the purpose of electing delegates to the national convention, members of state and county committees and assembly district leaders and associate assembly district leaders.

(b) In the event a run-off primary election is required in the city of New York, it shall be held on the second Tuesday next succeeding the date on which the initial primary election was held.

(c) The general election shall be held annually on the Tuesday next succeeding the first Monday in November.

2. Polls shall be open for voting during the following hours: a primary election from twelve o'clock noon until nine o'clock in the evening, except in the city of New York and the counties of Nassau, Suffolk, Westchester, Rockland, Orange, Putnam and Erie, and in such city or county from six o'clock in the morning until nine o'clock in the evening; the general election from six o'clock in the morning until nine o'clock in the evening; a special election called by the governor pursuant to the public officers law, and, except as otherwise provided by law, every other election, from six o'clock in the morning until nine o'clock in the evening.

3. In any election district in which a primary of any party is uncontested, no primary of such party shall be held. In any election district in which the primaries of all parties are uncontested on the day of any primary election, no primaries shall be held on such day and the polling place shall not be opened for voting.

4. No primary, special or general election for any state or local office or for the election of officers of any corporation which is funded in whole or in part by federal, state or municipal moneys shall be held on a Saturday or Sunday.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1977, c. 458, Sec. 2; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 71; L.1981, c. 524, Sec. 1; L.1981, c. 557, Sec. 1; L.1981, c. 628, Sec. 1; L.1982, c. 97, Sec. 1; L.1983, c. 432, Sec. 1; L.1994, c. 652, Sec. 1; L.1997, c. 132, Sec. 1, eff. July 25, 1997; L.2000, c. 335, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 2001; L.2007, c. 17, Sec. 1, eff. April 9, 2007; L.2007, c. 228, Sec. 4, eff. July 3, 2007, deemed eff. July 1, 2007; L.2011, c. 147, Sec. 1, eff. July 18, 2011, deemed eff. July 1, 2011.)
Sec. 8-102. Polls; opening of

1. The inspectors of election, and clerks, if any, shall meet at the polling place at least one-half hour before the time set for opening the polls of election. The inspectors of election shall:

(a) See that the American flag is displayed.

(b) Cause the facsimile ballots and voter information posting to be posted conspicuously within the polling place.

(c) Cause the distance markers to be placed at a distance of one hundred feet from the polling place.

(d) Establish a guard-rail by delineating and marking out the voting area by a suitable means. The ballot scanner, ballot marking device, ballot boxes and secure storage containers, privacy booths, all ballots and all equipment shall be kept within such guard-rail.

(e) Place the books, ballots and sample ballots, blanks, stationery and supplies so that they will be ready and convenient for use.

(f) Affix or attach to their clothing and cause the clerks, if any, to affix or attach to their clothing the proper identification buttons, badges or emblems issued by the board of elections pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. The inspectors and clerks shall wear no other buttons, badges or emblems which are similar in design.

(g) See that the privacy booths contain conspicuous instructions on how to properly mark ballots and that voters are provided with appropriate writing instruments for marking ballots.

(h) Unlock all ballot boxes and secure storage containers to be used to hold election day paper ballots, see that they are empty, allow them to be examined by the watchers present, and lock them up again in such a manner that the watchers and the persons just outside the guard-rail may see that the boxes are empty when re-locked; provided, however, the ballot boxes or secure storage containers holding unused ballots shall be inspected to confirm that only the number of unused election day paper ballots provided by the board of elections are contained therein.

(i) Inspect the ballot scanner and ballot marking device to see that it is in good working order. Inspect the placement of privacy booths to preserve the secrecy of voting; inspect the screen of the ballot scanner and ballot marking device; inspect the polling place to make certain there is no way that anyone can view any voting action by a voter at the ballot scanner, ballot marking device, or in a privacy booth; and affix a conspicuous notice, in the form prescribed by the state board of elections, in a prominent place near the ballot scanner and in the privacy booth, instructing the voter on how to properly mark a ballot in order to have his or her vote counted. Such notice shall be printed in English and such other languages as the board of elections may determine to be appropriate.

(j) Announce that the polls are open for voting and the time when the polls will close.

2. The keys to the ballot scanner and ballot marking device shall be delivered to the inspectors at least one-half hour before the time set for the opening of the polls, in a sealed envelope, on which shall be written or printed the ballot scanner or ballot marking device serial number and location of the polling place, as reported by the voting machine custodian. The envelope containing the keys shall not be opened until at least one inspector from each of the two parties shall be present in the polling place and shall have examined the envelope to see that it has not been opened. Before opening the envelope, such election inspectors present shall examine the serial number on the machine, and shall see if they are the same as the numbers written on the envelope containing the keys. If found not to agree, the envelope must not be opened until the voting machine custodian, or other authorized person, shall have been notified and shall have arrived at the polling place for the purpose of re-examining such machine and shall certify that it is properly arranged. If the serial number on the machine is found to agree with the number on the envelope, the inspectors, except as hereinafter provided, shall turn on the machine. The inspectors shall carefully examine the printed record produced by the machine to see that each counter registers zero, and shall allow watchers to examine the printed record. The inspectors shall then sign a certificate showing the delivery of the keys in a sealed envelope, the serial number on the machine, the number registered on the protective counter, that all the counters are set at zero and that the public counter is set at zero. The machine shall remain secured against voting until the polls are formally opened and shall not be operated except by voters when voting or by election officials upon the instructions of the board of elections. If any counter is found not to register zero, the inspectors of election shall immediately notify the board of elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 61; L.1985, c. 537, Sec. 1; L.2003, c. 263, Sec. 1, eff. Oct. 27, 2003; L.2010, c. 164, Sec. 1, eff. July 7, 2010.)
Sec. 8-104. Polls

1. The American flag shall be kept displayed at each polling place throughout the election. Facsimile ballots, voter information posting and distance markers shall not be taken down, torn or defaced during the election. While the polls are open no person shall do any electioneering within the polling place, or in any public street, within a one hundred foot radial measured from the entrances designated by the inspectors of election, to such polling place or within such distance in any place in a public manner; and no political banner, button, poster or placard shall be allowed in or upon the polling place or within such one hundred foot radial. While the polls are open no person shall consume any alcoholic beverages within the polling place.

1-a. The election inspectors shall conspicuously post in the polling place before the opening of the polls, a voter information posting, which shall include: (a) the sample ballot and instructions for the use of ballot scanners and ballot marking devices required pursuant to section 7-118 of this chapter; (b) a statement that "today is election day" and the hours during which polling places will be open; (c) instructions on how to cast an affidavit ballot and a concise statement of a voter's right to such a ballot; (d) instructions relating to requirements for voting on ballot scanners by those registrants who must provide identification pursuant to the federal Help America Vote Act of 2002; (e) instructions for first-time voters; (f) a voter's bill of rights describing voter's rights under applicable federal and state law, including the right of accessibility and alternate language accessibility; (g) information pertaining to voting by election day paper ballot, including information about the consequence of casting an overvote, steps to prevent unintentional undervoting and spoiled ballots; (h) instructions on how to contact the appropriate officials if a voter's right to vote or right to otherwise participate in the electoral process has been violated; and (i) general information on federal and state laws regarding prohibitions on acts of fraud and misrepresentation. The state board of elections shall prescribe the form and content of the voter information posting, which may be comprised of one or more pages, provided each page shall be posted separately. The state board of elections shall prescribe an official version of such voter information posting for every language which appears on any general, primary or special election ballot in any election district in the state and for such other languages as such board, in its opinion, determines is appropriate. Such posting shall be used in all jurisdictions, and a separate posting shall be made by election inspectors for each language appearing on the ballot and for such additional languages as the board of elections may require. A board of elections may modify or supplement the voter information posting used in its jurisdiction to provide additional or local information; provided, however, any such modification or supplementation shall be submitted to the state board of elections for prior approval.

2. The ballot boxes, other secure storage containers and all official ballots shall be kept within the guard-rail, and at least six feet therefrom, from the opening of the polls until the announcement of the result of the canvass and the signing of the inspectors' returns thereof. No person shall be admitted within the guard-rail during such period except the election officers, authorized watchers, persons admitted by the inspectors to preserve order or enforce the law, voters duly admitted for the purpose of voting and children under the age of sixteen accompanying their voting parents or guardians; provided, however, that candidates voted for at the polling place may be within the guard-rail during the canvass.

3. The provisions of this chapter concerning the preservation of order and apprehension for crime on a day of registration, shall apply to a day of election, but a person taken into custody shall not be prohibited thereby from voting.

4. After a ballot box or other secure storage container has been locked for the purposes of election, it shall not be opened until it is opened at the close of the polls for purposes of canvass or by election officials upon the instructions of the board of elections. Each inspector shall be responsible personally for the custody of each ballot box and other secure storage container and its contents from the time the election begins until the box or container is delivered, according to law, to the person entitled to receive it.

5. Voters entitled to vote who are on line or in the polling place at the time fixed by law for the closing of the polls shall be allowed to vote.

6. In the city of New York, during days of primary, general, special and community school board elections, at each premises wherein a polling place or places are located, at least one police officer or peace officer designated by the police commissioner of such city pursuant to the provisions of article two of the criminal procedure law shall be assigned for duty from the opening until the closing of the polls. Additional police officers or peace officers may be assigned as is deemed appropriate by the police commissioner of such city.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 62; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 72; L.1986, c. 86, Sec. 2; L.1991, c. 413, Sec. 70; L.2003, c. 263, Sec. 2, eff. Oct. 27, 2003; L.2010, c. 164, Sec. 2, eff. July 7, 2010.)
Sec. 8-106. Polling places; attendance for educational purposes

1. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of law, in order to facilitate education and participation in the electoral process, a number of students in grades eight to twelve, inclusive, not to exceed four at any one time in any polling place, may enter any polling place between twelve o'clock noon and three o'clock p.m. for the purpose of observing the activities taking place therein and, when allowed by the inspectors, for the purposes of subdivision two of this section, provided there is proper parental or teacher supervision present, and provided further, any such student who in any way interferes with the orderly process of voting shall not be allowed to remain in the polling place.

2. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of law, each board of elections may provide a spare voting machine inside any polling place or in a room adjacent to any polling place for the educational use of students in grades eight to twelve, inclusive. Each such board shall establish procedures for the use of the machine including, but not limited to, location and preparation of the machine and duties of the machine tenders. At least four weeks prior to an election, each board intending to provide a voting booth for the educational use of students shall notify each school district within its jurisdiction of the location of the spare voting machine. Upon such notice, but not later than two weeks prior to such election, each school district intending to utilize the spare voting machine made available for educational use as herein provided shall notify the board of such intention. Any ballot used in connection with such spare voting machine shall be in the form prescribed by section 7-118 of this chapter for facsimile or sample ballots.

3. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of law, in order to facilitate education and foster early participation in the electoral process, any persons younger than the age of sixteen on election day shall be permitted to accompany a duly qualified voting parent or guardian into the appropriate polling place and voting booth for the specific purpose of observing that parent or guardian vote, and for the general purpose of observing the electoral process. Any voting parent or guardian permitting a child to accompany them while voting shall provide appropriate supervision so as not to allow a child to interfere with the orderly process of voting.

(Added L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 25. Amended L.1996, c. 158, Sec. 1.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 8 CONDUCT OF ELECTIONS

TITLE II ELECTION INSPECTORS

Sec. 8-202. Board of inspectors; conduct of

1. The chair of the board of inspectors theretofore appointed shall continue to act as such, and the inspectors shall act as a board, and a majority thereof shall decide questions. Two inspectors who are not of the same political faith shall have charge of the registration poll ledgers or computer generated registration lists, subject to inspection thereof by any inspector and his or her participation in the decision of any question. Of the inspectors in charge of the registration poll ledgers or computer generated registration lists, one shall be assigned to the duty of comparing the signatures of voters. Inspectors shall be assigned to the foregoing duties by majority vote of the board of inspectors, before the opening of the polls. Such assignments shall be by lot if a majority cannot agree. The duties of an inspector or clerk may be changed during the day. If there be clerks, the board of inspectors may direct a clerk, who is not otherwise engaged, to perform any duty of an inspector of the same party, except to vote upon a question to be decided by such board. Where an oath is required or permitted by this article at any election, any inspector may administer it. Where ballot scanners, ballot marking devices, privacy booths, ballot boxes or other secure storage containers are used, clerks or inspectors shall attend such ballot scanners, ballot marking devices, privacy booths, boxes or containers.

2. The exterior of any ballot scanner, ballot marking device and privacy booth and every part of the polling place shall be in plain view of the election inspectors and watchers. The ballot scanners, ballot marking devices, and privacy booths shall be placed at least four feet from the table used by the inspectors in charge of the poll books. The guard-rail shall be at least three feet from the machine and the table used by the inspectors. The election inspectors shall not themselves be, or allow any other person to be, in any position or near any position, that will permit one to see or ascertain how a voter votes, or how he or she has voted nor shall they permit any other person to be less than three feet from the ballot scanner, ballot marking device, or privacy booth while occupied. The election inspectors or clerks attending the ballot scanner, ballot marking device, or privacy booth shall regularly inspect the face of the ballot scanner, ballot marking device, or the interior of the privacy booth to see that the ballot scanner, ballot marking device, or privacy booth has not been damaged or tampered with. During elections the door or other covering of the counter compartment of the machine shall not be unlocked or opened except by a member of the board of elections, a voting machine custodian or any other person upon the specific instructions of the board of elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 73; L.1992, c. 91, Sec. 5; L.2010, c. 164, Sec. 3, eff. July 7, 2010.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 8 CONDUCT OF ELECTIONS

TITLE III CASTING THE BALLOT

Sec. 8-300. Voting; manner of

1. The inspectors shall admit within the voting area only two voters at a time for each ballot scanner, ballot marking device, or privacy booth and shall ascertain whether each such voter is entitled to vote. If he or she is found to be entitled to vote, he or she shall be permitted to proceed to the ballot scanner, ballot marking device, or privacy booth to vote.

2. The operating of the ballot scanner by the voter while voting or the use of a privacy booth or ballot marking device for marking a ballot shall be secret and obscured from all other persons except as provided by this chapter in cases of voting by assisted voters or in cases of children under the age of sixteen accompanying their voting parents or guardians.

3. No voter shall remain within a privacy booth or at a ballot scanner longer than a reasonable amount of time and if he or she shall refuse to leave after the lapse of such time, he or she shall be removed by the inspectors.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1996, c. 158, Sec. 2; L.2005, c. 181, Sec. 13, eff. July 12, 2005; L.2010, c. 164, Sec. 4, eff. July 7, 2010.)
Sec. 8-302. Voting; verification of registration

1. At all elections held pursuant to the provisions of this chapter two inspectors representing different political parties shall act together at all times in supervising the use of the registration records and in verifying the rights of persons to vote on the basis of such records.

2. The voter shall give his name and his residence address to the inspectors. An inspector shall then loudly and distinctly announce the name and residence of the voter.

2-a. (a) If a voter's name appears in the computer generated registration list with a notation indicating that the voter's identity was not yet verified as required by the federal Help America Vote Act, the inspector shall require that the voter produce one of the following types of identification before permitting the voter to cast his or her vote on the voting machine:

(i) a driver's license or department of motor vehicles non-driver photo ID card or other current and valid photo identification;

(ii) a copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck or other government document that shows the name and address of the voter.

(b) If the voter produces an identification document listed in paragraph (a) of this subdivision, the inspector shall indicate so in the computer generated registration list, the voter will be deemed verified as required by the federal Help America Vote Act and the voter shall be permitted to cast his or her vote on the voting machine.

(c) If the voter does not produce an identification document listed in paragraph (a) of this subdivision, the voter shall only be entitled to vote by affidavit ballot unless a court order provides otherwise.

3. (a) If an applicant is challenged, the board, without delay, shall either enter his name in the second section of the challenge report together with the other entries required to be made in such section opposite the applicant's name or make an entry next to his name on the computer generated registration list or in the place provided at the end of the computer generated registration list.

(b) A person who claims to have moved to a new address within the election district in which he is registered to vote shall be permitted to vote in the same manner as other voters unless challenged on other grounds. The inspectors shall enter the names and new addresses of all such persons in either the first section of the challenge report or in the place provided at the end of the computer generated registration list and shall also enter the new address next to such person's address on such computer generated registration list. When the registration poll records of persons who have voted from new addresses within the same election district are returned to the board of elections, such board shall change the addresses on the face of such registration poll records without completely obliterating the old addresses and shall enter such new addresses and the new addresses for any such persons whose names were on computer generated registration lists into its computer records for such persons.

(c) A person who claims a changed name shall be permitted to vote in the same manner as other voters unless challenged on other grounds. The inspectors shall either enter the names of all such persons in the first section of the challenge report or in the place provided at the end of the computer generated registration list, in the form in which they are registered, followed in parentheses by the name as changed or enter the name as changed next to such voter's name on the computer generated registration list. The voter shall sign first on the registration poll record or on the computer generated registration list, the name under which the voter is registered and, immediately above it, the new name, provided that on such a computer generated registration list, the new name may be signed in the place provided at the end of such list. When the registration poll record of a person who has voted under a new name is returned to the board of elections, such board shall change his name on the face of each of his registration records without completely obliterating the old one, and thereafter such person shall vote only under his new name. If a voter has signed a new name on a computer generated registration list, such board shall enter such voter's new name and new signature in such voter's computer record.

(d) If an applicant requests assistance in voting and qualifies therefor, the board shall provide assistance as directed by this chapter, and shall without delay either enter such applicant's name and the other entries required in the third section of the challenge report or make an entry next to such applicant's name on the computer generated registration list or in the place provided at the end of the computer generated registration list.

(e) Whenever a voter presents himself or herself and offers to cast a ballot, and he or she claims to live in the election district in which he or she seeks to vote but no registration poll record can be found for him or her in the poll ledger or his or her name does not appear on the computer generated registration list or his or her signature does not appear next to his or her name on such computer generated registration list or his or her registration poll record or the computer generated registration list does not show him or her to be enrolled in the party in which he or she claims to be enrolled, a poll clerk or election inspector shall consult a map, street finder or other description of all of the polling places and election districts within the political subdivision in which said election district is located and if necessary, contact the board of elections to obtain the relevant information and advise the voter of the correct polling place and election district for the residence address provided by the voter to such poll clerk or election inspector. Thereafter, such voter shall be permitted to vote in said election district only as hereinafter provided:

(i) He may present a court order requiring that he be permitted to vote. At a primary election, such a court order must specify the party in which the voter is permitted to vote. He shall be required to sign his full name on top of the first page of such order, together with his registration serial number, if any, and his name and the other entries required shall then be entered without delay in the fourth section of the challenge report or in the place provided at the end of the computer generated registration list, or, if such person's name appears on the computer generated registration list, the board of elections may provide a place to make such entry next to his name on such list. The voter shall then be permitted to vote in the manner otherwise prescribed for voters whose registration poll records are found in the ledger or whose names are found on the computer generated registration list; or

(ii) He or she may swear to and subscribe an affidavit stating that he or she has duly registered to vote, the address in such election district from which he or she registered, that he or she remains a duly qualified voter in such election district, that his or her registration poll record appears to be lost or misplaced or that his or her name and/or his or her signature was omitted from the computer generated registration list or that he or she has moved within the county or city since he or she last registered, the address from which he or she was previously registered and the address at which he or she currently resides, and at a primary election, the party in which he or she is enrolled. The inspectors of election shall offer such an affidavit to each such voter whose residence address is in such election district. Each such affidavit shall be in a form prescribed by the state board of elections, shall be printed on an envelope of the size and quality used for an absentee ballot envelope, and shall contain an acknowledgment that the affiant understands that any false statement made therein is perjury punishable according to law. Such form prescribed by the state board of elections shall request information required to register such voter should the county board determine that such voter is not registered and shall constitute an application to register to vote. The voter's name and the entries required shall then be entered without delay and without further inquiry in the fourth section of the challenge report or in the place provided at the end of the computer generated registration list, with the notation that the voter has executed the affidavit hereinabove prescribed, or, if such person's name appears on the computer generated registration list, the board of elections may provide a place to make such entry next to his or her name on such list. The voter shall then, without further inquiry, be permitted to vote an affidavit ballot provided for by this chapter. Such ballot shall thereupon be placed in the envelope containing his or her affidavit, and the envelope sealed and returned to the board of elections in the manner provided by this chapter for protested official ballots, including a statement of the number of such ballots.

3-a. The inspectors shall also give to every person whose address is in such election district for whom no registration poll record can be found and, in a primary election, to every voter whose registration poll record does not show him to be enrolled in the party in which he wishes to be enrolled a copy of a notice, in a form prescribed by the state board of elections, advising such person of his right to, and of the procedures by which he may, cast an affidavit ballot or seek a court order permitting him to vote, and shall also give every such person who does not cast an affidavit ballot, an application for registration by mail.

3-b. In every election district in which the candidates for any office or position in a primary election have been assigned numbers by the board of elections because of identical or similar names, the inspectors shall also give to every person eligible to vote in such primary, a copy of a leaflet prepared by the board of elections which contains biographical information about such candidates.

3-c. At the time that an individual casts an affidavit ballot, the appropriate state or local election official shall give the individual written information that states that any individual who casts an affidavit ballot will be able to ascertain under the system established under subdivision four of section 9-212 of this chapter whether the vote was counted, and, if the vote was not counted, the reason that the vote was not counted.

4. At a primary election, a voter whose registration poll record is in the ledger shall be permitted to vote only in the primary of the party in which such record shows him to be enrolled unless he shall present a court order pursuant to the provisions of subparagraph (i) of paragraph (e) of subdivision three of this section requiring that he be permitted to vote in the primary of another party, or unless he shall present a certificate of enrollment issued by the board of elections, not earlier than one month before such primary election, pursuant to the provisions of this chapter which certifies that he is enrolled in a party other than the one in which such record shows him to be enrolled, or unless he shall subscribe an affidavit pursuant to the provisions of subparagraph (ii) of paragraph (e) of subdivision three of this section.

5. Except for voters unable to sign their names, no person shall be permitted to vote without first identifying himself as required by this chapter.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 42; L.1978, c. 9, Sec.Sec. 63, 64; L.1978, c. 373, Sec.Sec. 74, 75; L.1981, c. 573, Sec.Sec. 1, 2; L.1984, c. 62, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 96, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 648, Sec.Sec. 2, 3; L.1985, c. 511, Sec. 1; L.1988, c. 43, Sec. 2; L.1990, c. 371, Sec. 3; L.1992, c. 89, Sec. 1; L.1994, c. 659, Sec.Sec. 44 to 46; L.1996, c. 200, Sec. 20; L.2005, c. 179, Sec. 4, eff. Jan. 1, 2006; L.2009, c. 489, Sec. 3, eff. Oct. 28, 2009; L.2010, c. 62, Sec. 4, eff. April 28, 2010; L.2010, c. 164, Sec. 5, eff. July 7, 2010; L.2011, c. 125, Sec. 3, eff. July 15, 2011.)
Sec. 8-303. Initial voter identification

1. Applicability. Each board of elections, in a uniform and nondiscriminatory manner, shall require a voter to meet the requirements of subdivision two of this section if:

(a) the individual registered to vote in a jurisdiction by mail on or after January first, two thousand three; and

(b) the individual has not previously voted in an election for federal office in the jurisdiction of the board of elections.

2. Requirements. (a) In general. An individual meets the requirements of this subdivision if the individual:

(1) in the case of an individual who votes in person: (i) presents to the appropriate election inspector, clerk or coordinator a current and valid photo identification; or

(ii) presents to the appropriate election inspector, clerk or coordinator a copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck, or other government document that shows the name and address of the voter; or

(2) in the case of an individual who votes by mail, submits in the outer envelope with the envelope containing the ballot: (i) a copy of a current and valid photo identification; or

(ii) a copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck, or other government document that shows the name and address of the voter.

(b) Fail-safe voting. (1) An individual who desires to vote in person, but who does not meet the requirements of subparagraph one of paragraph (a) of this subdivision, may cast an affidavit ballot, and notwithstanding this section of law, such affidavit ballot shall be duly cast and counted, even though such individual does not meet the requirements of subparagraph one of paragraph (a) of this subdivision, provided such individual casting such ballot is an otherwise eligible voter pursuant to law, provided further that such ballot otherwise complies with the requirements of law.

(2) An individual who desires to vote by mail but who does not meet the requirements of subparagraph two of paragraph (a) of this subdivision may cast such a ballot by mail and such ballot shall be duly cast and counted, notwithstanding this section, provided the voter is determined to be an eligible voter and provided further that such ballot otherwise complies with the requirements of law.

3. Inapplicability. Subdivisions one and two of this section shall not apply in the case of a person: (a) who registers to vote by mail and submits as part of such registration either:

(1) a copy of a current and valid photo identification; or

(2) a copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck, or government document that shows the name and address of the voter;

(b)(1) who registers to vote by mail and submits with such registration either:

(i) a driver's license or a department of motor vehicles non-driver photo ID number; or

(ii) at least the last four digits of the individual's social security number; and

(2) with respect to whom a local board of elections matches the information submitted under subparagraph one of this paragraph with an existing state identification record bearing the number, name and date of birth of such voter; or

(c) who is: (1) entitled to vote by absentee ballot under the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (42 U.S.C. 1973ff-1 et seq.);

(2) provided the right to vote otherwise than in person under section 3 (b) (2) (B) (ii) of the Voting Accessibility for the Elderly and Handicapped Act (42 U.S.C. 1973ee-1 (b) (2) (B) (ii)); or

(3) entitled to vote otherwise than in person under any other federal law.

(Added L.2004, c. 420, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 7, 2004. Amended L.2005, c. 160, Sec. 1, eff. June 30, 2005.)
Sec. 8-304. Voters; signature identification

1. A person before being allowed to vote shall be required, except as provided in this chapter, to sign his name on the back of his registration poll record on the first line reserved for his signature at the time of election which is not filled with a previous signature, or on the line of the computer generated registration list reserved for his signature. The two inspectors in charge shall satisfy themselves by a comparison of this signature with his registration signature and by comparison of his appearance with the descriptive material on the face of the registration poll record that he is the person registered. If they are so satisfied they shall enter the other information required for the election on the same line with the voter's latest signature, shall sign their names or initials in the spaces provided therefor, and shall permit the applicant to vote. Any inspector or inspectors not satisfied shall challenge the applicant forthwith.

2. If a person who alleges his inability to sign his name presents himself to vote, the board of inspectors shall permit him to vote, unless challenged on other grounds, provided he had been permitted to register without signing his name. The board shall enter the words "Unable to Sign" in the space on his registration poll record reserved for his signature or on the line of the computer generated registration list reserved for his signature at such election. If his signature appears upon his registration record or upon the computer generated registration list the board shall challenge him forthwith, except that if such a person claims that he is unable to sign his name by reason of a physical disability incurred since his registration, the board, if convinced of the existence of such disability, shall permit him to vote, shall enter the words "Unable to Sign" and a brief description of such disability in the space reserved for his signature at such election. At each subsequent election, if such disability still exists, he shall be entitled to vote without signing his name and the board of inspectors, without further notation, shall enter the words "Unable to Sign" in the space reserved for his signature at such election.

3. The voter's signature made by him upon registration and his signature made at subsequent elections shall be effectively concealed from the voter by a blotter or piece of opaque paper until after the voter shall have completed his signature.

4. In any case where a person who has heretofore voted has placed his voting signature on the back of his registration poll record on the first or any succeeding line or lines at the time or times of an election, instead of on the last line of the space thereon required to be reserved for such voting signatures and on any lines next running upward therefrom, the inspectors of election shall obliterate such misplaced signature or signatures, initial the obliteration and require such voter to sign his name again in the correct place on such registration poll record.

5. Any person who has heretofore registered and who at such time placed his or her registration signature on the back of the registration poll record otherwise than in the space required to be provided therefor at the bottom of such poll record, shall, before being permitted to vote at any election thereafter, subscribe a new registration signature for himself on the last line at the bottom of such poll record, and, at the same time, if the inspectors of election are satisfied that the signatures were made by the same person, obliterate his original registration signature placed elsewhere than on the bottom of such record. Such obliterations may be made by crossing out the signature so as to completely efface the same or by affixing thereover a piece of gummed tape of a size sufficient only to cover such signature and of a type adequate to fully conceal the same.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 65; L.1986, c. 425, Sec. 4.)
Sec. 8-306. Voters; assistance to

1. A voter who states under oath to the board of inspectors that he requires assistance may be assisted in the manner and subject to the conditions and requirements provided for in this section.

2. A board of inspectors of election shall assist any voter:

(a) who informs such board, under oath, that he cannot read and therefore requires assistance, or

(b) who cannot even with the aid of glasses see the names printed on the official ballot, or

(c) who is so physically handicapped that he cannot do what is needed at that election to turn down the levers or use a write-in slot on a voting machine, or mark a paper ballot, or

(d) who, unless aided by another person, cannot enter a voting booth.

3. Any voter who requires assistance to vote by reason of blindness, disability or inability to read or write may be given assistance by a person of the voter's choice, other than the voter's employer or agent of the employer or officer or agent of the voter's union. A voter entitled to assistance in voting who does not select a particular person may be assisted by two election inspectors not of the same political faith. The inspectors or person assisting a voter shall enter the voting machine or booth with him, help him in the preparation of his ballot and, if necessary, in the return of the voted ballot to the inspectors for deposit in the ballot box. The inspectors shall enter in the remarks space on the registration poll card of an assisted voter, or next to the name of such voter on the computer generated registration list, the name of each officer or person rendering such assistance.

4. An election officer or other person assisting a voter shall not in any manner request or seek to persuade or induce the assisted voter to vote any particular ticket, or for any particular candidate, or for or against any particular ballot proposal, and shall not keep or make any memorandum or entry of anything occurring within the voting booth and shall not, directly or indirectly, reveal to any other person the name of any candidate voted for by such voter, or which ticket he has voted, except when required pursuant to law to give testimony as to such matter in a judicial proceeding.

5. A person other than an inspector, who assists a voter in voting, shall make an oath before entering the booth that he "will not in any manner request, or seek to persuade or induce the voter to vote any particular ticket or for any particular candidate, and that he will not keep or make any memorandum or entry of anything occurring within the booth, and that he will not, directly or indirectly, reveal to any person the name of any candidate voted for by the voter, or which ticket he had voted, or anything occurring within the voting booth, except when required pursuant to law to give testimony as to such a matter in a judicial proceeding."

6. If a voter makes any false representation to obtain assistance in voting, he shall be punishable therefor as prescribed by law.

7. For the instruction of voters, there may be so far as practicable, in each polling place, a mechanically operated model of a portion of the face of the voting machine. Such model, if furnished, shall be located during the election on the inspectors' table or in some other place which the voters must pass to reach the machine. Each voter, before entering the machine, shall, upon request, be instructed regarding its operation and such instruction illustrated on the model and the voter given opportunity personally to operate the model. The voter's attention shall also be called to the facsimile ballot so that the voter can become familiar with the location of the ballot proposals, if any, and the location of the respective offices to be filled at the election. If any voter, after entering the voting machine booth and before the closing of such booth, shall ask for further instructions concerning the manner of voting, two inspectors of opposite political faith shall give such instructions to him. No inspector or other election officer or other person instructing a voter, shall, in any manner, request, suggest or seek to persuade or induce any such voter to vote any particular ticket, or for any particular candidate or for or against any particular ballot proposal. After giving such instructions, the inspectors shall retire and such voter shall then close the booth and vote as in the case of an unassisted voter.

8. In no event shall an inspector or any other person enter a voting machine or booth for the purpose of giving instructions to a voter, after the voter has closed such booth, except as permitted herein.

9. Any voter requesting a sample ballot shall be furnished one if available and he may take it away from the polling place.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 19; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 66; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 10; L.1986, c. 425, Sec. 5; L.1991, c. 154, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 8-308. Voting; voting machine write-in

1. Ballots voted for any person whose name does not appear on the machine as a nominated or designated candidate for public office or party position are referred to in this article as write-in ballots.

2. No write-in ballot shall be voted for any person for any office whose name appears on the machine as a nominated or designated candidate for the office or position in question; any write-in ballot so voted shall not be counted.

3. A write-in ballot must be cast in its appropriate place on the machine, or it shall be void and not counted.

4. A write-in ballot may also be cast by the use of a name stamp.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 67; L.1988, c. 13, Sec. 2; L.1994, c. 156, Sec. 4.)
Sec. 8-310. Repealed by L.2009, c. 464, Sec. 2, eff. Sept. 16, 2009

Sec. 8-312. Voting; election day paper ballots, marking and casting, delivery to voter

1. On receiving his or her ballot, the voter forthwith shall retire alone, unless he or she is entitled to assistance in voting or is accompanied by a child under sixteen years of age, to an unoccupied privacy booth and mark his or her ballot using a writing instrument supplied by the board of elections. He or she shall not occupy a privacy booth more than five minutes if other voters are waiting to occupy it. If the voter wrongly marks, defaces or tears a ballot, he or she may successively obtain others, one ballot at a time, not exceeding three ballots in all, upon returning to the inspectors or clerks each ballot already received.

2. When the voter shall have marked the ballot, he or she shall leave the privacy booth with the ballot, proceed at once to the ballot scanner, insert such ballot into the ballot scanner and wait for the notice that the ballot has been successfully scanned. If no such notice appears, the voter shall seek the assistance of an election inspector.

3. Upon voting, the voter forthwith shall pass outside the guardrail, unless he or she is a person authorized to remain for other purposes than voting.

4. When a person shall have received a paper ballot from any clerk, or inspector, as hereinbefore provided, he or she shall be deemed to have commenced the act of voting, and if, after receiving such official ballot, he or she shall leave the space inclosed by the guard-rail before the deposit of his or her ballot in the ballot scanner, ballot box or other secure storage container, as hereinbefore provided, he or she shall not be entitled to pass again within the guard-rail for the purpose of voting, or to receive any further ballots.

5. No ballot without the official indorsement shall be allowed to be deposited in the ballot scanner or, when a ballot scanner is inoperable or otherwise unable to scan the ballot, in a ballot box or other secure storage container except for emergency ballots as provided in subdivision two of section 7-120 of this chapter. No person to whom any election day paper ballot shall be delivered shall leave the space within the guard-rail until after he or she shall have scanned the ballot, deposited the ballot in a ballot box or other secure storage container or delivered the ballot back to the inspectors or to the clerks.

6. Election day paper ballots being used with optical scan voting systems or intended to be counted by hand pursuant to subdivision one of section 7-200 of this chapter shall be delivered to the voter in a manner consistent with the rules and regulations promulgated by the state board of elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.2009, c. 464, Sec. 3, eff. Sept. 16, 2009; L.2010, c. 164, Sec. 6, eff. July 7, 2010.)
Sec. 8-314. Voting; primary election, missing enrollment record

If a registered voter marked an enrollment blank, but his enrollment as so indicated was not entered or entered incorrectly, he nevertheless shall be permitted to vote at the primary election, with the party under whose name he marked such blank, if he produces a certificate of the board of elections that he marked an enrollment blank, specifying the party, and that the entry of his enrollment on the registration poll record was omitted or incorrectly entered by inadvertence or mistake and he is qualified to vote at the primary election in the party set forth in such certificate. In such a case the board of elections shall issue such certificate on demand. The inspectors shall then and there enter the enrollment on the record.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 76.)
Sec. 8-316. Ballots; mutilated or spoiled

If a ballot is found to be defective or mutilated before it is delivered to the voter, its stub and the stubs of all other ballots in the set shall be detached immediately and placed in the box for stubs, by the clerks, or if there are no clerks by the inspector assigned to the duty of delivering ballots, and all the ballots of that set immediately shall be marked "cancelled", and placed in the box for spoiled and mutilated ballots. If a voter returns a ballot as defective, mutilated, defaced, or wrongly marked, he shall also return all the other ballots of the set, if any, and such clerks or inspector shall likewise remove their stubs, placing all the stubs in the box for stubs and all the ballots of the set in the box for spoiled or mutilated ballots, first marking the ballots "cancelled". In each case, the voter shall receive another ballot or set of ballots, unless not entitled thereto.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 8 CONDUCT OF ELECTIONS

TITLE IV ABSENTEE VOTING

Sec. 8-400. Absentee voting; application for ballot

1. A qualified voter may vote as an absentee voter under this chapter if, on the occurrence of any village election conducted by the board of elections, primary election, special election, general election or New York city community school board district or city of Buffalo school district election, he or she expects to be:

(a) absent from the county of his or her residence, or, if a resident of the city of New York absent from said city; or

(b) unable to appear personally at the polling place of the election district in which he or she is a qualified voter because of illness or physical disability or duties related to the primary care of one or more individuals who are ill or physically disabled, or because he or she will be or is a patient in a hospital; or

(c) an inmate or patient of a veteran's administration hospital; or

(d) absent from his or her voting residence because he or she is detained in jail awaiting action by a grand jury or awaiting trial, or confined in jail or prison after a conviction for an offense other than a felony, provided that he or she is qualified to vote in the election district of his or her residence.

2. A qualified voter desiring to vote at such election as an absentee voter for any reason specified in subdivision one hereof must make application for an absentee ballot on a form to be obtained and filed as provided herein or by letter as provided in paragraph (d) of this subdivision.

(a) Application forms shall be furnished by and may be obtained from any board of elections at any time until the day before such election. Application forms shall also be supplied by the board of inspectors of the election district in which applicant is a qualified voter on all of the days provided for local registration. In addition, application forms shall be supplied upon the request of the person authorized to vote pursuant to this section, any such person's spouse, parent or child, a person residing with the applicant as a member of his household, or the applicant's duly authorized agent. Application forms sent outside of the United States to a country other than Canada or Mexico, shall be sent airmail. Any reference to "board of elections" in the remaining provisions of this section, except with respect to the furnishing and obtaining of applications for absentee ballots, means only the board of elections of the county or city in which the applicant is a qualified voter.

(b) Applications may be filed either with the board of elections or in person with the board of inspectors of the election district in which the applicant is a qualified voter, on one of the days provided for local registration.

(c) All applications must be mailed to the board of elections not later than the seventh day before the election for which a ballot is first requested or delivered to such board not later than the day before such election.

(d) The board of elections shall mail an absentee ballot to every qualified voter otherwise eligible for such a ballot, who requests such an absentee ballot from such board of elections in writing in a letter, telefax indicating the address, phone number and the telefax number from which the writing is sent or other written instrument, which is signed by the voter and received by the board of elections not earlier than the thirtieth day nor later than the seventh day before the election for which the ballot is first requested and which states the address where the voter is registered and the address to which the ballot is to be mailed; provided, however, a military voter may request a military ballot or voter registration application or an absentee ballot application in a letter as provided in subdivision three of section 10-106 of this chapter; and provided further, a special federal voter may request a special federal ballot or voter registration application or an absentee ballot application in a letter as provided in paragraph d of subdivision one of section 11-202 of this chapter. The board of elections shall enclose with such ballot a form of application for absentee ballot if the applicant is registered with such board of elections.

3. The application for an absentee ballot when filed must contain in each instance the following information:

(a) Applicant's full name, date of birth, and residence address, including the street and number, if any, rural delivery route, if any, mailing address if different from the residence address and his or her town or city and an address to which the ballot shall be mailed.

(b) A statement that the applicant is a qualified and registered voter.

(c) A statement, as appropriate, that on the day of such election the applicant expects in good faith to be in one of the following categories:

(i) absent from the county of his or her residence, or if a resident of the city of New York absent from said city; provided, however, if the applicant expects to be absent from such county or city for a duration covering more than one election and seeks an absentee ballot for each election, he or she shall state the dates when he or she expects to begin and end such absence; or

(ii) unable to appear at a polling place because of illness or physical disability or duties related to the primary care of one or more individuals who are ill or physically disabled; or

(iii) an inmate or patient of a veteran's administration hospital; or

(iv) detained in jail awaiting action by a grand jury or awaiting trial or confined in jail or prison after a conviction for an offense other than a felony and stating the place where he or she is so detained or confined.

(d) Such application shall permit the applicant to apply for an absentee ballot for either a primary election or the general election in any year and for those persons who will be continuously absent from their county of residence during the period between the fall primary election and the general election in any year to apply for ballots for both such elections in such year. A voter who applies for an absentee ballot shall be sent an absentee ballot for any special election or winter primary that occurs during the period of absence specified in the application.

4. A voter who claims permanent illness or physical disability may make application for an absentee ballot and the right to receive an absentee ballot for each election thereafter as provided herein without further application, by filing with the board of elections an application which shall contain a statement to be executed by the voter. Upon filing of such application the board of elections shall cause the registration records of the voter to be marked "Permanently Disabled" and thereafter shall send an absentee ballot for each succeeding primary, special or general election to such voter at his or her last known address by first class mail with a request to the postal authorities not to forward such ballot but to return it in five days in the event that it cannot be delivered to the addressee. The mailing of such ballot for each election shall continue until such voter's registration is cancelled.

5. The application for an absentee ballot shall contain the following language printed in bold face directly above the signature line: "I CERTIFY THAT THE INFORMATION IN THIS APPLICATION IS TRUE AND CORRECT AND UNDERSTAND THAT THIS APPLICATION WILL BE ACCEPTED FOR ALL PURPOSES AS THE EQUIVALENT OF AN AFFIDAVIT AND, IF IT CONTAINS A MATERIAL FALSE STATEMENT, SHALL SUBJECT ME TO THE SAME PENALTIES AS IF I HAD BEEN DULY SWORN." Such application shall be accepted for all purposes as the equivalent of an affidavit and if it contains a material false statement shall subject the person signing it to the same penalties as if he had been duly sworn.

6. For purposes of this section, the use of titles, initials or customary abbreviations of given names by the signers of, or witnesses to, an absentee ballot request letter, an absentee ballot application form or an absentee ballot envelope, or the use of customary abbreviations of addresses of such signers or witnesses, shall not invalidate such voter's signature or witness's signature on an application for an absentee ballot or upon canvass or recanvass of the ballot pursuant to this chapter.

7. If a person entitled to an absentee ballot is unable to sign his application because of illness, physical disability or inability to read, he shall be excused from signing upon making a statement, in substantially the following form, which shall be witnessed by one person:

"I hereby state that I am unable to sign my application for an absentee ballot without assistance because I am unable to write by reason of my illness or physical disability or because I am unable to read. I have made, or have received assistance in making, my mark in lieu of my signature." (Date) ______ ______ (Mark)

(Name of Voter)

"I, the undersigned, hereby certify that the above named voter affixed his mark to this application in my presence and I know him to be the person who affixed his mark to said application and understand that this statement will be accepted for all purposes as the equivalent of an affidavit and if it contains a material false statement, shall subject me to the same penalties as if I had been duly sworn." ______

(Signature of Witness) ______

(Address of Witness)

Such statement shall be included in the application form furnished by the board of elections.

8. Printed forms of applications for absentee ballots in accordance with the requirements of this section shall be provided by the board of elections. An appropriate number shall be retained by the board of elections for the purpose of furnishing an application form to each qualified voter who applies therefor before the board of elections, either in person or by mail, and an appropriate number shall be delivered to each board of inspectors on registration days with the election supplies, and the board of inspectors shall retain the completed and unused applications and return them to the board of elections with their election supplies and an appropriate number shall be available for distribution to officers of political parties, county clerks, city, town and village clerks, colleges, libraries, hospitals, nursing homes, senior citizens centers and any other convenient distribution source which is approved by the local or state board of elections and which requests such forms.

9. The provisions of this section for absentee voting in primary elections shall not apply to the party positions of members of the ward, town, city or county committee.

10. The state board of elections shall prescribe a standard application form for use under this section. The use of any application form which substantially complies with the provisions of this section shall be acceptable and any application filed on such a form shall be accepted for filing.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec.Sec. 43, 43-a; L.1978, c. 9, Sec.Sec. 68, 69; L.1978, c. 223, Sec. 1; L.1978, c. 371, Sec. 1; L.1980, c. 446, Sec. 1; L.1980, c. 447, Sec. 1; L.1980, c. 666, Sec. 1; L.1981, c. 684, Sec.Sec. 1, 2; L.1983, c. 518, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 78, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 416, Sec. 5; L.1985, c. 163, Sec. 1; L.1986, c. 373, Sec.Sec. 1, 2; L.1988, c. 216, Sec.Sec. 3, 4; L.1988, c. 321, Sec. 1; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 20; L.1991, c. 263, Sec. 8; L.2009, c. 40, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 2010; L.2009, c. 165, Sec. 1, eff. July 11, 2009; L.2009, c. 426, Sec.Sec. 1, 2, eff. Sept. 16, 2009; L.2010, c. 63, Sec. 1, eff. April 28, 2010; L.2010, c. 97, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 2011; L.2010, c. 104, Sec. 4, eff. June 2, 2010.)
Sec. 8-402. Absentee voting; review of application by board of elections

1. Upon receipt of an application for an absentee ballot the board of elections shall forthwith determine upon such inquiry as it deems proper whether the applicant is qualified to vote and to receive an absentee ballot, and if it finds the applicant is not so qualified it shall reject the application after investigation as hereinafter provided.

2. The county board of elections, whenever it is not satisfied from an examination of an application for an absentee ballot that the applicant is entitled to such a ballot, may order an investigation through any officer or employee of the state or county board of elections, police officer, sheriff or deputy sheriff, or a special investigator appointed by the state board of elections pursuant to the provisions of this chapter and, if it deems necessary, may exercise the powers to issue subpoenas and administer oaths which are conferred upon it by this chapter.

3. An affidavit or a signed statement executed by any person authorized to conduct an investigation pursuant to this section which indicates that the applicant for an absentee ballot meets or fails to meet any of the requirements entitling the applicant to same shall be sufficient authority for a determination by the board as to the applicant's right to an absentee voter's ballot, but shall not preclude the board from making such other determination as it shall deem proper. Such affidavit or statement shall contain sufficient information to permit verification of the information contained in the statement and identification of the source.

4. Any investigation shall be concluded and determination made as to all applicants not later than the day before the election for which a ballot is first requested, or if such ballot is to be sent by mail, such determination shall be made at a time which will afford sufficient time for the transmission of the ballot to the voter, one secular day for the voter to mark such ballot and execute the statement of absentee voter, and time for the return of such ballot to the board of elections by the deadline for its receipt. If the board can not complete its investigation within the time provided for herein, it shall, if it finds the voter to be duly registered, deliver to such applicant an absentee ballot.

5. If the board shall determine that the applicant is not entitled to an absentee ballot it shall immediately notify the applicant, giving him the reason for such rejection.

6. In the case of a primary election, the board shall deliver only the ballot of the party in which the records of the board of elections show the applicant to be enrolled. In the event a primary election is uncontested in the applicant's election district for all offices or positions except the party position of member of the ward, town, city or county committee, no ballot shall be delivered to such applicant for such election; and the applicant shall be advised why he is not being sent a ballot.

7. The board shall keep a record of applications for absentee ballots as they are received, showing the names and residences of the applicants, and their party enrollment in the case of primary elections, and, as soon as practicable shall, when requested, give to the chairman of each political party or independent body in the county, and shall make available for inspection to any other qualified voter upon request, a complete list of all applicants to whom absentee voters' ballots have been delivered or mailed, containing their names and places of residence as they appear on the registration record, including the election district and ward, if any, and in the city of New York and the county of Nassau, the assembly district, and their party enrollment in the case of primary elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 43-b; L.1978, c. 223, Sec. 2; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 77; L.1980, c. 666, Sec. 2.)
Sec. 8-404. Absentee voting; hospitalized veterans, special provisions

1. After entering upon the registration records, the application for registration of an inmate or patient of a veterans' administration hospital as to whom the medical superintendent or medical head of such hospital has attested that he expects that he will not be discharged prior to the day following the next general or special village, primary, special, general or New York city community school board district or city of Buffalo school district election, and the application for registration by the spouse, parent or child of such inmate or patient, accompanying or being with him or her, if a qualified voter and a resident of the same election district, the board of elections, without further investigation and without further application by the applicant, shall send to him at such hospital an absentee ballot and shall record in the signature column on the back of his permanent personal registration poll record that such ballot has been sent.

(a) Any voter who is duly registered and whose registration records are marked "Hospitalized Veteran" or "Hospitalized Veteran's Relative" need not thereafter make application for an absentee ballot. Sixty days before each election, the board of elections shall compile and send a list to each veterans' administration hospital of all inmates and patients of veterans' administration hospitals who appear by the records of such board to be "hospitalized veterans" entitled to receive absentee ballots at each such hospital pursuant to the provisions of this section. Each veterans' administration hospital shall no later than fifteen days following the receipt of such list, return it with notations made thereon showing whether the inmate or patient continues to be confined therein or has been discharged therefrom. Upon the receipt of such returned list from each veterans' administration hospital with the proper notations showing that a "hospitalized veteran" continues to be confined in such hospital, the board of elections, by mail addressed to such "hospitalized veteran" at his last known hospital address and by mail addressed to such "hospitalized veteran's relative" at his last known address shall send an absentee ballot for the ensuing election to such "hospitalized veteran" and such "hospitalized veteran's relative" an absentee ballot in the same manner as provided herein for a qualified voter entitled to an absentee ballot because of permanent disability. The board shall record on the back of his registration poll record in the space reserved for his signature at such election, the fact that such ballot has been sent.

(b) If the returned list from a veterans' administration hospital contains a notation showing that a "hospitalized veteran" is no longer an inmate or patient at the veterans' administration hospital where he is recorded as staying, or if such letter containing an absentee voter's ballot for a "hospitalized veteran" or a "hospitalized veterans' relative" is returned by the post office as undeliverable, the board of elections shall ascertain whether the "hospitalized veteran" or "hospitalized veteran's relative" is residing at the address given on his registration records as his permanent address. If he is residing there, the board shall not send him any further absentee ballots unless he applies therefor in the regular way. If he is not residing at the place of residence given on his registration records but the board ascertains that he has been transferred to another veterans' administration hospital, the board shall cause a central board of registration to make the necessary changes of temporary address on his registration records and shall continue sending him absentee ballots at the veterans' administration hospital where he is staying. If he is not residing at the place of residence given on his registration records and the board cannot ascertain that he has been transferred to another veterans' administration hospital, the board shall cancel his registration. Whenever a registration is cancelled pursuant hereto notice shall be mailed to the veteran or his relative at his permanent residence address and last temporary address.

2. The board of elections shall furnish to each party county chairman in such county a list of the names and residence addresses of the hospitalized veterans and hospitalized veterans' relatives to whom absentee ballots have been sent.

3. Such ballots shall be mailed, voted, returned, counted, and canvassed as provided in this chapter for other absentee voters' ballots.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 78; L.1980, c. 446, Sec. 2; L.1980, c. 446, Sec. 2; L.1980, c. 447, Sec. 2; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 21.)
Sec. 8-406. Absentee ballots, delivery of

If the board shall find that the applicant is a qualified voter of the election district containing his residence as stated in his statement and that his statement is sufficient, it shall, as soon as practicable after it shall have determined his right thereto, mail to him at an address designated by him, or deliver to him, or to any person designated for such purpose in writing by him, at the office of the board, such an absentee voter's ballot or set of ballots and an envelope therefor. If the ballot or ballots are to be sent outside of the United States to a country other than Canada or Mexico, such ballot or ballots shall be sent by air mail. However, if an applicant who is eligible for an absentee ballot is a resident of a facility operated or licensed by, or under the jurisdiction of, the department of mental hygiene, or a resident of a facility defined as a nursing home or residential health care facility pursuant to subdivisions two and three of section two thousand eight hundred one of the public health law, or a resident of a hospital or other facility operated by the Veteran's Administration of the United States, such absentee ballot need not be so mailed or delivered to any such applicant but, may be delivered to the voter in the manner prescribed by section 8-407 of this chapter if such facility is located in the county or city in which such voter is eligible to vote.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 44; L.1980, c. 666, Sec. 3; L.1988, c. 296, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 8-407. Voting by residents of nursing homes, residential health care facilities, facilities operated or licensed, or under the jurisdiction of, the department of mental hygiene or hospitals or facilities operated by the Veteran's Administration of the United States

1. The board of elections of a county or city in which there is located at least one facility operated or licensed, or under the jurisdiction of, the department of mental hygiene, or a facility defined as a nursing home or residential health care facility pursuant to subdivisions two and three of section two thousand eight hundred one of the public health law or an adult care facility subject to the provisions of title two of article seven of the social services law, or a hospital or other facility operated by the Veteran's Administration of the United States shall provide that residents of each such facility for which such board has received twenty-five or more applications for absentee ballots from voters who are eligible to vote by absentee ballot in such city or county at such election, may vote by absentee ballot only in the manner provided for in this section. Such board may, in its discretion, provide that the procedure described in this subdivision shall be applicable to all such facilities in such county or city without regard to the number of absentee ballot applications received from the residents of any such facility.

2. Such a board of elections shall appoint, in the same manner as other inspectors, one or more bi-partisan boards of inspectors, each composed of two such inspectors. Such inspectors may be regular employees of such board of elections.

3. Not earlier than thirteen days before or later than the day before such an election such a board of inspectors shall, between the hours of nine o'clock in the morning and five o'clock in the evening, attend at each such facility for the residents of which the board of elections has custody of twenty-five or more absentee ballots or, if the board of elections has so provided, each such facility for which the board has custody of one or more such absentee ballots, pursuant to the provisions of this chapter.

4. Each such board of inspectors may attend at more than one facility, provided, however, that no such board of inspectors shall be assigned to attend at more facilities than it reasonably can be expected to complete within the time specified by this section.

5. The board of elections shall deliver to each board of inspectors all the absentee ballots in the custody of such board of elections which are addressed to residents of the facilities which such board of inspectors is assigned to attend, together with one or more portable voting booths of a type approved by the state board of elections and such other supplies as such board of inspectors will require to discharge its duties properly.

6. The board of elections, at least twenty days before each such election, or on the day after it shall have received the requisite number of applications for absentee ballots from the residents of any such facility, whichever is later, shall communicate with the superintendent, administrator or director of each such facility to arrange the day and time when the board of inspectors will attend at such facility. The board of elections shall keep a list of the day and time at which the board of inspectors will attend at each such facility as a public record at its office.

7. It shall be the duty of each such superintendent, administrator or director to assist the board of inspectors attending such facility in the discharge of its duties, including, but not limited to making available to such board of inspectors space within such facility suitable for the discharge of its duties.

8. The board of inspectors shall deliver each absentee ballot addressed to a resident of each such facility to such resident. If such resident is physically disabled the inspectors shall, if necessary, deliver the ballot to such voter at his bedside.

9. The board of inspectors shall arrange the portable voting booth or booths provided and effect such safeguards as may be necessary to provide secrecy for the votes cast by such residents.

10. If such a resident is unable to mark his ballot, he may be assisted in marking such ballot by the two members of the board of inspectors or such other person as he may select. If a voter is unable to mark the ballot and unable to communicate how he wishes such ballot marked, such ballot shall not be cast. No person who assists a voter to mark his ballot pursuant to the provisions of this section, shall disclose to any other person how any such ballot was marked.

11. Except as otherwise provided in this section, all ballots cast pursuant to this section shall be cast in the manner provided by this chapter for the casting of absentee ballots.

12. After such ballots have been cast and sealed in the appropriate envelopes, they shall be returned to such inspectors.

13. Upon completion of its duties, the board of inspectors shall forthwith return all such ballots to the board of elections.

14. Any person, political committee or independent body entitled to appoint watchers for the election district in which any such facility is located at the election for which such absentee ballots are cast, shall be entitled to appoint a watcher to attend such board of inspectors at such facility.

15. All ballots cast pursuant to the provisions of this section which are received before the close of the polls on election day by the board of elections charged with the duty of casting and canvassing such ballots, may be delivered to the inspectors of election in the manner prescribed by this chapter or retained at the board of elections and cast and canvassed pursuant to the provisions of section 9-209 of this chapter as such board shall, in its discretion, determine pursuant to the provisions of subdivision one of this section.

(Added L.1988, c. 296, Sec. 2. Amended L.1989, c. 326, Sec.Sec. 1, 6; L.2001, c. 195, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 20, 2001.)
[ Sec. 8-408. Repealed. L.1982, c. 178, Sec. 1, eff. June 8, 1982]

Sec. 8-410. Absentee voting; method of

The absentee voter shall mark an absentee ballot as provided for paper ballots or ballots prepared for counting by ballot counting machines. He shall make no mark or writing whatsoever upon the ballot, except as above prescribed, and shall see that it bears no such mark or writing. He shall make no mark or writing whatsoever on the outside of the ballot. After marking the ballot or ballots he shall fold each such ballot and enclose them in the envelope and seal the envelope. He shall then take and subscribe the oath on the envelope, with blanks properly filled in. The envelope, containing the ballot or ballots, shall then be mailed or delivered to the board of elections of the county or city of his residence.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1986, c. 352, Sec. 9.)
Sec. 8-412. Absentee ballots; deadline for receipt, and delivery to polling place

1. The board of elections shall cause all absentee ballots received by it before the close of the polls on election day and all ballots contained in envelopes showing a cancellation mark of the United States postal service or a foreign country's postal service, or showing a dated endorsement of receipt by another agency of the United States government, with a date which is ascertained to be not later than the day before election and received by such board of elections not later than seven days following the day of election to be cast and counted except that the absentee ballot of a voter who requested such ballot by letter, rather than application, shall not be counted unless a valid application form, signed by such voter, is received by the board of elections with such ballot.

2. Absentee ballots received by the board of elections shall be retained at the board of elections and cast and canvassed pursuant to the provisions of section 9-209 of this chapter.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 20; L.1982, c. 514, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 251, Sec. 2; L.1988, c. 216, Sec. 5; L.1988, c. 321, Sec. 2; L.1994, c. 155, Sec. 1; L.2011, c. 308, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 3, 2011.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 8 CONDUCT OF ELECTIONS

TITLE V CHALLENGING VOTERS

Sec. 8-500. Watchers; provision for

1. At any general, special, town or village election, any party committee or independent body whose candidates are upon the ballot, and at any primary election, any two or more candidates and any political committee may have for each election district three watchers at any one time, not more than one of whom may be within the guard rail at any one time. Watchers shall be appointed by the chairman of any such party, committee or independent body or by the candidates.

2. Watchers may be present at the polling place at least fifteen minutes before the unlocking and examination of any voting machine or ballot box at the opening of the polls, until after the signing of the inspectors' returns and proclamation of the result.

3. The appointment of watchers for any election shall be by a certificate in writing issued by the chairman or secretary of the political party or independent body, or the candidates. Such certificate shall be delivered to an inspector at the election district.

4. Each watcher must be a qualified voter of the city or county in which he is to serve.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 71; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 79.)
Sec. 8-502. Challenges; generally

Before his vote is cast at an election any person may be challenged as to his right to vote, or his right to vote by absentee, military, special federal or special presidential ballot. Such challenge may be made by an inspector or clerk, by any duly appointed watcher, or by any registered voter properly in the polling place. An inspector shall challenge every person offering to vote, whom he shall know or suspect is not entitled to vote in the district, and every person whose name appears on the list of persons to be challenged on election day which is furnished by the board of elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 72; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 80.)
Sec. 8-504. Challenges; of voter at the polling place

1. When an applicant is challenged, an inspector shall administer to him the following oath, which shall be known as "The preliminary oath": "You do solemnly swear (or affirm) that you will make true answers to such questions as may be put to you concerning your qualifications as a voter". If the applicant shall refuse to take such oath he shall not be permitted to vote.

2. If the applicant shall take the preliminary oath, the inspector shall ask the applicant such questions as may pertain to the reason his right to vote at such election in such district was challenged. If any applicant shall refuse to answer fully any questions which may be put to him, he shall not be permitted to vote.

3. After receiving the answers as above specified, of any applicant, the board shall, if it believes the applicant to be qualified or the challenge is withdrawn, permit him to vote. Otherwise, the board shall point out to him the qualifications, if any, in respect of which he shall appear deficient. If, after such deficiencies have been so indicated, the applicant shall persist in his claim to vote, an inspector shall administer to him the following oath, which shall be known as "The Qualification Oath": "You do swear (or affirm) that you are eighteen years of age, that you are a citizen of the United States and that you have been a resident of this state, and of this county (of the city of New York) (village) for thirty days next preceding this election, that you still reside at the same address from which you have been duly registered in this election district, that you have not voted at this election, and that you do not know of any reason why you are not qualified to vote at this election. You do further declare that you are aware that it is a crime to make any false statement. That all the statements you have made to the board have been true and that you understand that a false statement is perjury and you will be guilty of a misdemeanor."

4. If the applicant shall be challenged for the causes stated in section three of article two of the constitution of this state, which would exclude him from the right to vote, such inspector shall administer to him the following additional oath, which shall be known as "The Bribery Oath": "You do swear (or affirm) that you have not received or offered, do not expect to receive, have not paid, offered or promised to pay or contributed, offered or promised to contribute to another, to be paid or used; any money or any other valuable thing as a compensation or reward for the giving or withholding of a vote at this election, and have not made any promise to influence the giving or withholding of any such vote, and that you have not made, or become directly or indirectly interested in any bet or wager depending upon the result of this election."

5. If the applicant shall be challenged on the ground of having been convicted of a felony, such inspector shall administer to him the following additional oath, which shall be known as "The Conviction Oath": "You do swear (or affirm) that you have not been convicted of any felony, or if so convicted, that you have been pardoned, or restored to all the rights of a citizen, or the maximum term of imprisonment to which you were sentenced has expired, or you have been discharged from parole or your sentence has been suspended."

6. If the applicant shall be challenged on the ground of having been adjudged incompetent, such inspector shall administer to him the following additional oath, which shall be known as "The Incompetency Oath": "You do swear (or affirm) that you have not been adjudged incompetent by order of competent judicial authority, or if so adjudged, that you have since been adjudged competent which fully warrants your right to vote."

7. If any person shall refuse to take any oath so tendered he shall not be permitted to vote, but if he shall take the oath or oaths tendered to him he shall be permitted to vote.

8. The inspectors shall enter the challenge date in the space reserved therefor on the back of the voter's registration poll record and shall make a record of each challenge on the challenge report as required herein. Where registration poll records are not being used, the inspectors shall in the remarks column for the election opposite the name of the voter enter a note of the challenge and shall make a record of each challenge on the challenge report.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 73; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 81; L.1982, c. 82, Sec. 2.)
Sec. 8-506. Challenges; absentee, military, special federal and special presidential ballots

1. During the examination of absentee, military, special federal and special presidential voters' ballot envelopes, any inspector shall, and any watcher or registered voter properly in the polling place may, challenge the casting of any ballot upon the ground or grounds allowed for challenges generally, or (a) that the voter was not entitled to cast an absentee, military, special federal or special presidential ballot, or (b) that notwithstanding the permissive use of titles, initials or customary abbreviations of given names, the signature on the ballot envelope does not correspond to the signature on the registration poll record, or (c) that the voter died before the day of the election.

2. The board of inspectors forthwith shall proceed to determine each challenge. Unless the board by majority vote shall sustain the challenge, an inspector shall endorse upon the envelope the nature of the challenge and the words "not sustained", shall sign such endorsement, and shall proceed to cast the ballot as provided herein. Should the board, by majority vote, sustain such challenge, the reason and the word "sustained" shall be similarly endorsed upon the envelope and an inspector shall sign such endorsement. The envelope shall not be opened and such envelope shall be returned unopened to the board of elections. If a challenge is sustained after the ballot has been removed from the envelope, but before it has been deposited in the ballot box, such ballot shall be rejected without being unfolded or inspected and shall be returned to the envelope. The board shall immediately enter the reason for sustaining the challenge on such envelope and an inspector shall sign such endorsement.

3. If the board of inspectors determines by majority vote that it lacks sufficient knowledge and information to determine the validity of a challenge, the inspectors shall endorse upon the ballot envelope the words "unable to determine", enter the reason for the challenge in the appropriate section of the challenge report and return the envelope unopened to the board of elections. Such ballots shall be cast and canvassed pursuant to the provisions of section 9-209 of this chapter.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 21; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 74; L.1985, c. 153, Sec. 1; L.2009, c. 40, Sec. 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2010.)
Sec. 8-508. Challenge report; preparation of

1. The board of elections shall furnish to the board of inspectors of election in each election district on each election day a challenge report. Such report shall be divided into four sections and shall contain the following information and space to insert the information herein required.

2. (a) The first section of such report shall be reserved for the inspectors of election to enter the name, address and registration serial number of each person who claims a change in name, or a change of address within the election district, together with the new name or address of each such person. In lieu of preparing section one of the challenge list, the board of elections may provide, next to the name of each voter on the computer generated registration list, a place for the inspectors of election to record the information required to be entered in such section one, or provide at the end of such computer generated registration list, a place for the inspectors of election to enter such information.

(b) The second section of such report shall be reserved for the board of inspectors to enter the name, address and registration serial number of each person who is challenged on the day of election, together with the reason for the challenge. If no voters are challenged, the board of inspectors shall enter the words "No Challenges" across the space reserved for such names. In lieu of preparing section two of the challenge report, the board of elections may provide, next to the name of each voter on the computer generated registration list, a place for the inspectors of election to record the information required to be entered in such section two, or provide at the end of such computer generated registration list, a place for the inspectors of election to enter such information.

(c) The third section of such report shall be reserved for the board of inspectors to enter the name, address and registration serial number of each voter given assistance, together with the reason the voter was allowed assistance, the name of the person giving such assistance and his address if not an inspector. If no voters are given assistance, the board of inspectors shall enter the words "No Assistance" across the space reserved for such names. In lieu of providing section three of the challenge report, the board of elections may provide, next to the name of each voter on the computer generated registration list, a place for the inspectors of election to record the information required to be entered in such section three, or provide at the end of such computer generated registration list, a place for the inspectors of election to enter such information.

(d) The fourth section of such report shall be reserved for the board of inspectors to enter the name, address and registration serial number of each person who was permitted to vote pursuant to a court order, or to vote on a paper ballot which was inserted in an affidavit envelope. If there are no such names, such board shall enter the word "None" across the space provided for such names. In lieu of providing section four of such report, the board of elections may provide, next to the name of each voter on the computer generated registration list, a place for the inspectors of election to record the information required to be entered in such section four, or provide at the end of the computer generated registration list, a place for the inspectors of election to enter such information.

(e) At the foot of such report and at the end of any such computer generated registration list shall be printed a certificate that such report contains the names of all persons who were challenged on the day of election, and that each voter so reported as having been challenged took the oaths as required, that such report contains the names of all voters to whom such board gave or allowed assistance and lists the nature of the disability which required such assistance to be given and the names and family relationship, if any, to the voter of the persons by whom such assistance was rendered; that each such assisted voter informed such board under oath that he required such assistance and that each person rendering such assistance took the required oath; that such report contains the names of all voters who were permitted to vote although their registration poll records were missing; that the entries made by such board are a true and accurate record of its proceedings with respect to the persons named in such report.

(f) Upon the return of such report and lists to the board of elections, it shall complete the investigation of voting qualifications of all persons named in the second section thereof or for whom entries were placed on such computer generated registration lists in lieu of the preparation of the second section of the challenge report, and shall forthwith proceed to cancel the registration of any person who, as noted upon such report, was challenged at such election and refused either to take a challenge oath or to answer any challenge question.

(g) The state board of elections shall prescribe a form of challenge report for use pursuant to the provisions of this section. Such form may require the insertion of such other information as the state board shall deem appropriate.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 75; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 82; L.1988, c. 43, Sec. 4; L.1992, c. 89, Sec. 2; L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 47; L.1996, c. 200, Sec. 21.)
Sec. 8-510. Challenge report; completion of and closing of registration poll ledgers

1. Immediately after the close of the polls the board of inspectors of election shall verify the entries which it has made on the challenge report or at the end of the computer generated registration list by comparing such entries with the information appearing on the registration poll records of the affected voters or the information appearing next to the names of such voters on the computer generated registration list. If it has made no entries in section two, three or four of such report it shall write across such section the words "No challenges", "No assistance" or "None", as the case may be, as directed in this chapter.

2. After completing such report the inspectors shall sign the certificate at the end of such report.

3. The inspectors shall place such completed report, and each court order, if any, directing that a person be permitted to vote, inside a ledger of registration records or computer generated registration lists between the front cover, and the first registration record and then shall close and seal each ledger of registration records or computer generated registration lists, affix their signature to the seal, lock such ledger in the carrying case furnished for that purpose and enclose the keys in a sealed package or seal such list in the envelope provided for that purpose.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1988, c. 43, Sec. 5; L.1992, c. 89, Sec. 3; L.1992, c. 91, Sec. 6; L.1996, c. 200, Sec. 22.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 9 CANVASS OF RESULTS

TITLE I CANVASS AT POLLING PLACES

Sec. 9-100. Canvass; required

At the close of the polls the inspectors of election shall, in the order set forth herein, lock the machine against voting, account for the paper ballots, canvass the machine, cast and canvass all the ballots, canvass and ascertain the total vote and they shall not adjourn until the canvass be fully completed.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 45.)
Sec. 9-102. Canvass; general provisions for

1. As soon as the polls of the election are closed, the inspectors of election thereat shall, in the order set forth herein; a.) place an inspector at the ballot scanner to prevent further voting; b.) reconcile the paper ballots pursuant to section 9-106 of this title; c.) remove surplus ballots, if any, pursuant to section 9-108 of this title; d.) scan the ballots contained in the emergency box or other secure storage container pursuant to section 9-110 of this title; e.) hand count and secure ballots that cannot be scanned pursuant to section 9-110 of this title; f.) close the poll, print the tabulated result tape, announce the result and sign the return of canvass pursuant to subdivisions 2 and 3 of this section; g.) close, lock and seal the machine; and h.) sign the close of poll certificate, as provided by the board of elections.

2. (a) The inspectors shall canvass the machine vote by printing the ballot scanner tabulated results tape in the presence of the watchers and all other persons who may be lawfully within the polling place, giving full view of the tabulated result tape numbers. The chair of the board of inspectors shall, under the scrutiny of an inspector of a different political party, in the order of the offices as their titles are arranged on the tabulated result tape, read and announce in distinct tones the public office or party position, candidate name, political party and the result as shown on the tabulated result tape and then shall announce the aggregate number of write-in votes recorded for each office. The chair shall also in the same manner announce the vote on each ballot proposal. The results on the tabulated result tape shall be entered on or the tabulated result tape shall be affixed to the return of canvass for that ballot scanner or election district pursuant to section 9-120 of this title by an inspector, under the scrutiny of an inspector of a different political party, in the space indicated; provided, however, if any election day paper ballots were hand counted pursuant to subdivision two of section 9-110 of this title, the results of such hand counting shall be recorded on the return of canvass and be added to the numbers reported from the tabulated results tape to produce a single total result for each candidate and ballot proposal. The return of canvass, which shall show the aggregate number of votes cast for each office, the number of votes cast for each candidate appearing on the ballot for each office and the aggregate number of write-in votes for each office, shall then be filled out. Such return and tabulated result tape shall be signed by each inspector.

(b) The printed or photographic record produced by such machine shall include a certificate which the inspectors shall sign, stating the number of voters as shown on the public counter and the number on the protective counter.

(c) If the machine is provided with a removable electronic or computerized device which records the total of the votes cast on such machine, such device shall be removed from the machine after copies of the printed record, sufficient to meet the requirements of this chapter and the regulations of the board of elections, have been produced. After the device is removed from the machine, the inspectors shall place such device in the secure envelope or other secure container provided for its return to the board of elections. Such secure container shall be signed by the inspectors upon the securing of the device therein.

3. (a) During the canvass time any candidate or duly accredited watcher who may desire to be present shall be admitted to the polling place. During the proclamation of the result, ample opportunity shall be given to any person lawfully present to compare the results so announced with the sum of the votes appearing on the tabulated result tape and any hand counted election day ballots, if any, and any necessary corrections shall then and there be made on the return of canvass by the inspectors. Thereafter, the voting machine shall be closed and locked. The first copy of the printed record for each voting machine should be posted on the wall of the polling place forthwith; provided, however, that if only one copy of such printed record can be printed by any such machine at any election, such copy shall be used in preparation of the statement of returns required by this title.

(b) Election day paper ballots that have not been scanned shall be canvassed and tallied pursuant to sections 9-108 and 9-110 of this title.

(c) At a primary election, the ballots of the parties represented on the board of inspectors shall be canvassed before the ballots of other parties are canvassed.

4. All types of ballots, enclosed in properly sealed envelopes respectively, and properly endorsed shall be filed with the original return of canvass.

5. The inspector filing the returns shall deliver to the board or officer from whom received, the keys of the voting machine, enclosed in a sealed envelope having indorsed thereon a certificate of the inspectors stating the number of the machine, the election district, ward or assembly district where it has been used, the number on the seal and the number on the protective counter.

6. The room in which such canvass is made shall be clearly lighted, ingress and egress through the main entrance thereto shall be freely permitted, and such canvass shall be made in plain view of those entitled to be present. The ballots shall at all times be kept on top of the table and in plain view of all persons entitled to examine them, until they have been tied into bundles as elsewhere provided. If requested by any person entitled to be present the inspectors shall, during the canvass of any ballots, exhibit to him the ballot then being canvassed, fully opened and in such a condition that he may fully and carefully read and examine it, but no inspector shall allow any ballot to be taken from his hand or to be touched by any person but an inspector.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 46; L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 22; L.1978, c. 9, Sec.Sec. 76, 77; L.1978, c. 140, Sec. 1; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 11; L.1986, c. 262, Sec.Sec. 12, 13, eff. Oct. 19, 1986; L.2001, c. 92, Sec. 2, eff. July 10, 2001; L.2010, c. 163, Sec.Sec. 2, 3, 5, eff. July 7, 2010; L.2010, c. 163, Sec. 4.)
Sec. 9-104. Repealed by L.2010, c. 163, Sec. 5-a, eff. July 7, 2010

Sec. 9-106. Official ballots; accounting for number used

At the close of the polls and before any boxes or envelope containing voted ballots are opened, the clerks, or if there be no clerks, two inspectors representing different parties designated by the chair, shall account for all of the paper ballots furnished to the election district. On a reconciliation form supplied by the board of elections, they shall count, verify and record on such form the number of unused ballots, the number of ballots cancelled before delivery to voters in the poll site, the number of ballots spoiled and returned by voters and the number of affidavit ballots cast. These numbers shall be added to the number of ballots cast as recorded by the public counter number appearing on the ballot scanner screen. The sum shall be recorded on the ballot reconciliation form. This resulting number shall be deducted from the number of ballots originally delivered to the poll site, and the remainder number shall be determined to be the number of ballots secured in the emergency ballot box or other secure storage container provided by the board of elections. This remainder number shall be recorded on the ballot reconciliation form.

Such clerks or inspectors shall then separate, label and place each type of ballot in the box or container provided by the board of elections, and securely lock or seal each such box or container. They shall then sign such reconciliation form.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.2010, c. 163, Sec. 6, eff. July 7, 2010.)
Sec. 9-108. Canvass; ballots, verifying number cast

1. For all election day paper ballots cast when a ballot scanner is not available, ballots abandoned by a voter at the ballot scanner, as defined in 9 NYCRR 6210.13(a)(11)(a) or ballots submitted by the voter which are otherwise non-machine processable, as defined in 9 NYCRR 6210.13(a)(8), the board of inspectors, at the beginning of the canvass, shall count the number of unscanned ballots found in each emergency box or other secure storage container provided by the board of elections, ascertaining that each ballot is single, and shall compare the number of ballots found in such box or container with the remainder number of ballots, as determined pursuant to section 9-106 of this title.

2. If the ballots found in any box shall be more than the number of ballots so shown to have been deposited therein, such ballots shall all be replaced, without being unfolded, in the box from which they were taken, and shall be thoroughly mingled therein, and one of the inspectors shall, with his back to the box, publicly draw out as many ballots as shall be equal to such excess and, without unfolding them forthwith shall enclose them in an envelope which he shall then and there seal and endorse "excess ballots from the box for ballots for the general election, presidential electors, or party ballots or otherwise", as the case may be, and shall sign his name thereto, and place such envelope in the box for defective or spoiled ballots.

3. If two or more ballots shall be found in a ballot box so folded together as to present the appearance of a single ballot, and if the whole number of ballots in such box exceeds the whole number of ballots so shown to have been deposited therein, those ballots, or enough of them to reduce the ballots to the proper number, selected without examination of any voting mark thereon, shall be similarly removed as excess ballots.

4. If, however, there lawfully be more than one ballot box for the reception of ballots, no ballot found in the wrong ballot box shall for that reason be rejected, but it shall be placed in its proper box by the inspectors upon the count of the ballots before the canvass, and counted in the same manner as if it was found in the proper ballot box, if such ballot shall not, together with the ballots found in the proper ballot box, make a total of more ballots than are shown to have been deposited in such box.

5. No ballot that is not an official ballot prepared for the election shall be counted except for those ballots voted in accordance with the provisions for emergency ballots.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 47; L.2010, c. 163, Sec. 7, eff. July 7, 2010.)
Sec. 9-110. Canvass; election day paper ballots that have not been scanned; method of

1. Election day paper ballots that have not been scanned because a ballot scanner was not available or because the ballot has been abandoned by a voter at the ballot scanner shall be canvassed as follows: a bipartisan team of inspectors shall cast such ballots on a ballot scanner, if one is available, at the close of the polls before the tabulated result tape is printed. If a ballot does not scan because of an overvote or blank ballot warning on the ballot scanner screen, the inspectors shall cause the ballot scanner to eject such ballot to be hand counted pursuant to subdivision two of this section.

2. Election day paper ballots that cannot be scanned, as provided in subdivision one of this section shall be canvassed as follows: The inspectors shall unfold each ballot of the kind then to be canvassed and shall place all such ballots upon the table in one pile face down. The chair shall take up each ballot in order, turn it face up and announce loudly and distinctly the vote registered on each section, in the order of the sections upon the ballot, or that the ballot is void or the section blank, as the case may be. If more than one person is to be elected to the same office or party position the chair, if the ballot is void or the ballot or section is wholly blank, shall announce as many void or blank votes as there are persons to be elected to the office or party position. On a primary ballot a "section," as the term is used above, shall mean the space occupied by the title of an office or party position, names of candidates therefor and the voting squares therewith. The canvass of each ballot must be completed before the next ballot is taken up. When the tallies of the votes of all such ballots are proven, and the results announced, the inspectors'1 shall record the results on the return of canvass.

3. Nothing in this section shall be construed to require or permit affidavit ballots to be canvassed at the poll site on election day.

1In original ("inspectors’" should be "inspectors").

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 48; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 78; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 12; L.2010, c. 163, Sec. 8, eff. July 7, 2010.)
Sec. 9-112. Canvass ballots; validity of ballot

1. The whole ballot is void if the voter (a) does any act extrinsic to the ballot such as enclosing any paper or other article in the folded ballot or (b) defaces or tears the ballot except that a ballot card which is in perforated sections shall not be void because it has been separated into sections or (c) makes any erasure thereon or (d) makes any mark thereon other than a cross X mark or a check V mark in a voting square, or filling in the voting square, or punching a hole in the voting square of a ballot intended to be counted by machine or (e) writes, other than in the space provided, a name for the purpose of voting; except that an erasure or a mark other than a valid mark made in a voting square shall not make the ballot void, but shall render it blank as to the office, party position or ballot proposal in connection with which it is made. No ballot shall be declared void or partially blank because a mark thereon is irregular in form. The term "voting square" shall include the voting space provided for a voter to mark his vote for a candidate or ballot proposal.

2. A cross X mark or a check V mark, made by the voter, in a voting square at the left of a candidate's name, or the voter's filling in such voting square, or punching a hole in the voting square of a ballot intended to be counted by machine, shall be counted as a vote for such candidate.

3. A vote shall be counted for a person whose name is written in under the title of an office or party position only if such name is written by the voter upon the ballot in the proper space provided therefor and only if such name is not printed under the title of such office or position. A voting mark before or after such written in name shall not invalidate the vote.

4. If, in the case of a candidate whose name appears on the ballot more than once for the same office, the voter shall make a cross X mark or a check V mark in each of two or more voting squares before the candidate's name, or fill in such voting squares or punch out the hole in two or more voting squares of a ballot intended to be counted by machine, only the first vote shall be counted for such candidate. If such vote was cast for the office of governor, such vote shall not be recorded in the tally sheet or returns in a separate place on the tally sheet as a vote not for any particular party or independent body.

5. If a voter makes a cross X mark or a check V mark in a voting square following the word "Yes" or the word "No", before a ballot proposal, or fills in such square, or punches out the hole in a voting square of a ballot intended to be counted by machine, such mark shall be counted in the affirmative or negative, as so indicated.

6. If the voter marks more names than there are persons to be elected or nominated for an office, or elected to a party position, or makes a mark in a place or manner not herein provided for, or if for any reason it is impossible to determine the voter's choice of a candidate or candidates for an office or party position or his vote upon a ballot proposal, his vote shall not be counted for such office or position or upon the ballot proposal, but shall be returned as a blank vote thereon.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 49; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 79; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 13; L.1986, c. 352, Sec. 10.)
Sec. 9-114. Counting ballots; objections to

1. If objection be made to the counting of any ballot or as to any section of any such ballot, the board of inspectors shall forthwith and for 1 canvassing any other ballot or section thereof, rule upon the objection. If the objection be continued after this ruling, the chairman shall write in ink upon the back of the ballot a memorandum of the ruling and objection. The memorandum of the ruling shall be in the words "Counted void", or "Counted blank", or "Counted for (naming the candidate or candidates or the presidential ticket)", or, in the case of a ballot proposal "Counted for Proposal No TLRdotl TLRdotl TLRdotl TLRdotl TLRdotl," or "Counted against Proposal No TLRdotl TLRdotl TLRdotl TLRdotl TLRdotl", as the case may be. The memorandum of the objection shall be in the words "Objected to", followed by a brief statement of the nature of the objection, the name and address of the challenger and the signature of the chairman.

2. Any ballot to which objection is not taken but which is wholly blank or is void shall be indorsed in ink by the chairman of the board of inspectors with the words "Wholly blank" or "Void", as the case may be, and signed by the chairman.

3. When all the ballots of any one kind shall have been canvassed, the inspectors shall ascertain the total number of wholly blank and void ballots and the number of ballots as to which any objection was taken and shall enter such numbers in the place provided therefor in the inspectors' returns of such canvass.

1So in original. (“for” should be “before”.)

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 14.)
Sec. 9-116. Tallying ballots; generally

1. As each vote for any office or position, or upon any ballot proposal, is announced, a clerk, or, if there be no clerks, an inspector, under the scrutiny of a clerk or inspector of opposite political faith immediately shall tally it in black ink, with a downward stroke from right to left upon the official tally sheet. Each such clerk or inspector, as he tallies a vote, shall announce clearly the name of the person for whom he tallies it, or that he tallies the vote blank or void as the case may be, or, in the case of a ballot proposal, that he tallies the vote "yes" or "no". When the name of a person voted for is not printed on the tally sheet, such clerks or inspectors shall write it in full thereon in ink in the place provided therefor.

2. When all the votes upon the same office, position or ballot proposal shall have been canvassed the tally thereof shall be verified by adding together all the votes tallied thereupon. Whenever the total number of votes tallied (including blank and void votes) for any office or party position, divided by the number of persons to be nominated or elected thereto, or tallied for any ballot proposal, does not exactly equal the number of ballots cast (including blank and void ballots), a recanvass must be made immediately in order to correct the error.

In applying this section to a primary election the term "ballots" means the ballots of the party whose tallied votes for an office or party position are counted as above provided. Upon a recanvass the clerks or inspectors must keep the tally in ink from left to right across the previous tally marks.

3. When the errors if any have been corrected such clerks or inspectors shall indicate the last tally opposite each name by forthwith drawing in ink a long horizontal line immediately after the last tally mark opposite such name. Such tally sheets having thus been prepared, verified and closed, such clerks or inspectors shall sign their initials on each sheet, in any blank space thereof.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 140, Sec. 2; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 15; L.1988, c. 13, Sec. 3.)
[ Sec. 9-118. Repealed. L.1988, c. 13, Sec. 4, eff. Mar. 11, 1988]

Sec. 9-120. Returns of canvass; generally

1. Upon completing the canvass, the inspectors shall prepare their returns of the canvass. They shall use therefor the printed form supplied to them and, at an election which was not conducted on a voting machine which produces a printed or photographic record, they shall carefully insert thereon, in ink, the appropriate names, words and figures according to the directions printed in the form provided by this chapter. The printed or photographic record produced by the voting machine and the tally sheets for any office, party position or ballot proposal, if separate from the statement of return, shall be securely attached by the chairman to such statement of returns. A printed or photographic record or a tally sheet, when so annexed, or forming part of the same paper as the return, shall be treated as part of the return. The inspectors, and clerks, if any, shall subscribe in ink the certificate at the end of the set of returns. Each set of returns shall be securely sealed in an envelope properly endorsed on the outside by the inspectors. At an election at which voting machines are not used, the ballot boxes, if any, supplied by the board of elections, may when securely locked be used instead of sealed envelopes.

2. The form for the return or returns of the canvass shall be printed in a form approved by the state board of elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 140, Sec. 3; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 16; L.1986, c. 262, Sec. 14.)
Sec. 9-122. Proclamation of result

Upon the completion of the canvass and of the returns of the canvass, the chairman of the board of inspectors shall make public oral proclamation of the whole number of votes cast at the election at the polling place for all candidates for each office, or, if it be a primary election, the whole number of party votes of each party so cast for all candidates for each office or party position; upon each ballot proposal, if any; the whole number of votes given for each person, with the title of the office or party position for which he was named on the ballot; and the whole number of votes given, respectively, for and against each such ballot proposal, if any.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 17.)
Sec. 9-124. Returns of canvass, procedure after

1. After the returns of the canvass are made out and signed, the inspectors shall enclose the protested, void and wholly blank ballots and the ballots cast in affidavit envelopes in a separate sealed envelope or envelopes and endorse thereon a certificate signed by each of them stating the number of the district and the number of ballots contained in such envelope or envelopes. The inspectors shall then tie up and seal the other voted ballots and return them to the ballot box which contained them and securely lock and seal the box, except that at elections in which voting machines are used, absentee and military, special federal, special presidential and emergency ballots and stubs, if any, shall be sealed in the envelope or envelopes provided therefor.

2. Each box or envelope containing the ballots and stubs, if any, shall be deposited by an inspector designated for that purpose with the officer or board from whom or which the board of inspectors received it, together with the separate sealed package of unused ballots. In the city of New York, every box or envelope containing any ballots or stubs and the package of unused ballots shall be delivered at the polling place, at the conclusion of the canvass, to the police or peace officer, who shall deposit them with the board of elections.

3. The books, returns and other papers enumerated below shall be disposed of as follows, except as otherwise provided:

(a) In a city or town, except the city of New York and in a village in which elections are conducted by the board of elections, the registration poll records or computer generated registration lists, the returns with tally sheets annexed, the absentee and military, special federal, special presidential and emergency ballots, stubs and ballot envelopes, the challenge records and the package of protested, void and wholly blank ballots shall be filed with the board of elections, and the flag shall be returned to it.

(b) Records and supplies to be filed with a city, town or village clerk shall be so filed or delivered immediately after the completion of the returns of the canvass, by an inspector designated by the board of inspectors. Returns, papers and registration poll records or computer generated registration lists to be filed with the board of elections shall be so filed by the chairman of the board of inspectors within twenty-four hours after the completion of such returns. The person receiving such returns in the board of elections shall give to the person delivering the returns a receipt stating therein the date and hour of delivery, the name of the person making the delivery, and to whom said returns were delivered and shall keep a duplicate of said receipt on file in the office of the board of elections.

(c) The county legislative body of any county in the state except the counties comprising the city of New York may, by a resolution, ordinance or act as required, provide that all returns, papers, registration poll records or computer generated registration lists, books, records, documents, and other election supplies and materials shall be filed by the chairman of the board of inspectors of elections in a city or town and in a village in which elections are conducted by the board of elections, with the city, town or village clerk of such city, town or village in the county within eighteen hours after the closing of the polls at any primary, general, special or village election and the city, town or village clerk upon receiving such returns, papers, registers or lists, books, records, documents, and other election supplies and materials shall give to the person making the delivery, a receipt stating therein the date and hour of the delivery and the name of such person. Within twenty-four hours after the closing of the polls at any primary, general, special or village election, the city, town or village clerk shall file all returns, papers, registration poll records or computer generated registration lists, books, records, documents and other election supplies and materials filed with him by the inspectors of the election districts of the city, town or village, with the board of elections of the county and the board of elections shall give to the city, town or village clerk a receipt therefor stating therein the date and hour of the delivery and the name of the person making the delivery and to whom it was made, and shall keep a duplicate of said receipt on file in the office of the board of elections.

(d) In the city of New York the board of inspectors, shall deliver to the police or peace officer at the polling place the registration poll records or computer generated registration lists, challenge report, records, keys, the flag, other election supplies, the returns of the canvass and the absentee and military, special federal, special presidential and emergency ballots, stubs and ballot envelopes. The police or peace officer shall file the returns, the package of void, protested and wholly blank ballots, if any, and the absentee and military, special federal, special presidential and emergency ballots, stubs and ballot envelopes, if any, within twenty-four hours after the close of the polls, in the office of the board of elections or its branch office within the borough, as the case may be.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 80; L.1978, c. 140, Sec. 4; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 22; L.1991, c. 413, Sec.Sec. 71, 72; L.1992, c. 91, Sec. 7; L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 48.)
Sec. 9-126. Return of canvass; delivery of results to police and unofficial tally of election results

1. In an election district of a city and of the county of Nassau, the chairman of the board of inspectors, upon the completion of the return of canvass, and the announcement thereof in a primary or general election, shall deliver to the police officer on duty at the polling place a statement signed by the board of inspectors stating the number of votes received by each person voted for and the number of votes cast for and the number of votes cast against each ballot proposal. Such officer forthwith shall convey the statement to the stationhouse of the police precinct in which such place of canvass is located, and shall deliver it inviolate to the officer in command thereof, who shall immediately transmit by telegraph, telephone or messenger, the contents of such statement to the officer commanding the police department of such city or county who shall immediately make the contents of such statement available for the press. In the city of New York and the county of Nassau the chairman of the board of inspectors in each election district shall make two copies of the statement hereinbefore provided for, which shall be taken to the police station, whence one such copy shall be transmitted without delay to police headquarters, or such other location as may be designated by the officer commanding the police department, where it shall be made immediately available to the press for purposes of tabulation. The other copy shall be transmitted within twenty-four hours to the board of elections. All statements made pursuant to this section shall be preserved for six months by the police and shall be presumptive evidence of the result of such canvass.

2. (a) In an election district outside of a city, except in the county of Nassau, the chairman of the board of inspectors, upon completion of the return of canvass and the announcement thereof, in a general or primary election, shall immediately communicate such results by telephone, or delivery, to the county board of elections. Such results shall include the number of votes received by each person voted for and the number of votes cast for and against each ballot proposal.

(b) The county board of elections shall remain open after the close of the polls and shall receive and tabulate the voting results from throughout the county as they are received. The board shall post running totals in a public place as the results become known to it.

(c) The results made public pursuant to this section are to be released as the unofficial tally and shall not be admissible in evidence in any action or proceeding contesting the result of any election.

(d) Any police department of a city outside the city of New York and the county of Nassau receiving statements as provided in subdivision one of this section shall immediately communicate the contents thereof to the county board of elections at a location designated by it. In lieu of requiring the delivery of statements to the police in cities outside of the city of New York and the county of Nassau as provided in subdivision one of this section, a county board of elections may require the chairman of the board of inspectors in each election district within such a city to make a return of the vote pursuant to the provisions of this subdivision.

3. (a) The board of elections of counties in which voting machines which have removable electronic or computerized devices which record the total of the votes cast on such machines are used, may establish procedures by which such devices may be used after the close of the polls to provide the unofficial tally of results required by this section.

(b) Such procedures may include: the installation, at the board of elections or at town or city halls, police stations, sheriff's offices or other public buildings, of machines which record and transmit the totals recorded in such devices to the board of elections or directly to a representative of the press; the delivery of the devices from the polling places to such locations and the removal of such devices, by at least two clerks or other agents of such board of elections of opposite political parties, from the containers or envelopes in which they were sealed at the polling places and the insertion of such devices into such machines.

(c) The board of elections shall provide containers, at all such locations other than the offices of such board, into which all such devices shall be placed by the clerks or other agents of such board of elections after they are removed from such machines. Such containers shall be sealed by such clerks or agents who shall also enter on a certificate which shall be printed on each such container, the total number of such devices placed in such container and the election districts from which such devices came. Such clerks shall also sign such certificate in the places provided.

(d) Such containers shall be delivered to the board of elections by the public officials in whose offices such machines were installed within twenty-four hours after the closing of the polls and the board of elections shall give such officials a receipt therefor which states therein the date and hour of delivery, the name of the person making the delivery and the name of the person to whom such delivery was made. The board of elections shall keep a duplicate of such receipt on file at the office of such board.

(e) The cost of installing such machines at locations other than the board of elections and the cost of transmitting the results from such machines may be paid by the board of elections or by a representative of the press. If such results are transmitted from a location other than the board of elections directly to a representative of the press, such cost shall be paid by such representative of the press.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 18; L.1986, c. 262, Sec. 15; L.1986, c. 356, Sec. 2.)
Sec. 9-128. Canvass; return of

1. Returns of the canvass shall be printed in a form approved by the state board of elections. When voting machines are used the designating number and letter on the counter for each candidate shall be printed next to the candidate's name on the statements of canvass. The form of such return, for a general election, also shall provide for the entry of the number of votes for each candidate, or upon each ballot proposal, cast by absentee and military, special federal, special presidential and emergency ballots, the number of such votes cast by machine and the total number of such votes, cast by such ballots and by machine together.

2. One set of returns shall be used, in each such election district. Tally sheets shall be provided and used in each district for votes on paper, absentee and military, special federal, special presidential and emergency ballots cast during voting machine breakdowns, and the state board of elections shall devise a form of tally sheet to be used for that purpose, with provision for making the tallies as to all offices, or all ballot proposals, on one sheet.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 81; L.1978, c. 140, Sec. 5; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 19.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 9 CANVASS OF RESULTS

TITLE II CANVASS BY BOARD OF ELECTIONS

Sec. 9-200. Canvass of primary returns by board of elections; notices to delegates; certificates

1. The board of elections shall canvass the returns of primary elections filed with it. It shall canvass first the votes of the delegates and alternates to judicial district conventions and complete such canvass at the earliest time possible. It shall complete the canvass otherwise within nine days from the day upon which the primary election is held. Upon the completion of the canvass the board shall make and file in its office tabulated statements, signed by the members of such board or a majority thereof, of the number of votes cast for all the candidates for nomination to each public office or for election to each party position, and the number of votes cast for each such candidate. The candidate receiving the highest number of votes for nomination for a public office or for election to a party position voted for wholly within the political unit for which such board is acting, shall be the nominee of his party for such office or elected to such party position and the board, if requested by a candidate elected to a party position, shall furnish to him a certificate of election.

2. The board forthwith upon the completion of the canvass for members of a state committee and delegates and alternates to a national, state or judicial district convention, shall transmit to the state board of elections a certificate stating the name and residence of each member of a state committee and delegate and alternate elected from a district wholly within the jurisdiction of such board, except that, in respect to a judicial district convention in the first, second, eleventh and twelfth judicial districts, the board of elections, instead of transmitting such certificate, shall compile the roll of the convention and transmit it to the chairman or secretary of the committee which, by party rules, is empowered to fix the time and place of the convention. The board of elections shall send by mail to each delegate and alternate elected a notice of his election. The certificate or roll of the convention shall list the delegates and alternates elected at a primary in the order of the votes received by each delegate or alternate, with the delegate or alternate receiving the highest number of votes listed first. Tie votes shall be indicated in a manner prescribed by the state board of elections. If there shall have been no contested election for alternates, the names of the alternates shall appear on the certificate or roll in the order in which their names appeared on the petition which designated them.

3. The board forthwith, upon the completion of the canvass, shall file with the state board of elections a certified copy of its tabulated statement of the votes cast for each nomination or party position in a district extending beyond the political unit for which the board is acting.

4. The state board of elections, upon the request of the chairman of the state committee of any political party, shall furnish to him a list of the duly elected members of the state committee of such party.

5. There shall be included in the official compilation of the canvass of the returns, the names of the persons who shall have been nominated for public office or elected to party position without balloting, and in each such case the word "uncontested" shall be placed in such compilation wherever the vote cast for such a candidate is required to be stated.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 50; L.1977, c. 876, Sec. 2; L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 24; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 82; L.1983, c. 29, Sec. 2; L.1984, c. 250, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 9-202. Canvass of primary returns by state board of elections; convention rolls

The state board of elections upon receipt by it from boards of elections of the tabulated statements of votes at a primary election required to be filed with it shall proceed forthwith to canvass such statements. Upon the completion of the canvass it shall make, certify and file in its office tabulated statements of the number of votes cast for all the candidates for nomination to each public office or for election to each party position, and the number of votes cast for each such candidate. The candidate receiving the highest number of votes shall be the nominee of his party for such office or shall be elected to such party position, as the case may be, and the board, if requested, shall furnish to the elected candidates a certificate of election. From such certified statements of the votes for delegates and alternates elected to a state or judicial district convention of any party, other than a judicial district convention in the first, second, eleventh and twelfth judicial districts, the state board shall forthwith compile the roll of each such convention in duplicate and transmit it, if for a state convention, to the chairman and secretary of the state committee of the party, and if for a judicial district convention, to the chairman and secretary of the committee which, by party rules, is empowered to fix the time and place of the convention. The roll of the convention shall list the candidates elected at a primary in the order of the votes received by each candidate together with the number of votes received by each such candidate. If there shall have been no contested election for alternates, the names of the alternates shall appear on the roll in the order in which their names appear on the petition which designated them. The state board of elections shall transmit copies of the certified statements of the votes for delegates and alternates to a national convention of a party to the chairman and secretary of the state committee of such party.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1; L.1977, c. 876, Sec. 3. Amended L.1981, c. 89, Sec. 1; L.1983, c. 29, Sec. 3; L.1992, c. 218, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 9-204. County boards of canvassers

The board of elections of each county or city shall be the county board of canvassers of such county, or each county within such city. Such board also shall be the city board of canvassers of any city or cities within the county for a city election. Such board shall also be the board of canvassers of the towns of the county. Such board shall also be the board of canvassers of villages in which village elections are conducted by the board of elections. The secretary of the board of elections, or, if he is absent, or unable to act, a member or chief clerk designated by the board shall be the secretary of the canvassing board. Each canvassing board shall meet at the place where it usually meets in other capacities on the day following the election, but its duties may be performed in any or all of the offices of the board of elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 23.)
Sec. 9-206. Canvass of election district returns of general and special elections

The canvassing board shall canvass the votes cast within the county for state, county, city and town offices; also the vote cast on any ballot proposal. The canvass by the county board of canvassers relating to the offices of president and vice president of the United States, governor, lieutenant-governor, state comptroller, attorney-general, United States senator, member of the house of representatives, member of the state senate, member of the assembly and any ballot proposal shall show in each election district the total number of persons voting at such election, the number of votes cast for each candidate, the number of unrecorded or blank votes for each of the above-mentioned offices and each ballot proposal. Write-in votes cast for president or vice president for persons who were not certified by the state board of elections as write-in candidates for such offices shall not be canvassed for such candidates but such votes shall be canvassed as void votes. If, during the canvass, there shall clearly appear to be any omission or clerical mistake in the return for any district filed with the board of elections, the canvassing board may summon the election officers before the board, and such officers shall meet forthwith and make any necessary correction, in order that their canvass may be correctly stated, but they shall not alter any decision theretofore made by them.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 83; L.1978, c. 140, Sec. 6; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 20; L.1986, c. 262, Sec. 16; L.1988, c. 13, Sec. 5.)
Sec. 9-208. Provisions for recanvass of vote in every election district in the state; procedure in case of discrepancy

1. Within fifteen days after each general, special or primary election, and within seven days after every village election conducted by the board of elections at which ballot scanners are used, the board of elections, or a bipartisan committee of or appointed by said board shall, in each county using ballot scanners, make a record of the serial number of each ballot scanner used in each election district in such general, special or primary election. No person who was a candidate at such election shall be appointed to membership on the committee. Such board of elections or bipartisan committee shall recanvass the tabulated result tape from each ballot scanner used in each election district by comparing such tape with the numbers as recorded on the return of canvass. The said board or committee shall also make a recanvass of any election day paper ballots that have not been scanned and were hand counted pursuant to subdivision two of section 9-110 of this article and compare the results with the number as recorded on the return of canvass. The board or committee shall then recanvass write-in votes, if any, on ballots which were otherwise scanned and canvassed at polling places on election night. The board or committee shall validate and prove such sums. Before making such canvass the board of elections, with respect to each election district to be recanvassed, shall give notice in writing to the voting machine custodian thereof, to the state and county chair of each party or independent body which shall have nominated candidates for the said general or special election or nominated or elected candidates at the said primary election and to each individual candidate whose name appears on the office ballot, of the time and place where such canvass is to be made; and the state and county chair of each such party or independent body and each such individual candidate may send a representative to be present at such recanvass. Each candidate whose name appears on the official ballot, or his or her representative, shall have the right personally to examine and make a record of the vote recorded on the tabulated result tape and any ballots which were hand counted.

2. If upon such recanvass, it shall be found that the original canvass of the returns of an election district has been incorrectly made from any tabulated result tape plus any ballots which were hand counted, a statement in writing shall be prepared giving the details for any corrections made for such election district. The result of the recanvass, and such statement shall be witnessed by the persons required to be present and shall be filed with the board of elections. Such recanvass of votes made pursuant hereto shall thereupon supersede the returns filed by the inspectors of election of the election district in which the canvass was made.

3. If upon the recanvass of an election district, it shall be found that a discrepancy exists between the number of voters who cast a vote in an election district and the number of votes recorded on the tabulated results tape plus any election day paper ballots counted by hand the board of elections, or the committee thereof, shall proceed thoroughly to examine all the election day paper ballots in that election district to determine the result from such election district. The result of this examination of election day ballots shall supersede the returns filed by the inspectors of election of the election district in which the canvass was made. After the completion of such examination, the board of elections, or the committee thereof, shall then and there prepare a statement in writing giving in detail the result thereof, and such statement shall be witnessed by the persons required to be present and shall be filed in the office of the board of elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 51; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 84; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 85; L.1986, c. 262, Sec. 17; L.1986, c. 352, Sec. 11; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 24; L.2010, c. 163, Sec. 8-a, eff. July 7, 2010.)
Sec. 9-209. Canvass of absentee, military and special ballots and ballots cast by voters with registration poll records missing on days of election or voters who have not had their identity previously verified or who have moved after registering

Before completing the canvass of votes cast in any primary, general, special, or other election at which voters are required to sign their registration poll records before voting, the board of elections shall proceed in the manner hereinafter prescribed to cast and canvass any absentee, military, special presidential, special federal or other special ballots and any ballots voted by voters who moved within the county or city after registering, voters who are in inactive status, voters whose registration was incorrectly transferred to another address even though they did not move, voters whose registration poll records were missing on the day of such election, voters who have not had their identity previously verified and voters whose registration poll records did not show them to be enrolled in the party in which they claimed to be enrolled. Each such ballot shall be retained in the original envelope containing the voter's affidavit and signature, in which it is delivered to the board of elections until such time as it is to be cast and canvassed.

1. (a) The board of elections shall designate itself or such of its employees as it shall deem appropriate as a set of poll clerks to cast and canvass such ballots, and fix a time and place for their meeting for such purpose, provided that such meeting shall be no more than fourteen days after a general or special election and no more than eight days after a primary election at which such ballots are voted. The board may designate additional sets of poll clerks and if it designates more than one such set shall apportion among all such sets the election districts from which such ballots have been received, provided that all such ballots from a single election district shall be assigned to a single set of clerks, and that each such set shall be divided equally between representatives of the two major political parties. Each such set of clerks shall be deemed a central board of inspectors for purposes of this section.

(b) At least five days prior to the time fixed for such meeting, the board shall send notice by first class mail to each candidate, political party, and independent body entitled to have had watchers present at the polls in any election district in the board's jurisdiction. Such notice shall state the time and place fixed by the board for such canvass.

(c) Each such candidate, political party, and independent body shall be entitled to appoint such number of watchers to attend upon each central board of inspectors as such candidate, political party, or independent body was entitled to appoint at such election in any one election district for which such central board of inspectors is designated to act.

2. (a)(i) Upon assembling at the time and place fixed for such meeting, each central board of inspectors shall examine, cast, and canvass the envelopes and the ballots therein contained as nearly as practicable in the following manner:

(A) If a person whose name is on an envelope as a voter has already voted in person at such election, or if his or her name and residence as stated on the envelope are not on a registration poll record, or the computer generated list of registered voters or the list of special presidential voters, or if there is no name on the envelope, or if the envelope is not sealed, such envelope shall be laid aside unopened.

(B) If there is more than one ballot envelope executed by the same voter, the one bearing the later date of execution shall be accepted and the other rejected. If it cannot be determined which envelope bears the later date, then all such envelopes shall be rejected.

(C) If such person is found to be registered and has not voted in person, an inspector shall compare the signature, if any, on each envelope with the signature, if any, on the registration poll record, the computer generated list of registered voters or the list of special presidential voters, of the person of the same name who registered from the same address. If the signatures are found to correspond, such inspector shall certify thereto by signing his or her initials in the "Inspector's Initials" line on the computer generated list of registered voters or in the "remarks" column as appropriate.

(D) If such person is found to be registered and has not voted in person, and if no challenge is made, or if a challenge made is not sustained, the envelope shall be opened, the ballot or ballots withdrawn without unfolding, and the ballot or ballots deposited in the proper ballot box or boxes, or envelopes, provided however that, in the case of a primary election, the ballot shall be deposited in the box only if the ballot is of the party with which the voter is enrolled according to the entry on the back of his or her registration poll record or next to his or her name on the computer generated registration list; if not, the ballot shall be rejected without inspection or unfolding and shall be returned to the envelope which shall be endorsed "not enrolled." At the time of the deposit of such ballot or ballots in the box or envelopes, the inspectors shall enter the words "absentee vote" or "military vote" in the space reserved for the voter's signature on the aforesaid list or in the "remarks" column as appropriate, and shall enter the year and month of the election on the same line in the spaces provided therefor.

(E) As each envelope is opened, if one or more of the different kinds of ballots to be voted at the election are not found therein, the clerks, or inspectors, shall make a memorandum showing what ballot or ballots are missing. If a ballot envelope shall contain more than one ballot for the same offices, all the ballots in such envelope shall be rejected. When the casting of such ballots shall have been completed the clerks or inspectors shall ascertain the number of such ballots of each kind which have been deposited in the ballot box by deducting from the number of envelopes opened the number of missing ballots, and shall make a return thereof. The number of absentee voters' ballots deposited in the ballot box shall be added to the number of other ballots deposited in the ballot box, in order to determine the number of all ballots of each kind to be accounted for in the ballot box.

(ii) If the board of inspectors determines that a person was entitled to vote at such election it shall cast and canvass such ballot if such board finds that ministerial error by the board of elections or any of its employees caused such ballot envelope not to be valid on its face.

(iii) If the board of elections determines that a person was entitled to vote at such election, the board shall cast and canvass such ballot if such board finds that the voter appeared at the correct polling place, regardless of the fact that the voter may have appeared in the incorrect election district.

(b)(i) Such board of inspectors shall also cast and canvass any federal write-in absentee ballots validly cast by an absentee voter, a military voter or a special federal voter for the offices of president and vice-president, United States senator and representative in congress. Such board of inspectors shall also cast and canvass any federal write-in absentee ballots validly cast by a military voter for all questions or proposals, public offices or party positions for which a military voter is otherwise eligible to vote as provided in section 10-104 of this chapter.

(ii) Federal write-in absentee ballots shall be cast and canvassed only if: (A) an application for an absentee, military or special federal ballot was received from the absentee, military or special federal voter at least thirty days before election day; (B) the federal write-in absentee ballot was submitted from inside or outside the United States by a military voter or was submitted from outside the United States by a special federal voter; (C) such ballot is received by the board of elections not later than thirteen days following the day of election or seven days after a primary election; and (D) the absentee, military or special federal ballot which was sent to the voter is not received by the board of elections by the thirteenth day following the day of a general or special election or the seventh day after a primary election.

(iii) If such a federal write-in absentee ballot is received after election day, the envelope in which it is received must contain: (A) a cancellation mark of the United States postal service or a foreign country's postal service; (B) a dated endorsement of receipt by another agency of the United States government; or (C) if cast by a military voter, the signature and date of the voter and one witness thereto with a date which is ascertained to be not later than the day before election day.

(iv) If such a federal write-in absentee ballot contains the name of a person or persons in the space provided for a vote for any office, such ballot shall be counted as a vote for such person or persons. A vote for a person who is the candidate of a party or independent body either for president or vice-president shall be deemed to be a vote for both the candidates of such party or independent body for such offices. If such a ballot contains the name of a party or independent body in the space provided for a vote for any office, such ballot shall be deemed to be a vote for the candidate or candidates, if any, of such party or independent body for such office. In the case of the offices of president and vice-president a vote cast for a candidate, either directly or by writing in the name of a party or independent body, shall also be deemed to be votes for the electors supporting such candidate. Any abbreviation, misspelling or other minor variation in the form of the name of a candidate or a party or independent body shall be disregarded in determining the validity of the ballot, if the intention can be ascertained.

(c) The following provisions shall apply to casting and canvassing of all such ballots which are counted by machine and all other provisions of this chapter with respect to casting and canvassing such ballots which are not inconsistent with this paragraph shall be applicable to such ballots.

(i) Such ballots may be separated into sections before being placed in the counting machine.

(ii) Any write-in ballots and any ballots which cannot be counted by the machine shall be counted manually subject to all the applicable provisions of this chapter with respect to counting of ballots.

(iii) The record of the vote counted by machine for each candi-date and for and against each ballot proposal, printed by election district, shall be preserved in the same manner and for the same period as the returns of canvass for the election.

(d) Any person lawfully present may object to the refusal to cast or canvass any ballot on the grounds that the voter is a properly qualified voter of the election district, or in the case of a party primary duly enrolled in such party, or to the casting or canvassing of any ballot on the grounds that the voter is not a properly qualified voter of the election district, or in the case of a party primary not duly enrolled in such party, or otherwise not entitled to cast such ballot. When any such objection is made, the central board of inspectors shall forthwith proceed to determine such objection and reject or cast such ballot according to such determination. If the board cannot agree as to the validity of the ballot it shall set the ballot aside, unopened, for a period of three days at which time the ballot envelope shall be opened and the vote counted unless otherwise directed by an order of the court.

(e) Upon completing the casting and canvassing of ballots as hereinabove provided for any election district, the central board of inspectors shall thereupon, as nearly as practicable in the manner provided in this chapter for absentee ballots, verify the number of ballots so cast, tally the votes so cast, add such tally to the previous tally of all votes cast in such election district, and announce the result.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 85; L.1981, c. 573, Sec. 3; L.1984, c. 251, Sec. 4; L.1986, c. 352, Sec. 12; L.1987, c. 94, Sec. 1; L.1992, c. 79, Sec. 22; L.1994, c. 155, Sec.Sec. 2, 3; L.1994, c. 659, Sec.Sec. 49, 50; L.2001, c. 381, Sec. 3, eff. Oct. 29, 2001; L.2003, c. 256, Sec. 2, eff. July 29, 2003; L.2005, c. 179, Sec. 5, eff. Jan. 1, 2006; L.2005, c. 237, Sec. 2, eff. July 19, 2005; L.2009, c. 165, Sec. 2, eff. July 11, 2009; L.2009, c. 248, Sec. 1, eff. July 28, 2009; L.2010, c. 104, Sec. 5, eff. June 2, 2010; L.2010, c. 163, Sec. 8-b, eff. July 7, 2010; L.2011, c. 308, Sec. 2, eff. Aug. 3, 2011.)
Sec. 9-210. Statements of canvass by canvassing boards

Upon the completion of the canvass the canvassing board shall make statements thereof, showing separately the result for each office and ballot proposal. Each such statement shall set forth, in words written out at length, all votes cast for all candidates for each office; the name of each candidate; the number of votes so cast for each, and, in the case of a candidate who was nominated by two or more parties or independent bodies, the number, separately stated, of votes cast for him as the candidate of each party or independent body by which he was nominated; and all votes so cast upon any ballot proposal, and all the votes so cast in favor of and against the same respectively. Such statements shall show the total number of unrecorded or blank votes and the total number of votes cast for each office and each ballot proposal.

Such statements shall be certified as correct over the signatures of the members of the board, or a majority of them, and such statements together with any tabulation sheets showing the vote by election districts from which such statements were made, shall be filed in the office of the board of elections. The separate statement relating to electors of president and vice-president shall be so filed immediately upon the making, signing and certification thereof. To facilitate its work, the board of elections may cause copies of such tabulation sheets to be printed in pamphlet form.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 86; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 21.)
Sec. 9-211. Audit of voter verifiable audit records

1. Within fifteen days after each general or special election, and within seven days after every primary or village election conducted by the board of elections, the board of elections or a bipartisan committee appointed by such board shall manually audit the voter verifiable audit records from three percent of voting machines or systems within the jurisdiction of such board. Voting machines or systems shall be selected for audit through a random, manual process. At least five days prior to the time fixed for such selection process, the board of elections shall send notice by first class mail to each candidate, political party and independent body entitled to have had watchers present at the polls in any election district in such board's jurisdiction. Such notice shall state the time and place fixed for such random selection process. The audit shall be conducted in the same manner, to the extent applicable, as a canvass of paper ballots. Each candidate, political party or independent body entitled to appoint watchers to attend at a polling place shall be entitled to appoint such number of watchers to observe the audit.

2. The manual audit tallies for each voting machine or system shall be compared to the tallies recorded by such voting machine or system, and a report shall be made of such comparison which shall be filed in the office of the state board of elections.

3. The state board of elections shall, in accordance with subdivision four of section 3-100 of this chapter, promulgate regulations establishing a uniform statewide standard to be used by boards of elections to determine when a discrepancy between the manual audit tallies and the voting machine or system tallies shall require a further voter verifiable record audit of additional voting machines or systems or a complete manual audit of all machines or systems within the jurisdiction of a board of elections. Any board of elections shall be empowered to order that any such audit shall be conducted whenever any such discrepancy exists.

4. If a complete audit shall be conducted, the results of such audit shall be used by the canvassing board in making the statement of canvass and determinations of persons elected and propositions rejected or approved. The results of a partial voter verifiable record audit shall not be used in lieu of voting machine or system tallies.

5. Notwithstanding subdivision four of this section, if a voting machine or system is found to have failed to record votes in a manner indicating an operational failure, the board of canvassers shall use the voter verifiable audit records to determine the votes cast on such machine or system, provided such records were not also impaired by the operational failure of the voting machine or system.

(Added L.2005, c. 181, Sec. 14, eff. July 12, 2005.)
Sec. 9-212. Determinations by county canvassing boards

1. The canvassing board shall determine each person elected by the greatest number of votes to each county office, and each person elected by the greatest number of votes to each city, town or village office of a city, town or village of which it is the board of canvassers. The canvassing board shall also determine whether any ballot proposal submitted only to the voters of the county, or only to the voters of a city, town or village of which it is the board of canvassers, as the case may be, has by the greater number of votes been adopted or rejected.

2. All such determinations shall be in writing and signed by the members of the canvassing board or a majority of them and filed and recorded in the office of the board of elections. Except in the city of New York and in the counties of Nassau, Orange and Westchester, the board of elections shall cause a copy of such determinations, and of the statements filed in its office upon which such determinations were based, to be published once in each of the newspapers designated to publish election notices and the official canvass. The statement of canvass to be published, however, shall not give the vote by election districts but shall contain only the total vote for a person, or the total vote for and the total vote against a ballot proposal, cast within the county, or within the portion thereof, if any, in which an office is filled or ballot proposal is decided by the voters if the canvass of the vote thereon devolves upon the county board of canvassers. Such totals shall be expressed in arabic numerals.

3. The board of elections shall prepare and forthwith transmit to each person determined by the canvassing board to have been elected a certified statement, naming the office to which such canvassing board has declared him elected.

4. The appropriate state or local election official shall establish a free access system (such as a toll-free telephone number or an internet website) that any individual who casts an affidavit ballot may access to discover whether the vote of that individual was counted, and, if the vote was not counted, the reason that the vote was not counted.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 22; L.1990, c. 635, Sec. 5; L.2005, c. 179, Sec. 6, eff. Jan. 1, 2006.)
Sec. 9-214. Transmission of statements of canvassing boards to state board of elections and secretary of state

The board of elections shall transmit by mail or cause to be delivered personally to the state board of elections, a certified copy of the statement of the canvassing board relating to the offices of electors of president and vice-president of the United States, United States senator, representatives in congress and state offices, including members of the state senate and assembly, and to the votes cast on any ballot proposal submitted to all the voters of the state, within twenty-five days after the election. If any certified copy shall not be received by the state board on or before the twenty-fifth day following a general election, or a special election, it shall dispatch a special messenger to obtain such certified copy, and the board of elections, immediately upon demand of such messenger at its office, shall make and deliver a certified copy to such messenger who shall deliver it forthwith to the state board.

The board of elections shall transmit to the secretary of state within twenty-five days after a general election, and within twenty days after a special election, a list of the names and residences of all persons determined by the canvassing board to be elected to any county office.

The board of elections shall transmit to the state board, on or before the tenth day of December following an election for governor, a certified tabulated statement, by election districts, of the official canvass of the votes cast for candidates for governor, to include, in the case of a candidate who was nominated by two or more parties or independent bodies, a separate statement of the number of votes cast for him as the candidate of each party or independent body by which he was nominated and if the county contains more than one assembly district or parts of more than one assembly district, a statement of the number of votes cast for governor by assembly district.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 52; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 86; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 23; L.1983, c. 286, Sec. 1; L.2011, c. 4, Sec. 4, eff. March 9, 2011.)
Sec. 9-216. Canvass of statements of general and special elections by state board of canvassers

1. The state board of elections shall be the state board of canvassers. The records of the state board of canvassers shall be kept in the custody of the state board of elections, which shall assign a deputy or other assistant to act as the clerk of said board of canvassers.

2. The state board of canvassers shall canvass the certified copies of the statements of the county board of canvassers of each county. They shall canvass first the statements, if any, for the offices of president and vice-president and next the statements, if any, for the office of member of the state senate, and next the statements, if any, for the office of member of the state assembly. Three members of the board shall constitute a quorum. The state board of canvassers shall meet on or before the fifteenth day, or, in a year when electors of president and vice-president are chosen on or before the first Monday after the first Wednesday, of December next after each general election, and within forty days after each special election, to canvass such statements. The board may adjourn from day to day, not exceeding a term of five days. If any member of the board shall dissent from a decision of the board or shall protest against any of the proceedings of the board as irregular, he shall state such dissent or protest in a writing signed by him setting forth his reasons and file it in the office of the state board of elections.

3. Upon the completion of the canvass the board shall make separate tabulated statements, signed by the members of the board or a majority thereof, of the number of votes cast for all the candidates for each office voted for, the number of votes cast for each of such candidates, the number of votes cast in each county for each of them and if the voters of any one district of the state voted for any such candidate, the name and number of such district, the determination of the board as to the persons elected to each office, the number of votes cast upon each ballot proposal, the number of votes cast in favor of and against each respectively, and the determination of the board as to whether it was adopted or rejected.

4. Such tabulated statements shall be filed and recorded in the office of the state board of elections. Thereupon, the state board of elections shall transmit a certified copy of each such statement of votes cast for candidates for any office to the person shown thereby to have been elected to such office. The state board of elections shall prepare a general certificate under the seal of the state and attested by the members of the state board of elections, addressed to the house of representatives of the United States, of the due election of all persons chosen at that election as representatives of this state in congress, and shall transmit the same to the house of representatives. If any person so chosen at such election shall have been elected to fill a vacancy in the office of representative in congress, the statement of the state board of elections shall so specify.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 24; L.1983, c. 286, Sec. 2; L.1988, c. 175, Sec. 4.)
Sec. 9-218. Proceedings by boards of canvassers to carry into effect a court order

1. Upon the re-convening of the state board of canvassers or any county board of canvassers, or of the board of elections of the city of New York as a county or city board of canvassers, by order of a court of competent jurisdiction, for the purpose of correcting an error or of performing a duty imposed by law or by an order of the court granted pursuant to law, the meeting for that purpose shall be deemed a continuance of its regular session, and any new or corrected statement, determination or certificate which is made to give effect to the order shall stand in lieu of the original statement, determination or certificate.

2. When a new or corrected statement or certificate, to give effect to an order of the court, shall vary from the original statement or certificate respecting the votes cast for an office for which the state board of canvassers is required to canvass statements made by county boards, the board of elections forthwith shall transmit certified copies of the new or corrected statement or certificates to the state board of elections. The state board of canvassers shall meet within five days after such a certified copy has been received by the state board of elections. From such certified copy, such board shall make a new statement as to the votes for such office cast in the state or political subdivision in which such office is filled, and shall determine and declare what person or persons whose votes are affected by such new or corrected statement have been, by the greatest number of votes, duly elected to the office or offices. The state board of canvassers and the state board of elections shall, respectively, have the same powers and duties in respect to new or corrected statements that they have in respect to original statements.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1983, c. 286, Sec. 3.)
Sec. 9-220. Record in office of secretary of state of county officers elected

The secretary of state shall enter in a book to be kept in his office, the names of the respective county officers elected in this state, specifying the counties for which they were severally elected, and their places of residence, the offices to which they were elected, and their terms of office.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 53.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 10 VOTING BY MEMBERS OF ARMED FORCES

[ Sec. 10-100. Repealed. L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 54, eff. Dec. 1, 1977]

Sec. 10-102. Military voters; definitions

As used in this article the following terms have the following meanings.

1. "Military service" means the military service of the state, or of the United States, including the army, navy, marine corps, air force, coast guard, merchant marine and all components thereof, and the coast and geodetic survey, the public health service, the national guard when in the service of the United States pursuant to call as provided by law, and the cadets or midshipmen of the United States Military Academy, United States Naval Academy, United States Air Force Academy and United States Coast Guard Academy.

2. "Military voter" means a qualified voter of the state of New York who is in the actual military service, as defined in the preceding paragraph of this section, and by reason of such military service is absent from his election district of residence on the day of registration or election, or a voter who is discharged from such military service within thirty days of an election and the spouse, parent, child or dependent of such voter accompanying or being with him or her, if a qualified voter and a resident of the same election district.

3. "Military ballot" means the ballot prepared, printed and supplied for use by the military voter for a general election, primary election or special election.

4. "Military address" means the mailing address of a military voter other than his residence address in his election district.

5. "Appropriate board of elections" means the board of elections in whose jurisdiction the military voter resides as a qualified voter.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 87; L.1995, c. 88, Sec. 3; L.2010, c. 104, Sec. 6, eff. June 2, 2010.)
Sec. 10-104. Military voters; right to vote

A military voter of this state shall be entitled to vote as fully as if he were present at his polling place and to register and vote in the manner hereinafter provided except that the provisions of this article for absentee voting in primary elections shall not apply to the party positions of members of the ward, town, city or county committee.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 10-106. Military voters; registration and application for ballots

1. On or before the thirty-fifth day preceding an election the names and addresses of all military voters who have filed applications for military ballots by such day and who were not already registered shall be registered by the board of elections in the election district of residence of such military voter as hereinafter provided.

2. Such board of elections shall cause such military voter to be registered in the manner provided by this chapter, and in the space designated "other remarks" shall be entered the military address of such voter or such military address shall be entered into the computer files from which the computer generated registration list is prepared. Such registration poll records shall be stamped or marked conspicuously with the legend "Military Voter" or the records of such military voters in such computer files shall be coded in a manner which distinguishes such voters from the other voters in such files. The foregoing provisions of this subdivision as to entry of the military address may be altered by the state board of elections to such extent as may be necessary to the security and safety of the United States. A military voter shall not be required to register personally. An application for a military ballot shall constitute permanent personal registration and a military voter shall be deemed registered under the rules and regulations prevailing under permanent personal registration upon the filing of his application and the entering of his name in the appropriate registration records.

3. (a) In addition to any other method of registering to vote or of applying for a military ballot, a military voter may request a voter registration application or military ballot application by facsimile transmission to the board of elections or pursuant to the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act1 or by electronic mail. When making such a request, the military voter may designate a preference for transmission of such voter registration application and military ballot application pursuant to section 10-107 of this article.

(b) The military ballot application shall allow the military voter to designate a preference for transmission of the military ballot pursuant to section 10-107 of this article.

(c) The procedures for receiving documents from and transmitting documents to a military voter shall, to the extent practicable, protect the security and integrity of the military voter registration and military ballot application request process and protect the privacy of the military voter, including the voter's identity and other personal data. Nothing in this paragraph shall limit the information that may be obtained pursuant to section 3-220 of this chapter.

4. Not earlier than the ninetieth or later than the seventy-fifth day before each general election, each county or city board of elections shall send, in accordance with the preferred method of transmission designated by the voter pursuant to section 10-107 of this article, to each person who is registered as a military voter and to every other military voter in such county or city for whom it has a military address, an application for a military ballot for such general election in a form prescribed by the state board of elections, which shall include a place for such military voter to enroll in a party, and shall include the return address of such board of elections.

5. The state board of elections shall forward to the appropriate board of elections all applications for military ballots received by it. An application from a military voter not previously registered must be received by the appropriate board of elections not later than ten days before a general or special election or twenty-five days before a primary election in order to entitle the applicant to vote at such election. An application from a military voter who is already registered must be received at least seven days before an election in order to entitle the applicant to vote at such election; except that an application from such a military voter who delivers his application to the board of elections in person, must be received not later than the day before the election.

6. The board of elections shall immediately add to such registration records the name and residence and military address of every military voter, who was not previously registered, pursuant to this chapter, from whom it receives a valid application for a military ballot. If a valid application for a military ballot is received by a board of elections from a person already registered, other than as a military voter, from the residence address set forth in such application, such board shall mark the registration records of such voter in the same manner as the registration records of other military voters.

7. The board of elections in each year shall cause a list of names, residence addresses and, for a primary election, party enrollments of military voters appearing on such registration poll records to be prepared not later than seven days preceding an election. One copy shall be kept at the office of the board of elections for public inspection. The board shall transmit one copy to the chairman of each political party in the county, upon written request.

7-a. If a federal post card application form is received from a person who is qualified to vote as a military voter but who has not previously registered pursuant to the provisions of this article, such federal post card application form shall be treated in all respects as an application for registration and enrollment as a military voter and for a military ballot pursuant to the provisions of this article. If such a federal post card application form is received from a person already registered as a military voter pursuant to the provisions of this article, such application shall be treated in all respects as an application for a military ballot pursuant to the provisions of this article.

8. If the board of elections denies the application of a person in military service to register to vote or to receive a military ballot, such board of elections shall immediately send the applicant a written explanation for such denial.

9. Repealed .

10. A qualified voter who shall have been inducted into or who shall have enlisted in the military service and who shall not have taken his oath of allegiance prior to thirty days preceding a general or special election, or the spouse, parent or child residing in the same election district as, and accompanying such voter, may register before the board of elections of his county of residence, on or before the tenth day preceding such election, provided he shall, on or before the day of such election, actually be in the military service. Such voter shall then receive a military ballot. Such registration record shall be stamped with the legend "military voter".

11. A board of elections may send to any spouse, parent, or adult child, brother or sister of a military voter serving inside or outside of the continental limits of the United States, an application for a military ballot, in a form prescribed by the state board of elections. Such application shall be on a postcard addressed to the appropriate board of elections and shall include the statement "I understand that this application will be accepted for all purposes as the equivalent of an affidavit and, if it contains a material false statement, shall subject me to the same penalties as if I had been duly sworn". Such application may be signed by the spouse, parent or adult child, brother or sister of such military voter. Upon receipt of such an application from such a relative of a military voter, the board of elections shall mail a military ballot to such military voter together with an application for a military ballot and instructions that such application must be completed and returned together with the envelope containing the military ballot. No ballot sent to a military voter upon the application of a relative of such military voter shall be cast or canvassed unless a completed application for military ballot signed by such military voter is returned within the time limits for the receipt of the military ballot itself.

12. If the board of elections receives notice from a military voter that such voter has left the military service and is residing at his residence address, such board shall cross out or otherwise obliterate the "Military Voter" legend on such voter's registration records and thereafter treat such records in the manner provided by this chapter for regularly registered voters.

142 USCA 1973ff et seq.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 55; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 87; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 88; L.1984, c. 254, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 434, Sec. 11; L.1985, c. 451, Sec.Sec. 2, 3; L.1986, c. 66, Sec. 1; L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 23; L.1991, c. 290, Sec.Sec. 3, 3-a, 4; L.1991, c. 348, Sec. 1; L.1992, c. 91, Sec. 8; L.2003, c. 262, Sec.Sec. 2, 3, eff. Dec. 15, 2003; L.2009, c. 165, Sec. 3, eff. July 11, 2009; L.2010, c. 104, Sec. 7, eff. June 2, 2010.)
Sec. 10-107. Military voters; designation of means of transmission by military voters

1. A military voter may designate a preference to receive a voter registration application, a military ballot application or a military ballot by mail, facsimile transmission or electronic mail. Such designation shall remain in effect until revoked or changed by the military voter. If a military voter does not designate a preference, the board of elections shall transmit the voter registration application, military ballot application or military ballot by mail. If a military voter designates a preference for facsimile transmission or electronic mail but does not provide the necessary facsimile number or e-mail address, the board of elections shall transmit the voter registration application, military ballot application or military ballot by mail and request the omitted information. All communications to the military voter shall include the mailing address of the board of elections.

2. Irrespective of the preferred method of transmission designated by a military voter, a military voter's original completed voter registration application, military ballot application and military ballot must be returned by mail or in person notwithstanding that a prior copy was sent to the board of elections by facsimile transmission or electronic mail.

(Added L.2010, c. 104, Sec. 8, eff. June 2, 2010.)
Sec. 10-108. Military voters; distribution of ballots to

1. (a) Ballots for military voters shall be mailed or otherwise distributed by the board of elections, in accordance with the preferred method of transmission designated by the voter pursuant to section 10-107 of this article, as soon as practicable but in any event not later than thirty-two days before a primary or general election; twenty-five days before a New York city community school board district or city of Buffalo school district election; fourteen days before a village election conducted by the board of elections; and forty-five days before a special election. A voter who submits a military ballot application shall be entitled to a military ballot thereafter for each subsequent election through and including the next two regularly scheduled general elections held in even numbered years, including any run-offs which may occur; provided, however, such application shall not be valid for any election held within seven days after its receipt. Ballots shall also be mailed to any qualified military voter who is already registered and who requests such military ballot from such board of elections in a letter, which is signed by the voter and received by the board of elections not later than the seventh day before the election for which the ballot is requested and which states the address where the voter is registered and the address to which the ballot is to be mailed. The board of elections shall enclose with such ballot a form of application for military ballot. In the case of a primary election, the board shall deliver only the ballot of the party with which the military voter is enrolled according to the military voter's registration records. In the event a primary election is uncontested in the military voter's election district for all offices or positions except the party position of member of the ward, town, city or county committee, no ballot shall be delivered to such military voter for such election; and the military voter shall be advised of the reason why he or she will not receive a ballot.

(b) Upon the proclamation of a special election by the governor or otherwise pursuant to law, each board of elections shall, not later than three days after the establishment of the date of such special election, transmit by mail, facsimile transmission or electronic mail in accordance with the preferred method of transmission designated by the voter pursuant to section 10-107 of this article, a federal write-in absentee ballot to all military voters eligible to vote by military ballot in such special election.

(c) Each board of elections which is served with a court order restraining or enjoining the issuance of ballots in any election, other than a special election, in which any military voter is entitled to receive a ballot shall immediately notify the state board of elections of such fact and shall transmit in accordance with the preferred method of transmission designated by the voter, a federal write-in absentee ballot to all military voters eligible to vote in such election.

(d) A military voter who has received a federal write-in absentee ballot shall be entitled to receive a certified ballot notwithstanding the prior transmission of a federal write-in absentee ballot to such voter pursuant to paragraph (b) or (c) of this subdivision. Such certified military ballot shall be sent by the board of elections in accordance with the preferred method of transmission designated by the voter pursuant to section 10-107 of this article, or expedited mail if the military voter has not expressed a preference to receive same by facsimile transmission or electronic mail, and his or her request for a military ballot was made at least thirty-two days before the election.

2. In the event that the board of elections of any county shall not mail or otherwise distribute ballots to the military voters of such county by the date required by this section, such board shall notify the state board of elections in writing of the facts and reasons for such non-compliance.

3. Thereafter, ballots shall be so distributed to persons whose names and military addresses are added to the registration poll ledgers as military voters, except that the military ballots may be delivered by hand to military voters who personally file an application with the board of elections of their county of residence. The military ballot shall be delivered to such military voter together with a ballot envelope and a second envelope addressed to the appropriate board of elections on which is printed "Official Election Balloting Material-Via Air Mail".

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 56; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 88; L.1980, c. 446, Sec. 3; L.1980, c. 447, Sec. 3; L.1984, c. 434, Sec. 12; L.1986, c. 373, Sec. 3; L.1988, c. 216, Sec. 6; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 25; L.1991, c. 290, Sec. 5; L.2003, c. 262, Sec. 4, eff. Dec. 15, 2003; L.2010, c. 104, Sec. 9, eff. June 2, 2010; L.2011, c. 4, Sec. 5, eff. March 9, 2011; L.2011, c. 147, Sec. 8, eff. July 18, 2011, deemed eff. July 1, 2011.)
Sec. 10-109. Military voters; cancellation of registration

1. Voters registered pursuant to this article shall be eligible to vote in every election in which military voters are eligible to vote which is held more than ten days after the date of the receipt of their applications for such registration.

2. If any ballot, application form or other mail sent to a military voter at his military address by the board of elections is returned by the post office as undeliverable, the board of elections shall ascertain whether the military voter is residing at the address given on his registration records as his permanent address. If he is residing at such address, the board shall not send him any further military ballots unless he applies for them in the regular way, giving a new military address. If such military voter is not residing at such permanent address, the board of elections shall send a confirmation notice to such military voter at his last military address pursuant to the provisions of section 5-712 of this chapter and shall place the registration of such voter in inactive status. However, if such a voter notifies the board of elections that he has moved to a new military address, the board shall restore the registration of such voter to active status in the manner prescribed by section 5-213 of this chapter.

3. The board of elections shall process and preserve the records of such registrations, including the original applications for such registrations, in the same manner and for the same period of time as the records of other voters registered under permanent personal registration.

4. A military voter whose registration is cancelled pursuant to the provisions of section 5-400 of this chapter shall be eligible to reregister in the manner provided by this article.

5. Upon cancelling the registration of a military voter pursuant to the provisions of section 5-400 of this chapter, the board of elections shall forthwith notify such voter at his last military address and at his permanent residence address of the fact of the cancellation, the reason therefor, and of his right to reregister pursuant to this article.

[6. Redesignated 5. ]

(Added L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 89. Amended L.1984, c. 174, Sec. 1; L.1985, c. 168, Sec. 1; L.1985, c. 451, Sec. 4; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 26; L.1991, c. 263, Sec. 9; L.1991, c. 290, Sec. 6; L.1992, c. 91, Sec. 9; L.1996, c. 200, Sec. 23.)
[ Sec. 10-110. Repealed. L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 89, eff. Mar. 7, 1978]

Sec. 10-112. Military voter; voting

The military voter shall mark the military ballot provided for in this article in the same manner as an absentee ballot. After marking the ballot, he or she shall fold such ballot and enclose it in the inner affirmation envelope bearing the military voter's affirmation on the outside of the envelope and seal the envelope. He or she shall then sign the affirmation, with the blanks properly filled in. The inner affirmation envelope containing the military ballot shall then be inserted in the outer envelope addressed to the appropriate board of elections, which shall be mailed or personally delivered to such board of elections of his or her county of residence within the time limits provided by this chapter.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 25; L.1982, c. 514, Sec. 2; L.1991, c. 290, Sec. 7; L.1994, c. 155, Sec. 4; L.2010, c. 104, Sec. 10, eff. June 2, 2010.)
Sec. 10-114. Military ballots; deadline for receipt, and delivery to polling place

1. The board of elections shall cause all military ballots received by it before the close of the polls on election day and all ballots contained in envelopes showing a cancellation mark of the United States postal service or a foreign country's postal service, or showing a dated endorsement of receipt by another agency of the United States government or are signed and dated by the voter and one witness thereto, with a date which is ascertained to be not later than the day before election and received by such board of elections not later than seven days following the day of a primary election and not later than thirteen days following the day of a general or special election to be cast and counted.

2. The board of elections shall thereafter process such ballots in the manner provided in this chapter for processing absentee ballots.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 26; L.1982, c. 514, Sec. 3; L.1987, c. 94, Sec. 2; L.1988, c. 208, Sec. 1; L.1991, c. 290, Sec. 8; L.1994, c. 155, Sec. 5; L.2001, c. 381, Sec. 2, eff. Oct. 29, 2001; L.2003, c. 256, Sec. 1, eff. July 29, 2003; L.2005, c. 237, Sec. 1, eff. July 19, 2005; L.2009, c. 165, Sec. 4, eff. July 11, 2009.)
Sec. 10-116. Military ballots; determination of candidates thereon

The state board of elections and the county boards of elections shall determine, three days before the first day for distribution of military ballots, the names of all candidates duly nominated for public office and the amendments, referenda, propositions and questions to be voted for on such ballots. If at a later date the nomination of any candidate named on a military ballot is found invalid, the ballot shall still be valid, but no vote cast for any such candidate on such ballot shall be counted at the election. The failure of the county board of elections to include the name of any candidate or any amendment, referendum, proposition or question on the military ballot shall in no way affect the validity of the election with respect to the office for which the nomination was made or the validity of the military ballot as to any other matter.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1991, c. 290, Sec. 9.)
Sec. 10-118. Military voting; costs of

The cost of printing, mailing, return postage, and all other costs and expenses incurred in connection with the administration of this article (other than those of the state board of elections), shall be a county charge, and in the city of New York, shall be a city charge, and shall be appropriated and paid in the same manner as all other election costs.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1991, c. 290, Sec. 9.)
[ Sec. 10-120. Repealed. L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 89, eff. Mar. 7, 1978]

Sec. 10-122. Military voter; absentee ballot, right to

Any military voter may vote by absentee ballot rather than military ballot provided that he complies with the provisions of this chapter relating thereto.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 10-124. Military voting; state board of elections; regulatory powers

1. The state board of elections is hereby authorized to take such steps and do such things as, in its opinion, are necessary to make effective the provisions of any other legislation, in order to utilize fully any federal or other facilities in the distribution of military ballots. The state board of elections shall have power to adopt and promulgate orders or regulations adopting, with respect to the military voters of this state, the provisions of that legislation.

2. The state board of elections shall be responsible for providing information regarding voter registration procedures and absentee ballot procedures applicable to military and special federal voters wishing to register or vote in any jurisdiction of the state.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 90; L.1991, c. 290, Sec. 10; L.2003, c. 262, Sec. 5, eff. Dec. 15, 2003.)
Sec. 10-125. Military voters; prohibiting refusal to accept voter registration and military ballot applications, marked military ballots, and federal write-in absentee ballots for failure to meet certain requirements

1. A board of elections shall not refuse to accept and process any otherwise valid voter registration application or military ballot application (including the official post card form prescribed under section 101 of the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (42 USC 1973ff)) or marked military ballot submitted by mail or personally delivered, solely on the basis of the following:

(a) Notarization requirements;

(b) Restrictions on paper type, including weight and size; or

(c) Restrictions on envelope type, including weight and size.

2. A board of elections shall not refuse to accept and process any otherwise valid federal write-in absentee ballot submitted in any manner by a military voter solely on the basis of the following:

(a) Notarization requirements;

(b) Restrictions on paper type, including weight and size; or

(c) Restrictions on envelope type, including weight and size.

3. The state board of elections, in coordination with county boards of elections, shall develop a free access system by which a military voter may determine whether the military ballot of the military voter has been received by the appropriate board of elections.

(Added L.2010, c. 104, Sec. 11, eff. June 2, 2010.)
Sec. 10-126. Military voting; applicability of general provisions

The general provisions of this chapter shall apply to this article, except as they are inconsistent herewith. The provisions of this article shall be liberally construed for the purpose of providing military voters the opportunity to vote. The state board of elections shall have power to adopt and promulgate regulations to effectuate the provisions of this article.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1991, c. 290, Sec. 10.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 11 SPECIAL PRESIDENTIAL AND SPECIAL FEDERAL VOTERS AND SPECIAL BALLOTS

TITLE I SPECIAL PRESIDENTIAL VOTERS

[ Sec. 11-100. Repealed. L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 57, eff. Dec. 1, 1977]

Sec. 11-102. Special presidential voters; change of residence; special qualifications

Any person who shall change his residence from this state to another state or from one county or city of this state to another such county or city, after the thirtieth day next preceding any presidential election shall be entitled to vote for president and vice president of the United States in such election, provided, however, that such person may not vote for any candidate for any other office or any question to be voted for at such election, and provided further that

a. Such person was duly qualified and registered to vote in this state immediately prior to such change of residence;

b. Such person is neither qualified nor able to qualify to vote for such electors either in the state, or in the county or city of this state, or at the residence within the county or city of this state to which such person has removed; and

c. Such person has applied for a special ballot for president and vice president, as provided by this article.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 58; L.1988, c. 175, Sec. 5; L.1989, c. 99, Sec. 4; L.1996, c. 200, Sec. 24.)
Sec. 11-104. Registration and application for special presidential ballot

1. a. A person who, pursuant to the provisions of this title, is qualified to vote for president and vice president of the United States may apply to the board of elections of his county of residence next preceding the place of his current residence for a special ballot for president and vice president. Such applications must be mailed to such board of elections not later than the seventh day before the election or delivered to such board not later than the day of such election.

b. Insofar as the provisions of this chapter providing for voting in person or by absentee ballot do not conflict with any provision of this section, such provisions apply to a person authorized to vote under this article. In the case of any such conflict, the provision of this section shall prevail and such other provision of this chapter shall not apply.

2. a. A form of application for a special ballot under this section shall be furnished by the board of elections to the applicant who shall request such form within the time prescribed therefor. In addition, application forms shall be supplied to the applicant's spouse, parent or child, a person residing with the applicant as a member of his household, or the applicant's duly authorized agent.

b. The board of elections shall mail a special presidential ballot to every qualified voter otherwise eligible for such a ballot, who requests such a special presidential ballot from such board of elections in a letter, which is signed by the voter and received by the board of elections not earlier than the thirtieth day nor later than the seventh day before the election and which states the address where the voter is registered and the address to which the voter has moved and the date of such move. The board of elections shall enclose with such ballot a form of application for special presidential ballot.

c. The application shall be made and signed by the applicant at the places thereon provided for such purpose and he shall set forth therein all of the facts required to establish his qualifications to register and vote under this article.

d. The form for use under subdivision one of this section shall be of a distinctive color and in the form prescribed by the state board of elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 59; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 90; L.1988, c. 175, Sec. 6; L.1989, c. 99, Sec.Sec. 5, 6.)
Sec. 11-106. Processing of applications by board of elections

1. The application forms shall be in a form prescribed by the state board of elections.

2. Upon receipt of the application, the board of elections shall determine upon such inquiry as it deems proper whether the applicant has answered all the questions contained in the application and whether the applicant is legally qualified to receive and vote a special presidential ballot, and, if it finds he is not so qualified, shall reject the application and shall notify the applicant of such rejection and give the reason or reasons therefor. All investigations by the board of elections shall be concluded and all determinations made not later than the sixth day before election.

3. If the board of elections shall determine that the applicant making the application provided for in this section is qualified to receive and vote a special presidential ballot, it shall, as soon as practicable after it shall have so determined, mail to him at the residence address shown in his application, or deliver to him, or to any person designated by him in writing for such purpose, at the office of the board, such a special presidential ballot and an envelope therefor.

4. The board of elections shall keep a register of the persons who have made and signed applications for special presidential ballots and of the applicants who have been determined to be qualified. The board shall keep open to public inspection such register of applicants with their names, addresses and application dates and shall give to the chairman of each political party in the county a complete list of applicants for special presidential ballots, containing their names and places of residence, including the election district and ward, if any, and, in the city of New York and the county of Nassau, the assembly district.

5. The board of elections shall file each original application filed with it and shall maintain an alphabetical index thereof for a period of three years after the election.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 60; L.1989, c. 99, Sec. 7; L.2010, c. 104, Sec. 12, eff. June 2, 2010.)
Sec. 11-108. Special presidential voters lists

Prior to each general election at which presidential electors are to be elected, each board of elections shall prepare for each election district within its jurisdiction a list containing the names, alphabetically arranged, and the addresses of all persons whom the board of elections has determined to be qualified as special presidential voters in such election district, which list shall contain a column headed "remarks". Such list shall be designated "List of Special Presidential Voters" and shall include a photostatic copy or duplicate of the signature of each person on such list. In those counties in which special presidential ballots are delivered to the boards of inspectors to be counted, such lists of special presidential voters shall be delivered to such boards of inspectors with the election supplies.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1989, c. 99, Sec. 8.)
Sec. 11-110. Special presidential ballots; deadline for receipt

1. To be counted, any ballot cast under the provisions of this article must be received by the appropriate board of elections not later than the close of the polls on election day except that all ballots contained in envelopes showing a cancellation mark of the United States postal service, or a foreign country's postal service with a date which is ascertained to be not later than the day before election, shall be cast and counted if received by the board of elections not later than seven days following the day of election.

2. Special presidential ballots received by the board of elections before the close of the polls on election day may be delivered to the inspectors of election in the manner prescribed by this chapter for absentee ballots or retained by the board of elections and cast and canvassed pursuant to the provisions of section 9-209 of this chapter as such board shall, in its discretion, determine by resolution adopted at least thirty days before election day. All ballots received by the board of elections between election day and the seventh day after election day shall be retained at the board and shall be cast and canvassed in the same manner as other ballots retained by such board.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 29; L.1982, c. 514, Sec. 4; L.1984, c. 251, Sec. 5; L.1989, c. 99, Sec. 9.)
Sec. 11-112. Application of other provisions

1. Except as otherwise provided in this title, special presidential ballots shall be furnished, mailed, voted, returned, counted, canvassed and preserved as elsewhere provided in this chapter for absentee voters' ballots.

2. All the provisions of this chapter relating to crimes against the elective franchise shall be deemed to apply with respect to and in connection with the operation of this title.

3. The general provisions of this chapter shall apply with respect to this title except as they are inconsistent with this title, and the provisions of this title shall be construed liberally for the purposes herein expressed or intended.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 30.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 11 SPECIAL PRESIDENTIAL AND SPECIAL FEDERAL VOTERS AND SPECIAL BALLOTS

TITLE II SPECIAL FEDERAL VOTERS

Sec. 11-200. Special federal voters; qualifications

1. Every citizen of the United States now residing outside the United States whose last domicile in the United States immediately prior to his departure from the United States was in the state of New York, shall be entitled to vote from such last domicile, as a special federal voter in all primary, special and general elections for the public offices or party positions of president and vice-president of the United States, United States senator, representative in congress and delegates and alternate delegates to a national convention, provided such citizen, at the time of such departure from the United States, could have met all the present qualifications of this chapter to vote in federal elections from such last domicile, except the qualification with respect to minimum voting age, even though such citizen does not now maintain a place of abode or domicile in the state of New York, and provided further that such citizen does not maintain a place of abode or domicile, is not registered to vote and is not voting in any other election district, state, territory or possession of the United States and provided further that such citizen has a valid passport or card of identity and registration issued under the authority of the secretary of state of the United States.

1-a. Every citizen of the United States of voting age, residing outside of the United States, who has never resided within the United States, and who has one parent who qualifies as a special federal voter under subdivision one of this section, may register and vote as a special federal voter, from the qualifying parent's New York address, provided that person is otherwise qualified and eligible to vote.

2. Every person registered pursuant to this title shall continue to be eligible to vote in all elections in which special federal voters are eligible to vote except that in order to vote at a primary election of a party, a voter registered pursuant to this title must have been so registered and enrolled in such party before the previous general election; or, if such voter was not registered in New York state for the previous general election, such voter must so register and enroll in such party not later than twenty-five days before such primary; or, if such voter was registered in New York state for the last general election, such voter must have had the same party enrollment with such registration as such voter sets forth on his application for registration and enrollment as a special federal voter.

3. A special federal voter who moves from one address outside the United States to another address outside the United States shall not have to reregister unless his registration is cancelled pursuant to the provisions of section 5-400 of this chapter.

(Added L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 33. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 91; L.1986, c. 136, Sec. 1; L.1988, c. 175, Sec. 7; L.1989, c. 99, Sec. 10; L.1992, c. 473, Sec. 2; L.1996, c. 200, Sec. 25; L.1998, c. 403, Sec. 1, eff. July 22, 1998.)
Sec. 11-202. Registration and enrollment of special federal voters and application for special federal ballot

1. a. A person, who, pursuant to this title, is qualified to vote as a special federal voter may, by application received by the state board of elections or any local board of elections on or before the twenty-fifth day next preceding any election in which such person would be entitled to vote or the last day of local registration for such election, whichever is later, apply to the board of elections of the county in which he resided in person or by personal application by mail for registration and enrollment as a special federal voter. An application for registration and enrollment pursuant to this article shall be treated as an application for a special federal ballot for every election in which the applicant would be eligible to vote which is held through and including the next two regularly scheduled general elections held in even numbered years, including any run-offs which may occur.

b. A person who, pursuant to the provisions of this title, is already registered as a special federal voter, may, by application received by the state board of elections or any local board of elections, apply to the board of elections of the county in which he is so registered in person or by mail for a special federal ballot. Such an application shall entitle such a voter to receive a ballot for every election in which such voter is entitled to vote which is held through and including the next two regularly scheduled general elections held in even numbered years, including any run-offs which may occur, provided, however, such application shall not apply to any election held on or before the seventh day after receipt of such application.

c. Insofar as the provisions of this chapter providing for permanent personal registration and enrollment, and enrollment by mail or special enrollment, and voting in person or by absentee ballot do not conflict with any provision of this title, such provisions shall apply to a person authorized to register and vote under this title; in the case of any such conflict, the provision of this title shall prevail and such other provision of this chapter shall not apply. For the purposes of this title, any person eligible pursuant to the provisions of this chapter to vote by absentee ballot shall be eligible for absentee registration and enrollment.

d. In addition to any other method of registering to vote or of applying for a special federal ballot, a special federal voter may request a voter registration application or request a special federal ballot application by facsimile transmission to the board of elections or pursuant to the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act 1 or by electronic mail. When making such a request, the special federal voter may designate a preference for transmission of such voter registration application and special federal ballot application pursuant to section 11-203 of this title.

e. The special federal ballot application shall allow the special federal voter to designate a preference to receive the special federal ballot pursuant to section 11-203 of this title.

f. The procedures for receiving documents from and transmitting documents to a special federal voter shall, to the extent practicable, protect the security and integrity of the special federal voter registration and special federal ballot application request process and protect the privacy of the special federal voter, including the voter's identity and other personal data. Nothing in this paragraph shall limit the information that may be obtained pursuant to section 3-220 of this chapter.

2. a. A form of application for registration and enrollment as a special federal voter and for a special federal ballot or a form of application for a special federal ballot by persons registered pursuant to this title shall be furnished by the board of elections to the applicant who shall request such form within the time limited therefor. The application shall be made and signed by the applicant at the places thereon provided for such purpose and such applicant shall set forth therein all of the facts required to establish his qualifications to register and vote under this title.

b. The forms for use under this section shall be of a distinctive color and substantially in the form prescribed by the state board of elections and shall elicit all the information which may be necessary to determine eligibility to register and vote pursuant to the provisions of this title.

142 USCA 1973ff et seq.

(Added L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 33. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 92; L.1986, c. 373, Sec. 4; L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 24; L.1991, c. 290, Sec.Sec. 11, 11-a; L.2003, c. 262, Sec. 6, eff. Dec. 15, 2003; L.2009, c. 165, Sec. 5, eff. July 11, 2009; L.2010, c. 104, Sec. 13, eff. June 2, 2010.)
Sec. 11-203. Special federal voters; designation of means of transmission by special federal voters

1. A special federal voter may designate a preference to receive a voter registration application, a special federal ballot application or a special federal ballot by mail, facsimile transmission or electronic mail. Such designation shall remain in effect until revoked or changed by the special federal voter. If a special federal voter does not designate a preference, the board of elections shall transmit the voter registration application, special federal ballot application or special federal ballot by mail. If a special federal voter designates a preference for facsimile transmission or electronic mail but does not provide the necessary facsimile number or e-mail address, the board of elections shall transmit the voter registration application, special federal ballot application or special federal ballot by mail and request the omitted information. All communications to the special federal voter shall include the mailing address of the board of elections.

2. Irrespective of the preferred method of transmission designated by a special federal voter, a special federal voter's original completed voter registration application, special federal ballot application and special federal ballot must be returned by mail or in person notwithstanding that a prior copy was sent to the board of elections by facsimile transmission or electronic mail.

(Added L.2010, c. 104, Sec. 14, eff. June 2, 2010.)
Sec. 11-204. Processing of applications by board of elections

1. The registration application forms shall be in a form prescribed by the state board of elections.

2. Upon receipt of an application, the board of elections shall determine upon such inquiry as it deems proper whether the applicant has answered all the questions contained in the application and whether the applicant is legally qualified to receive and vote a special federal ballot. If it finds he is not so qualified, the board shall reject the application and shall notify the applicant of such rejection and give the reason or reasons therefor in accordance with the preferred method of transmission designated by the voter pursuant to section 11-203 of this title. All investigations by the board of elections shall be concluded and all determinations made not later than the twentieth day before election.

3. If a federal post card application form is received from a person who is qualified to vote as a special federal voter but who has not previously registered pursuant to the provisions of this title, such federal post card application form shall be treated in all respects as an application for registration and enrollment and a special federal ballot pursuant to the provisions of this title. If such a federal post card application form is received from a person already registered as a special federal voter pursuant to the provisions of this title, such application shall be treated in all respects as an application for a special federal ballot pursuant to the provisions of this title.

4. If the board of elections shall determine that the applicant making the application provided for in this section is qualified to receive and vote a special federal ballot, it shall, as soon as practicable after it shall have so determined, or not later than thirty-two days before each general or primary election and forty-five days before each special election in which such applicant is qualified to vote, or three days after receipt of such an application, whichever is later, mail to him or her at the residence address outside the United States shown in his or her application, a special federal ballot, an inner affirmation envelope and an outer envelope, or otherwise distribute same to the voter in accordance with the preferred method of transmission designated by the voter pursuant to section 11-203 of this title. The board of elections shall also mail, or otherwise distribute in accordance with the preferred method of transmission designated by the voter pursuant to section 11-203 of this title, a special federal ballot to every qualified special federal voter who is already registered and who requests such special federal ballot from such board of elections in a letter, which is signed by the voter and received by the board of elections not later than the seventh day before the election for which the ballot is first requested and which states the address where the voter is registered and the address to which the ballot is to be mailed. The board of elections shall enclose with such ballot a form of application for a special federal ballot.

5. The board of elections shall keep a list of the persons who have made and signed applications for special federal ballots and of the applicants who have been determined to be qualified. The board shall keep open to public inspection such list of applicants with their names, addresses, party enrollments, and application dates and shall give to the chairman of each political party in the county fifteen days before each election, a complete list of special federal voters eligible to vote in such election. Such list shall contain the names, party enrollments for a primary election and places of previous residence including the election district and ward, if any, and, in the city of New York and the county of Nassau, the assembly district of all such voters.

(Added L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 33. Amended L.1981, c. 163, Sec. 2; L.1984, c. 434, Sec. 13; L.1988, c. 216, Sec. 7; L.1989, c. 99, Sec. 11; L.2003, c. 262, Sec. 7, eff. Dec. 15, 2003; L.2010, c. 104, Sec. 15, eff. June 2, 2010; L.2011, c. 4, Sec. 6, eff. March 9, 2011; L.2011, c. 147, Sec. 9, eff. July 18, 2011, deemed eff. July 1, 2011.)
Sec. 11-206. Special federal voters; preparation of registration poll records and central file registration records

1. The board of elections shall prepare a registration poll record and a central file registration record for each voter registered pursuant to this title or shall enter the name of each such voter into the computer files from which the computer generated registration list is prepared. Each such registration record shall be endorsed on both the front and rear with the endorsement "special federal voter". The records of special federal voters in such computer files shall be coded in a manner which distinguishes such voters from the other voters in such files.

[2. Repealed. L.1981, c. 163, Sec. 3, eff. May 29, 1981 ]

3. The central file registration records of special federal voters shall be maintained in a separate file at the appropriate office of the board of elections.

4. The registration poll records of special federal voters shall be filed, in alphabetical order, by election district. At each election at which the ballots of special federal voters are delivered to the inspectors of election in each election district, the registration poll records of all special federal voters eligible to vote at such election shall be delivered to such inspectors of election together with the other registration poll records or the names of such voters shall be included on the computer generated registration list. Such records shall be delivered either in a separate poll ledger or a separate, clearly marked section, of the main poll ledger or in a separate, clearly marked, section of the computer generated registration list as the board of elections shall determine.

(Added L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 33. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 93; L.1981, c. 163, Sec. 3; L.1992, c. 91, Sec. 10.)
Sec. 11-208. Special federal voters; cancellation of registration

1. Voters registered pursuant to this title shall be eligible to vote in every election in which special federal voters are eligible to vote which is held on or after the thirtieth day after receipt of their applications for such registration.

2. If any ballot, application form or other mail sent to a special federal voter at his address outside the United States by such board is returned by the post office as undeliverable, the board of elections shall send a confirmation notice to such special federal voter at such address pursuant to the provisions of section 5-712 of this chapter and shall place the registration of such voter in inactive status. If the board of elections subsequently receives notice of a new address outside the United States for such voter, or notice that the voter is still at the same address outside the United States, the board shall restore the registration of such voter to active status in the manner prescribed by section 5-213 of this chapter.

3. The board of elections shall process and preserve the records of such registrations, including the original applications for such registrations, in the same manner and for the same period of time as the records of other voters registered under permanent personal registration.

4. A special federal voter whose registration is cancelled pursuant to the provisions of section 5-400 of this chapter shall be eligible to reregister in the manner provided by this title.

5. Upon cancelling the registration of a special federal voter pursuant to the provisions of section 5-400 of this chapter, the board of elections shall forthwith notify such voter at his last address outside the United States of the fact of the cancellation, the reason therefor, and of his right to reregister pursuant to this title.

[6. Redesignated 5. ]

(Added L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 33. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 94; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 91; L.1985, c. 168, Sec. 2; L.1991, c. 263, Sec. 10; L.1992, c. 91, Sec. 11; L.1996, c. 200, Sec. 26.)
Sec. 11-210. Special federal voters; distribution of applications for ballots

1. Not earlier than sixty or later than forty days before each general or primary election in which special federal voters are eligible to vote, the board of elections shall mail to each voter who is eligible to vote in such election and who was registered pursuant to this title for the previous election at which such voters were eligible to vote, the application for a special federal ballot provided for by this title; provided, however, the board of elections shall not send such an application to any person who has applied for a ballot and who is entitled to receive a ballot for such election.

2. If a special election for representative in congress is called by proclamation of the governor, such an application shall be mailed to each voter registered pursuant to this title, who is eligible to vote in such special election, not later than three days after the issuance of the proclamation for such special election; provided, however, the board of elections shall not send such an application to any person who has applied for a ballot and who is entitled to receive a ballot for such election.

(Added L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 33. Amended L.2003, c. 262, Sec. 8, eff. Dec. 15, 2003.)
Sec. 11-212. Special federal ballots; deadline for receipt

All special federal ballots received by the board of elections before the close of the polls on election day shall be retained by the board of elections and cast and canvassed pursuant to section 9-209 of this chapter. All ballots contained in envelopes showing a cancellation mark of the United States postal service or a foreign country's postal service, or showing a dated endorsement of receipt by another agency of the United States government, with a date which is ascertained to be not later than the day before election, shall be cast and counted if received by the board of elections not later than seven days following the day of a primary election or thirteen days following the day of a general or special election except that the special federal ballot of a voter who requested such ballot by letter, rather than application, shall not be counted unless a valid application form, signed by such voter, is received by the board of elections with such ballot. All ballots received by the board of elections and all federal write-in ballots received from special federal voters not later than seven days following the day of a primary election or thirteen days following the day of a general or special election, shall be retained at the board and shall be cast and canvassed in the same manner as other ballots retained by such board.

(Added L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 33. Amended L.1981, c. 163, Sec. 3; L.1982, c. 514, Sec. 5; L.1984, c. 251, Sec. 6; L.1985, c. 168, Sec. 3; L.1987, c. 94, Sec. 3; L.1988, c. 216, Sec. 8; L.1994, c. 155, Sec. 6; L.2009, c. 165, Sec. 6, eff. July 11, 2009; L.2010, c. 163, Sec. 9, eff. July 7, 2010.)
Sec. 11-214. Use of airmail

All ballots, applications, notices or other mail sent, pursuant to the provisions of this title, to addresses outside the United States, Canada or Mexico, shall be sent by airmail.

(Added L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 33. Amended L.1989, c. 99, Sec. 12.)
Sec. 11-216. Forwarding of applications and ballots

1. If the state board of elections receives any applications, requests for applications or ballots from persons who are or may be eligible to vote pursuant to this title, it shall forthwith forward such applications or ballots to the board of elections in whose jurisdiction such persons are or may be so eligible.

2. If a board of elections receives any applications, requests for applications or ballots from persons who are or may be eligible to vote, pursuant to this title, from an address in the jurisdiction of another board of elections, the board receiving such applications or ballots shall forthwith mail them by first class mail to the board of elections in whose jurisdiction such persons are or may be so eligible.

3. (a) Upon the proclamation of a special election by the governor or otherwise pursuant to law, each board of elections shall, not later than three days after the establishment of the date of such special election, transmit by mail, facsimile transmission or electronic mail in accordance with the preferred method of transmission designated by the voter pursuant to section 11-203 of this title, a federal write-in absentee ballot to all special federal voters eligible to vote by special federal ballot in such special election.

(b) Each board of elections which is served with a court order restraining or enjoining the issuance of ballots in any election, other than a special election, in which any special federal voter is entitled to receive a ballot shall immediately notify the state board of elections of such fact and shall transmit in accordance with the preferred method of transmission designated by the voter, a federal write-in absentee ballot to all special federal voters eligible to vote in such election.

(c) A special federal voter who has received a federal write-in absentee ballot shall be entitled to receive a certified ballot notwithstanding the prior transmission of a federal write-in absentee ballot to such voter pursuant to paragraph (a) or (b) of this subdivision. Such certified special federal ballot shall be sent by the board of elections in accordance with the preferred method of transmission designated by the special federal voter pursuant to section 11-203 of this title, or expedited mail if the special federal voter has not expressed a preference to receive same by facsimile transmission or electronic mail, and his or her request for a special federal ballot was made at least thirty-two days before the election.

(Added L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 33. Amended L.1991, c. 290, Sec. 12; L.2010, c. 104, Sec. 16, eff. June 2, 2010.)
Sec. 11-218. Application of other provisions

1. Except as otherwise provided in this title, special federal ballots shall be furnished, mailed, voted, returned, counted, canvassed and preserved as elsewhere provided in this chapter for absentee voters' ballots.

2. Except as otherwise provided in this title, all the provisions of this chapter with respect to registration, enrollment, special enrollment, correction of enrollment and change of enrollment shall be deemed to apply with respect to and in connection with the operation of this title.

3. All the provisions of this chapter relating to crimes against the elective franchise shall be deemed to apply with respect to and in connection with the operation of this title.

4. The general provisions of this chapter shall apply with respect to this title except as they are inconsistent with this title, and the provisions of this title shall be construed liberally for the purposes herein expressed or intended.

(Added L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 33.)
Sec. 11-219. Special federal voters; prohibiting refusal to accept voter registration and special federal ballot applications, marked special federal ballots, and federal write-in absentee ballots for failure to meet certain requirements

1. A board of elections shall not refuse to accept and process any otherwise valid voter registration application or special federal ballot application (including the official post card form prescribed under section 101 of the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (42 USC 1973ff)) or marked special federal ballot submitted by mail or personally delivered, solely on the basis of the following:

(a) Notarization requirements;

(b) Restrictions on paper type, including weight and size; or

(c) Restrictions on envelope type, including weight and size.

2. A board of elections shall not refuse to accept and process any otherwise valid federal write-in absentee ballot submitted in any manner by a special federal voter solely on the basis of the following:

(a) Notarization requirements;

(b) Restrictions on paper type, including weight and size; or

(c) Restrictions on envelope type, including weight and size.

3. The state board of elections, in coordination with county boards of elections, shall develop a free access system by which a special federal voter may determine whether the special federal ballot of the special federal voter has been received by the appropriate board of elections.

(Added L.2010, c. 104, Sec. 17, eff. June 2, 2010.)
Sec. 11-220. Federal voting; applicability of general provisions

The general provisions of this chapter shall apply to this article, except as they are inconsistent herewith. The provisions of this article shall be liberally construed for the purpose of providing special federal voters the opportunity to vote. The state board of elections shall have power to adopt and promulgate regulations to effectuate the provisions of this article.

(Added L.2010, c. 104, Sec. 17, eff. June 2, 2010.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 11 SPECIAL PRESIDENTIAL AND SPECIAL FEDERAL VOTERS AND SPECIAL BALLOTS

TITLE III SPECIAL BALLOTS

Sec. 11-300. Special ballots on account of religious scruples

A voter may deliver to the inspectors of election of the election district in which he is registered, or to the board of elections, at any time during the period in which an application for absentee ballot may be so delivered pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, a written statement of religious scruples against voting at a polling place located in a premises used for religious purposes. In the event the polling place for any such voter's election district shall be located in a premises used for religious purposes, the board of elections shall permit such voter to cast a special ballot, at an office of such board of elections, not earlier than one week before the election and not later than the close of the polls on election day. Such ballots shall be retained at the board of elections and cast and canvassed pursuant to the provisions of section 9-209 of this chapter.

(Added L.1982, c. 178, Sec. 3. Amended L.1984, c. 251, Sec. 7; L.1990, c. 302, Sec. 1; L.2010, c. 163, Sec. 10, eff. July 7, 2010.)
Sec. 11-302. Special ballots for board of election employees

A person who is an employee of the board of elections or who has been appointed to serve as an inspector of elections, poll clerk or election coordinator at a polling place other than the one at which he or she is registered to vote, may deliver to the inspectors of election of the election district in which he or she is registered, or to the board of elections, at any time during the period in which an application for an absentee ballot may be so delivered pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, a written statement that he or she will be unable to appear at the polling place for such election district on the day of an election because his or her duties as an employee of such board or as an inspector, poll clerk or election coordinator require him or her to be elsewhere. The board of elections shall provide such voter a special ballot not earlier than two weeks before the election and not later than the close of the polls on election day. Such cast ballots may be delivered to an office of such board of elections or to any board of inspectors not later than the close of the polls on election day. Such ballots shall be retained at the board of elections and cast and canvassed pursuant to the provisions of section 9-209 of this chapter.

(Added L.1982, c. 178, Sec. 3. Amended L.1984, c. 251, Sec. 7; L.1990, c. 302, Sec. 2; L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 8; L.2003, c. 243, Sec. 1, eff. July 29, 2003; L.2010, c. 163, Sec. 11, eff. July 7, 2010.)
Sec. 11-304. Repealed by L.2010, c. 163, Sec. 12, eff. July 7, 2010

Sec. 11-306. Special ballots; victims of domestic violence

1. A voter may deliver to the board of elections, at any time during the period in which absentee ballot applications may be delivered, a signed written statement swearing or affirming:

(a) that he or she is the victim of domestic violence;

(b) that he or she has left his or her residence because of such violence; and

(c) that because of the threat of physical or emotional harm to himself or herself or to family or household members, he or she wishes to cast a special ballot in the next election. The statement must include the voter's address of registration. The board of elections shall permit such a voter to cast a special ballot at an office of such board of elections not earlier than one week before the election and not later than the close of the polls on election day. Such ballots shall be retained at the board of elections and cast and canvassed pursuant to the provisions of section 9-209 of this chapter.

2. "Family or household members" mean the following individuals:

(a) persons related by consanguinity or affinity;

(b) persons legally married to one another;

(c) persons formerly married to one another regardless of whether they still reside in the same household;

(d) persons who have a child in common regardless of whether such persons are married or have lived together at any time; or

(e) persons who are not related by consanguinity or affinity and who are or have been in an intimate relationship regardless of whether such persons have lived together at any time.

(Added L.1996, c. 702, Sec. 1, eff. Oct. 9, 1996. Amended L.2010, c. 38, Sec. 1, eff. April 14, 2010; L.2010, c. 163, Sec. 13, eff. July 7, 2010.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 12 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS AND FEDERAL ELECTED OFFICERS

TITLE I PRESIDENTIAL AND VICE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS

Sec. 12-100. Electors of president and vice president

At the general election in November preceding the time fixed by law of the United States for the choice of president and vice president of the United States, as many electors of president and vice president of the United States shall be elected, as this state shall be entitled to. Each vote cast for the candidates of any party or independent body for president and vice president of the United States and each vote cast for any write-in candidates for such offices shall be deemed to be cast for the candidates for elector of such party or independent body or the candidates for elector named in the certificate of candidacy of such write-in candidates.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1988, c. 13, Sec. 6; L.1988, c. 175, Sec. 8.)
Sec. 12-102. Lists of electors; state board of elections to furnish

The state board of elections shall prepare seven lists, containing both the names of the persons who were elected as electors and a canvass of the votes cast for each candidate for elector, together with a certificate of determination thereon by the state board of canvassers; procure to the same the signature of the governor; cause to be affixed thereto the seal of the state, and in behalf of the governor, send one copy of such certified list to the administrator of general services of the United States by registered mail and deliver the six other copies thus signed and sealed to the president of the college of electors immediately after his election.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 95.)
Sec. 12-104. Electoral college; meeting and organization

The electors shall convene at the state capitol upon notice from, and at a place fixed by the secretary of state on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December next following their election. Those of them who shall be assembled at twelve o'clock noon of that day shall immediately at that hour fill, by majority vote, all vacancies in the electoral college occasioned by the death, refusal to serve, or neglect to attend at that hour, of any elector, or any vacancies occasioned by an equal number of votes having been given for two or more candidates. The electoral college being thus completed, they shall then choose a president and one or more secretaries from their own body.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 61.)
Sec. 12-106. Electoral college; vote of the electors

Immediately after the organization of the electoral college, the electors shall then and there vote by ballot for president and vice president, but no elector shall vote for more than one person who is a resident of this state. They shall name in separate ballots the persons voted for as president and vice president. They shall make and sign six certificates of all the votes given by them, each of which certificates shall contain two distinct lists, one with the votes for president and one with the votes for vice president. There shall be annexed to each of the certificates one of the lists of electors which shall have been furnished to them by the state board of elections. They shall seal up the certificates so made and certify upon each that the lists of all the votes of this state given for president and vice president are contained therein.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 12-108. Electoral college; certificate of vote, how distributed

The president of the electoral college shall distribute certificates so made with the lists attached thereto in the following manner:

1. Forthwith, and before the fourth Wednesday in the said month of December, forward one certificate to the president of the United States senate at the seat of the federal government by registered mail.

2. Forthwith, and before the fourth Wednesday in the said month of December deliver two certificates to the state board of elections, one of which shall be held by it subject to the order of the president of the United States senate and the other shall be preserved for one year and shall be a part of the public records of the board and be open to public inspection.

3. On the following day forward two certificates to the administrator of general services at the seat of the federal government by registered mail.

4. Forthwith, and before the fourth Wednesday in the said month of December, deliver the other certificates to the chief judge of the United States District Court of the northern district of the state of New York.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 12-110. Electors; compensation

Every elector of the state who shall attend at any meeting of the electoral college and give his vote at the time and place appointed by law, shall be entitled to receive for his attendance at such election, the sum of fifteen dollars per day, together with thirteen cents per mile each way from his place of residence by the most usual traveled route, to the place of meeting of such electors, to be audited by the comptroller upon the certificate of the secretary of state.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 62.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 12 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS AND FEDERAL ELECTED OFFICERS

TITLE II UNITED STATES SENATORS

Sec. 12-200. United States senators; election of

At the general election next preceding the expiration of the term of office of a United States senator from this state, a United States senator shall be elected by the people for a full term of six years. Elections to fill a vacancy for an unexpired term shall be held as provided in the public officers law.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 12 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS AND FEDERAL ELECTED OFFICERS

TITLE III REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS

Sec. 12-300. Representatives in congress; election of

Representatives in the house of representatives of the congress of the United States shall be chosen in the several congressional districts at the general election held in every even-numbered year. Elections to fill a vacancy for an unexpired term shall be held as provided in the public officers law.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1976, c. 234, Sec. 63.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 13 ANNUAL POLITICAL CALENDAR

[ Sec. 13-100. Expired and deemed repealed Dec. 31, 2002, pursuant to L.2002, c. 56]

[ Sec. 13-102. Repealed L.1982, c. 371, Sec. 1]

[ Sec.Sec. 13-104 to 13-114. Expired]

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 14 CAMPAIGN RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES

Sec. 14-100. Definitions

As used in this article:

1. "political committee" means any corporation aiding or promoting and any committee, political club or combination of one or more persons operating or co-operating to aid or to promote the success or defeat of a political party or principle, or of any ballot proposal; or to aid or take part in the election or defeat of a candidate for public office or to aid or take part in the election or defeat of a candidate for nomination at a primary election or convention, including all proceedings prior to such primary election, or of a candidate for any party position voted for at a primary election, or to aid or defeat the nomination by petition of an independent candidate for public office; but nothing in this article shall apply to any committee or organization for the discussion or advancement of political questions or principles without connection with any vote or to a national committee organized for the election of presidential or vice-presidential candidates; provided, however, that a person or corporation making a contribution or contributions to a candidate or a political committee which has filed pursuant to section 14-118 shall not, by that fact alone, be deemed to be a political committee as herein defined.

2. "party committee" means any committee provided for in the rules of the political party in accordance with section two-one hundred of this chapter, other than a constituted committee.

3. "constituted committee" means a state committee, a county committee or a duly constituted subcommittee of a county committee;

4. "duly constituted subcommittee of a county committee" means, outside the city of New York, a city, town or village committee, and, within the city of New York, an assembly district committee, which consists of all county committee members from the city, town, village or assembly district, as the case may be, and only such members;

5. "non-candidate expenditures" means expenditures made by a party committee or a constituted committee to maintain a permanent headquarters and staff and carry on ordinary party activities not promoting the candidacy of specific candidates;

6. "district" means the entire state or any part thereof, as the case may be;

7. "candidate" means an individual who seeks nomination for election, or election, to any public office or party position to be voted for at a primary, general or special or New York city community school district election or election for trustee of the Long Island Power Authority, whether or not the public office or party position has been specifically identified at such time and whether or not such individual is nominated or elected, and, for purposes of this subdivision, an individual shall be deemed to seek nomination for election, or election, to an office or position, if he has (1) taken the action necessary to qualify himself for nomination for election, or election, or (2) received contributions or made expenditures, given his consent for any other person to receive contributions or make expenditures, with a view to bringing about his nomination for election, or election, to any office or position at any time whether in the year in which such contributions or expenditures are made or at any other time; and

8. "legislative leader" means any of the following: the speaker of the assembly; the minority leader of the assembly; the temporary president of the senate and the minority leader of the senate.

9. "contribution" means:

(1) any gift, subscription, outstanding loan (to the extent provided for in section 14-114 of this chapter), advance, or deposit of money or any thing of value, made in connection with the nomination for election, or election, of any candidate, or made to promote the success or defeat of a political party or principle, or of any ballot proposal,

(2) any funds received by a political committee from another political committee to the extent such funds do not constitute a transfer,

(3) any payment, by any person other than a candidate or a political committee authorized by the candidate, made in connection with the nomination for election or election of any candidate, or any payment made to promote the success or defeat of a political party or principle, or of any ballot proposal including but not limited to compensation for the personal services of any individual which are rendered in connection with a candidate's election or nomination without charge; provided however, that none of the foregoing shall be deemed a contribution if it is made, taken or performed by a candidate or his spouse or by a person or a political committee independent of the candidate or his agents or authorized political committees. For purposes of this article, the term "independent of the candidate or his agents or authorized political committees" shall mean that the candidate or his agents or authorized political committees did not authorize, request, suggest, foster or cooperate in any such activity; and provided further, that the term contribution shall not include:

(A) the value of services provided without compensation by individuals who volunteer a portion or all of their time on behalf of a candidate or political committee,

(B) the use of real or personal property and the cost of invitations, food and beverages voluntarily provided by an individual to a candidate or political committee on the individual's residential premises for candidate-related activities to the extent such services do not exceed five hundred dollars in value, and

(C) the travel expenses of any individual who on his own behalf volunteers his personal services to any candidate or political committee to the extent such expenses are unreimbursed and do not exceed five hundred dollars in value.

10. "transfer" means any exchange of funds or any thing of value between political committees authorized by the same candidate and taking part solely in his campaign, or any exchange of funds between a party or constituted committee and a candidate or any of his authorized political committees.

11. "election" means all general, special and primary elections, but shall not include elections provided for pursuant to the education law, special district elections, fire district elections or library district elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec.Sec. 34, 35; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 96; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 25; L.1983, c. 70, Sec. 1; L.1983, c. 955, Sec. 1; L.1986, c. 517, Sec. 7; L.1987, c. 480, Sec. 1; L.1988, c. 71, Sec. 2.)
Sec. 14-102. Statements of campaign receipts, contributions, transfers and expenditures to and by political committees

1. The treasurer of every political committee which, or any officer, member or agent of any such committee who, in connection with any election, receives or expends any money or other valuable thing or incurs any liability to pay money or its equivalent shall file statements sworn, or subscribed and bearing a form notice that false statements made therein are punishable as a class A misdemeanor pursuant to section 210.45 of the penal law, at the times prescribed by this article setting forth all the receipts, contributions to and the expenditures by and liabilities of the committee, and of its officers, members and agents in its behalf. Such statements shall include the dollar amount of any receipt, contribution or transfer, or the fair market value of any receipt, contribution or transfer, which is other than of money, the name and address of the transferor, contributor or person from whom received, and if the transferor, contributor or person is a political committee; the name of and the political unit represented by the committee, the date of its receipt, the dollar amount of every expenditure, the name and address of the person to whom it was made or the name of and the political unit represented by the committee to which it was made and the date thereof, and shall state clearly the purpose of such expenditure. Any statement reporting a loan shall have attached to it a copy of the evidence of indebtedness. Expenditures in sums under fifty dollars need not be specifically accounted for by separate items in said statements, and receipts and contributions aggregating not more than ninety-nine dollars, from any one contributor need not be specifically accounted for by separate items in said statements, provided however, that such expenditures, receipts and contributions shall be subject to the other provisions of section 14-118 of this article.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision one hereof, if the expenditures made and liabilities incurred in any calendar year by any political committee for the purpose of aiding or promoting the success or defeat of one or more ballot proposals are less than five thousand dollars and less than fifty percent of all the expenditures made and liabilities incurred by such committee in such year, then such committee shall be required to report only those contributions which are made to such committee exclusively for the purpose of aiding or promoting the success or defeat of such proposal or proposals, but such committee shall be required to report all expenditures made and liabilities incurred for such purposes. Nothing contained in this subdivision shall be construed to relieve any political committee aiding or promoting the success or defeat of a candidate from any of the reporting requirements imposed by this article.

3. The state board of elections shall promulgate regulations with respect to the accounting methods to be applied in preparing the statements required by the provisions of this article and shall provide forms suitable for such statements.

4. Any committee which is required to file statements with any board of elections pursuant to this article and which raises or spends or expects to raise or spend more than one thousand dollars in any calendar year shall file all such statements pursuant to the electronic reporting system prescribed by the state board of elections as set forth in subdivision nine-A of section 3-102 of this chapter. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subdivision, upon the filing of a sworn statement by the treasurer of a political committee which states that such political committee does not have access to the technology necessary to comply with the electronic filing requirements of subdivision nine-A of section 3-102 of this chapter and that filing by such means would constitute a substantial hardship for such political committee, the state board of elections may issue an exemption from the electronic filing requirements of this article.

5. Any committee which is required to file statements pursuant to this article with county boards of elections shall file in paper format to the county board of elections or in electronic format if the legislative body of any county provides, by local law, an electronic filing system and shall file such statements by electronic reporting process to the state board of elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 36; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 97; L.1983, c. 70, Sec. 2; L.1997, c. 430, Sec. 26, eff. Aug. 20, 1997; L.2005, c. 406, Sec. 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2006.)
Sec. 14-104. Statements of campaign receipts, contributions, transfers and expenditures by and to candidates

1. Any candidate for election to public office, or for nomination for public office at a contested primary election or convention, or for election to a party position at a primary election, shall file statements sworn, or subscribed and bearing a form notice that false statements made therein are punishable as a class A misdemeanor pursuant to section 210.45 of the penal law, at the times prescribed by this article setting forth the particulars specified by section 14-102 of this article, as to all moneys or other valuable things, paid, given, expended or promised by him to aid his own nomination or election, or to promote the success or defeat of a political party, or to aid or influence the nomination or election or the defeat of any other candidate to be voted for at the election or primary election or at a convention, including contributions to political committees, officers, members or agents thereof, and transfers, receipts and contributions to him to be used for any of the purposes above specified, or in lieu thereof, any such candidate may file such a sworn statement at the first filing period, on a form prescribed by the state board of elections that such candidate has made no such expenditures and does not intend to make any such expenditures, except through a political committee authorized by such candidate pursuant to this article. A committee authorized by such a candidate may fulfill all of the filing requirements of this act on behalf of such candidate.

2. Statements filed by any political committee authorized by a candidate pursuant to this article which is required to file such statements with any board of elections and which raises or spends or expects to raise or spend more than one thousand dollars in any calendar year shall file all such statements pursuant to the electronic reporting system prescribed by the state board of elections as set forth in subdivision nine-A of section 3-102 of this chapter. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subdivision, upon the filing of a sworn statement by the treasurer of a political committee authorized by a candidate pursuant to this article which states that such committee does not have access to the technology necessary to comply with the electronic filing requirements of subdivision nine-A of section 3-102 of this chapter and that filing by such means would constitute a substantial hardship for such committee, the state board of elections may issue an exemption from the electronic filing requirements of this article.

3. Any committee which is required to file statements pursuant to this article with county boards of elections shall file in paper format to the county board of elections or in electronic format if the legislative body of any county provides, by local law, an electronic filing system and shall file such statements by electronic reporting process to the state board of elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1977, c. 323, Sec. 1; L.1997, c. 430, Sec. 27, eff. Aug. 20, 1997; L.2005, c. 406, Sec. 3, eff. Jan. 1, 2006.)
Sec. 14-106. Political communication

The statements required to be filed under the provisions of this article next succeeding a primary, general or special election shall be accompanied by a copy of all broadcast, cable or satellite schedules and scripts, internet, print and other types of advertisements, pamphlets, circulars, flyers, brochures, letterheads and other printed matter purchased or produced, purchased in connection with such election by or under the authority of the person filing the statement or the committee or the person on whose behalf it is filed, as the case may be. Such copies, schedules and scripts shall be preserved by the officer with whom or the board with which it is required to be filed for a period of one year from the date of filing thereof.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 37; L.2011, c. 399, pt. E, Sec. 2, eff. Aug. 15, 2011.)
Sec. 14-108. Time for filing statements

1. The statements required by this article shall be filed at such times as the state board of elections, by rule or regulation, shall specify; provided, however, that in no event shall the board provide for fewer than three filings in the aggregate in connection with any primary, general or special election, or in connection with a question to be voted on and two of said filings shall be before any such election, including one such filing not less than thirty days nor more than forty-five days prior to such election and one such filing not less than eleven days nor more than fifteen days prior to such election. In addition, the board shall provide that every political committee which has filed a statement of treasurer and depository shall make at least one filing every six months between the time such statement of treasurer and depository is filed and the time such committee goes out of business. If any candidate or committee shall be required by the provisions of this section, or by rule or regulation hereunder, to effect two filings within a period of five days, the state board of elections may, by rule or regulation, waive the requirement of filing the earlier of such statements. If a statement filed by a candidate or committee after the election to which it pertains is not a final statement showing satisfaction of all liabilities and disposition of all assets, such candidate or committee shall file such additional statements as the board shall, by rule or regulation provide until such a final statement is filed.

2. Each statement shall cover the period up to and including the fourth day next preceding the day specified for the filing thereof; provided, however, that any contribution or loan in excess of one thousand dollars, if received after the close of the period to be covered in the last statement filed before any primary, general or special election but before such election, shall be reported, in the same manner as other contributions, within twenty-four hours after receipt.

3. Each statement shall be preserved by the officer with whom or the board with which it is required to be filed for a period of five years from the date of filing thereof.

4. Each statement shall constitute a part of the public records of such officer or board and shall be open to public inspection.

5. The state board of elections or other board of elections, as the case may be, shall not later than ten days after the last day to file any such statement notify each person required to file any such statement which has not been received by such board by such tenth day in accordance with this article of such person's failure to file such statement timely. Such notice shall be in writing and mailed to the last known residence or business address of such person by certified mail, return receipt requested. Failure to file within five days of receipt of such notice shall constitute prima facie evidence of a willful failure to file. If the person required to file such statement is a treasurer who has stated that the committee has been authorized by one or more candidates, a copy of such notice shall be sent to each such candidate by first class mail. A copy of any such notice sent by a board of elections other than the state board of elections shall be sent by such other board to the state board.

6. A statement shall be deemed properly filed when deposited in an established post-office within the prescribed time, duly stamped, certified and directed to the officer with whom or to the board with which the statement is required to be filed, but in the event it is not received, a duplicate of such statement shall be promptly filed upon notice by such officer or such board of its non-receipt.

7. On the twentieth day following the date by which such statements were required to be filed, the state board of elections shall prepare and make available for public inspection and distribution a list of those persons and committees from whom it has not yet received such statement.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1977, c. 323, Sec. 2; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 98; L.1983, c. 955, Sec. 2; L.1994, c. 146, Sec.Sec. 1, 2; L.1997, c. 109, Sec. 1, eff. June 17, 1997.)
Sec. 14-110. Place for filing statements

The places for filing the statements required by this article shall be determined by rule or regulation of the state board of elections; provided, however, that the statements of a candidate for election to the office of governor, lieutenant governor, attorney general, comptroller, member of the legislature, delegate to a constitutional convention, justice of the supreme court or for nomination for any such office at a primary election and of any committee aiding or taking part in the designation, nomination, election or defeat of candidates for one or more of such offices or promoting the success or defeat of a question to be voted on by the voters of the entire state shall be filed with the state board of elections and in such other places as the state board of elections may, by rule or regulation provide.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1984, c. 46, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 14-112. Political committee authorization statement

Any political committee aiding or taking part in the election or nomination of any candidate, other than by making contributions, shall file, in the office in which the statements of such committee are to be filed pursuant to this article, either a sworn verified statement by the treasurer of such committee that the candidate has authorized the political committee to aid or take part in his election or that the candidate has not authorized the committee to aid or take part in his election.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 38; L.1978, c. 9, Sec.Sec. 99, 100; L.1981, c. 930, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 14-114. Contributions and receipt limitations

1. The following limitations apply to all contributions to candidates for election to any public office or for nomination for any such office, or for election to any party positions, and to all contributions to political committees working directly or indirectly with any candidate to aid or participate in such candidate's nomination or election, other than any contributions to any party committee or constituted committee:

a. In any election for a public office to be voted on by the voters of the entire state, or for nomination to any such office, no contributor may make a contribution to any candidate or political committee, and no candidate or political committee may accept any contribution from any contributor, which is in the aggregate amount greater than: (i) in the case of any nomination to public office, the product of the total number of enrolled voters in the candidate's party in the state, excluding voters in inactive status, multiplied by $.005, but such amount shall be not less than four thousand dollars nor more than twelve thousand dollars as increased or decreased by the cost of living adjustment described in paragraph c of this subdivision, and (ii) in the case of any election to a public office, twenty-five thousand dollars as increased or decreased by the cost of living adjustment described in paragraph c of this subdivision; provided however, that the maximum amount which may be so contributed or accepted, in the aggregate, from any candidate's child, parent, grandparent, brother and sister, and the spouse of any such persons, shall not exceed in the case of any nomination to public office an amount equivalent to the product of the number of enrolled voters in the candidate's party in the state, excluding voters in inactive status, multiplied by $.025, and in the case of any election for a public office, an amount equivalent to the product of the number of registered voters in the state excluding voters in inactive status, multiplied by $.025.

b. In any other election for party position or for election to a public office or for nomination for any such office, no contributor may make a contribution to any candidate or political committee and no candidate or political committee may accept any contribution from any contributor, which is in the aggregate amount greater than: (i) in the case of any election for party position, or for nomination to public office, the product of the total number of enrolled voters in the candidate's party in the district in which he is a candidate, excluding voters in inactive status, multiplied by $.05, and (ii) in the case of any election for a public office, the product of the total number of registered voters in the district, excluding voters in inactive status, multiplied by $.05, however in the case of a nomination within the city of New York for the office of mayor, public advocate or comptroller, such amount shall be not less than four thousand dollars nor more than twelve thousand dollars as increased or decreased by the cost of living adjustment described in paragraph c of this subdivision; in the case of an election within the city of New York for the office of mayor, public advocate or comptroller, twenty-five thousand dollars as increased or decreased by the cost of living adjustment described in paragraph c of this subdivision; in the case of a nomination for state senator, four thousand dollars as increased or decreased by the cost of living adjustment described in paragraph c of this subdivision; in the case of an election for state senator, six thousand two hundred fifty dollars as increased or decreased by the cost of living adjustment described in paragraph c of this subdivision; in the case of an election or nomination for a member of the assembly, twenty-five hundred dollars as increased or decreased by the cost of living adjustment described in paragraph c of this subdivision; but in no event shall any such maximum exceed fifty thousand dollars or be less than one thousand dollars; provided however, that the maximum amount which may be so contributed or accepted, in the aggregate, from any candidate's child, parent, grandparent, brother and sister, and the spouse of any such persons, shall not exceed in the case of any election for party position or nomination for public office an amount equivalent to the number of enrolled voters in the candidate's party in the district in which he is a candidate, excluding voters in inactive status, multiplied by $.25 and in the case of any election to public office, an amount equivalent to the number of registered voters in the district, excluding voters in inactive status, multiplied by $.25; or twelve hundred fifty dollars, whichever is greater, or in the case of a nomination or election of a state senator, twenty thousand dollars, whichever is greater, or in the case of a nomination or election of a member of the assembly twelve thousand five hundred dollars, whichever is greater, but in no event shall any such maximum exceed one hundred thousand dollars.

c. At the beginning of each fourth calendar year, commencing in nineteen hundred ninety-five, the state board shall determine the percentage of the difference between the most recent available monthly consumer price index for all urban consumers published by the United States bureau of labor statistics and such consumer price index published for the same month four years previously. The amount of each contribution limit fixed in this subdivision shall be adjusted by the amount of such percentage difference to the closest one hundred dollars by the state board which, not later than the first day of February in each such year, shall issue a regulation publishing the amount of each such contribution limit. Each contribution limit as so adjusted shall be the contribution limit in effect for any election held before the next such adjustment.

2. For purposes of this section, contributions other than of money shall be evaluated at their fair market value. The state board of elections shall promulgate regulations, consistent with law, governing the manner of computing fair market value.

3. As used in this section the term "contributor" shall not include a party committee supporting the candidate of such party or a constituted committee supporting the candidate of such party.

4. For purposes of this section, a portion of every contribution to a party committee, expended as other than non-candidate expenditures, and a portion of every contribution to a political committee authorized to support more than one candidate, shall be deemed contributed to every candidate supported by such committee. That portion shall be determined by allocating the contributions received by the committee among all the candidates supported by the committee in accordance with any formula based upon reasonable standards established by the committee. The statements filed by such committee in accordance with this article shall set forth, in addition to the other information required to be set forth, the total amount received by the committee from each contributor on behalf of all such candidates and the amount of each such contribution allocated to each candidate by dollar amount and percentage. Nothing in this subdivision shall require allocating contributions expended on non-candidate expenditures to candidates.

5. No constituted committee may expend, in any twelve month period terminating on the day of a general election, other than as non-candidate expenditures, any portion of any individual contribution which exceeds, in the case of a state committee, one-half of one cent for each registered voter in the state, or, in the case of any other constituted committee, the greater of one cent for each registered voter in the district in which the committee is organized or five hundred dollars. The number of such voters shall be determined as of the date of such general election or as of the date of the general election in whichever of the preceding four years shall result in the greatest number.

6. a. A loan made to a candidate or political committee, other than a constituted committee, by any person, firm, association or corporation other than in the regular course of the lender's business shall be deemed, to the extent not repaid by the date of the primary, general or special election, as the case may be, a contribution by such person, firm, association or corporation.

b. A loan made to a candidate or political committee, other than a constituted committee, by any person, firm, association or corporation in the regular course of the lender's business shall be deemed, to the extent not repaid by the date of the primary, general or special election, as the case may be, a contribution by the obligor on the loan and by any other person endorsing, cosigning, guaranteeing, collateralizing or otherwise providing security for the loan.

7. For the purposes of this section, the number of registered or enrolled voters shall be determined as of the date of the general, special or primary election, as the case may be or as of the date of the general election in any of the preceding four years, whichever date shall result in the greatest number and candidates running jointly for the offices of governor and lieutenant governor in a general or special election shall be deemed to be one candidate.

8. Except as may otherwise be provided for a candidate and his family, no person may contribute, loan or guarantee in excess of one hundred fifty thousand dollars within the state in connection with the nomination or election of persons to state and local public offices and party positions within the state of New York in any one calendar year. For the purposes of this subdivision "loan" or "guarantee" shall mean a loan or guarantee which is not repaid or discharged in the calendar year in which it is made.

9. Repealed.

10. a. No contributor may make a contribution to a party or constituted committee and no such committee may accept a contribution from any contributor which, in the aggregate, is greater than sixty-two thousand five hundred dollars per annum.

b. At the beginning of each fourth calendar year, commencing in nineteen hundred ninety-five, the state board shall determine the percentage of the difference between the most recent available monthly consumer price index for all urban consumers published by the United States bureau of labor statistics and such consumer price index published for the same month four years previously. The amount of such contribution limit fixed in paragraph a of this subdivision shall be adjusted by the amount of such percentage difference to the closest one hundred dollars by the state board which, not later than the first day of February in each such year, shall issue a regulation publishing the amount of such contribution limit. Such contribution limit as so adjusted shall be the contribution limit in effect for any election held before the next such adjustment.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec.Sec. 39-43; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 101; L.1986, c. 517, Sec. 8; L.1986, c. 689, Sec. 1; L.1992, c. 79, Sec.Sec. 23 to 25; L.1993, c. 418, Sec. 4; L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 51; L.1997, c. 128, Sec. 1, eff. June 24, 1997.)
Sec. 14-116. Political contributions by certain organizations

1. No corporation or joint-stock association doing business in this state, except a corporation or association organized or maintained for political purposes only, shall directly or indirectly pay or use or offer, consent or agree to pay or use any money or property for or in aid of any political party, committee or organization, or for, or in aid of, any corporation, joint-stock or other association organized or maintained for political purposes, or for, or in aid of, any candidate for political office or for nomination for such office, or for any political purpose whatever, or for the reimbursement or indemnification of any person for moneys or property so used. Any officer, director, stock-holder, attorney or agent of any corporation or joint-stock association which violates any of the provisions of this section, who participates in, aids, abets or advises or consents to any such violations, and any person who solicits or knowingly receives any money or property in violation of this section, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision one of this section, any corporation or an organization financially supported in whole or in part, by such corporation may make expenditures, including contributions, not otherwise prohibited by law, for political purposes, in an amount not to exceed five thousand dollars in the aggregate in any calendar year; provided that no public utility shall use revenues received from the rendition of public service within the state for contributions for political purposes unless such cost is charged to the shareholders of such a public service corporation.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 102; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 94; L.1981, c. 260, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 14-118. Treasurer and depository of political committee; filing of name and address

1. Every political committee shall have a treasurer and a depository, and shall cause the treasurer to keep detailed, bound accounts of all receipts, transfers, loans, liabilities, contributions and expenditures, made by the committee or any of its officers, members or agents acting under its authority or in its behalf. All such accounts shall be retained by a treasurer for a period of five years from the date of the filing of the final statement with respect to the election, primary election or convention to which they pertain. No officer, member or agent of any political committee shall receive any receipt, transfer or contribution, or make any expenditure or incur any liability until the committee shall have chosen a treasurer and depository and filed their names in accordance with this subdivision. There shall be filed in the office in which the committee is required to file its statements under section 14-110 of this article, within five days after the choice of a treasurer and depository, a statement giving the name and address of the treasurer chosen, the name and address of any person authorized to sign checks by such treasurer, the name and address of the depository chosen and the candidate or candidates or ballot proposal or proposals the success or defeat of which the committee is to aid or take part; provided, however, that such statement shall not be required of a constituted committee and provided further that a political committee which makes no expenditures, to aid or take part in the election or defeat of a candidate, other than in the form of contributions, shall not be required to list the candidates being supported or opposed by such committee. Such statement shall be signed by the treasurer and all other persons authorized to sign checks. Any change in the information required in any statement shall be reported, in an amended statement filed in the same manner and in the same office as an original statement filed under this section, within two days after it occurs, except that any change to the mailing address on any such statement filed at the state board may also be made in any manner deemed acceptable by the state board. Only a banking organization authorized to do business in this state may be designated a depository hereunder.

2. No candidate, political committee, or agent thereof may receive from any one person an aggregate amount greater than one hundred dollars except in the form of a check, draft or other instrument payable to the candidate, political committee or treasurer and signed or endorsed by the donor; except that such a candidate, political committee or agent may receive contributions in amounts greater than one hundred dollars which are made by credit card, provided that such candidate, political committee or agent preserves, together with the other accounts which such candidate, committee or agent is required to preserve pursuant to the provisions of this article, a copy of the document which was submitted to secure payment of the funds so contributed. All such checks, drafts or other instruments shall be deposited in the account of the candidate or committee in the designated depository. No candidate or political committee shall expend an amount in excess of one hundred dollars except by check drawn on the depository and signed by the candidate or person authorized to sign checks by him or in the case of a political committee, the treasurer or a person authorized to sign checks by him.

3. (a) Every candidate who receives or expends any money or other valuable thing or incurs any liability to pay money or its equivalent shall keep and retain detailed, bound accounts as provided in subdivision one of this section.

(b) Every candidate required to file sworn statements pursuant to subdivision one of section 14-104 of this article, other than a candidate who has filed a statement in lieu thereof at or before the first filing period as set forth in that section, shall file, in the office or offices in which he or she is required to file his or her statements under section 14-110 of this article, on a form prescribed by the state board for such purposes, a statement providing the name and address of the depository at which they maintain the accounts from which he or she conducts his or her own campaign financial activity.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1977, c. 323, Sec. 3; L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 44; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 103; L.1981, c. 930, Sec. 2; L.1983, c. 70, Sec. 3; L.1984, c. 309, Sec. 1; L.2010, c. 156, Sec. 1, eff. Oct. 5, 2010.)
Sec. 14-120. Campaign contribution to be under true name of contributor

1. No person shall in any name except his own, directly or indirectly, make a payment or a promise of payment to a candidate or political committee or to any officer or member thereof, or to any person acting under its authority or in its behalf or on behalf of any candidate, nor shall any such committee or any such person or candidate knowingly receive a payment or promise of payment, or enter or cause the same to be entered in the accounts or records of such committee, in any name other than that of the person or persons by whom it is made.

2. Notwithstanding subdivision one of this section, a partnership, as defined in section ten of the partnership law, may be considered a separate entity for the purposes of this section, and as such may make contributions in the name of said partnership without attributing such contributions to the individual members of the partnership provided that any such contribution made by a partnership to a candidate or to a political committee, shall not exceed, twenty-five hundred dollars. In the event that such partnership contribution to any such candidate or political committee exceeds twenty-five hundred dollars, the aggregate amount of such contribution shall be attributed to each partner whose share of the contribution exceeds ninety-nine dollars.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 45; L.1992, c. 79, Sec. 26.)
Sec. 14-122. Accounting to treasurer or candidate; vouchers

1. Whoever, acting as an officer, member or agent of a political committee, or as an agent of a candidate for election to public office, or for nomination for public office at a primary election or convention, or for election to party position at a primary election, receives any receipt, contribution or transfer, or makes any expenditure or incurs any liability, shall, within three days after demand and in any event within fourteen days after any such receipt, transfer, contribution, expenditure, or liability, give to the treasurer of such committee, or to such candidate if an agent authorized by him a detailed account of the same, with all vouchers required by this article, which shall be a part of the accounts and files of such treasurer or such candidate.

2. Every payment required to be accounted for, unless the total expense payable to any one person be not in excess of ten dollars; shall be vouched for by a receipted bill stating the particulars of expense.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 46; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 104.)
Sec. 14-124. Exceptions

1. This article shall not apply to any person, association or corporation engaged in the publication or distribution of any newspaper or other publication issued at regular intervals in respect to the ordinary conduct of such business.

2. The filing requirements and the expenditure, contribution and receipt limits of this article shall not apply to any candidate or committee who or which engages exclusively in activities on account of which, pursuant to the laws of the United States, there is required to be filed a statement or report of the campaign receipts, expenditures and liabilities of such candidate or committee with an office or officers of the government of the United States, provided a copy of each such statement or report is filed in the office of the state board of elections.

2-a. The provisions of sections 14-102, 14-112 and subdivision one of section 14-118 of this article shall not apply to a political committee supporting or opposing candidates for state or local office which, pursuant to the laws of the United States, is required to file a statement or report of the campaign receipts, expenditures and liabilities of such committee with an office or officer of the government of the United States, provided that such committee makes no expenditures to aid or take part in the election or defeat of a candidate for state or local office other than in the form of contributions which do not exceed in the aggregate one thousand dollars in any calendar year, and provided further, that a copy of the federal report which lists such contributions is filed with the appropriate board of elections at the same time that it is filed with the federal filing office or officer.

3. The contribution and receipt limits of this article shall not apply to monies received and expenditures made by a party committee or constituted committee to maintain a permanent headquarters and staff and carry on ordinary activities which are not for the express purpose of promoting the candidacy of specific candidates.

4. No candidate and no political committee taking part solely in his campaign and authorized to do so by him in accordance with this article and no committee involved solely in promoting the success or defeat of a ballot proposal shall be required to file a statement required by sections 14-102 and 14-104 of this article if at the close of the reporting period for which such statement would be required neither the aggregate receipts nor the aggregate expenditures by and on behalf of such candidate or to promote the success or defeat of such proposal, by such candidate or such political committee or committees exceed one thousand dollars and such candidate or such committee files, on the filing date otherwise provided, a statement, sworn or subscribed and bearing a form notice that false statements made therein are punishable as a class A misdemeanor pursuant to section 210.45 of the penal law, stating that each of such aggregate receipts and aggregate expenditures does not exceed one thousand dollars.

5. The provisions of sections 14-104 and 14-112, and subdivision a 1 of section 14-118 shall not apply to any candidate for member of a county committee of a political party or any candidate for delegate or alternate delegate to a judicial district convention if the campaign expenditures made by or on behalf of such candidate do not exceed fifty dollars.

6. The provisions of sections 14-102, 14-104 and 14-118 respectively, of this article shall not apply to a candidate or a committee taking part solely in his campaign and authorized to do so by him in accordance with the provisions of this article in a campaign for election to public office or to a committee involved solely in promoting the success or defeat of a ballot proposal in a city, town or village having a population of less than ten thousand, as shown by the latest federal or state census or enumeration, unless the aggregate receipts of said candidate and his authorized committees or the committees promoting the success or defeat of a proposal or the aggregate expenditures made by such candidate and his authorized committees or the committees promoting the success or defeat of a proposal exceed one thousand dollars.

7. No candidate who is unopposed in a primary election and no political committee authorized by him pursuant to the provisions of this article and taking part solely in his campaign shall be required to file the two statements of receipts, expenditures and contributions required by this article to be filed immediately prior to such uncontested primary election, provided that all the information which would be required to be filed in such statements for a candidate for election to public office shall be contained in the first statement required to be filed in connection with the ensuing general election.

8. A political committee formed solely to promote the success or defeat of any ballot proposal submitted to vote at a public election is exempt from filing statements required by this article until that committee has received or expended an amount in excess of one hundred dollars.

1So in original. Probably should read "1".

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1977, c. 323, Sec.Sec. 4, 5; L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 47; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 105; L.1982, c. 63, Sec. 1; L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 26; L.1983, c. 70, Sec. 4; L.1983, c. 955, Sec. 3; L.1984, c. 454, Sec. 1; L.1988, c. 71, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 14-126. Violations; penalties

1. Any person who fails to file a statement required to be filed by this article shall be subject to a civil penalty, not in excess of one thousand dollars, to be recoverable in a special proceeding or civil action to be brought by the state board of elections or other board of elections. Any person who, three or more times within a given election cycle for such term of office, fails to file a statement or statements required to be filed by this article, shall be subject to a civil penalty, not in excess of ten thousand dollars, to be recoverable as provided for in this subdivision.

2. Any person who, acting as or on behalf of a candidate or political committee, under circumstances evincing an intent to violate such law, unlawfully accepts a contribution in excess of a contribution limitation established in this article, shall be required to refund such excess amount and shall be subject to a civil penalty equal to the excess amount plus a fine of up to ten thousand dollars, to be recoverable in a special proceeding or civil action to be brought by the state board of elections.

3. Any person who knowingly and willfully fails to file a statement required to be filed by this article within ten days after the date provided for filing such statement or any person who knowingly and willfully violates any other provision of this article shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

4. Any person who knowingly and willfully contributes, accepts or aids or participates in the acceptance of a contribution in an amount exceeding an applicable maximum specified in this article shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

5. Any person who shall, acting on behalf of a candidate or political committee, knowingly and willfully solicit, organize or coordinate the formation of activities of one or more unauthorized committees, make expenditures in connection with the nomination for election or election of any candidate, or solicit any person to make any such expenditures, for the purpose of evading the contribution limitations of this article, shall be guilty of a class E felony.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 48; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 106; L.1994, c. 128, Sec. 1; L.2011, c. 399, pt. E, Sec. 3, eff. Aug. 15, 2011.)
Sec. 14-127. Notice of civil penalty to authorizing candidate

If any person fails to file a statement of campaign receipts and expenditures for a candidate authorized political committee, and thereafter said person is a party to recovery of a civil penalty in a special proceeding or civil action brought by the state board of elections or other board of elections under section 14-126 of this article, said board of elections shall also provide the authorizing candidate with actual notice of the civil penalty, and the special proceeding or civil action by certified mail, return receipt requested, or by personal service.

(Added L.1995, c. 404, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 2, 1995.)
Sec. 14-128. Disposition of anonymous contributions

Any anonymous contributions received by a campaign treasurer, political committee or agency thereof shall not be used or expended, but the same shall be paid over to the comptroller of the state of New York for deposit in the general treasury of the state unless, before the date for filing statements and reports as herein provided, the identity of such anonymous contributor shall become known, and, in such event the anonymous contribution shall be returned to such contributor or retained and properly reported as a contribution from such contributor.

(Added L.1977, c. 323, Sec. 6.)
Sec. 14-130. Campaign funds for personal use

Contributions received by a candidate or a political committee may be expended for any lawful purpose. Such funds shall not be converted by any person to a personal use which is unrelated to a political campaign or the holding of a public office or party position.

(Added L.1985, c. 152, Sec. 1, eff. June 4, 1985.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 15 VILLAGE ELECTIONS

Sec. 15-100. Application of article

This article applies to all general and special village elections for officers and all the provisions of this chapter, not inconsistent with this article, shall apply to all village elections, except that if a village has adopted a resolution pursuant to paragraph c of subdivision one of section 15-104 of this article, the other provisions of this chapter governing the conduct of elections and proceedings relating thereto, including the manner and times for making nominations and proceedings relating to absentee voting, and the provisions of this article not inconsistent with other provisions of this chapter shall apply to such elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1979, c. 254, Sec. 4; L.1986, c. 128, Sec. 1; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 27.)
Sec. 15-102. Definitions

The terms used in this article shall have the meaning herein defined unless other meaning is clearly apparent in language or context:

1. "General village election" means the annual or biennial election for village officers.

2. "Special village election" means any election of village officers, other than, the general village election.

3. "Village election" means and includes both general and special village elections for officers.

4. "Publish" means that any notice or resolution required to be published by a village shall be so printed within the time required in the law requiring publication in the official newspaper of the village, or if none, one of general circulation within the village.

5. "Village primary" means any election held by a political party for the purpose of nominating candidates for elective village offices.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 15-104. General village election

1. a. The general village election shall be held on the third Tuesday in March except in any village which presently elects, or hereafter adopts a proposition to elect, its officers on a date other than the third Tuesday in March.

b. In any village in which the general village election, or a special village election for officers pursuant to this chapter, is scheduled to be held on the third Tuesday of March, for any year in which the seventeenth day of March shall fall on such Tuesday, the board of trustees of such village shall provide, by the resolution prescribed by paragraph b of subdivision three of this section, that such election shall be held on the eighteenth day of March. Any provision of a resolution adopted pursuant to this subdivision shall not otherwise alter the political calendar for any such election, which shall continue to be computed from the third Tuesday of March. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision five of this section, any provision of a resolution adopted pursuant to this subdivision shall be effective only if such provision is specifically published as provided by this section.

c. The board of trustees of a village may adopt a resolution, subject to a permissive referendum as provided in article nine of the village law, providing that village elections shall be conducted by the board of elections. The board of trustees of a village which has adopted such a resolution and which is wholly in one county may also adopt a resolution providing that village elections shall occur on the day of the general election provided that all the election districts contained within such village are wholly within such village. Upon approval of such a resolution by the board of trustees and, if requested by petition, approval by a vote of the qualified voters of the village, the county board of elections shall conduct all village elections including in those cases in which such village elections are held on the day of the general election, primary elections, if any. Such resolution shall be effective for all elections in such village held more than six months after such resolution is adopted, provided however, that a resolution providing that village elections shall occur on the day of the general election, shall be effective for such elections in such village for which the primary election is held more than six months after such resolution is adopted.

d. Except as otherwise provided by law, to be elected in a village election, a candidate must receive more votes than any other candidate for the office. In the event of a tie at a village election, a run-off election shall be conducted pursuant to the provisions of section 15-126 of this article; provided, however, that if all candidates receiving an equal number of votes agree to waive a run-off election, the election shall be determined according to the provisions of paragraph d of subdivision two of section 15-126 of this article.

2. A proposition changing the date of the general village election shall not become effective until the next election regularly scheduled to be held more than one hundred twenty days following its adoption. Upon the adoption of such a proposition, the term of any village officer elected at the election at which such proposition is adopted or less than one hundred twenty-one days thereafter, and the term of any village officer whose successor is scheduled to be selected more than one hundred twenty days thereafter shall be extended until the date fixed as a result of such proposition for his successor to take office.

3. a. The village clerk of a village shall, at least four months prior to the general village election publish a notice designating the office or offices to be filled at such election and the term or terms thereof. In the event of a special village election to fill a vacancy as provided in this article, such notice shall be published at least sixty days prior to the date of such special election.

b. The board of trustees of a village shall, at least sixty days before any village election conducted by either the village clerk or the board of elections on a date other than the date of the general election, adopt a resolution which shall state:

(1) the polling place in each election district

(2) the hours during which the polls shall be open, which shall include at least the hours from noon to nine o'clock in the evening.

c. The village clerk shall publish, at least ten days prior to any village election, a notice which shall state:

(1) the polling place in each election district

(2) the hours during which the polls shall be open

(3) the names and addresses of all those who have been duly nominated in accordance with the provisions of this chapter for village office by certificate or petition of nomination duly filed with the village clerk and the office and term of such office for which they have been so nominated

(4) an abstract of any proposition to be voted upon.

4. In addition to such publication, a copy of such notice shall be posted in at least six conspicuous public places within the village and at each polling place at least one day before the village election.

5. The failure of the village to publish and post all required information shall not invalidate the election provided, however, that a vote on a proposition shall be void if the required notice of election is not given.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1977, c. 329, Sec. 3; L.1977, c. 462, Sec. 6; L.1978, c. 8, Sec. 49; L.1978, c. 9, Sec.Sec. 107, 108; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 95; L.1979, c. 254, Sec. 5; L.1980, c. 91, Sec. 1; L.1980, c. 167, Sec. 1; L.1983, c. 248, Sec. 1; L.1986, c. 319, Sec. 1; L.1988, c. 95, Sec. 1; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 28; L.1990, c. 635, Sec. 6; L.1998, c. 565, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 5, 1998; L.2006, c. 684, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 13, 2006.)
Sec. 15-106. Special village elections for officers

1. a. In a village where the rules of any party require that any nomination of candidates for village office by such party be made at a primary election, pursuant to this article;

(1) Special village elections shall be held on the third Tuesday of the month preceding the end of the current official year in which no general village election is regularly scheduled, to fill a vacancy or vacancies in an office or offices occurring:

(a) More than one hundred five days prior to such Tuesday;

(b) Less than seventy-five days prior to the third Tuesday of the month preceding the end of the preceding official year;

(2) Such primary election shall be waived, such party nomination or nominations made by the party caucus, and special village elections for officers held:

(a) On the third Tuesday of the month preceding the end of the current official year in which no general village election is regularly scheduled, to fill a vacancy or vacancies in an office or offices occurring between seventy-five and one hundred five days, inclusive, prior to such Tuesday;

(b) On a Tuesday as soon as practicable:

(i) Whenever the day fixed by law for a general village election shall have passed and no election shall have been held thereon, but in no event on a day less than sixty-one nor more than ninety-five days after the day on which the official call for such special election is made by the board of trustees of the village, whether such official call is made before or after the day fixed by law for such general village election;

(ii) Whenever the day fixed by law for a general village election shall have passed and any office or offices which should have been filled at such election shall have been omitted from the ballot therefor, but in no event on a day less than sixty-one nor more than ninety-five days after the day on which the official call for such special election is made by the board of trustees of the village, whether such official call is made before or after the day fixed by law for such general village election; or

(iii) Whenever vacancies in the village's board of trustees constitute a majority of the seats thereof, but in no event less than sixty-one nor more than ninety-five days after the day on which such vacancies first constitute such majority.

b. In any other village, special village elections shall be held;

(1) On the third Tuesday of the month preceding the end of the current official year in which no general village election is regularly scheduled to fill a vacancy or vacancies in an office or offices occurring:

(a) At least seventy-five days prior to such Tuesday;

(b) Less than seventy-five days prior to the third Tuesday of the month preceding the end of the preceding official year;

(2) On a Tuesday as soon as practicable:

(a) Whenever the day fixed by law for a general village election shall have passed and no election shall have been held thereon, but in no event on a day less than sixty-one nor more than ninety-five days after the day on which the official call for such election is made by the board of trustees of the village, whether such official call for such special election is made before or after the day fixed by law for such general village election;

(b) Whenever the day fixed by law for a general village election shall have passed and any office or offices which should have been filled at such election shall have been omitted from the ballot therefor, but in no event on a day less than sixty-one nor more than ninety-five days after the day on which the official call for such special election is made by the board of trustees of the village, whether such official call is made before or after the day fixed by law for such general village election; or

(c) Whenever vacancies in the village's board of trustees constitute a majority of the seats thereof, but in no event on a day less than sixty-one nor more than ninety-five days after the day on which such vacancies first constitute such majority.

2. Any officer elected at any such special village election shall fill the office to which elected for the remainder of the current term of such office, and shall enter upon the duties of such office at the end of the current official year, except that such officer shall enter upon the duties of such office immediately whenever:

a. such office is then vacant or becomes vacant prior to the end of the current official year; or

b. such special election is held after the end of any official year during which a general village election was scheduled to be held but was not held; or

c. such special election is held after the end of any official year to fill a vacancy in an office that was to be filled at the preceding general election but was omitted from the ballot therefor.

3. Except as herein otherwise provided, no such election shall be held either in the month of, or in the month prior to, a regularly scheduled general village election.

4. Notice of a special village election for officers shall be given in the same manner as for a general village election. If the offices of all trustees and mayor are vacant the notice shall be given by the village clerk. If the office of village clerk is also vacant the election shall be held at the call of, and noticed by, at least twenty-five residents qualified to vote for village office.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1977, c. 329, Sec.Sec. 1, 2; L.1990, c. 444, Sec.Sec. 1, 2.)
Sec. 15-108. Designation and nomination of candidates

1. Nominations of candidates for elective village offices shall be made as provided in this section.

2. a. Party nominations of candidates for village offices in any county shall be made at a party caucus or, if the rules of the county committee, heretofore or hereafter adopted consistent with the provisions of this chapter so provide, at a primary election. If the rules of the county committee of any political party provide that party nominations for village offices of that party in any or all villages in the county shall be made at a village primary election, such primary election shall be held forty-nine days prior to the date of the village election. In the event there is no village committee with a chairman, the chairman of the county committee or such other person or body as the rules of such committee may provide, shall designate an enrolled member of the party who is a qualified voter of the village as the village election chairman. Such village chairman shall have general party responsibility for the conduct of the village caucus or primary election. For the purposes of this section, a village shall be deemed to be located within a county for the purposes of county political organization if more than fifty percent of the population of the village as shown by the last federal decennial, or special census resides in that portion of the village located in that county. Such nomination shall be made not more than fifty-six, nor less than forty-nine days prior to the date of the village election.

b. A notice of any village primary held for making party nominations of candidates for village offices to be filled at a village election shall be given by the proper party authorities by publication at least once in each of the two weeks preceding the primary in at least one newspaper of general circulation within the village.

c. A notice of any party caucus held for making party nominations for village offices for village elections shall be given by the proper party authorities by posting such notice in the public areas at the offices of the village clerk and the board of elections and by filing such notice with such clerk and such board at least ten days preceding the day of the caucus and, either by newspaper publication thereof once within the village at least one week and not more than two weeks preceding the caucus, or by posting such notice in six public places in the village at least ten days preceding the day of the caucus.

d. The notice shall specify the time and place or places, and the purpose of such caucus or primary, including the offices for which candidates will be nominated thereat. For such village primary or caucus there shall be one or more polling places in each subdivision from which a candidate is nominated. There shall be a chairman and a secretary and tellers for each such village primary or caucus, who shall be appointed by the appropriate party officials. No person shall participate in such primary or caucus who is not a resident of the village and an enrolled voter of the party conducting the primary or caucus. At any primary or caucus in which nominees are chosen by vote of the people in attendance, the person eligible and receiving the highest number of votes for an office shall be deemed nominated. Such village primary or caucus shall not be conducted at any expense to the village.

e. Any party nomination made at any such caucus or village primary shall be evidenced by the filing with the village clerk of a certificate of nomination in the form prescribed by this chapter, as provided in subdivision seven of this section. There shall be filed, together with such certificate, or within five days after the village clerk sends the notice of failure to file prescribed by this paragraph, a list of enrolled members of the party who have participated in such caucus or primary. If such list is not filed with such certificate, the village clerk shall forthwith send notice of the failure to file such list to the persons who signed such certificate, by first class mail, together with a notice that such list must be filed within five days after such notice was mailed. Such list shall be certified by the presiding officer or secretary of such caucus or primary.

3. a. Party designations for elective village offices shall be made on a designating petition containing the signatures in ink of residents of the village who are registered to vote with the appropriate county board of elections at the time of signing and who are enrolled in such political party. The sheets of such a petition shall be numbered. Such petition must set forth in each instance the correct date of signing, the name of the signer, and his or her present address, and may set forth a committee to fill vacancies consisting of at least three qualified voters of the village enrolled in such party and their residence within the village. A signer need not himself or herself fill in the date or residence. Each sheet of such petition must be in substantially the following form and shall contain all the information required therein:

PARTY DESIGNATING PETITION

I, the undersigned do hereby state that I am a registered voter of the Village of..... and a duly enrolled voter of the........ party and entitled to vote at the next primary election of such party, that my place of residence is truly stated opposite my signature hereto, and I hereby designate the following named person (or persons) as a candidate (or candidates) for nomination of such party for the public office (or public offices) to be voted for at the primary election to be held on the...... day of........... 20.... as hereinafter specified.

Name of Candidate Public Office Term Residence
............ ............ ............ ............
............ ............ ............ ............

I do hereby appoint (insert names and addresses of at least three persons, all of whom shall be enrolled voters of said party) as a committee to fill vacancies in accordance with the provisions of the election law.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand, the day and year placed opposite my signature.

Date Name Residence
............ ............ ............
............ ............ ............

STATEMENT OF WITNESS

I............... (name of witness) state: I am a duly qualified voter of the State of New York; and an enrolled voter of the......... party and now reside in the Village of......... County of......... State of New York at............ (residence address) therein. Each of the persons whose names are subscribed to this petition sheet containing......... signatures, subscribed his or her name in my presence.

I understand that this statement will be accepted for all purposes as the equivalent of an affidavit and, if it contains a material false statement, shall subject me to the same penalties as if I had been duly sworn.

............ ............
Date Signature of Witness

b. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the number of signatures required on a designating petition shall be five percent of the number of enrolled voters of the party residing in the village. For the purpose of determining the number of enrolled voters of a party residing in the village, the clerk shall be furnished with an official certified list of all such enrolled party voters residing in the village by the county board of elections of the county in which all or part of the village is located. Such list shall be filed in the village clerk's office and shall be available upon request for inspection by any interested person.

4. Independent nominations for elective village offices shall be made by a petition containing the signatures in ink of residents of the village who are registered with the appropriate county board of elections at the time of signing or who are residents of the village who were on the list of registered voters for the last village election in such village. The sheets of such a petition shall be numbered. Such petition must set forth in each instance the correct date of signing, the name of the signer and his or her present address, and may set forth a committee to fill vacancies consisting of at least three persons qualified to vote in the village election and their residence within the village. A signer need not himself or herself fill in the date or residence. Each sheet of such petition must be in substantially the following form and shall contain all the information required therein except as may otherwise be permitted by law.

VILLAGE INDEPENDENT NOMINATING PETITION

I, the undersigned, do hereby state that I am a registered voter of the Village of.........., that my present place of residence is truly stated opposite my signature, and I do hereby nominate the following named person (or persons) as a candidate (or as candidates) for election to public office (or public offices) to be voted for at the election to be held on the..... day of......, 20....., and that I select the name.............. (fill in name) as the name of the independent body making the nomination (or nominations) and..... (fill in emblem) as the emblem of such body.

Name of Candidate Public Office Term Residence
............ ............ ............ ............
............ ............ ............ ............

I do hereby appoint _ _ _ _

Name Residence
............ ............

as a committee to fill vacancies in accordance with the provisions of the election law.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have signed this petition on the day and year stated before my signature.

Date Signature Residence
............ ............ ............
............ ............ ............

STATEMENT OF WITNESS

I,............... state that I am a duly qualified voter and now reside at............. (residence address) in the Village of........... in the State of New York in the County of......... Each of the voters whose names are subscribed to this petition sheet, containing........ (fill in number) signatures, subscribed his or her name in my presence.

I understand that this statement will be accepted for all purposes as the equivalent of an affidavit and, if it contains a material false statement, shall subject me to the same penalties as if I had been duly sworn.

Date: ............ ...........
Signature of Witness

5. The name selected for the independent body making the nomination shall be in the English language and shall not include the name or part of the name, or an abbreviation of the name or of part of the name, of a then existing party. The name and emblem shown upon such petition shall conform to the requirements of this chapter, relating to party names and party emblems. If such a petition shall not show an emblem, or the petition shall fail to select a name for such independent body, the village clerk shall select an emblem or name, or both to distinguish the candidates nominated thereby.

6. An independent nominating petition for a village office must be signed by at least one hundred voters in villages containing a population of five thousand or more; by at least seventy-five voters in villages containing a population of three thousand and less than five thousand; and by at least fifty voters in villages containing a population of one thousand and less than three thousand; and in villages containing a population of less than one thousand by voters numbering at least five per centum of the number of voters at the last regular village election. For the purposes of this section, the population of a village shall be determined by the last federal decennial or local special population census federally supervised pursuant to section twenty of the general municipal law.

7. a. A certificate of party nomination for an office to be filled at the time of a general or special village election for offices shall be filed not earlier than fifty-four days nor later than forty-seven days preceding the election.

b. A certificate of acceptance or declination of a party nomination for an office to be filled at the time of a general or special village election shall be filed not later than forty-four days prior to such election.

c. A certificate to fill a vacancy caused by declination of a party nomination for an office to be filled at the time of a general or special village election shall be filed not later than forty-one days prior to such election.

d. Party designating petitions for a village primary election shall be filed in the office of the village clerk not earlier than twenty-two days nor later than fifteen days prior to the primary election. Upon such a filing, the village clerk shall immediately notify the village election chairman of such party and the person or persons designated in such petition of the fact of such filing and that such petition may be inspected in his office.

(e) A written declination of a party designation must be filed in the office of the village clerk within three days of the date of the filing of the designating petition. Upon the filing of such declination, the village clerk shall, within one day notify the committee to fill vacancies named in the petition. A certificate to fill the vacancy caused by a declination or any other reason must be filed with the village clerk within three days after the date of the notice to the committee to fill vacancies and shall have appended thereto the written consent of the person or persons designated.

8. a. An independent nominating petition for an office to be filled at the time of a general or special village election shall be filed not earlier than forty-two days nor later than thirty-five days preceding the election.

b. A certificate of acceptance or declination of an independent nomination for an office to be filled at the time of a general or special village election shall be filed not later than three days after the last day to file the petition which made such independent nomination.

c. A certificate to fill a vacancy caused by a declination of an independent nomination for an office to be filled at the time of a general or special village election for offices shall be filed not later than three days after the last day to file the certificate of declination, and shall have appended thereto the written consent of the person or persons nominated.

9. Any village resident who is a registered voter of the village and, in the case of a designating petition, an enrolled member of the party filing the petition, may sign an independent nominating petition or a designating petition providing that: (a) such signature was not made more than six weeks prior to the last day to file such petition; (b) he has not signed more than one petition designating or nominating a candidate for mayor or village justice. If he has signed more than one such petition, only the earliest signature for each such office shall be valid; (c) he has not signed more than one petition designating or nominating a candidate for each vacancy which exists for the office of village trustee or village justice if the village has provided for two such justices. If he has signed more than one such petition for each such vacancy, only the earlier signatures shall be valid; or (d) he does not vote at a primary election or party caucus where a candidate was nominated for the same office or each such vacancy.

10. A written objection to an independent nominating petition, designating petition or certificate of nomination shall be filed in the office of the village clerk no later than one day following the last date upon which such petition or certificate may be filed or within one day after such petition or certificate is received by the village clerk, if such petition or certificate is mailed as provided by law, whichever is later. Written specifications of the grounds of the objections shall be filed with the village clerk within two days after the filing of the written objection. A failure to file such written specifications shall render the original objection null and void. Upon receipt of such written specification, the village clerk shall forthwith notify each candidate named in the petition or certificate and shall notify the county board of elections of the county in which the village is located. For purposes of this section, a village shall be deemed to be located within a county if more than fifty percent of the population of the village as shown by the last federal decennial or special census resides in that portion of the village located in that county. Upon receipt of the written specifications as herein required, the county board of elections shall immediately take all steps necessary and consistent with this chapter to render a determination on the questions raised in such objections and specifications. When a determination has been made by the county board of elections that the petition is sufficient or insufficient, it shall immediately notify the village clerk and each candidate named in the petition or certificate, and, if such determination was made on objection, the objector.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1977, c. 462, Sec.Sec. 1-5; L.1978, c. 8, Sec.Sec. 50, 51; L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 109; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 96; L.1982, c. 352, Sec. 3; L.1982, c. 702, Sec.Sec. 2, 3; L.1984, c. 189, Sec. 2; L.1985, c. 114, Sec. 2; L.1986, c. 106, Sec. 1; L.1994, c. 157, Sec. 2; L.1996, c. 160, Sec. 4; L.1996, c. 197, Sec. 5; L.1996, c. 709, Sec. 8; L.2000, c. 235, Sec. 10, eff. Aug. 16, 2000; L.2006, c. 447, Sec. 7, eff. Dec. 1, 2006.)
Sec. 15-110. Election districts

1. A village shall constitute a single election district for village elections. However, if at a general village election the number of votes cast exceeds eight hundred, the board of trustees, by resolution adopted before the next general village election, may divide such village into election districts each containing not more than eight hundred qualified voters for village offices.

2. Following the establishment of two or more such districts, the number thereof or their boundaries or both may be enlarged, diminished, increased or decreased from year to year by resolution of the board of trustees; provided, however, that, if there is more than one district, no such district shall contain more than eight hundred qualified voters.

3. If village election districts are coterminous with election districts established for general elections other than general village elections, the limitations as to the number of qualified voters set forth in subdivisions one and two of this section shall not be applicable.

4. For the purposes of this section, the number of qualified voters in each election district of a village shall be the average of the number of persons who voted in such district in the three preceding general village elections.

5. Any resolution adopted pursuant to the authority of this section shall be adopted at least one hundred twenty days prior to the general village election; shall specify the boundaries of each election district created or altered; and shall be posted and published with the notice of such election as required.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 110; L.1983, c. 248, Sec. 2.)
Sec. 15-112. Registers and poll-books; how used

For any village election where permanent personal registration records are not used, all copies of the register in the polling place shall be referred to, if necessary, to determine the persons entitled to vote; but at any such election, including a primary election, ballot numbers shall be entered and other election entries made in only two copies of the register, which shall include the copy used for taking signatures; provided, however, that if the election be one for which poll-books are required to be provided, ballot numbers shall be entered and other entries made in the two poll-books instead of the registers. The signatures of voters taken at the election or at a primary election shall be made or identification numbers entered, in one of the copies of the register having, when the election opens, an unused signature column, if there be any such copy, and otherwise in one of the poll-books, to be known as the signature poll-book.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 15-114. Number and use of voting machines

[Eff. until Dec. 31, 2014. See, also, Sec. 15-114, post.]

1. Any village that has not adopted a resolution pursuant to paragraph c of subdivision one of section 15-104 of this article and uses voting machines, including lever voting machines, for village elections shall provide one voting machine for each eight hundred or fraction thereof of qualified voters in each election district, as such voters are defined in section 15-110 of this article.

2. Nothing in this section shall be construed to require the board of elections to maintain the care, custody or control of lever voting machines.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 97; L.2011, c. 3, Sec. 1, eff. Feb. 25, 2011.)
Sec. 15-114. Number of voting machines

[Eff. Dec. 31, 2014. See, also, Sec. 15-114, ante.]

Any village that uses voting machines for village elections shall provide one voting machine for each eight hundred or fraction thereof of qualified voters in each election district, as such voters are defined in section 15-110 of this article.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 97; L.2011, c. 3, Sec. 1, eff. Feb. 25, 2011.)
Sec. 15-116. Inspectors of election

1. The board of trustees shall, by resolution at least forty days prior to a general village election appoint two or four inspectors of election for each village election district. Such resolution shall fix the compensation of the inspectors and designate a chairman. In addition, the board of trustees may provide for alternative inspectors who shall assume the office of inspector upon the inability or refusal of an inspector to assume or perform his duties and for any clerical help which they may deem necessary. Such clerical help shall perform their duties under direction and control of the inspectors of election. It shall be the duty of the inspectors of election to preside at all village elections in the district for which they were appointed until their successors are appointed. If at any general village election, both major political parties nominate a candidate or candidates for elective village office then at the next village election following the election for which the nominations are made the inspectors of election shall be appointed equally from enrolled members of such parties. Such equal representation shall be required only as long as such parties nominate a candidate or candidates for elective village office. In those elections in which both such political parties do not nominate candidates, any qualified person may serve as an inspector of election.

2. In Nassau county, appointments as inspectors of election for village elections shall be equally divided between the major political parties. All such inspectors shall be residents of the village in which they serve. Such inspectors shall be appointed from among those persons appointed as inspectors pursuant to the provisions of section 3-420 of this chapter. If the number of inspectors appointed pursuant to such section 3-420 who are eligible and willing to serve in any village is insufficient to fill all the positions in such village, then additional inspectors shall be appointed in the manner so prescribed by such section 3-420.

3. Inspectors of election for village elections shall prior to the assumption of their duties file a constitutional oath of office with the village clerk.

4. If the board of trustees of any village appoints four inspectors of election for each village election district, they may also determine that two of the four inspectors of election shall serve on registration day or days.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1982, c. 901, Sec. 1; L.2005, c. 180, Sec. 16, eff. Nov. 15, 2005.)
Sec. 15-118. Registration of voters

1. In a village election conducted by the board of elections pursuant to a resolution adopted as provided in paragraph c of subdivision one of section 15-104 of this article or a village which has adopted a resolution providing that there shall not be any registration day for village elections pursuant to subdivision three of this section, only those persons registered to vote with the board of elections shall be eligible to vote. If such election is held on a date other than the date of the general election, only those persons registered to vote with the board of elections on the tenth day before such election shall be eligible to vote.

2. In any other village election, those persons registered to vote with the board of elections on the tenth day before such election and those persons whose names are placed on the village register pursuant to the provisions of subdivision seven of this section shall be eligible to vote.

3. The board of trustees of a village may adopt a resolution providing that there shall not be any village registration day for village elections. Such resolution shall be effective for all elections in such village which are held more than sixty days after such resolution is adopted and shall remain in effect until the board of trustees adopts a resolution providing that there shall be a village registration day for village elections held more than sixty days after adoption of such a resolution.

4. In villages in which there is a village registration day, the board of trustees shall post in each election district and publish a resolution at least ten days prior to registration day which resolution shall be adopted at least twenty days before registration day which shall designate:

(a) The dates prior to registration day on which the inspectors of election shall meet to commence the preparation of the register.

(b) The place in each district where such meetings, registration and election shall be held.

(c) The hours for such meetings, registration and election; but in no event shall the hours for registration be less than the hours from noon until five o'clock in the afternoon.

5. Registration day shall be held on the tenth day prior to the general village election except in those villages which provide, by resolution adopted at least thirty-seven days prior to the date of the first election for which it shall be effective, for an additional day of registration to be held on the twelfth day prior to the general village election. Such resolution shall remain in effect for subsequent general village elections unless amended, modified or repealed.

6. The board of trustees of any village, by resolution or ordinance, subject to permissive referendum, may determine that personal registration shall be required for village elections.

7. (a) The register for the general village election shall be prepared in each village election district by the inspectors of election thereof at the times and place designated by the resolution of the board of trustees. Such register must be completed not later than the fourth day before the village election. In preparing such register the inspectors of election shall comply with the following procedure.

(b) In all villages wherein personal registration is not required, they shall adopt, use or copy from, the registration lists certified and supplied by the county board of elections the names appearing thereon of all persons, residing in the village and qualified to vote at such forthcoming general village election. In addition, if there is a village registration day in the village, they shall add thereto the names of all persons known to them who then are or who will at the time of such election be qualified to vote and the names of all persons proven to their satisfaction on the registration day to be then, or at the time of such election, qualified to vote.

(c) In villages wherein personal registration is required, they shall follow the same procedure set forth in paragraph (b) above, except that no names shall be added to the register other than the names of persons personally appearing before them on the registration day, if any, and proving to their satisfaction to be then, or at the time of the election, qualified to vote.

(d) The register for each village election district shall include, as a minimum, space for the name of the voter, his address within the village and a space for his or her signature to be signed by the voter on election day. In villages wherein personal registration is required, such register shall also contain a space for the signature of the voter to be signed by such voter on registration day. The village clerk shall furnish a printed certificate to be signed by a voter who appears personally before the inspectors of election on registration day. Such certificate shall contain a statement that the person possesses all the necessary qualifications for voting in village elections. Such certificate shall be accepted for all purposes as the equivalent of an affidavit and if it contains a material false statement, shall subject the person signing it to the same penalties as if he had been duly sworn, and such provision shall be printed in bold type directly above the signature line of the certificate.

8. The village clerk shall furnish the inspectors of election, at village expense, with all necessary registration books, papers, equipment and supplies. The village clerk shall also deliver to the inspectors a list of all persons who have applied for absentee ballots for the election for which the registration meeting is being held.

9. Registration for special village elections for officers shall be held in the same manner as is provided herein for general village elections and the registration day therefor shall be the same as if said special village election were a general village election.

10. The board of trustees of any village, if it determines that more than one-half of the voters qualified to vote at a forthcoming village election for village officers were personally registered at the last preceding general election other than a village election for officers and that taking the registration for such forthcoming election will be accomplished more efficiently and economically thereby, may, in the resolution required by subdivision seven of this section, provide that for such election a single place and a single board of elections shall be used for taking the registration of two or more village election districts. If such action is taken the board of trustees shall, in the same resolution, appoint a single board of inspectors of election to conduct such registration for each such two or more village election districts.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1979, c. 254, Sec. 6; L.1982, c. 156, Sec. 1; L.1982, c. 702, Sec.Sec. 4, 5; L.1990, c. 67, Sec. 3; L.1992, c. 217, Sec. 2.)
Sec. 15-120. Absentee voting at village elections

1. A qualified elector of a village may vote as an absentee voter under this section if during all the hours of voting on the day of a general or special village election he will be:

(a) Unavoidably absent from the county in which his residence is located because:

i. he is a member of the armed forces of the United States of America; or

ii. he is a student matriculated at an institution of learning located outside such county; or

iii. he is a patient at a veterans administration hospital; or

iv. his duties, occupation or business require him to be so absent, provided, however, such absence is not caused by the fact that his regular and daily place of business is located outside of said county.

(b) Absent from the county in which his residence is located because he is on vacation outside said county.

(c) He is the spouse, parent or child of, and resides in the same household with, a person qualified under any of the foregoing paragraphs of this subdivision and will also be absent from said county by reason of accompanying the person so qualified.

2. Each person entitled to vote as an absentee voter pursuant to this section and desirous of obtaining an absentee ballot shall make written application therefor to the village clerk. Application forms for use pursuant to this section shall be in a form prescribed by the state board of elections. The use of any application which is on a form prescribed by the state board of elections shall be acceptable.

3. An application for an absentee ballot must be signed by the applicant. Such application may require that the applicant submit a certificate in lieu of any affidavit which shall state that the information contained in the application is true. Such certificate shall be accepted for all purposes as the equivalent of an affidavit and shall have the following language printed in bold face type above the signature line:

"I UNDERSTAND THAT THIS CERTIFICATE WILL BE ACCEPTED FOR ALL PURPOSES AS THE EQUIVALENT OF AN AFFIDAVIT AND, IF IT CONTAINS A MATERIAL FALSE STATEMENT, SHALL SUBJECT ME TO THE SAME PENALTIES AS IF I HAD BEEN DULY SWORN."

4. An application must be received by the village clerk no earlier than four months before the election for which an absentee ballot is sought. If the application requests that the absentee ballot be mailed, such application must be received not later than seven days before the election. If the applicant or his agent delivers the application to the village clerk in person, such application must be received not later than the day before the election. The village clerk shall examine each application and shall determine from the information contained therein whether the applicant is qualified under this section to receive an absentee ballot. The clerk in making such decision shall not determine whether the applicant is a qualified elector, said determination being reserved to the inspectors of election as is hereinafter provided in subdivision eight of this section.

5. No later than six days before the election for which an application has been received and for which the village clerk has determined the applicant to be qualified to vote by absentee ballot the village clerk shall mail, by regular mail, an absentee ballot to each qualified applicant who has applied before such day and who has requested that such absentee ballot be mailed to him at the address set forth in his application. If the applicant or his agent delivers the application to the village clerk in person after the seventh day before the village election and not later than the day before the election, the village clerk shall forthwith deliver such absentee ballots for those applicants whom he determines are qualified to make such applications and to receive such ballots to such applicants or the agents named in the applications when such applicants or agents appear in the village clerk's office.

6. The absentee ballot shall be caused to be prepared and printed by the village clerk as provided by law for paper ballots or machine ballots, whichever are to be used in said election and appropriate modifications for the purposes of this section. He shall also cause to be prepared and printed return envelopes addressed to him, conforming so far as may be practicable to the provisions of this chapter stating thereon that in order for the ballot contained therein to be counted it must be received by the village clerk not later than the close of the polls on election day. On the reverse side of each return envelope there shall be written instructions for the voter to insert at designated places his signature, his name printed, his residence address within the village and his village election district if there be more than one district within the village.

7. The method of marking, preparing and mailing such ballot for voting shall conform, wherever practicable, to the methods used for absentee ballots for a general election, except that the envelope in which it is contained shall be returned to the village clerk. On the day of the election, the village clerk shall deliver all such ballots, which have been returned to him, in the sealed envelopes to the board of inspectors of election of the proper election district. No such ballot shall be deemed to have been voted unless or until it shall have been delivered to the board of inspectors of election of the election district in which the elector casting the ballot resides and shall have been deposited by the chairman of such board in the box provided for receiving such ballot.

8. When such ballots shall have been delivered to the board of inspectors of election of the proper election district and shall have been duly determined by such board to have been lawfully cast by a qualified elector of such district, the chairman of such board shall, after the close of the polls, open the envelopes containing such ballots and, without unfolding such ballots or permitting the face thereof to be exposed to the view of anyone, shall deposit each such ballot in a box specifically furnished for such purpose by the village clerk. If the board of inspectors shall determine that any such ballot has been cast by an elector who would not be qualified under the provisions of this section, then such ballot shall not be counted.

9. After all the ballots shall have been deposited, the box shall be opened and such ballots canvassed in the same manner as other ballots cast at such election and shall be counted and included in the total of all ballots cast at such election.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 111; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 98; L.1982, c. 216, Sec. 1; L.1983, c. 279, Sec. 1; L.1983, c. 333, Sec. 1; L.1984, c. 133, Sec. 1; L.1986, c. 84, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 15-122. Absentee voting at village elections for persons unable to appear because of illness or physical disability

1. A qualified elector of a village, who, on the occurrence of any general or special village election, may be within the county of his residence but unable to appear personally at the polling place in the village of his residence because of illness, physical disability or confinement either at home or in a hospital or institution, other than a mental institution may vote as an a bsentee voter under this section.

2. Any elector of a village to whom this section may apply shall make application to the village clerk for an absentee ballot. Such application shall set forth the name and village address of the applicant, that he is a qualified voter of the village or election district if any, and that he was advised by his physician, medical superintendent, administrative head of hospital or institution, or Christian Science Practitioner that he will be unable to appear personally at the polling place within the village because of the reasons set forth in subdivision one. Such statement shall be accepted for all purposes as the equivalent of an affidavit, and if false shall subject the applicant to the same penalties as if he had been duly sworn. Such provision shall be printed in bold type directly above the signature line of the application.

3. Such statement, if made by an elector who resides in a village in which personal registration is required shall state that the applicant has registered, giving the date of such registration and his election district if any. If made by an elector who resides in a village in which personal registration is not required, it shall state that he has nevertheless registered; or that he has registered for the last preceding general election; or that he has voted in either or both of the two preceding general elections.

4. Any elector who is duly registered and who is permanently disabled may make application to the village clerk for a form which such clerk shall supply for the purpose of providing for the mailing of absentee ballots to permanently disabled voters. Such form shall contain an affidavit to be executed by the elector showing the particulars of his disability. Upon the filing of such application the inspectors of election shall investigate the facts stated therein and if satisfied as to the truth thereof may approve such application and in such event shall cause the registration record of the voter, if any, to be marked "PERMANENTLY DISABLED". The inspectors shall also cause to be marked "PERMANENTLY DISABLED", the registration poll records of those voters who are indicated as permanently disabled on the list of registered voters received from the board of elections. Thereafter, the village clerk shall send an absentee voter's ballot for each election to such elector by first class mail to his last known address with a request to the postal authorities not to forward such ballot but to return it in five days in the event that it cannot be delivered to the addressee. The mailing of such ballot or ballots for each election shall continue as long as the elector remains a qualified voter of the village and unless it appears that such person has failed to return such ballot for the last two successive general village elections. Upon the mailing of such ballot or ballots, the village clerk shall cause the fact and the date of such mailing to be recorded next to the name of the voter in the register of the village or appropriate election district. If the inspectors of election shall determine that such elector is not entitled to an absentee voter's ballot, or if they shall determine that such elector is no longer entitled to receive such ballot without application they shall notify such elector in writing giving him the reason for such rejection or decision.

5. If a person entitled to an absentee ballot under this section is unable to sign his application because of illness or physical disability he shall be excused from signing upon making a statement, which shall be witnessed by one person, in substantially the following form: "I hereby state that I am unable to sign any application for an absentee ballot without assistance because I am unable to write by reason of my illness or physical disability. I have made, or have received assistance in making, my mark in lieu of my signature".

............ (Mark)
............ ............
(Date) (Signature of Witness)

Such statement shall be included in the application blank form furnished by the village clerk.

6. Printed forms containing the application for the absentee ballot, in accordance with the requirements of this section, shall be in the form prescribed by the state board of elections and shall be provided by the village clerk and shall be available at the office of the clerk. Application forms for absentee ballots for use pursuant to this section shall be furnished by the village clerk upon request of the person authorized to vote under this section or by any such person's spouse, parent, child, authorized agent or any nurse charged with the care of such person.

[7. Redesignated 6.]

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec.Sec. 112-114; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 99; L.1980, c. 666, Sec.Sec. 4 to 6; L.1984, c. 58, Sec. 2; L.1984, c. 78, Sec. 2; L.1986, c. 84, Sec. 2.)
Sec. 15-124. Duties of village clerk

1. In addition to any duties of the village clerk specified in this chapter and the village law, the village clerk shall be the election officer of the village and shall have the responsibility for the general conduct of all village elections and shall have vested in him all authority, consistent with this chapter which may be reasonable and necessary to provide for the proper and orderly conduct of such elections and the proceedings preliminary and subsequent thereto.

2. The police department and the officers and members of such police department, if any, the office of the sheriff in a county in which a village or part of a village is located or any police agency or department charged with the responsibility of law enforcement in any county in which a village or part of a village is located shall, whenever called upon by the village clerk, render to such village clerk all practicable assistance in the enforcement of this chapter. Such assistance shall be rendered to the village clerk at no charge to the village. Such assistance shall include, but not be limited to:

a. the police telephone service;

b. the investigation of any registrant or any applicant for an absentee ballot to determine his qualifications to be registered or vote, and

c. the maintenance of order, regulation of traffic and the control of crowds on any day or days designated for voter registration and voting.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 15-126. Canvass of election

1. The inspectors of election of each election district shall, immediately upon the closing of the polls at each annual or biennial election, proceed to canvass the votes cast thereat and shall complete such canvass without adjournment. They shall, before nine o'clock in the forenoon of the following day, file with the village clerk their certificates setting forth the holding of the election, the total number of votes cast for each office, the number of votes cast for each person for such office, the total number of votes cast upon each proposition voted upon, and the number cast for and against it. They shall also deliver to the village clerk at the same time and place all ballot boxes, if there be such, and all unused supplies and the American flag furnished for use in the polling place. If the village contains more than one election district, the board of trustees of such village shall meet at its usual place of meeting not later than eight o'clock in the evening of the day after the election. The village clerk shall produce at such meeting the returns of the inspectors of election, at which time the board of trustees shall canvass such returns and file in the office of the village clerk a certificate declaring the result.

2. a. The person or persons eligible and receiving the highest number of votes for an office shall be elected thereto.

b. In the event that more eligible persons than the number remaining to be elected receive for the same office or offices an equal number of votes, the board of trustees shall conduct a run-off election. Such run-off election shall be held on the first Tuesday at least ten days after the final certification of such tie result, subject to the provisions of paragraph b of subdivision three of section 15-104 of this article, provided, however, that the only persons who shall be deemed nominated shall be those persons who shall have received such equal number of votes. The order of the candidates names on the ballot shall be determined by a drawing conducted by a village clerk, in the presence of all those persons who received such equal number of votes, or a representative of such persons.

c. Such run-off election may be waived and the selection made by lot as otherwise provided by this section if each person who shall have received such equal number of votes shall file with the village clerk, no later than two days after such final certification of such tie result, a written notice of consent that such selection be made by lot.

d. If a waiver of such run-off election shall occur, the village clerk, no later than two days after receiving written notice of consent that such selection be made by lot, shall certify such facts in writing to any supreme court justice within the judicial district in which such village is located and shall within three days summon the candidates before him or her and he or she shall by lot determine which of them shall be elected.

3. The village clerk may, and upon written request of any candidate received within two days of the date of the village election, shall cause a recanvass of the vote cast in any village election to be made. The recanvass shall be conducted by the county board of elections of the county in which the village is located. For the purposes of this section, a village shall be deemed to be located within a county if more than fifty per cent of the population of the village as shown by the last federal decennial, or special census resides in that portion of the village located in that county. The village clerk shall, within one day after the written request for a recanvass is received notify the county board of elections of such request, whereupon the board of elections shall assume the duty of such recanvass and shall take all steps necessary and consistent with this chapter to cause a recanvass of the vote. Such recanvass shall be completed within five days of such notice to the county board of elections. The institution of a recanvass shall immediately stay any further action by, or on behalf of, the village clerk with regard to further election procedures required by this section. Judicial review as provided by this chapter must be commenced no later than three days after the completion of the recanvass by the board of elections. Upon completion of the recanvass, the county board of elections shall notify the village clerk of the result. If no judicial proceedings have been instituted, the clerk shall proceed to notify the persons elected as provided in this article. If judicial proceedings have been instituted, such notice shall not be given until completion of such review.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 115; L.1980, c. 91, Sec. 2; L.2006, c. 684, Sec. 2, eff. Sept. 13, 2006.)
Sec. 15-128. Notice to person chosen to a village office

The clerk of the village shall, within three days after the election of a village officer, notify each person elected of his election, and of the date thereof, and that, in order to qualify, he is required to file his oath of office with such clerk before entering upon the duties thereof; and, if an official undertaking be required of him by or in pursuance of law, that he is also required to file the same with such clerk and that upon his failure so to do he will be deemed to have declined the office. In the case of a village justice such notice shall further state that the filing of his oath with the county clerk of the county is also required. If an undertaking is required of a village officer after entering upon the duties of his office, the clerk of the village shall thereupon serve upon such officer, personally, a written notice that he is required to file such undertaking with the clerk within ten days after the service of the notice and that upon his failure to do so his office will become vacant.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1983, c. 248, Sec. 3.)
Sec. 15-130. Election of trustees by wards

The board of trustees of any village may, by resolution, and subject to a mandatory referendum, provide for the election of trustees by wards, alter existing ward boundaries or abolish wards and the election of trustees by wards. If a village elects trustees by wards separate ballot boxes or voting machines shall be provided for each ward.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 15-132. Votes upon propositions to be by ballot or voting machine

All votes upon a proposition submitted at a village election shall be by ballot unless the board of trustees of the village has adopted voting machines as provided in this chapter, in which case machines may be used.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 15-134. Failure to designate terms

No election of village officers, held in any village, shall be invalid on account of the failure of the electors to designate in their ballots the respective terms of office of persons to be elected thereat, for the same office, for different terms; but the persons so to be elected to such office, who are eligible and receive the highest number of votes, shall be elected. The person first named on a ballot containing the names of more than one person for such an office, and not designating their respective terms, shall be deemed designated for the longest term, the second, for the next longest term, and so on to the end; and the inspectors of election shall count the ballots and certify the result accordingly.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 15-136. Refusal of officer to surrender his office

If a person who has been an officer of a village refuses or neglects to deliver to his successor in office, within ten days after written notification and request sent by order of board of trustees all the moneys, books, papers, records, property and effects of every description, which have come into his possession or under his control by virtue of his office and which belong to the village or pertain to the office, he shall forfeit and pay to the village the sum of twenty-five dollars for each and every day he shall so neglect or refuse, and he shall also pay all damages, costs and expenses caused by such neglect or refusal.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 15-138. Judicial review of matters relating to village elections

The supreme court or any justice thereof within the judicial district and the county court or any judge thereof within the county, in which the village is located, shall have summary jurisdiction to determine any question arising and make such order as justice may require, in respect to village elections and registration therefor.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 16 JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS

Sec. 16-100. Jurisdiction; supreme court, county court

1. The supreme court is vested with jurisdiction to summarily determine any question of law or fact arising as to any subject set forth in this article, which shall be construed liberally.

2. The county court is vested with jurisdiction to summarily determine any question of law or fact except proceedings as to a nomination or election at a primary election or a nomination at a judicial convention, proceedings as to the casting and canvass of ballots, proceedings for examination or preservation of ballots and proceedings to enforce the provisions of article fourteen of this chapter.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.2011, c. 399, pt. E, Sec. 4, eff. Aug. 15, 2011.)
Sec. 16-102. Proceedings as to designations and nominations, primary elections, etc.

1. The nomination or designation of any candidate for any public office or party position or any independent nomination, or the holding of an uncontested primary election, by reason of a petition for an opportunity to ballot having been filed, or the election of any person to any party position may be contested in a proceeding instituted in the supreme court by any aggrieved candidate, or by the chairman of any party committee or by a person who shall have filed objections, as provided in this chapter, except that the chairman of a party committee may not bring a proceeding with respect to a designation or the holding of an otherwise uncontested primary.

2. A proceeding with respect to a petition shall be instituted within fourteen days after the last day to file the petition, or within three business days after the officer or board with whom or which such petition was filed, makes a determination of invalidity with respect to such petition, whichever is later; except that a proceeding with respect to a petition for a village election or an independent nomination for a special election shall be instituted within seven days after the last day to file the petition for such village election or independent nomination or within three business days after the officer or board with whom or which such petition was filed, makes a determination of invalidity with respect to such petition, whichever is later. A proceeding with respect to a primary, convention, meeting of a party committee, or caucus shall be instituted within ten days after the holding of such primary or convention or the filing of the certificate of nominations made at such caucus or meeting of a party committee.

3. The court may direct reassembling of any convention or the holding of a new primary election, or caucus where it finds there has been such fraud or irregularity as to render impossible a determination as to who rightfully was nominated or elected.

4. A final order in any proceeding involving the names of candidates on ballots or voting machines shall be made, if possible, at least five weeks before the day of the election at which such ballots or voting machines are to be used, or if such proceeding is commenced within five weeks of such election, no later than the day following the day on which the case is heard.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 116; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 100; L.1981, c. 305, Sec. 1; L.1986, c. 135, Sec. 1; L.1986, c. 710, Sec. 1; L.1992, c. 79, Sec. 27.)
Sec. 16-104. Proceedings as to form of ballot, party name, etc.

1. The form and content of any ballot, or portion thereof, to be used in an election, and the right to use any emblem design, color, party or independent body name, may be contested in a proceeding instituted in the supreme court by any aggrieved candidate or by the chairman of any party committee or independent body.

2. The wording of the abstract or form of submission of any proposed amendment, proposition or question may be contested in a proceeding instituted by any person eligible to vote on such amendment, proposition or question.

3. A proceeding pursuant to subdivision two of this section must be instituted within fourteen days after the last day to certify the wording of any such abstract or form of submission.

4. A final order in any proceeding involving the contents of official ballots on voting machines shall be made, if possible, at least five weeks before the day of the election at which such voting machines are to be used, or if such proceeding is commenced within five weeks of an election, no later than the day following the day on which the case is heard.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 136, Sec. 2; L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 101; L.1985, c. 117, Sec. 2.)
Sec. 16-106. Proceedings as to the casting and canvass of ballots

1. The casting or canvassing or refusal to cast challenged ballots, blank ballots, void or canvass absentee, military, special federal, federal write-in or emergency ballots and ballots voted in affidavit envelopes by persons whose registration poll records were not in the ledger or whose names were not on the computer generated registration list on the day of election or voters in inactive status, voters who moved to a new address in the city or county or after they registered or voters who claimed to be enrolled in a party other than that shown on their registration poll record or on the computer generated registration list and the original applications for a military, special federal, federal write-in, emergency or absentee voter's ballot may be contested in a proceeding instituted in the supreme or county court, by any candidate or the chairman of any party committee, and by any voter with respect to the refusal to cast such voter's ballot, against the board of canvassers of the returns from such district, if any, and otherwise against the board of inspectors of election of such district. If the court determines that the person who cast such ballot was entitled to vote at such election, it shall order such ballot to be cast and canvassed if the court finds that ministerial error by the board of elections or any of its employees caused such ballot envelope not to be valid on its face.

2. The canvass of returns by the state, or county, city, town or village board of canvassers may be contested, in a proceeding instituted in the supreme court by any voter, except a proceeding on account of the failure of the state board of canvassers to act upon new returns of a board of canvassers of any county made pursuant to the order of a court or justice, which may be instituted only by a candidate aggrieved or a voter in the county.

3. The attorney general, on behalf of the state, and the chairman of the state committee of a party, may institute any proceeding allowed herein relating to the returns of canvass by inspectors upon the vote of any ballot proposal submitted to the people of the state.

4. The court may direct a recanvass or the correction of an error, or the performance of any duty imposed by law on such a state, county, city, town or village board of inspectors, or canvassers.

5. A proceeding under subdivisions one and three of this section must be instituted within twenty days and under subdivision two, within thirty days after the election or alleged erroneous statement or determination was made, or the time when the board shall have acted in the particulars as to which it is claimed to have failed to perform its duty, except that such a proceeding with respect to a village election must be instituted within ten days after such election, statement, determination or action.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 27; L.1989, c. 359, Sec. 29; L.1992, c. 91, Sec. 12; L.1994, c. 659, Sec. 52.)
Sec. 16-108. Proceedings as to registration and voting

1. The supreme court, by a justice thereof within the judicial district, or the county court, by a county judge within his county, in a proceeding instituted by any voter to whom registration has been unlawfully refused, shall compel, by order, the registration of such voter, and, in a proceeding instituted by any voter duly qualified to vote in this state, or by the state board of elections, shall, by order, direct the cancellation of the registration of any person who shall unlawfully be registered, and shall order the board of elections or other official charged with the conduct of registration to carry out such order.

2. In any such proceeding the board of elections or other official charged with the conduct of the election, in which it is claimed the registration of the voter unlawfully was refused or unlawfully registered, shall be a necessary party and the person whose name is sought to be stricken from the register shall likewise be a necessary party, and the board and such person shall receive such notice as the court, justice or judge shall direct.

3. Such court, in a proceeding instituted by any voter unlawfully denied the right to vote by the inspectors, shall, by order, direct that he be allowed to vote at his polling place and within the hours established by law. Such order shall, where necessary, direct the board of elections to complete the voter's registration and enrollment records.

4. Such court, justice or judge, in a proceeding instituted by any voter unlawfully denied an absentee ballot or the application therefor, shall compel, by order, the delivery to such voter of a ballot or application.

5. An affidavit by any officer or employee of the board of elections, or by any police officer, sheriff or deputy sheriff, or by any special investigator appointed by the state board of elections, that he visited the premises claimed by the applicant as his residence and that he interrogated an inmate, housedweller, keeper, caretaker, owner, proprietor or landlord thereof or therein as to the applicant's residence therein or thereat, and that he was informed by one or more of such persons, naming them, that they knew the persons residing upon such premises and that the applicant did not reside upon such premises thirty days before the election, shall be presumptive evidence against the right of the voter to register from such premises.

6. For each primary, special and general election, the presiding justice of the appellate division of the first and second judicial department shall, and the presiding justice of the appellate division of the third and fourth judicial departments may assign one or more justices of the supreme court to sit at such offices of the board of elections and such other locations as may be designated to hear and determine all cases arising under this chapter relating to eligibility for voting of such election.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 16-110. Proceedings as to enrollment

1. The supreme court, by a justice thereof within the judicial district, or the county court, by a judge within his county, in a proceeding instituted by a duly enrolled voter of a party, not later than the second Friday before a primary election, shall direct the enrollment of any voter with such party to be cancelled if it appears that any material statement in the declaration of the voter upon which he was enrolled is false or that the voter has died or does not reside at the address on his registration record.

2. The chairman of the county committee of a party with which a voter is enrolled in such county, may, upon a written complaint by an enrolled member of such party in such county and after a hearing held by him or by a sub-committee appointed by him upon at least two days' notice to the voter, personally or by mail, determine that the voter is not in sympathy with the principles of such party. The Supreme Court or a justice thereof within the judicial district, in a proceeding instituted by a duly enrolled voter of the party at least ten days before a primary election, shall direct the enrollment of such voter to be cancelled if it appears from the proceedings before such chairman or sub-committee, and other proofs, if any, presented, that such determination is just.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 102.)
Sec. 16-112. Proceedings for examination or preservation of ballots

The supreme court, by a justice within the judicial district, or the county court, by a county judge within his county, may direct the examination by any candidate or his agent of any ballot or voting machine upon which his name appeared, and the preservation of any ballots in view of a prospective contest, upon such conditions as may be proper.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 16-113. Proceeding with respect to voter verifiable records

The supreme court, by a justice within the judicial district, or the county court, by a county judge within his or her county, in a special proceeding by any candidate or his or her agent, may direct a manual audit of the voter verifiable audit records applicable to any candidate running for office within such judicial district or county where (1) the uniform statewide standard promulgated by regulation by the state board of elections pursuant to subdivision three of section 9-211 of this chapter with respect to discrepancies between manual audit tallies and voting machines or systems tallies requires a further voter verifiable record audit of additional voting machines or systems or all voting machines or systems applicable to such election, or (2) where evidence presented to the court otherwise indicates that there is a likelihood of a material discrepancy between such manual audit tally and such voting machine or system tally, or a discrepancy as defined in subdivision three of section 9-208 of this chapter, which creates a substantial possibility that the winner of the election as reflected in the voting machine or system tally could change if a voter verifiable record audit of additional voting machines or systems or of all voting machines or systems applicable to such election were conducted.

(Added L.2005, c. 181, Sec. 15, eff. July 12, 2005. Amended L.2010, c. 129, Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2010; L.2010, c. 163, Sec. 14, eff. July 7, 2010.)
Sec. 16-114. Proceedings to compel filing of statements or corrected statements of campaign receipts, expenditures and contributions

1. The supreme court or a justice thereof, in a proceeding instituted by any candidate voted for at the election or primary or by any five qualified voters or by the state or other board of elections may compel by order, any person required to file a statement of receipts, expenditures or contributions for campaign purposes, who has not filed any such statement within the time prescribed by this chapter, to file such statement within five days after notice of the order.

2. The supreme court or a justice thereof, in a proceeding instituted by any candidate voted for at the election or primary or by any five qualified voters, or by the state or other board of elections in accordance with the provision of this chapter may compel by order any person required under the provisions of this chapter to file a statement of receipts, expenditures or contributions for campaign purposes, who has filed a statement which does not conform to the requirements of this chapter in respect to its truth, sufficiency in detail or otherwise, to file a new or supplemental statement which shall make the statement or statements true and complete within five days after notice of the order. The state board of elections shall be a necessary party in any such proceeding.

3. The supreme court or a justice thereof, in a proceeding instituted by any candidate voted for at the election or primary or by any five qualified voters, or by the state or other board of elections may compel by order any person who has failed to comply, or the members of any committee which has failed to comply, with any of the provisions of this chapter, to comply therewith.

4. In every proceeding instituted under this section, except a proceeding to compel the filing of a statement by a candidate for nomination to a public office at a primary election or for election thereto, or by the treasurer of a political committee, who has failed to file any statement, the petitioner or petitioners, upon the institution of the proceeding shall file with the county clerk an undertaking in a sum to be determined and with sureties to be approved by a justice of the supreme court conditioned to pay any costs imposed against him or them; provided, however, that no such undertaking shall be required in a proceeding instituted by the state or other board of elections.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 117.)
Sec. 16-115. Proceedings with respect to utilizing certain buildings as polling places

The supreme court or a justice thereof, in a proceeding instituted by any board or body empowered to designate polling places, may compel by order, any person or entity which owns or operates a building or facility which is required by this chapter to be made available as a place of registration and voting to make such building or facility available for such purposes and in a proceeding instituted by any person or entity which owns or operates such a building or facility, may vacate a determination by such a board or body that such a building is suitable for registration and voting upon a finding that such building is not required to be made available as a place of registration and voting.

(Added L.1989, c. 694, Sec. 3.)
Sec. 16-116. Proceedings; provisions in relation thereto

A special proceeding under the foregoing provisions of this article shall be heard upon a verified petition and such oral or written proof as may be offered, and upon such notice to such officers, persons or committees as the court or justice shall direct, and shall be summarily determined. The proceeding shall have preference over all other causes in all courts. The petition in any such proceeding instituted by the state or other board of elections shall be verified by the persons specified in accordance with rules promulgated by the state board of elections. In the city of New York, a proceeding relating to a run-off primary brought pursuant to this article shall have first preference over all other proceedings.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 16-118. Proceedings to review removal of committee member or officer

The action of any political committee or independent body in removing a member or officer thereof may be reviewed by a proceeding pursuant to article seventy-eight of the civil practice law and rules.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 103.)
Sec. 16-120. Enforcement proceedings

1. The supreme court or a justice thereof, in a proceeding instituted by the state board of elections, may impose a civil penalty, as provided for in subdivisions one and two of section 14-126 of this chapter.

2. Upon proof that a violation of article fourteen of this chapter, as provided in subdivision one of this section, has occurred, the court may impose a civil penalty, pursuant to subdivisions one and two of section 14-126 of this chapter, after considering, among other factors, the severity of the violation or violations, whether the subject of the violation made a good faith effort to correct the violation and whether the subject of the violation has a history of similar violations. All such determinations shall be made on a fair and equitable basis without regard to the status of the candidate or political committee.

(Added L.2011, c. 399, pt. E, Sec. 5, eff. Aug. 15, 2011.)

CODE ELECTION LAW

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

ARTICLE 17 VIOLATIONS OF THE ELECTIVE FRANCHISE

Sec. 17-100. Definitions

1. The word "election" as used in this article shall be deemed to apply to and include all general, special and primary elections, unofficial primaries and all local elections relating to candidates, ballot proposals, proceedings for the nominations of candidates by petition, and all elections held pursuant to Article 52A of the education law.

2. The word "candidate" shall be deemed to apply to any person seeking a nomination, designation, or election to a public office or party office.

3. The term "election officer" shall mean any person who, pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, performs any duty or function in the electoral process.

4. The term "public officer" as used in this article shall be deemed to apply to any person who holds an elective or appointive office of the state, separate authority or any political subdivision of the state with authority to supervise other personnel within such subdivisions. The term "public employee" shall be deemed to apply to all other personnel of the state or such authorities or subdivisions.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1982, c. 647, Sec. 28.)
Sec. 17-102. Misdemeanors at, or in connection with, primary elections, caucuses, enrollment in political parties, committees, and conventions

Any person who:

1. At a primary election or caucus of a party, wilfully votes, or attempts to vote, without being entitled to do so, or votes, or attempts to vote under any other name than his own or on the same day more than once under his own name; or,

2. Votes, or offers to vote, at a primary election or caucus of a party, having voted at the primary election or caucus of any other political party on the same day, or being at the time enrolled in a party other than the party at whose primary or caucus he votes or offers to vote; or, who causes his name to be placed upon the rolls of a party organization of one party while his name is by his consent or procurement upon the rolls of a party organization of another party; or,

3. At a primary election or caucus, for the purpose of affecting the result thereof, votes or attempts to vote two or more ballots, or adds, or attempts to add, any ballot to those lawfully cast, by fraudulently introducing the same into the ballot box before or after the ballots therein have been counted, or who adds to or mixes with, or attempts to add to or mix with, the ballots lawfully cast, another ballot or other ballots before the votes have been counted or canvassed, or while the votes are being counted or canvassed; or at any time abstracts any ballots lawfully cast, with intent to change the result of such election or to change the count thereat in favor of or against any person voted for at such election, or to prevent the ballots being recounted or used as evidence; or carries away, destroys, loses, conceals, detains, secretes, mutilates, or attempts to carry away, destroy, conceal, detain, secrete, or mutilate, any tally lists, ballots, ballot boxes, enrollment books, certificates of return, or any official documents provided for by the election law or otherwise by law, for the purpose of affecting or invalidating the result of such election, or of destroying evidence; or in any manner interferes with the officers holding any primary election or conducting the canvass of the votes cast thereat, or with voters lawfully exercising, or seeking to exercise, their right of voting at such primary election; or,

4. For the purpose of securing enrollment as a member of a political party, or for the purpose of being allowed to vote at a primary election or caucus as a member of a political party makes, deposits or files with a board of inspectors, or with any public officer or board, a false declaration of party affiliation or wilfully makes a false declaration of residence, either by an enrollment blank or otherwise, or falsely answers any pertinent question asked him by the board of election inspectors, or by a member thereof; or,

5. Fraudulently or wrongfully does any act tending to affect the result of any primary election, caucus or convention; or,

6. Induces or attempts to induce any poll clerk, election inspector, election coordinator, or officer, clerk or employee of the board of elections discharging any duty or performing any act required or made necessary by the election law at a primary election or in connection with the registration or enrollment of voters, to do any act in violation of his duty or in violation of the election law; or,

7. Directly, or indirectly, by himself or through any other person, pays, or offers to pay, money or other valuable thing, or promises a place or position, or offers any other consideration or makes any other promise, to any person, to induce any voter to vote, or refrain from voting, at a primary election or caucus, or convention, for or against any particular person; or does or offers to do, anything to hinder or delay any elector from taking part in or voting at a primary election or caucus; or,

8. By menace or other unlawful or corrupt means, directly or indirectly, influences or attempts to influence, the vote of any person entitled to vote at a primary election or caucus, or convention, or obstructs such person in voting, or prevents him from voting thereat; or,

9. Directly or indirectly, by himself or through another person, receives money or other valuable thing, or a promise of a place or position, before, at, or after any primary election or caucus, or convention, for voting or refraining from voting for or against any person, or for voting or refraining from voting at a primary election, caucus or convention; or,

10. Being an officer, teller, canvasser, or inspector, at a primary election or caucus, knowingly permits any fraudulent vote to be cast, or knowingly receives and deposits in the ballot box any ballots offered by any person not qualified to vote; or permits the removal of ballots from the polling place before the close of the polls, or refuses to receive ballots intended for the electors of the district, or refuses to deliver to any elector ballots intended for the electors of the district which have been delivered to the board of inspectors, or permits electioneering within the polling place or within one hundred feet therefrom, or fails to keep order within the polling place, or permits any person other than the inspectors, or other persons permitted by this chapter to render assistance, to accompany an elector into a voting booth, or enters the voting booth with any elector, except one entitled to receive such assistance in the preparation of his ballot, or permits any person, other than a voter who has not voted, or a watcher to come within the guard rail or removes or permits another to remove any mark placed upon a ballot for its identification; or,

11. Being an officer, clerk or employee of the board of elections, election inspector, poll clerk or election coordinator, knowingly puts opposite the name of an elector in an enrollment book any enrollment number other than the number opposite such name in the registration poll records of such district, or knowingly delivers to or receives from any elector on the day of registration an enrollment blank or envelope on which is any other enrollment number than the one opposite his name in such registration poll records or knowingly transcribes from an enrollment blank to the enrollment books any refusal to enroll or enrollment not indicated on the enrollment blank of the elector of such district whose enrollment number appears on such enrollment blank, or refuses or wilfully neglects to transcribe from any enrollment blank to the proper enrollment books any refusal to enroll or enrollment indicated on the enrollment blank of such an elector, enrolls or attempts to enroll as a member of a political party upon any of the enrollment books, any person not qualified to enroll as such, or fraudulently enters thereupon the name of any person who has not enrolled as a member of any political party, or refuses or wilfully neglects to enroll upon any of the enrollment books the name of any qualified person who has demanded to be enrolled as a member of a political party, or at any time strikes from any of the enrollment books the name of any person duly enrolled, or at any time adds to any of the enrollment books the name of any person not qualified to be enrolled as a member of a political party, or the name of any person who in fact has not enrolled as such; or makes marks upon, mutilates, carries away, conceals, alters, or destroys any enrollment blank or enrollment envelope used or deposited by an elector on a day of registration for the purpose of enrolling or refusing to enroll himself as a member of a political party; or mutilates, carries away, conceals, alters or destroys, any statement or declaration made by a qualified voter for the purpose of enrolling as a member of the party; or, prior to the close of the last meeting for registration in any year, mutilates, carries away, conceals, alters, or destroys any enrollment blanks or enrollment envelopes not then delivered to electors; or,

12. Being an officer, teller, canvasser, election inspector, clerk or employee of the board of elections or any officer of a political committee or a convention, wilfully omits, refuses or neglects to do any act required by this chapter or otherwise by law, or violates any of the provisions of the election law, or makes or attempts to make any false canvass of the ballots cast at a primary election, caucus or convention, or a false statement of the result of a canvass of the ballots cast thereat; or,

13. Being an officer, clerk or employee of the board of elections, or an officer of a political committee or a convention, who is charged with, or assumes, the duty of compiling the roll of any convention, wilfully includes in such roll the name of any person not certified to be elected thereto in accordance with the provisions of law, or who wilfully omits from such roll the name of any person who is so certified to be a delegate to such convention, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 104; L.1991, c. 90, Sec. 9.)
Sec. 17-104. False registration

Any person who:

1. Registers or attempts to register as an elector in more than one election district for the same election, or more than once in the same election district; or,

2. Registers or attempts to register as an elector, knowing that he will not be a qualified voter in the district at the election for which such registration is made; or

3. Registers or attempts to register as an elector under any name but his own; or

4. Knowingly gives a false residence within the election district when registering as an elector; or

5. Knowingly permits, aids, assists, abets, procures, commands or advises another to commit any such act, is guilty of a felony.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 17-106. Misconduct of election officers

Any election officer who wilfully refuses to accord to any duly accredited watcher or to any voter or candidate any right given him by this chapter, or who wilfully violates any provision of the election law relative to the registration of electors or to the taking, recording, counting, canvassing, tallying or certifying of votes, or who wilfully neglects or refuses to perform any duty imposed on him by law, or is guilty of any fraud in the execution of the duties of his office, or connives in any electoral fraud, or knowingly permits any such fraud to be practiced, is guilty of a felony.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 9, Sec. 118.)
Sec. 17-108. False affidavits; mutilation, destruction or loss of registry list or affidavits

1. Any person who wilfully loses, alters, destroys or mutilates the list of voters or registration poll ledgers in any election district, or a certified copy thereof, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

2. An applicant for registration who shall make, incorporate or cause to be incorporated a material false statement in an application for registration, or in any challenge or other affidavit required for or made or filed in connection with registration or voting, and any person who knowingly takes a false oath before a board of inspectors of election, and any person who makes a material false statement in a medical certificate or an affidavit filed in connection with an application for registration, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

3. A person who shall wilfully suppress, mutilate or alter, or, except as authorized by this chapter, shall destroy, any signed challenge or other affidavit required for or made or filed in connection with registration or voting, and any person who, except as authorized by this chapter, shall remove such an affidavit from the place of registration or polling place, is guilty of a felony.

4. A person other than the applicant who, prior to the filing of the application, shall willfully suppress, mutilate, materially alter, or, except as authorized by this chapter, destroy a signed application for registration by mail, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(L.1976, c. 233, Sec. 1. Amended L.1978, c. 373, Sec. 105; L.1982, c. 694, Sec. 1.)
Sec. 17-110. Misdemeanors concerning police commissioners or officers or members of any police force

Any person who, being a police commissioner or any officer or member of any police force in this state:

1. Uses or threatens or attempts to use his official power or authority, in any manner, directly or indirectly, in aid of or against any political party, organization, association or society, or to control, affect, influence, reward or punish, the political adherence, affiliation, action, expression or opinion of any citizen; or

2. Appoints, promotes, transfers, retires or punishes an officer or member of a police force, or asks for or aids in the promotion, transfer, retirement or punishment of an officer or member of a police force because of the party adherence or affil